Guide to USCIS naturalization test and interview

What is the naturalization interview? 

The naturalization interview is one of the steps you have to take to become a U.S. citizen. It is also known as the naturalization test or citizenship test. A USCIS officer will ask you a series of questions to decide if you can become a U.S. citizen. 

The naturalization test has 3 main parts:

  1. The officer will ask you questions about your Form N-400.
  2. An English test to check your ability to speak, read, and write basic English. 
  3. A civics test to check your understanding of the U.S. government and history. 

You will have to take an oath, to tell the truth at the start of the naturalization test. The interview normally lasts approximately 30 minutes but this may be different for each person.

(https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SDb9_CqPUTQ)

What to bring to your naturalization interview

Review the instructions for Form N-400 for a full list of documents to bring with you to the interview starting on page 11. These items will include:

  • Appointment notice
  • Form N-400
  • Permanent resident card (green card)  
  • State-issued identification (such as a driver’s license)
  • All valid and expired passport and travel documents 
  • Proof of current legal marital status

Tips to prepare for the day of your interview 

  • Confirm the location, date and time of your interview
  • Collect all the documents you need to bring with you
  • Dress professionally – wear a dress or slacks and a shirt and tie or a blouse
  • Arrive early at the field office 
  • Greet the officer with a smile 

Arriving and meeting the USCIS officer 

Show your appointment notice when you arrive at the field office. You will have to pass through a security check. You may have to wear a mask and show proof of COVID-19 vaccination. You will sit in the waiting room until the immigration officer calls you for your interview.

Questions about Form N-400

The officer will review your answers to the questions listed on your Form N-400. The officer will also ask you if there are any changes to your application. These questions help the officer confirm that the information in your application is true and up to date. 

Naturalization English test

The English test has three sections: speaking, reading, and writing. 

  • Speaking – You must show you can speak and understand English.
  • Reading – You must read 1 out of 3 sentences out loud correctly.
  • Writing – You must write 1 out of 3 sentences in English correctly.

Naturalization civics test 

The civics test has questions about the United States government and history. There are 100 questions you could be asked. You must answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly. There is a 2020 version of the test with more questions but people usually choose not to take this test.

Naturalization test exemptions
Some people do not have to take the English test or the whole civics test.  Some people can take the civics test in their first language using an interpreter. There are also accommodations for people with disabilities. Learn more about the exemptions and accommodations.

Be prepared for your naturalization test

USAHello offers a free online class to help you prepare for the citizenship test. You can take this class in English, Arabic, French, Spanish, Swahili & Vietnamese.

woman waving at citizenship ceremony
Free U.S. Citizenship Class

USAHello has a free online class to help you prepare for the civics test in the naturalization interview.

Start the class

Next: Citizenship test questions for N-400, English, and civics


The information on this page comes from trusted sources, including USA.gov and USCIS.gov. We aim to offer information in plain language that is easy to understand and updated regularly. This page is for guidance. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice.