绿卡 (永久居民卡) 是一张表明你是美国合法永久居民的卡. 在美国居住一年后,法律要求难民申请. 如果你是政治避难, 你也可以在一年后申请. 了解难民如何, 庇护, 和其他移民可以申请.
A green card (permanent resident card) is a card that shows you are a lawful permanent resident of the USA. Refugees are required by law to apply for after living in the USA for one year. If you are an asylee, you may also be able to apply after one year. Learn how refugees, asylees, and other immigrants can apply.
Am I eligible to apply for a green card?
申请绿卡, 一个人必须有资格通过相关的请愿来做到这一点. 这个过程很复杂, 如果你的申请被拒绝, 你在美国的地位可能会受到威胁. 这个原因, 申请前和律师谈谈是很重要的. 有 律师和组织 全国各地谁会帮助你.
To apply for a green card, a person must be eligible to do so through an underlying petition. This process is complicated, and your status in the USA may be at risk if your petition is denied. For this reason, it is important to speak to a lawyer before you apply. There are lawyers and organizations around the country who will help you.
难民必须从你获得难民身份之日起至少一年内申请绿卡. 有资格, 你必须有:
Refugees must apply for a green card at least one year from the date you are given a refugee status. To be eligible, you must have:
- 没有你的难民入场终止 (保持你在美国的难民身份)
- been physically present in the United States for at least one year after being admitted as a refugee
- not had your refugee admission terminated (have maintained your refugee status in the USA)
- not already acquired permanent resident status
如果你是政治避难, 你可以申请和获得永久居民身份一年后, 你被授予庇护, 你:
If you are an asylee, you may be able to apply for and obtain permanent resident status one year after you are granted asylum and you:
- 继续是难民 (移民法律界定) 配偶或孩子的难民
- 在任何外国都没有得到稳固的安置; 和
- have been physically present in the United States for at least one year after being granted asylum
- continue to be a refugee (as defined in immigration law) or the spouse or child of a refugee
- are not firmly resettled in any foreign country; and
- are admissible to the United States as an immigrant
还有许多其他类别, 你可以申请绿卡. 您可以作为家庭成员申请, 作为一名员工, 或者因为你是虐待的受害者, 贩运或其他犯罪. 找出谁有资格获得绿卡.
There are many other categories in which you can apply for a green card. You can apply as a family member, as an employee, or because you are a victim of abuse, trafficking or other crimes. Find out who is eligible for a green card.
How do I apply for a green card?
To apply for permanent resident status, file Form I-485, Application to Register Permanent Residence or to Adjust Status. You must also have a USCIS doctor complete Form I-693 showing proof of your medical examination. As a refugee, there is currently no fee to file this form. You can learn about and download Form I-485. You can also learn about and download Form I-693.
Who can help me?
If you are a refugee, please have your resettlement agency help you apply for your adjustment of status.
法律文书可以是很难完成没有律师的帮助. 如果你没有一个重新安置机构或移民专业人员来帮助你, 请 在申请前寻求法律援助.
Legal paperwork can be very difficult to complete without the help of a lawyer. If you do not have a resettlement agency or immigration professional to help you, please find legal help before you apply.
我们提供基本的背景资料, 以帮助您了解申请永久居留的过程. 实际上, 我们无法帮助您完成申请.
We provide basic background information to help you understand the process of applying for permanent residence. We cannot actually help you complete your application.
关于难民地位的调整的详细信息, 您可以拨打移民局客服电话号码: 1-800-375-5283. 如果你打这个电话, 你可能必须等待前获取帮助.
For more information on Refugee Adjustment of Status, you can call the USCIS customer service phone number: 1-800-375-5283. If you call this number, you may have to wait on hold before getting help.
观看此视频, 了解如何使用 i-485 表格申请
Watch this video about how to apply using Form I-485
The responsibilities of a green card holder
拥有绿卡可赋予您作为美国居民的权利. 但有责任, 太. 了解这些责任非常重要. 移民局说，作为永久居民, 你必须:
Having a green card gives you rights as a resident of the USA. But there are responsibilities, too. It is very important to know what these responsibilities are. USCIS says that as a permanent resident, you must:
The information on this page comes from USCIS and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.