Chakula ya Kimarekani

If you are new to the USA, you may want to learn about American food. You have probably noticed that there are many choices! Find out about American food and food at your children’s school. Learn how to introduce Americans to foods from your home country. See ways to handle cultural differences about food.

Group of neighbors around food table at block party
Picha: iStock/monkeybusinessimages

Kurekebisha chakula Marekani

You may be surprised to see how many choices there are for food in the USA. There are many brands of food in all kinds of packages. Matunda na mboga inaweza kununuliwa hata wakati hawako katika msimu. Utatambua kwamba migahawa kumtumikia chakula kutoka tamaduni mbalimbali. Fast food is popular in the United States. It is easy to get a cheap meal quickly, and even to buy it without getting out of your car.

Unhealthy American food

Vyakula wengi Marekani, hasa vyakula haraka, in the United States contain sugar or preservatives (kuweka viungo katika chakula ili kuifanya iwe mwisho tena). Matunda mengi na mboga ni walifyatua na dawa, ambayo ni kemikali zinazotumika katika mashamba ambayo kuweka wadudu mbali. Mwili wako inaweza kutumika kwa aina hizi za vyakula hivyo unaweza kuhisi wagonjwa mara ya kwanza au Mei kuanza kupata uzito. Consuming unhealthful foods is a problem for many Americans, who get overweight and experience health issues. Ingawa unaweza kuwa na msisimko na kujaribu vyakula mpya, Unaweza kuchagua kufanya hivyo hatua kwa hatua, ili basi mwili wako kurekebisha.

Restaurant food

If you are trying to eat healthfully and cheaply, you will want to avoid eating at restaurants often. Chakula alihudumu katika migahawa huelekea kuwa na afya chini na ina kalori nyingi zaidi, ambayo ni vitengo vya kupima kiasi gani nishati chakula ina. Aisikrimu, kwa mfano, ina kalori nyingi. Matunda na mboga na kalori chache.

Maoni ya Marekani ya chakula walivyokubali

Wamarekani baadhi huenda si wamejaribu chakula unaweza kula katika nchi yako ya asili. Katika miji mikubwa, there are many ethnic restaurants and so people have more experience of foreign foods. Katika miji midogo, na aina chini utamaduni, watu wanaweza kuwa kama uzoefu.

Introduce new dishes

Wamarekani wengi ni wazi kwa kujaribu aina mpya ya kupikia na itakuwa curious kujaribu sahani mpya. Wamarekani wengi kushiriki katika "potlucks,"ambayo ni mikusanyiko ya kijamii ambapo kila mtu huleta sahani kushiriki. Potlucks kutokea katika mikusanyiko ya kubwa au dinners kawaida. Hii inaweza kuwa nafasi nzuri ya kuanzisha wengine chakula yako, katika shule na hali ya kijamii. Unaweza pia kuwaalika watu juu kwa ajili ya chakula cha jioni na kumtumikia sahani kutoka utamaduni wako. Baadhi ya watu wanaweza kuwa wazi kwa kujaribu chakula kipya, Hata hivyo, na ni muhimu kuheshimu kwamba.

Chakula shuleni wa watoto wako

Wanafunzi katika shule za Marekani si kupokea kifungua kinywa isipokuwa katika chekechea baadhi kwa watoto wadogo. Children eat before they go to school, although in some schools children can buy a small breakfast at the school cafeteria.

Lunch and snacks

Kwa chakula cha mchana, watoto wanaweza kununua chakula chao ama kuleta chakula kutoka nyumbani. Packing lunches for your children is the best way to make sure that your children have healthy food, tangu shule nyingi kumtumikia vyakula na vinywaji vya sukari. Children in the USA also bring “snacks” to school. Kuna kiwango kidogo cha chakula kula wakati wa mapumziko kati ya madarasa. Mifano ni pamoja na matunda, karanga, Pau granola, au crackers.

Help with food costs

Kama familia yako haina fedha nyingi, wakati mwingine shule itatoa bure (au bei nafuu) milo, ikiwa ni pamoja na kifungua kinywa, kwa ajili ya mtoto wako. Kila shule ni tofauti, hivyo ni vyema kuongea na mwalimu wa mtoto wako au Katibu wa shule una maswali yoyote.

Other children

Kuna uwezekano kwamba watoto wanaweza kufanya furaha ya mtoto wako kwa ajili ya kula chakula kisichofahamika. Watoto wadogo wakati mwingine ni hofu ya mambo mapya na kufikiri kwamba hukejeliwa wengine ni njia sahihi ya kukabiliana na hisia zao. Inapaswa kuzungumza na mtoto wako kuhusu hili, hivyo wao si kushangaa au kabisa upset kama hii hutokea. Mtoto wako wanaweza kuchagua kueleza kile chakula ni kufanywa nje ya, as some ethnic dishes contain similar ingredients to those eaten in the USA. Kama watoto ni nia ya, your child may choose to walk away from the situation. They may want to choose a different group of companions.

If children continue to make fun of your child’s choices of food, wewe au mtoto wako wanapaswa kuzungumza na mwalimu kuhusu hali ya. Another strategy would be to talk to the teacher about organizing an activity in which food can become a teaching opportunity about culture. You could make a larger amount of the food for the class, and it would be discussed and shared

Polite ways to decline American food

Kama walioalikwa kwenye nyumba ya mtu kwa ajili ya mlo na hawezi kula chakula fulani kwa sababu ya dini yako au utamaduni, lazima kujisikia vizuri kuelezea kwamba jeshi yako na mhudumu. Inafaa kufanya hivyo kabla ya kwenda tukio. Wamarekani wengi ni heshima sana ya wengine mlo na huenda hata kuuliza maswali ili kujifunza zaidi kuhusu maisha yako. Kama kuliwa kutosha na hawataki chakula chochote zaidi, sio impolite kusema, "Hakuna Asante, Mimi ni kamili,"hata kama jeshi inatoa mara nyingi.

Mwiko au vyakula vigumu kupata

Baadhi ya vyakula ni kutumika kwa kula katika nchi yako nyumbani ni Aidha inapatikana au ni mwiko. Taboo means inappropriate or forbidden within a culture. Baadhi ya aina ya nyama, kama vile nyama ya farasi na ogani baadhi ya wanyama, ni kuuzwa wala kuliwa. Many Americans think eating baby or fetal animals is wrong. Wadudu pia sio sehemu ya chakula jadi, lakini unaweza mara kwa mara kupata yao katika masoko baadhi ya makabila.

Katika Amerika, bidhaa za maziwa ni pasteurized (moto) kuua bakteria, na maziwa safi na jibini si kwenda kupitia mchakato huu haiwezi kuuzwa. Matunda baadhi, kama vile mangosteen na askee, are not sold in the United States because they are considered unsafe.

Jifunze zaidi