Jinsi ya kuomba hifadhi

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Ukurasa huu una taarifa kuhusu nini Hifadhi ni na jinsi ya kuomba hifadhi katika USA.

This page has information about what asylum is and how to apply for asylum in the USA.

Waombaji Hifadhi 2018
Picha: Hector Silva – forodha na ulinzi wa mpaka
Asylum Applicants 2018
Photo: Hector Silva – Customs and Border Protection

ILANI MUHIMU: Sheria ya Hifadhi za Marekani inabadilika na inaweza kuwa haiwezekani kwako kuomba hifadhi katika mpaka wa Marekani-Mexico. Soma Sasisho za hivi karibuni kwa wanaotafuta hifadhi.

IMPORTANT NOTICE: The US asylum rules are changing and it may not be possible for you to apply for asylum at the US-Mexico border. Read the latest updates for asylum seekers.

Hifadhi ni nini?

What is asylum?

Hifadhi ni wakati unapokea ulinzi kutoka serikali ya Marekani kwa sababu haiwezi salama kurudi katika nchi yako nyumbani. Watu kila mwaka kuja Marekani kutafuta ulinzi kwa sababu wameteseka mateso au hofu kwamba watateseka mateso kutokana na: mbio, dini, utaifa, uanachama katika kundi fulani la kijamii, au maoni ya kisiasa.

Asylum is when you receive protection from the United States government because you cannot safely return to your home country. Every year people come to the USA seeking protection because they have suffered persecution or fear that they will suffer persecution due to: race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.

Ukurasa huu ni maana ya kukusaidia kuelewa zaidi kuhusu Hifadhi na kusaidia kupata rasilimali kama unahitaji kuomba hifadhi. Ukurasa huu haukusudiwi kama ushauri wa kisheria.

This page is meant to help you understand more about asylum and to help you find resources if you need to apply for asylum. This page is not intended as legal advice.

Jinsi Je kutumia Hifadhi?

How do I apply for asylum?

Kuomba hifadhi, unahitaji kuwa katika Marekani unapotumia. Kama unaweza kufika kwa Marekani na viza halali au njia ya kuingia Marekani, Unaweza kuingia Marekani na kisha kuwasilisha maombi yako ya Hifadhi. Mara nyingi, lazima kutumia Hifadhi ndani ya mwaka mmoja ya kuwasili nchini Marekani, Ingawa unaweza kuomba msamaha.

To apply for asylum, you need to be in the United States when you apply. If you arrive to the United States with a valid visa or way to enter the United States, you can enter the United States and then submit your asylum application. Most of the time, you must apply for asylum within one year of arriving in the United States, although you can ask for an exemption.

Infographic wa mchakato wa hifadhi nchini Marekani
Maelezo ya jumla ya mchakato wa hifadhi katika USA kwa hisani ya kwanza haki za binadamu
Infographic of the asylum process in the USA
Overview of the asylum process in the USA courtesy of Human Rights First

Nini kama mimi ni katika mpaka wa Marekani-Mexico?

What if I am on the US-Mexico border?

Utawala wa Marekani unajaribu kuwazuia watu kutafuta hifadhi katika USA. Wanaotafuta wanashikiliwa katika kambi au kufungwa vituo vya. Watoto yalichukuliwa kutoka wazazi wao. Kusoma visasisho kwa helkopta katika mpaka wa Marekani.

The US administration is trying to stop people from seeking asylum in the USA. Asylum seekers are being held in camps or detention centers. Children have been taken away from their parents. Read updates for asylum seekers on the US border.

Ili kupata hifadhi katika USA, inasaidia kesi yako kama una ushahidi wa kuthibitisha walikuwa kuteswa au kudhulumiwa, na kwamba serikali yako alifanya si kukulinda. Ushahidi zaidi una nafasi bora una kushinda kesi yako hifadhi ili kuweza kukaa katika Marekani. Hakikisha kila wakati mweleze ukweli, vinginevyo anaweza mara moja na kesi yako alikanusha. Wewe pia haja ya kuwa maalum sana kuhusu maelezo. Ni muhimu kutumia muda kukumbuka nini hasa kilichotokea, tarehe halisi. Kama wewe kufanya kosa, serikali inaweza kufikiria ni uongo.

In order to get asylum in the USA, it helps your case if you have evidence to prove you were persecuted or abused, and that your government did not protect you. The more evidence you have the better chance you have to win your asylum case to be able to stay in the United States. Be sure to always tell the truth, otherwise you could immediately have your case denied. You also need to be very specific about the details. It is important to spend time remembering exactly what happened, on the exact date. If you make a mistake, the government may think you are lying.

Hapa ni aina ya ushahidi kwamba unaweza kutumia ili kusaidia kesi yako Hifadhi:

Here are types of evidence that you can use to support your asylum case:

  • Hati za utambulisho (yaani. pasipoti yako, Cheti cha kuzaliwa, kadi ya utambulisho wa mwanafunzi, sajili ya nyumbani, kadi ya kitambulisho cha Taifa, au kadi ya uanachama wa chama cha kisiasa)
  • Hati za utambulisho za wanafamilia ambao walisafiri kwenda Marekani na wewe
  • Cheti cha ndoa na vyeti vya kuzaliwa kwa watoto
  • Rekodi ya kitaaluma (yaani. rekodi ya shule, vyeti vya, na diploma)
  • Rekodi ya matibabu kutoka hospitalini au matibabu kutokana na kunyanyaswa katika nchi ya nyumbani
  • Rekodi ya jela au mahakama
  • Maombi ya Hifadhi ya rasimu yoyote au hati za viapo kwamba inaweza kuundwa
  • Nyaraka yoyote ile ambayo imekuwa filed na sehemu yoyote ya serikali ya Marekani
  • Nyaraka nyingine yoyote ambayo unafikiri inaweza kuwa muhimu
  • Identity documents (i.e. your passport, birth certificate, student identification card, household registry, national identity card, or political party membership card)
  • Identity documents of family members who traveled to the United States with you
  • Marriage certificate and birth certificates for children
  • Academic records (i.e. school records, certificates, and diplomas)
  • Medical records from hospitalization or treatment due to mistreatment in home country
  • Jail or court records
  • Any draft asylum applications or affidavits that you may have created
  • Any document that has been filed with any part of the United States government
  • Any other documents that you think might be important

Kama ungekuwa uwezo wa kuleta nyaraka hizi na wewe wakati wewe walikimbia nchi yako nyumbani, hiyo ni sawa. Unaweza kusoma zaidi baadaye kwa ukurasa huu juu ya kuthibitisha kesi yako Hifadhi bila nyaraka.

If you were not able to bring these documents with you when you fled your home country, that is okay. You can read more later on this page about proving your asylum case without documents.

Rasilimali zaidi kwenye tovuti yetu

More resources on our website

Ni wewe juu ya ama upande wa mpaka wa Marekani/Mexico na huna uhakika nini cha kufanya? Ni wewe kuangalia kwa ajili ya maskani, msaada wa kisheria, chakula, na msaada na kudai Hifadhi? Je, una chini 18? Hapa ni baadhi ya mashirika ambayo inaweza kuwa na uwezo wa kusaidia kutoa mahitaji ya msingi na ushauri kwa ajili ya kesi yako.

Are you on either side of the United States/Mexico border and not sure what to do next? Are you looking for shelter, legal support, food, and help with claiming asylum? Are you under 18? Here are some organizations that may be able to help provide you with basic necessities and advice for your case.

Rasilimali na habari ya kukusaidia kujua haki zako za mpakani na kama walivyokubali katika Marekani.

Resources and information to help you know your rights at the border and as an immigrant in the USA.

Tembelea ukurasa wetu wa rasilimali kisheria kupata msaada wa kisheria bila malipo au gharama ya chini.

Visit our legal resources page to find free or low-cost legal help.

Kutumia Kitafuta yetu rasilimali ndani kupata rasilimali na huduma karibu na wewe. Kwanza kuingia lugha yako. Kisha Ingiza mji wako. Kisha chagua “resetttlement na Hifadhi.”

Use our local resource finder to find resources and services near you. First enter your language. Then enter your city. Then choose “resetttlement and asylum.”

Rasilimali nyingine ili kukusaidia kuomba hifadhi

Other resources to help you apply for asylum

Rahisi kusoma, maelezo ya hatua kwa hatua na mengi ya habari kuhusu kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mchakato wa maombi ya Hifadhi.

An easy to read, step-by-step explanation with a lot of information on preparing for the asylum application process.

Mchakato wa hifadhi, ilivyoelezwa na uraia wa Marekani na huduma za uhamiaji. Onyesha programu tumizi I-589 kwa ajili ya Hifadhi na zuio kuondolewa. Maombi ya kujifunza. Unahitaji kujaza ndani ya mwaka mmoja ya kuwasili nchini Marekani.

The asylum process, explained by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. View the I-589 Application for Asylum and Withholding of Removal. Study the application. You need to fill it out within one year of arriving to the United States.

Unaweza kuwa na maswali mengi. Hapa ni baadhi ya majibu kwa maswali yanayoulizwa na watu kutafuta ulinzi katika Marekani.

You might have many questions. Here are some answers for questions asked by people seeking protection in the United States.

Kurasa UNHCR kuhusu jinsi ya kuomba hifadhi ni katika Kiingereza, Kifaransa, Kihispania na Kiarabu.

The UNHCR pages about how to apply for asylum are in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

Jifunze zaidi kuhusu Hifadhi, zuio kuondolewa, Mkataba wa Umoja wa Mataifa dhidi mateso, mchakato wa kutumia kwa ajili ya Hifadhi, jinsi ya kutafuta hifadhi katika walivyokubali kizuizini, maalum wa Kidenishi hali mjumbe, na hali ya Ulinzi ya muda.

Learn more about asylum, withholding of removal, the United Nations Convention against torture, the process for applying for asylum, how to seek asylum while in immigrant detention, special immigrant juvenile status, and temporary protected status.

Onyesho kuhusu jinsi ya kuweka pamoja nyaraka kwa ajili ya kesi ya Hifadhi.

A presentation about how to put together documents for an asylum case.

Nini kinatokea wakati wa mahojiano ya Hifadhi?

What happens during the asylum interview?

Katika video hii, Mwanasheria anajifanya kuwa afisa wa Hifadhi na anauliza maswali ambayo itakuwa kawaida kuulizwa kwako wakati wa mahojiano. Hii itakusaidia kuandaa majibu yako mwenyewe ya maswali, uliza wewe.

In this video, a lawyer pretends to be an asylum officer and asks questions that would normally be asked to you during an interview. This will help you prepare your own answers to the questions they will ask you.

Jinsi mimi kushinda kesi yangu Hifadhi kama sina ushahidi ilikuwa kudhuriwa?

How can I win my asylum case if I don’t have proof I was harmed?

Video hii ni kuhusu jinsi ya kushinda kesi ya Hifadhi hata kama huna uthibitisho kwamba wewe waliodhurika. Inaweza kufanyika kama wewe kuonyesha kwamba kuna ruwaza au mazoezi ya madhara katika nchi yako.

This video is about how to win an asylum case even if you don’t have proof that you were harmed. It can be done if you can demonstrate that there is a pattern or practice of harm in your country.



Kutumia Hifadhi – kushinda kesi yako

Applying for asylum – winning your case

Katika video hii, zamani uhamiaji na uraia huduma mwanasheria Carl Shusterman mazungumzo kuhusu jinsi unaweza kushinda kesi yako Hifadhi kupitia maandalizi ya makini.

In this video, former Immigration and Naturalization Service Attorney Carl Shusterman talks about how you can win your asylum case through careful preparation.



Njia kadhaa kesi ya Hifadhi inaweza kufanywa katika Marekani

Several ways an asylum case can be made in the USA

Video hii ina maelezo zaidi kuhusu jinsi unaweza kutumia na kuhitimu kwa ajili ya Hifadhi katika Marekani.

This video has more information about how you could apply and qualify for asylum in the United States.

Kujua haki zako za!

Know your rights!

Miongozo haya yanakusudiwa kutoa taarifa za msingi kutoa wahamiaji uelewa wa haki zao chini Marekani. sheria wakati wa uhamiaji au kama ni waliokamatwa na kuwekwa kizuizini kwa Idara ya usalama ya nchi. Taarifa katika miongozo hii inapaswa kuzingatiwa kuwa ushauri wa kisheria, na wahamiaji wakamatwa na wapendwa wao wanahimizwa kutafuta ushauri wa kisheria wenye sifa kutoka kituo cha Taifa walivyokubali haki au shirika jingine kuaminika.

These manuals are intended to provide basic information to give immigrants an understanding of their rights under U.S. law during immigration proceedings or if they are arrested and detained by the Department of Homeland Security. The information in these manuals should not be considered legal advice, and detained immigrants and their loved ones are encouraged to seek qualified legal advice from the National Immigrant Justice Center or another credible organization.

Kama huna mwanasheria

If you do not have a lawyer

Kama kumekuwa na amri iliyotolewa kwa ajili yako kuondolewa au iliwarudisha, bado una nafasi ya kutumia kwa ajili ya Hifadhi, hata kama huna mwanasheria.

If there has been an order issued for your removal or deportation, you still have a chance for applying for asylum, even if you do not have a lawyer.

Hapa ni baadhi ya miongozo ya kabati kwa ajili ya Hifadhi bila mwanasheria:

Here are some guidelines for filing for asylum without a lawyer:

Taarifa kwa jamii LGBTQ

Information for the LGBTQ community

Kujua helkopta ya LGBTQ yako haki ni waraka kwa ajili ya watu ambao wanaogopa kurudi katika nchi yao kwa sababu wao ni wasagaji, mashoga, Kumala au msenge (MAKUMI) na/au kutokana na hali yao ya VVU. Unaweza pia kusoma waraka katika Kihispania, Kifaransa na Kiarabu.

Know Your Rights LGBTQ Asylum Seekers is a document for people who are afraid to return to their home countries because they are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) and/or due to their HIV status. You can also read the document in Spanish, French and Arabic.

Unaweza kuwa na ulinzi dhidi ya iliwarudisha kama wewe hofu wewe utakuwa waliodhurika au kuteswa kama ni warudishwa katika nchi yako nyumbani. Kituo cha Taifa walivyokubali haki inapatikana kwa kutoa ushauri wa kisheria na kutoa rufaa kisheria. Unaweza kuwasiliana na kituo cha Taifa walivyokubali haki kwa namba ya bure yake Mezani: (312) 263-0901.

You may have a defense against deportation if you fear you will be harmed or tortured if you are deported to your home country. The National Immigrant Justice Center is available to provide legal counsel and provide legal referrals. You can contact the National Immigrant Justice Center at its toll free number: (312) 263-0901.

Kuomba kwa ajili ya hali ya wakimbizi/Hifadhi ya kisiasa katika Marekani: michakato na mashirika ya msaada

Applying for refugee status/political asylum in the USA: processes and organizations that help

Hapa ni baadhi rasilimali muhimu kwa ajili ya taarifa na msaada.

Here are some helpful resources for information and assistance.

ASHN kazi na majeshi kutoa maskani na usaidizi wa kijamii kwa ajili ya waomba hifadhi. Majeshi ni pamoja na nyumba kikundi katika Baltimore na watu binafsi ambao kufungua chumba katika nyumba zao. Majeshi na jamii kubwa ya ASHN kutoa usaidizi wa kijamii kwa wateja.

ASHN works with hosts to provide shelter and social support for asylum seekers. Hosts include a group house in Baltimore and individuals who open a room in their homes. Hosts and the larger ASHN community provide social support to clients.

Tel: 443-850-0627. Hutoa jamii kulea na huduma nyingi kwa waomba hifadhi na asylees, ikiwa ni pamoja na usimamizi, mafunzo ya ajira, Madarasa ya Kiingereza, Wellness na lishe programu Jumatatu-Alhamisi. Zaidi ya hayo, HOFU hutoa makazi ya mpito kwa wanawake kutafuta hifadhi. Eneo la huduma: Baltimore

Tel: 443-850-0627. Provides a nurturing community and many services to asylum seekers and asylees, including case management, employment training, English classes, wellness and nutrition programming Monday-Thursday. Additionally, AWE provides transitional housing to women seeking asylum. Service area: Baltimore

Programu yao ya uwakilishi wa kisheria wa pro bono mechi mawakili wazuri na Hifadhi-watafutaji ambao wanahitaji msaada na si vinginevyo itakuwa uwezo wa kumudu uwakilishi wa kisheria wa ubora.

Their pro bono legal representation program matches good lawyers with asylum-seekers who need help and would not otherwise be able to afford high-quality legal representation.

Tel: 410-230-2700. Shirika la kitaifa kwa ajili ya wahamiaji na wakimbizi utetezi na mipango ambayo inafanya kazi na makundi mengine mengi katika Marekani ya. Wana lenga wakimbizi makazi mapya na jamii ushirikiano, mbadala kizuizini kwa helkopta, familia kuungana na kutunza kulea vijana wako wahamiaji. Eneo la huduma: Nchi nzima.

Tel: 410-230-2700. National organization for migrant and refugee advocacy and programming that works with many other groups in the U.S. They focus on refugee resettlement and community integration, alternatives to detention for asylum seekers, family reunification and foster care for unaccompanied migrant youth. Service area: Nationwide.

Tel: 1-888-373-7888 au matini "Msaada" au "Habari" BeFree (233733). Taifa ya, mema mezani ambacho kinaunganisha waathirika wa biashara ya kusafirisha watu, wataalamu, na wanajamii habari na rufaa, pamoja na rasilimali kwa ajili ya mafunzo na usaidizi wa kiufundi. Eneo la huduma: Nchi nzima.

Tel: 1-888-373-7888 or text “HELP” or “INFO” to BeFree (233733). A national, toll-free hotline that connects trafficking victims, professionals, and community members to information and referrals, as well as resources for training and technical assistance. Service area: Nationwide.

Kaskazini magharibi walivyokubali haki mradi inatoa huduma katika elimu ya jamii, madai ya athari, huduma za kisheria moja kwa moja, msaada kwa waathirika wa ukatili wa majumbani na uhalifu mwingine, Hifadhi, huduma za familia, msaada kwa watoto & vijana, uraia, Agizo lililoahirishwa & DACA, na ulinzi kuwekwa kizuizini na iliwarudisha.

Northwest Immigrant Rights Project offers services in community education, impact litigation, direct legal services, support for survivors of domestic violence and other crimes, asylum, family services, support for children & youth, citizenship, Deferred Action & DACA, and detention and deportation defense.

Kuomba kwa ajili ya hali ya wakimbizi/Hifadhi ya kisiasa nje ya Marekani

Applying for refugee status/political asylum outside of the USA

Ukurasa huu inaonyesha huru au kupunguza bei kisheria huduma inapatikana katika nchi kote duniani. Kukagua huduma za kisheria katika nchi yako.

This page shows the free or reduced priced legal services available in countries all over the world. Check for legal services in your country.

Onyo ya ulaghai kupambana

Anti-fraud warning

Soma habari hii kwa kujikinga na watu ambao si mawakili halisi! Kuna watu ambao wanajifanya kukusaidia ili waweze pesa zako. Kujifunza jinsi ya kuzitambua na kujilinda! Kituo cha rasilimali kisheria walivyokubali (ILRC) alifanya maelezo ya kukulinda dhidi ya udanganyifu. Unaweza Soma na kupakua maelezo katika Kiingereza. Au unaweza Soma na kupakua maelezo katika Kihispania.

Read this information to protect yourself from people who are not real lawyers! There are people who will pretend to help you so they can keep your money. Learn how to recognize them and protect yourself! The Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) made information to protect you from fraud. You can read and download the information in English. Or you can read and download the information in Spanish.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

Rasilimali nyingine

Other resources



Taarifa kwenye ukurasa huu linatokana UNHCR, USCIS na vyanzo vingine aminifu. Imekusudiwa kwa ajili ya mwongozo na ni updated kama mara nyingi iwezekanavyo. USAHello kutoa ushauri wa kisheria, wala ni mojawapo ya nyenzo yetu lengo kuchukuliwa kama ushauri wa kisheria. Kama wewe ni kuangalia kwa mwanasheria huru au gharama nafuu au msaada wa kisheria, tunaweza kukusaidia Tafuta bure na huduma za kisheria ya gharama nafuu.

The information on this page comes from UNHCR, USCIS and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

Ukurasa huu alimsaidia wewe? Uso Unaocheka Ndio Frown uso La
Asante kwa maoni yako!