Honduran students

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching Honduran students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds.  The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Here is some cultural information to help educators and other professionals or volunteers who are working with refugee, immigrant, and asylum-seeking families. This page is about Honduran students in the USA.


Spanish (official) and Amerindian dialects including Garifuna, Tawahka, and Castilian.

Teaching in the classroom

Access to education varies across social classes in Honduras. Honduras did not have a national public education system until the late 1950s and prior to the reform, education was exclusively for elite families who could afford private education.

At least one-quarter of people from Honduras cannot write or read, although education reform led to free and mandatory schooling for children between seven and fourteen years of age in Honduran society. Less than half of those that enroll in public schools follow through primary level, whereas middle and upper-class families generally send children to private schools.

Because of the disparity, you will likely notice that some Honduran students will have little or no reading or writing skills.

Map showing Honduras

Family/school engagement

When greeting people from Honduras, educational degrees are important. Addressing a family member by their respectful title, such as “Dr., Mr. or Mrs.”

Honduran culture is relaxed and you will find that modes of speaking are generally informal and punctuality is more lenient. The close family ties and communal culture means that families will be more involved in students’ lives. Thus, when addressing any particular issue with students, it is normal to speak with family members to better understand the situation or seek insight into offering alternatives, solutions or ideas.

While Hondurans are more private in nature, they can also be more expressive and vocal in conversation, using hand gestures or tapping someone they are speaking to in order to get their attention. Pointing fingers can be offensive or seem rude, so it is better to greet Hondurans with open hands in a general direction or with a widely acceptable “thumbs up” to indicate that everything is OK.

Hondurans generally avoid conversation topics around work or politics. The Honduran coup of 2009, which maintains family and community divisions, largely characterizes modern politics, so it is better to avoid introducing these topics of conversations early on. Other conversations to avoid with families when engaging with students, parents or extended family involve criminality or corruption, as many Hondurans may have encountered some aspect prior to immigrating.

Culture, gender and family

The majority of Hondurans are Roman Catholic or Protestant. The predominant ethnic groups include Mestizo, which are mixed American and European descent, as well as Amerindian, black and white. There is a great deal of emphasis on community, and traditional and religious festivities and customs are important in the life of Hondurans. Dress can be more formal or conservative in Honduran culture, particularly amongst women.

Social roles of men and women are fairly traditional. Strong gender roles reflect the dominant male role of power and authority in decision-making. Women are perceived to have primarily domestic roles and it may not be appropriate for women to be unaccompanied in public. Additionally, because of the collectivist culture and the large average family size, Hondurans commonly speak and stand in close proximity to one another. It is not uncommon to see friends holding hands with one another or expressing affection openly in public. Younger Honduran students may be more affectionate than other newcomer populations.

Print this Information as a PDF

You can download and print this background information for Honduran students as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

a young woman teacher helping little girl
Resources for teachers and supporters

Sign up for our online professional development class or find cultural background information about refugees and asylum seekers – useful for professional educators and anyone who wants to support newcomer families.

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