Waxaad leedahay xuquuq gaar ah in aad ilaaliso shaqada. In USA, qof walba waa in loola dhaqmaa si caddaalad ah ee goobta shaqada. Loo-shaqeeyayaasha waa inay raacaan sharciga ama ay la ganaaxi doono ama cadaabayo. Akhri wax dheeraad ah oo ku saabsan shaqaalaha bartaan’ xuquuqda ee USA.
You have certain rights to protect you at work. In the USA, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Read to learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.
Xukuumadda Maraykanka ayaa shaqaalaha’ sharciyada xuquuqda yidhaahda inta lacag ee waa inaad. Waxaa kaloo jira sharciyo ku saabsan inta saacadood ee aad shaqayn karto iyo sida aad u shaqayso aad daawaynaya. Cidda aad u shaqayso waa in ay siiyaan meel ammaan ah oo caafimaad qaba si aad u shaqeeyaan. Haddii isagu ama iyadu ma, in iyaga la ciqaabaa kartaa sharciga.
The government in the USA has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.
mushaharka ugu yar
Xukuumadda federaalka saara shuruucda dalka oo dhan. Dawladaha Dawladdu waxay sameeyaan sharciyada ee dalalka ay. Xukuumadda federaalka iyo gobol kasta ayaa ka dhigay mushaharka ugu yar. Mushaharka ugu yar waa lacagta ugu yar ee loo shaqeeyayaashu waa inay bixiyaan shaqaalaha. mushaharka ugu yar Federaalka waa $7.25 saacadiiba. Taas macnaheedu waa in loo-shaqeeyahaaga kasta oo meel kasta oo dalka Mareykanka ah waa in ugu yaraan aad bixiso $7.25 saacadiiba. Waad awoodaa badan oo ku saabsan shaqaalaha bartaan’ xuquuqda iyo lacagta luqado badan.
The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 per hour. You can learn more about workers’ rights and pay in many languages.
State mushaharka ugu yar
State minimum wage
Mararka qaarkood mushaharka ugu yar gobolka uu ka badan yahay mushaharka ugu yar ee federaalka. Tusaale ahaan, dalalka of California iyo Arizona labada leeyihiin mushaharka ugu yar ee $11.00 saacadiiba. In dalalka kuwan, shaqeeyayaashu waa inay bixiyaan shaqaalaha qadarka sare. Waad awoodaa ka heli mushaharka ugu yar ee gobolka.
Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount. You can find the minimum wage in your state.
mushaharka ugu yar iyo talooyin
Minimum wage and tips
Talooyin waa lacag ka macaamiisha in ay ku mahadsantahay inaad adeeg. Talooyin kuma jiraan kharashka adeega ama lacagta canshuurta. Haddii aad ka shaqayso maqaaxi ama shaqo halkaas oo aad ka heli talooyin ka badan $30 bil ah, markaas waxaad la shaqeeya karaa sida a “shaqaale saadaaliyay.” shaqaalaha saadaaliyay waa in la siiyo ugu yaraan $2.13 saacadiiba oo lagu daray talooyin ay. Talooyin waa in ay ahaadaan ka badan $5.12 saacaddii si aad weli ku muteystay mushaharka ugu yar ee federaalka $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).
Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).
Waxaa jira qaar ka mid ah maqaayadaha ay ka mid yihiin caarada in biilka. Marka aad soo kiraystay, aad Tababaraha kuu sheegi doonaa xeerarka ku saabsan tankeeda. Waxa aad war dheeraad ah oo ku saabsan ka akhriyi kartaa xeerarka shaqaalaha saadaaliyay halkan.
There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees here.
Wadamada qaarkood, rag iyo dumar lagu siiyo si ka duwan. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, US sharciyada hana u oggolaan in this. Haddii aad shaqo la mid ah sida a co-worker, waa in aad la bixiyo isku mid. Sidoo kale waa inaad hesho mushahar la mid ah saacadaha dheeraadka ah, saacadood vacation, iyo gunooyinka. Shaqaaluhu waa inay ka badan u hesho oo kaliya haddii ay yihiin boosas kale duwan ama samayn dheeraad ah oo meel isku mid ah. Waxay sidoo kale la siin karaa dheeraad ah haddii ay leeyihiin xirfadaha fiican ama waayo-aragnimo dheeraad ah oo duurka ku ay ka shaqeeyaan.
In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.
Qawaaniinta Takoorka dhiiri-shaqeeyayaasha inuu shaqaalayaal u kireeyo dadka ka soo jeeda kala duwan oo cid walba loo daweeyo isku mid. Waa sharci darro loo-shaqeeye si MA aad u kireeyo sababta oo ah:
Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:
- naafada: dhibaato jireed ama jirro
- da: isagoo 40 ama ka weyn
- asal qaran: meesha aad ka timid
- disability: having physical problems or an illness
- age: being 40 or older
- national origin: where you come from
Waxaad badan oo ku saabsan ka akhriyi kartaa Sharciyada ku saabsan noocyada kala duwan ee takoorka shaqada. Shaqaalaha naafada ah waxay leeyihiin xuquuqda dheeraad ah under sharciga.
Dhaawacyada dhici kartaa in aad inta aad shaqada. Haddii aad meeshaan ku dhaawacanto, halka ka shaqeeya, waxaa aad u muhiim ah inaad u sheegto maamulaha aad isla markiiba. Waxaad sidoo kale u baahan tahay inaad hesho dhakhtar si loo daaweeyo dhaawaca. shaqaalaha’ sharciyada magdhow ilaalin kartaa xuquuqda aad u leedahay daawaynta. Qaar ka mid ah daaweyntaada iyo mushaarka la bixiyo karo by shirkadda.
Injuries can happen to you while you are working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.
Xaq u gaarka ah
Right to privacy
Shirkadda Your looma ogola in ay eegaan waxyaabaha kuu gaarka ah. Your kiishad, bacaha, lookarrada keydinta, iyo boorsooyin waa adiga oo keliya, waayo,. Haddii aad hesho mail in magacaaga ayaa waxa on, Tababaraha aad looma ogola in ay u akhriyaan.
Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.
Haddii aad isticmaasho computer ah ee shaqada, aad Tababaraha loo ogol yahay in ay eegaan emails aad. Haddii aad isticmaasho telefoon, Shirkadaha qaar ka mid ah waxaa loo ogol yahay in ay dhegeystaan taleefan iyo fariimaha aad. Tani waa kala duwan ee shirkadda kasta. marna waa in aad ku odhan ama wax ka qoraan waxyaabo xun oo ku saabsan shirkadda aad.
If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.
joojinta caddaalad darro
joojinta cadaalad darro ka dhigan tahay in aad helay eryay sabab sharci darro ah. Haddii aad u malaynayso in aad shaqo laga badiyay sababta oo ah takoor, dhaawac shaqada ah, ama dhibaataynta, waa in aad u malaynayso oo ku saabsan la hadashid qareen. Waxaa jira qareenada kuwaas oo caawiya dadka shaqaalaha’ xuquuqda. Waad awoodaa heli qareenno lacag la'aan ah oo la awoodi karo kuwaas oo ka caawiya muhaajiriinta iyo qaxootiga.
Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ rights. You can find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.
Haddii aad u malaynayso in wax sharci daro ah waxaa dhacaya in aad ka shaqeyso, shirkadda aad u shaqayso. Haddii loo-shaqeeyahaagu ma awoodo inuu ku caawiyo, qorto waxa dhacaya. laga yaabaa in aad u baahan tahay macluumaad this ka dib.
If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.
badbaadada goobta shaqada
Cidda aad u shaqayso waa in aad u hubiso in goobta ay tahay mid amaan ah oo aan khataraha. Khataraha jira waxyaabo wax idin yeeli kartaa, sida kiimikada ama qalab ammaan ahayn ama qalab. Mararka qaarkood, aad shaqo u baahan tahay in aad wax ka qaban ammaan ahayn. Tusaale ahaan, shaqaalaha dhismaha ah in laga yaabo inuu ku ordayaan, dhismayaasha dhaadheer. Under sharciga, shaqeeyayaasha leeyihiin in ay kuu sheegaan oo ku saabsan khataraha ka iman kara ee goobta shaqada. Sidoo kale waxay leeyihiin in ay aad u tababaraan luqad aad fahmi. Haddii aad dareento ama aad aragto wax khatar tahay in tababare uusan ogaato oo ku saabsan, u sheeg. Raadi macluumaad ku saabsan xuquuqda badbaadada goobta shaqada.
Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them. Find information about safety rights at work.
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