What citizenship test questions could I be asked in 2021?

Are you getting ready for your citizenship test? Find out what questions you will be asked in your citizenship interview. Prepare yourself for all the questions so that you can pass your citizenship test.

On this page, you will learn about the first question the USCIS officer will ask you, questions on your citizenship application, your reading skills, your writing skills, and questions about the USA.

woman interviews man in citizenship test
Photo courtesy of USCIS

The citizenship test interview has 3 different kinds of questions:

  • Some are questions about you
  • Some are questions that test your reading and writing
  • Some are questions that test your knowledge of the United States of America

All these types of questions are also testing your English skills, so try to answer clearly. Use words that show you understand the question.

Before you go in to the interview room

When it is time for your appointment, the USCIS officer will come out to the waiting room to get you. The officer will call your name and then introduce himself or herself. The officer may ask you, “How are you?” Although it is not your official test yet, the officer is already testing your English language skills. So you will want to say something like, “I am well, thank you. How are you?” Then you will follow the officer to the citizenship interview room.

The first question in your citizenship test

Not  all questions in your interview will be exactly the same as everyone else’s questions. But the first question will always be the same. Before you even sit down, the  USCIS officer will ask you for a promise to tell the truth. He or she will say, “Do you swear or affirm that the statements you will give today will be the truth, the whole truth, and nothing but the truth?”

You should answer, “I do.”

Questions about you in your citizenship test

During the citizenship test, the officer is making sure your information is true and correct. He or she will ask lots of questions about the information on your application (Form N-400).

The officer will ask questions about your background. He or she may ask questions that were not on the application form. Here are some types of questions you might be asked:

  • Have you traveled abroad since you filled out your form?
  • Were you ever married before? Have you been divorced?
  • Have you ever committed a crime? Do you have a criminal record?
  • What organizations do you belong to?
  • Do you swear allegiance to the United States? (Do you promise to be a good citizen?)
  • Have you ever served in the military? If you were required to serve in the military by draft, would you?

Don’t forget! The officer is testing your English at the same time. Answer clearly and show that you understand. If you don’t understand, it’s okay to say, “I’m sorry – will you repeat the question, please?”

When the questions are finished, the officer will ask you to sign the documents he or she filled in.

man and woman with flags clapping
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Questions that test your reading skills

The officer will show you a sentence to read. If you read it correctly, you have passed the reading test. If you get it wrong, you will get two more tries at reading a sentence. You only need to get one reading question right out of the three tries.

The reading vocabulary list will help you study for the English reading part of the citizenship test. It shows the words you will be asked to read.

US citizenship reading vocabulary list

Questions that test your writing skills

There will be a short written part to the citizenship test that will test your writing skills. The officer will tell you a sentence to write down. If you write it correctly, you have passed the writing test. If you get it wrong, you will get two more tries at writing a sentence. You only need to write one correct sentence right to pass the writing test.

The writing vocabulary list will help you study for the English writing portion of the naturalization test. It shows the words you will be asked to write.

 US citizenship writing vocabulary list

Questions about the United States

You will also have to take a test on U.S. history and government, and civics. During this exam, you must answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly about the USA. The questions and answers are spoken. The officer will tell you if your answer is correct or not. Once you have answered 6 questions correctly, the officer will stop asking questions and tell you that you’ve passed that part of the test. Here is a list of the 100 official questions you can download. The officer will pick 10 questions from the list. Some of the answers, such as the name of the president, may change by the time you take your test. You can also listen to the 100 questions and answers in a recording from uscis.gov.

Learn more about the U.S. citizenship questions and answers and find them in other languages.

Watch a video about the USCIS citizenship test


The information on this page comes from USCIS and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.