LGBTQ ماه پراید

انگلیسی نیزخیر زبان انگلیسی

ژوئن لزبین, گی, دارای خصوصیات جنس نر, فراجنسیتی, و عجیب (LGBTQ) ماه پراید در ایالات متحده آمریکا. The entire month is a time for LGBTQ people and others to celebrate, honor their history, and support their communities.

June is Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer (LGBTQ) Pride Month in the USA. The entire month is a time for LGBTQ people and others to celebrate, honor their history, and support their communities.

 A rainbow LGBTQ pride flag at a Pride Month parade
IStock/دایره استودیو خلاق
 A rainbow LGBTQ pride flag at a Pride Month parade
IStock/Circle Creative Studio

برای بزرگداشت ماه پراید, جوامع سازماندهی رژه های پراید و حوادث در سراسر ایالات متحده آمریکا. حوادث همه متفاوت هستند, اما همه آنها به معنای افتخار و حمایت از مردم همجنسگرایان هستند. رژه وجود دارد, پیکنیک, احزاب, کارگاه, کنسرت, و بیشتر. شرکت کنندگان اغلب لباس های رنگارنگ را بپوشند, و برخی از LGBTQ موج پرچم.

To celebrate Pride Month, communities organize pride parades and events across the USA. The events are all different, but all of them are meant to honor and support LGBT people. There are parades, picnics, parties, workshops, concerts, and more. Participants often wear colorful clothing, and some wave LGBTQ flags.

ماه پراید زمان جشن است ، بلکه به خاطر داشته باشید. در گردهمایی شب, مردم نگه شمع و گوش دادن به سخنرانی ها. آنها به یاد LGBTQ افرادی که به دلیل خشونت ضد LGBTQ و یا ایدز درگذشت.

Pride Month is a time to celebrate but also to remember. At nighttime gatherings, people hold candles and listen to speeches. They remember LGBTQ people who have died because of anti-LGBTQ violence or AIDS.

تاریخ

History

ماه پراید آغاز شده پس از 1969 شورش استون وال در منهتن, نیویورک. شورش های استون وال پاسخی به خشونت پلیس علیه LGBTQ نفر بود. آنها به عنوان آغاز جنبش آزادی گی در ایالات متحده آمریکا دیده می شود. پلیس را شکست را به مسافرخانه استون دیوار, نوار LGBTQ محبوب. آنها بازداشت افرادی که در لباس از جنس مخالف لباس پوشیدن. جامعه با اعتراضات و شورش ها پاسخ داد. این شورش ها به رهبری زنان ترانس و سه روز به طول انجامید. معروف ترین رهبران ترانس بودند به نام مارشا P. جانسون و سیلویا ریورا. کسانی که شورش صلح آمیز بود اما الهام بخش امروز رژه های غرور مسالمت آمیز.

Pride Month started after the 1969 Stonewall Riots in Manhattan, New York. The Stonewall Riots were a response to police violence against LGBTQ people. They are seen as the start of the Gay Liberation Movement in the USA. Police broke into the Stonewall Inn, a popular LGBTQ bar. They arrested people who were dressed in clothes of the opposite sex. The community responded with protests and riots. The riots were led by transgender women and lasted three days. The most famous of trans leaders were named Marsha P. Johnson and Silvia Rivera. Those riots were not peaceful but inspired today’s peaceful Pride parades.

مبارزه برای حقوق برابر

Fighting for equal rights

در ایالات متحده امریکا, LGBTQ مردم حقوق برابر در همه کشورها ندارند. زوج های LGBTQ همیشه اجازه ندارند کارهایی را انجام دهند که زوج های غیر LGBTQ می توانند با هم کار کنند. گاهی اوقات آنها قادر به اجاره یک خانه, اتخاذ یک کودک, درخواست برای وام بانکی, یا بازدید از یکدیگر در “خانواده” بخش از یک بیمارستان. افراد ترانس اغلب از دریافت مراقبت های بهداشتی مسدود می شوند, درخواست شغل, و یا حتی پیوستن به ارتش. برای سال های بسیاری, لزبین ها و همجنسگرایان اجازه نداشتند در تمام ایالت ها ازدواج کنند. برخی از ایالتها تصویب قوانین به مردم اجازه می دهد به ازدواج اما بعد از آن در زمان حقوق دور. که در 2015, دیوان عالی کشور اجازه داد تا مردم را به ازدواج در تمام 50 ایالات. این افتخار, روز تاریخی. اگر جامعه LGBTQ برای حقوق خود مبارزه نکند ، اتفاق نیفتاده است.

In the USA, LGBTQ people do not have equal rights in all states. LGBTQ couples are not always allowed to do things that non-LGBTQ couples can do together. Sometimes they are not able to rent a home, adopt a child, apply for a bank loan, or visit each other in the “family” section of a hospital. Transgender people are often blocked from getting healthcare, applying for jobs, or even joining the military. For many years, lesbian and gay people were not allowed to get married in all the states. Some states passed laws to allow people to marry but later took the rights away. In 2015, the Supreme Court allowed people to get married in all 50 states. It was a proud, historic day. It would not have happened if the LGBTQ community did not fight for their rights.

در 1980s و 1990s, هزاران نفر از LGBTQ تحت تاثیر اپیدمی ایدز قرار گرفتند. بسیاری از آنها مردان همجنس گرا بودند و زنان ترانس. HIV یک ویروس است که بر سیستم ایمنی بدن تاثیر می گذارد. بدون درمان, آن را تبدیل به ایدز. هنگامی که افراد برای اولین بار با HIV آلوده شدند, scientists and doctors did not understand the disease. Many people died because there was no cure or treatment. LGBTQ people protested because the government was not doing research. A large group of activists, called ACT UP, organized publicdie-ins.At these events, people would lie on the ground to show how the crisis was affecting people. که در 1987, thousands of people created a quilt and displayed it in Washington, DC, to remember those who had died of AIDS. The LGBTQ community helped people learn about this disease. Because of them, more medical research has been done to find cures and treatments.

In the 1980s and 1990s, thousands of LGBTQ people were affected by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Many of them were gay men and transgender women. HIV is a virus that affects the immune system. Without treatment, it becomes AIDS. When people first became infected with HIV, scientists and doctors did not understand the disease. Many people died because there was no cure or treatment. LGBTQ people protested because the government was not doing research. A large group of activists, called ACT UP, organized public “die-ins.” At these events, people would lie on the ground to show how the crisis was affecting people. In 1987, thousands of people created a quilt and displayed it in Washington, DC, to remember those who had died of AIDS. The LGBTQ community helped people learn about this disease. Because of them, more medical research has been done to find cures and treatments.

LGBTQ flags

LGBTQ flags

During Pride Month, many groups, سازمان های, and communities show support for the LGBTQ community by displaying the Pride flag. The Pride flag was designed in San Francisco in 1978 by artist Gilbert Baker. It is a rainbow flag that represents the diversity of genders and sexual orientations in the community.

During Pride Month, many groups, organizations, and communities show support for the LGBTQ community by displaying the Pride flag. The Pride flag was designed in San Francisco in 1978 by artist Gilbert Baker. It is a rainbow flag that represents the diversity of genders and sexual orientations in the community.

There are other flags for groups within the LGBTQ community. There is a separate transgender flag to support transgender people, who face different struggles. Transgender people face more violence and discrimination, and they commit suicide more than other groups. They have fewer rights and are still fighting for the acceptance that lesbian, همجنسگرا, دارای خصوصیات جنس نر, and queer people have. There are separate events and parades that focus on transgender people. The blue stripes represent the male gender and the pink represents the female gender. The white stripe in the middle is to symbolize people who are transitioning from one gender to another.

There are other flags for groups within the LGBTQ community. There is a separate transgender flag to support transgender people, who face different struggles. Transgender people face more violence and discrimination, and they commit suicide more than other groups. They have fewer rights and are still fighting for the acceptance that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer people have. There are separate events and parades that focus on transgender people. The blue stripes represent the male gender and the pink represents the female gender. The white stripe in the middle is to symbolize people who are transitioning from one gender to another.

IStock/AwakenedEye
IStock/AwakenedEye

Pride Month does not just take place in the USA. Around the world, the LGBTQ people are working to create community, fight for rights, and educate others. There are Pride parades around the world. They may look different, but all Pride parades support the LGBTQ community by providing visibility. If you do not know the LGBTQ community or want to find friends in the LGBTQ community, Pride Month is a way to learn and celebrate.

Pride Month does not just take place in the USA. Around the world, the LGBTQ people are working to create community, fight for rights, and educate others. There are Pride parades around the world. They may look different, but all Pride parades support the LGBTQ community by providing visibility. If you do not know the LGBTQ community or want to find friends in the LGBTQ community, Pride Month is a way to learn and celebrate.

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