Ku dhawaad kala badh shaqaalaha ee USA ka kooban yahay dumarka. Laakiin haweenka shaqada waxay yeelan karaan dhibaato. Waxaa muhiim ah in ay u diyaar garoobaan arimo muhiim ah qaar ka mid ah. Baro waxa la sameeyo oo ku saabsan farqiga mushaharka, shaqada Mosscare, faraxumeynta iyo takoorka uurka.
Almost half the workforce in the USA is made up of women. But women at work can have problems. It is important to be prepared for some important issues. Learn what to do about the wage gap, sexism, sexual harassment and pregnancy discrimination.
Ragga lacag badan oo la dalacsiiyay inta badan haweenka shaqada. Waxaa jira maamulayaal yar iyo madaxweyne ku jira dumarka. Of hogaanka 500 shirkadaha ee dalka Mareykanka, oo keliya 5 boqolkiiba ka mid ah madaxda ka yihiin haween.
Men make more money and get promoted more often than women at work. There are fewer managers and presidents who are women. Of the top 500 companies in the United States, only 5 percent of the leaders are women.
farqiga mushaar ee haweenka shaqada
The wage gap for women at work
farqiga mushaar A jira farqi u dhexeeya sida rag badan iyo dumar ka dhigi. Haweenka shaqada waxaa inta badan ku bixisay oo ku saabsan 20% in ka yar ragga. Waxay inta badan lacag ka yar shaqada isla samaynaya. farqiga mushaar A jira, maxaa yeelay,:
A wage gap is a difference between how much men and women make. Women at work are often paid about 20% less than men. They often get paid less for doing the same job. A wage gap exists because:
- nin More ka shaqeeyaan shaqooyin sare bixinta, sida daawada iyo sharciga
- Haweenka mararka qaar u leeyihiin in ay shaqo stop in ay qaataan daryeelka carruurta
- Haweenka shaqada waa yar tahay in ay weydiiso gudida
- More men work in higher paying jobs, such as medicine and law
- Women sometimes have to stop work to take care of children
- Women at work are less likely to ask for raises
Daawo video ah oo ku saabsan farqiga mushaharka
Watch a video about the wage gap
Maxaad samayn kartaa oo ku saabsan farqiga mushaharka
What you can do about the wage gap
Waayo, shaqooyinka xirfadeed, waxaad codsan kartaa in lacag dheeraad ah marka aad soo kiraystay. Waxa kale oo aad codsan kartaa in ka badan marka aad dareento in aad u mudan yihiin dalacaad.
For professional jobs, you can ask for more money when you get hired. You can also ask for more when you feel that you deserve a raise.
Maareeyayaasha qabaa waxaa laga yaabaa in dumarka ee goobta shaqada ma aha sida wanaagsan sida kuwa dadka. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, iyagu ma ay odhan kara ama xitaa oga. Haddii aad aragto farqi weyn mushaharka meesha aad ka shaqeysid, la hadal maamulaha ama Waaxda Resources Human. Haddii aad tahay maamule, hadal hoggaamiyayaasha kale ee shaqo. La hadal ah oo ku saabsan hubinta in haweenka shaqada leeyihiin fursado isku mid ah dalacsiinta iyo shaqaalaynta. Soo jeedi ah tababar eexda miyir. Noocan ah macalimiinta tababarka qof kasta dawayn si la mid ah.
Managers may think women in the workplace are not as good as men. However, they may not say this or even realize it. If you see a big pay gap where you work, talk to your manager or Human Resources Department. If you are a manager, talk to other leaders at your job. Talk about making sure women at work have the same chances for promotions and hiring. Suggest an unconscious bias training. This type of training teachers to treat everyone the same way.
Xaqiraada hab ragga iyo dumarka loola dhaqmo si ka duwan. Waxay ku dhici kartaa qof, laakiin sida caadiga ah, waxaa loola jeedaa in qof dumar ah oo shaqada la dhaqmo si xun a.
Sexism means treating men and women differently. It can happen to anyone, but usually, it means that a woman at work is being treated in a negative way.
Tusaalooyinka shaqada Mosscare
Examples of sexism
- Ma la dalacsiiyay maxaa yeelay, waxaad tahay qof dumar ah
- Ragga aan daynin aad dhammeysato hadlayay kulamada
- Lagu bixiyey magacyadii sida "malab" iyo "gabar" by aad Tababaraha kooxda
- Not being promoted because you are a woman
- Men not letting you finish speaking in meetings
- Being called names like “honey” and “sweetheart” by your boss
Maxaad samayn kartaa oo ku saabsan shaqada Mosscare
What you can do about sexism
Haddaad awoodid, la hadal qofka aad dhibtaada. U sheeg in aad tahay raaxo iyo rabto inay joojiyaan. Waxay maqli laga yaabaa oo ay joojiyaan waxa ay samaynayaan ama leh. Haddii ay maqli waayaan ama aad ka baqaysid la hadalka iyaga, u sheeg Tababaraha kooxda. Shirkadda kasta waxa uu si ka duwan si ay u joojiyaan ama ciqaabi shaqada Mosscare. U badan tahay, Tababaraha aad sheegi doonaa waaxda khayraadka aadanaha (sidoo kale loo yaqaan HR). Waxay kaala hadli doona in qofka xaqiraad qabka iyo aad waxaa ku jiri kara. Haddii Tababaraha waa faquuqaya ka mid ah, si toos ah u tagaan HR.
If you can, talk to the person who is bothering you. Tell them that you are uncomfortable and want them to stop. They might listen and stop what they are doing or saying. If they do not listen or you are scared to talk to them, tell your boss. Every company has a different way to stop or punish sexism. Most likely, your boss will tell the human resources department (also known as HR). They will talk to the person who is being sexist and may include you. If your boss is the one discriminating, go directly to HR.
faraxumeynta galmada waa dareenka kasta, afka, ama ficil jirka la xariiro in aadan samayn sida. faraxumeynta galmada qof marna waa okay. Dumarka inta badan la kulmaan kadeedka galmada rag. faraxumeynta galmada waa sharci daro.
Sexual harassment is any attention, language, or physical contact that you do not like. Sexual harassment by anyone is never okay. Women most commonly experience sexual harassment by men. Sexual harassment is illegal.
Tusaalooyinka dhibaataynta galmada
Examples of sexual harassment
- Comments ku saabsan sida aad u eegto in ka dhigi aad raaxo
- Ku saabsan in aadan samayn sida, oo ay ku jiraan hugging
- Wadaagista sawiro ama videos dadka samaynaya falalka galmada
- Comments about the way you look that make you uncomfortable
- Touching that you do not like, including hugging
- Sharing pictures or videos of people doing sexual acts
Maxaad samayn kartaa oo ku saabsan faraxumeynta galmada
What you can do about sexual harassment
Raac habka la mid ah sida shaqada Mosscare. La hadal qof ka dibna aad Tababaraha ama shaqaalaha waaxda. faraxumeynta galmada ee haweenka shaqada waa dhibaato halis ah. khayraadka Human go'aansan karaan inay ku ciqaabi qofka aad handadaad. Qofka la rasaas laga yaabaa. Haddii shirkadda uusan kaa caawin, laga yaabaa in aad u baahan tahay si aad u hesho qareen.
Follow the same process as for sexism. Talk to the person and then your boss or human resources department. Sexual harassment of women at work is a serious problem. Human resources may decide to punish the person harassing you. The person could be fired. If your company does not help you, you may need to find a lawyer.
takoorka Uurka hab daaweynta qof dumar ah oo kala duwan sababta oo ah iyada oo uurka ama dhalmada. takoorka Uurka ma aha sharci in shirkadaha leh 15 shaqaalaha ama ka badan.
Pregnancy discrimination means treating a woman differently because of her pregnancy or childbirth. Pregnancy discrimination is not legal in companies with 15 employees or more.
Tusaalooyinka takoorka uurka
Examples of pregnancy discrimination
- Ku khasabka qof dumar ah oo uur leh in ay qaataan waqti dheeraad ah off markaas iyadu doonayo
- Cayrin qof ku listo caanaha naaska ee xafiiska oo aan qaadashada meel gaarka ah ku listo
- Aan ka fiirsaneysa inay qof dumar ah oo uur leh oo kor loogu a
- Forcing a pregnant woman to take more time off then she wants
- Firing someone for pumping breast milk in the office and not making a private space for pumping
- Not considering a pregnant woman for a promotion
Maxaad samayn kartaa oo ku saabsan takoorka uurka
What you can do about pregnancy discrimination
Haddii shaqo-aad aadan bixin meel ku listo caanaha naaska, weydii in ay sidaa sameeyaan. Haddii aysan sidaas ahayn, hadal coworker ah oo aad ku kalsoon tahay. Haddii ay leeyihiin xafiis u gaar ah, weydii haddii aad halkaas lisidda karaa. Goobaha shaqada intooda badan waxay bixiyaan saddex bilood off for uurka. Haddii aad rabto in aad dib ugu soo laabto shaqada iyo lagugu khasbo inaad waqti badan qaadan off, hadal waaxda khayraadka aadanaha. Sharax dib aan soo socda ma ahaa aad doorato. Sidoo kale la hadal HR for takoor kale oo la xiriira uurka.
If your employers do not provide space for pumping breast milk, ask them to do so. If they do not, talk to a coworker who you trust. If they have their own office, ask if you can pump there. Most workplaces offer three months off for pregnancy. If you want to come back to work and you are forced to take more time off, talk to the human resources department. Explain that not coming back was not your choice. Also talk to HR for any other pregnancy-related discrimination.
Haweenka shaqada guulaysan karo!
Women at work can succeed!
Haweenku waa ku dhowaad nus ka mid ah shaqaalaha ee dalka Mareykanka. Taas macnaheedu waxa weeye waxaad tahay qayb aad u muhiim ah oo dhaqaalaha. Waxaad la kulmi karaan dhibaatooyin gaar, laakiin haweenka shaqada weli ku guulaysan karo. Haddii aad aragto in qof dumar ah oo la takooray, ha ka baqin inaad wax sheegto. Bixiyaan si ay caawimaad haddii ay suuragal tahay iyo haddii ay amaan tahay in aad sidaa sameeyaan. Waxaa muhiim ah in haweenka shaqada midba midka kale caawiyo.
Women are almost half of the workforce in the United States. This means you are a very important part of the economy. You may face special challenges, but women at work can still succeed. If you see that a woman is being discriminated against, she may be afraid to say anything. Offer to help if possible and if it is safe for you to do so. It is important that women at work help each other.
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