Itoobiya: Fahamka ardayda ka soo jeeda Itoobiya iyo dhaqankooda

Ingiriisi sidoo kaleNo Ingiriisi

barayaasha badan oo wax ku barayay ardayda kala duwan sheegaan in aanay macluumaadka asalka dhaqankooda ku filan heli on ardaydooda. Haddii aad wax ku barayay ardayda qaxootiga, waxaa muhiim ah in laga war hayo oo cusub’ soo jeeda. Xogta hoose ayaa waxaa loogu tala galay in ay sharaxaad guud laga bixiyo warbixinta kooban ee muhiimka ah, si aad dhisatid xeelado waxbaridda dhaqan ahaan ku jira habayn ardayda aad’ Hababka waxbarasho gaar ah.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC

Map Itoobiya

Ethiopian Map

Language

Language

Amharic iyo Ingiriisi

Amharic and English

Barashada Fasaladda

Teaching in the Classroom

Itoobiya waxay leedahay mid ka mid ah dadka ugu badan ee dunida waxna qorin (ka badan 60%). waxbarashada aasaasiga ah (fasalada 1 in 8) waa lacag la'aan iyo in khasab aragti. waxbarashada dugsiga waa fasalada 9-11. Qaar badan oo ardayda dakhligoodu hooseeyo halgan si ay ula qabsadaan dhaqanka ee dugsiyada dadweynaha loogu talagalay qoysaska dabaqadda dhexe. Sidaas darteed, arday badan ka tagaan dugsiga.

Ethiopia has one of the highest illiterate populations in the world (over 60%). Primary education (grades 1 to 8) is free and in theory compulsory. Secondary education is grades 9-11. Many low-income students struggle to adapt to the culture in public schools designed for middle-class families. As a result, many students drop out of school.

Boys leeyihiin fursado waxbarasho oo ka badan gabdhaha. Waxaa lagu hafray baahsan in gabdhaha yar karti badan wiilasha, iyo in waxbarashada gabdhaha waa maalgashi saboolka ah. Takoorka iyo xadgudub jirka qaar ka mid ah gabdhaha caqabadaha wajihi doona marka ay dugsiga dhigtaan. Carruur badan oo Ethiopian maqan gaadhista shaqada iyo hoggaanka fursado koox ee ururka.

Boys have more educational opportunities than girls. There is a widespread stereotype that girls are less competent than boys, and that girls’ education is a poor investment. Discrimination and physical abuse are some of the challenges girls face when they attend school. Many Ethiopian children lack exposure to group work and leadership opportunities in organizational settings.

muddooyinka Soonka (hoos eeg, hoos dhaqanka) waxaa laga yaabaa in waayo-aragnimo ah oo jidh ahaan iyo maskax ahaan adag ee ardayda.

Fasting periods (see below, under culture) may be a physically and emotionally challenging experience for students.

Qoyska / Dugsiga Engagement

Family/School Engagement

Qoysas badan oo Ethiopian haajiraan si ay uga baxsadaan saboolnimada, laakiin heli naftooda underemployed ama shaqo la'aan ka dib markii Mareykanka. Qaar badan oo aakhirka ka shaqeeya adeega mushaar hooseeyo (la dhigto, saldhigyada gaaska, dukaamada, maqaayado, iwm). Qaxooti badan ma yaqaanaan sida in la wado ama haysan baabuur, sidaa darteed gaadiidka dhacdooyinka dugsiga uu noqon doono tartan loogu talagalay waalidiinta jecel inay lug.

Many Ethiopian families migrate to escape poverty but find themselves underemployed or unemployed after coming to the US. Many end up working in low wage service (parking lots, gas stations, convenience stores, restaurants, etc.). Many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge for parents who would like to be involved.

Guud ahaan, dadka midba midka kale salaama dhunkaday badan labada daan. dadka waayeelka ah waxaa lagu daaweeyaa oo ka fiirsaday si ixtiraam leh sare.

Generally, people greet each other with multiple kisses on both cheeks. The elderly are treated and regarded with high respect.

Waxaa wanaagsan in la ogaado in Ethiopia leedahay taariikh Qaybta qowmiyadaha. Intaas waxaa sii dheer, Itoobiya waxay leedahay afar fasalo bulshada waaweyn iyo laangaabka leh qabiilooyinka sar sare ugu sareysa, ku xiga abtirsiin low-darajeeyo. xubin rag & dumar waxa lagu qoray by dhalashada.

It is good to be aware that Ethiopia has a history of ethnic division. Furthermore, Ethiopia has four major social classes and castes with high-ranking lineages at the top, followed by low-ranking lineages. Caste membership is assigned by birth.

Soccer waa hawl in badan oo Itoobiyaan ah oo ka qaybgalo in ay xoojiso dareenka lahaansho. Ku biiritaanka kooxaha taageerada bulshada iyo dhaqaalaha loo yaqaan story Waxa kale oo kobcin kara dareenka qaxootiga ka tirsan.

Soccer is an activity that many Ethiopians participate in to bolster their sense of belonging. Joining social and economic support groups called Ekub can also enhance refugees’ sense of belonging.

Gender, Dhaqanka, iyo Qoyska

Gender, Culture, and Family

Dad badan oo Itoobiyaan ah ayaa weli aaminsan nahay in haweenka ay yihiin hoos timaada ragga. Haweenka inta badan waa aqoon yar oo ay leeyihiin madaxbannaani dhaqaale ka yar. lab ugu da'da weyn waa madaxa gaare qoyska iyo go'aanka. Waxaa jira inta badan saddex ilaa afar fac ka mid ah qoyska. Ragga galaan shaqada jirka guriga ka baxsan iyo haweenka waa ay mas'uul ka ah shaqada qoyska. Carruurta ayaa ka masuul ah daryeelka waalidkood. Gabdhaha masuuliyad ka badan wiilasha.

Many Ethiopians still believe that women are subordinate to men. Women are usually less educated and have less economic freedom. The oldest male is the head of the household and decision maker. There are usually three to four generations in one household. Men engage in physical labor outside the house and women are in charge of household labor. Children are responsible for caring for their parents. Girls have more responsibilities than boys.

Sababta oo ah farqiga u doorarka jinsiga, qabsiga dhaqanka American inta badan waa ku adag tahay qoysaska ajinebiga Itoobiya. Mararka qaarkood is qaba kulmaan xiisad sababta oo ah bulshada, siyaasadeed, iyo xoriyada dhaqaale siiyo haweenka ee Maraykanka. Mararka qaarkood, xiisaddan ayaa keentay in rabshadaha qoyska ama furiinka qoysas badan qaxootiga Itoobiya ee Maraykanka.

Because of the difference in gender roles, adjustment to American culture is often difficult for Ethiopian immigrant families. Sometimes married couples experience tension because of the social, political, and economic freedom granted to women in the US. In some cases, this tension has led to domestic violence or divorce for many Ethiopian refugee households in the US.

Itoobiya waa in ay gacmahooda had iyo jeer ku maydho ka hor waqtiga cuntada tan iyo cuntada oo dhan waxaa cuni gacmo ka ah saxan / saxaarad la wadaago. Dhaqan, guests bilaabo cunidda. marka wax la cunayo, waa ku habboon si ay u soo jiid injera kaliya ka bannaan si toos ah idinka soo hor jeedda. Waxaa xushmad leh in ay ka qaybqaataan wada hadalka marka wax la cunayo tan iyo bixinta si ay cuntada complete fiiro waxaa arko xanuunsan-mannered.

Ethiopians must always wash their hands before eating since all food is eaten with the hands from a shared dish/tray. Traditionally, guests initiate eating. While eating, it is proper to pull injera only from the space directly in front of you. It is polite to engage in conversation while eating since paying complete attention to the food is perceived as ill-mannered.

Inta lagu jiro xilliyada soonka Christian (kala duwan yahay shaqsi ama kaniisadda), ma soo saarka xoolaha la cuni karin oo mar cunto ama cabitaan waa la wada baabbi'in karo ka saqda dhexe ilaa 3:00PM. Tani waa habka caadiga ah ee soonka inta lagu jiro toddobaadka, iyo Sabtida iyo Axada jirin wax soo saarkooda u baabba'o, inkastoo aan waqti xadaynta on soonka.

During Christian fasting periods (varies by individual or church), no animal products can be eaten and no food or drink can be consumed from midnight until 3:00PM. This is the standard way of fasting during the week, and on Saturday and Sunday no animal products may be consumed, although there is no time restriction on the fast.

Resources dheeraad ah

Additional Resources

BRYCS KHAYRAADKA

BRYCS RESOURCES

WORLD Wikipedia

WORLD FACTBOOK

QAXOOTIGA BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

IRC QAXOOTIGA MACALLINKA WARAAQAHA

IRC REFUGEE TEACHER PACKET

Maraykanka ITOOBIYA

ETHIOPIAN AMERICANS

CAAFIMAADKA

HEALTH

La wadaag Fikradaha Your

Share Your Ideas

Haddii aad qabtid wax ah faalooyin ama macluumaad dheeraad ah ama fikrado in ay wadaagaan on barayay ardayda Itoobiya, fadlan email: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Ethiopian students, please email: info@usahello.org.

Qaado Course for our Barayaashu

Take our Course for Educators

Haddii aad jeclaan lahayd tababar dheeraad ah oo ku saabsan sida loo baro ardayda qaxootiga iyo soo galootiga, fadlan ogow qorayso in our Dabcan, Waxbaridda Refugee iyo Ardayda Immigrant: Course An Online for Macallimiinta.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

Print Information sida PDF ah

Print this Information as a PDF

Waxaad kala soo bixi kartaa oo aad daabacan this profile bartaha Itoobiya sida PDF ah oo xajiya khayraad ee fasalka.

You can download and print this Ethiopian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

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Waad ku mahadsan tahay ra'yi-celin!