物质使用障碍

英语也不会说英语

物质使用障碍也被称为”物质滥用”。当你喝太多酒或服用太多药物时,就会发生。你吸毒和酗酒会伤害你的身体,以不好的方式影响你的生活。Substance Use Disorder

Substance use disorders result from substance abuse. Substance abuse happens when you drink too much alcohol or take too many drugs. Your use of drugs and alcohol hurts your body and affects your life in bad ways.Substance Use Disorder

在美国,人们说“滥用”药物或酒精也意味着使用它们太多或有危害的。 药物滥用,酒精滥用和物质使用障碍是说你喝太多酒或服用过多药物的其他方式。

In the USA, people say “abusing” drugs or alcohol when they mean using them too much, or badly. Substance abuse, alcohol abuse, and substance use disorder are ways of saying you drink too much alcohol or take too many drugs.

物质使用障碍会影响您的健康和生命。 当你依赖药物或酒精时,你会觉得没有它们就活不下去。

Substance use disorder affects your health and life. When you are dependent on drugs or alcohol, you feel like you cannot live without them.

物质使用障碍的症状

Symptoms of substance abuse

症状是由于疾病而产生的感受和变化。 物质使用障碍的一些症状是:

Symptoms are the feelings and changes you have because of the illness. Some of the symptoms of substance use disorder are:

  • 对酒精或毒品的耐药性
    耐药性意味着你必须多喝酒或服用更多的药物来感受效果。
  • 停药产生的问题
    因为停止饮酒或吸毒,戒药让你感到恶心。 你感到恶心是因为你的身体习惯了酒精或药物。
  • 拒绝毒品和酒精的问题
    你很难做到不喝很多酒或吃很多药。
  • 无法过你的正常生活
    由于您酗酒或吸毒,您不再参加重要的活动(家庭,工作,运动)。
  • 即使知道有害也不会停止
    即使您知道它会对您的生活产生负面影响,您仍继续酗酒或吸毒。负面影响是让某些事情变得更糟。 例如,喝太多酒会让你感觉病得很重,但你还是选择继续。
  • Tolerance for alcohol or drugs
    Tolerance means you have to drink more alcohol or take more drugs to feel the effects.
  • Problems with withdrawal
    Withdrawal is when you feel sick because you stop drinking alcohol or taking drugs. You feel sick because your body is used to having the alcohol or drugs in it.
  • Problems saying no to drugs and alcohol
    It is difficult for you to not drink a lot or take a lot of drugs.
  • Not taking part in your normal life
    You stop going to important activities (family, work, sports) because of your alcohol or drug use.
  • Not stopping even when things are bad
    You continue to drink alcohol or take drugs even though you know it is having a negative effect on your life. Negative effects are when something makes something worse. For example, drinking too much alcohol makes you feel very sick but you continue to drink anyways.

如果您有物质使用障碍,您可能会遇到很多问题。 其中一些问题是:

If you have a substance use disorder, you can have many problems. Some of these problems are:

  • 你会伤害自己或别人。
  • 你开始有健康问题。 例如,如果你喝了很多酒,你的肝脏,大脑,心脏或胃就会出现问题。
  • 过度饮酒或服用药物会使你停止正常生活。 例如,由于您酗酒或吸毒,您不再去孩子的体育比赛。
  • 过度饮酒或服用药物会影响你的工作和家人。 例如,您因酗酒或吸毒而无法上班。
  • You can hurt yourself or someone else.
  • You begin to have health problems. For example, if you drink a lot of alcohol you can have problems with your liver, brain, heart, or stomach.
  • Your use of alcohol or drugs makes you stop doing normal activities. For example, you stop going to your child’s sports games because of your alcohol or drug use.
  • Your use of alcohol or drugs affects your work and your family. For example, you do not go to work because of your alcohol or drug use.

物质使用障碍的原因

Reasons for substance abuse and substance use disorders

您可能患有物质使用障碍的原因有很多。 其中一些原因是:

There are many reasons why you can have a substance use disorder. Some of these reasons are:

  • 你住的地方有很多酒精和毒品。 例如,美国的城市有很多酒吧。 很多人喜欢和朋友一起去酒吧。 饮酒在美国人们认为是娱乐活动,而且是合法的。 得到酒也很容易,因为它是生活的一部分。
  • 如果您的父母之一患有物质使用障碍,您就更容易患上。
  • 你养成了习惯。 习惯是你经常做的,像睡觉前有刷牙的习惯。 例如,如果饮酒会让您感觉压力减轻并让您感觉更快乐,那么您可能会开始更频繁地饮酒,因为您喜欢饮酒后的感觉。
  • 有其他心理健康状况的考验。 如果您患有其他精神疾病,您使用酒精或药物进行自我治疗。 自我治疗是指您为了感觉更好去使用酒精或药物。
  • Alcohol and drugs are very available where you live. For example, cities in the United States have many bars. Many people like to go to bars with their friends. Drinking alcohol is something that people think is fun, and it is legal. It is easy to get alcohol because it is a part of life.
  • If one of your parents has or had a substance use disorder, it is easier for you to have one.
  • You make it a habit. A habit is something you do regularly like brushing your teeth before you go to sleep. For example, if drinking alcohol makes you feel less stressed and makes you feel happier, you might start to drink more often because you like the way it feels.
  • Having another mental health challenge. If you have another mental health illness, you might use alcohol or drugs to self-medicate. Self-medicate is when you use alcohol or drugs to feel better.

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