LGBT:女同性恋、男同性恋、双性恋和变性人群

英语也不会说英语

LGBT

LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender. In every country and society, many people belong to one of these communities. In the USA, LGBT people have the same rights and freedoms as everyone else, including the right to marry partners of the same sex.

谁是LGBT?

LGBT

自认为女同性恋、男同性恋、双性恋和变性人群(LGBT)的人们在来自各行各业。LGBT包括所有种族、民族、年龄、社经地位、及国籍。

Who is LGBT?

拥有同性伴侣的人和在性别之间转换的人可以被描述为LGBT。这个词还涵盖了那些正在探索与其性别或性行为相关的问题的人。

People who identify as part of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) community come from different backgrounds. LGBT includes people of all races, ethnicity, ages, status, and nationalities. There are around 11 million LGBT people in the USA. This is about 5% of the population.

大多数医疗权威都同意,少数人的性别认同或性别表达与其被指定的性别不同。如果某人希望获得医疗援助,以便从一种性别过渡到另一种性别,那么他就会被称为变性者。

People who have same-sex partners and people who are transitioning between genders can be described as LGBT. LGBT also includes people who are not sure about their gender or sexuality. Some people change the words they use to describe themselves during their lifetime.

在美国,越来越多的人透过法律和医疗途径过渡到他们自认的性别。

Equal rights to marriage

在美国的大部分地区,两个同性成年人之间的恋爱关系被视为相等于男女之间的恋爱关系。2015年,美国最高法院(美国最高级的法院)宣示同性婚姻是合法的。

In 2015, the US Supreme Court (which is the highest court in the country) declared that marriages between two people of the same sex are legal. In most of the USA, romantic relationships between two people of the same sex are viewed as equal to those between a man and a woman. In some states, people are not all accepting of LGBT people. When you travel, learn what common opinions are so you can stay safe.

女同性恋、男同性恋、双性恋、和变性人的定义

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender definitions

以下是对LGBT中每个字母含义的简短解释:

Here is an explanation of each letter in LGBT:

  • L:女同性恋
    一个针对女性感觉浪漫爱情或性吸引力的女人。
  • G:男同性恋
    通常用来描述一个针对男性感觉浪漫爱情或性吸引力的男人。这个词有时被用来描述任何男人或女人,只要是针对同性感觉浪漫爱情或性吸引力的人。
  • B:双性恋
    一个男人或女人,针对男性和女性,或任何性别或性向的人,会感觉浪漫爱情、性吸引力、或从事性行为。
  • T:变性人
    有些人不认同他们出生的生理性别,并且可能处于生理转变的某个阶段以适应他们的性别。
  • L: lesbian
    A woman who experiences romantic love or sexual attraction for another woman as a romantic partner
  • G: gay
    Most often used to describe a man who experiences romantic love or sexual attraction for another man. This term sometimes is used to refer to both males and females who experience romantic love or sexual attraction for a same-sex or same-gender partner.
  • B: bisexual
    A man or woman who experiences romantic and/or sexual attraction toward both males and females.
  • T: transgender or transexual
    Somebody who does not identify with the sex of the body they were born into. They may be in some stage of physical transition to fit their gender. This term is different than all the others because it does not refer to who a person is attracted to. Someone who is transgender can also be lesbian, for example.

你有家庭成员是LGBT吗?

Sometimes, you may see the term LGBT with more initials added. An example is LGBTIAA. This is what the other letters mean.

  • PFLAG是一个组织,致力于帮助家中有LGBT成员的人了解他们的亲人。在他们的网站上,你可以找到更多教育资源。
  • Medlineplus也收集了关于特定LGBT健康议题的资源。
  • CDC网站也有给LGBT人群的资源
  • Q: Queer/Questioning
    This term was used as an insult in the past. Now, is it used by many to talk about themselves. Queer is used by gay, bisexual, genderqueer, and transgender people. It means different things to different people. Overall, it means that your gender and sexuality are different than most people’s. Or that you might still be figuring out how you feel.
  • I: Intersex
    This is a term for a person who was born with parts that belong to both sexes. This might mean that their reproductive parts are mixed. Some may be male, while others are female. It could also mean that their genes belong to both sexes.
  • A: Asexual
    Someone who does not experience sexual attraction. Asexual people can date and be in relationships, but they do not have sex. This can also mean “allied”. This is a person who is not LGBT but supports the rights of people who are.
  • A: Ally
    An Ally is someone who identifies as heterosexual (also known as straight) but supports the LGBTQI community

Find help near you

Use FindHello to search for services and resources in your city.

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There are laws that prevent discrimination against LGBT people. Discrimination is hurtful language or behavior. Each state has its own laws and it is important to learn the laws in your city or town.

LGBT community

There are many spaces for LGBT people where you can find support and make friends with people like you. Each city has different groups, centers, parties, and even LGBT businesses. LGBT centers have resources and organize trans groups and events.

Every June, the LGBT community celebrates their achievements and history.

For transgender people

To find trans groups in your area, you can use Facebook or Google. Many groups are on Facebook. To look for groups online, use the words “trans” or “queer exchange” together with the name of your city or a nearby larger city.

Transgender people have some different experiences than lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. You can learn more about transgender people through these pages.

The transgender (also known as trans) community has special terms they use to talk about themselves and their experiences.

Transgender people have specific rights when getting healthcare. After changing their gender, they usually want to get new identification. This can include drivers licenses and birth certificates.

Employers and coworkers are legally not allowed to discriminate against trans people.

Gender reassignment is any medical procedure that helps transgender people match their physical sex to their gender.

For young people

LGBT young people can visit TrevorSpace. This is run by the Trevor Project, an organization for LGBT youth. TrevorSpace is a monitored site for young people to connect with LGBT people in their community.

Resources for LGBT people and their friends and family

Learn more

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