Wakati unapaswa kuwaita polisi?

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Ni vyema kujua nini cha kufanya wakati kuna dharura.. Kujua wakati wa kuita polisi ni muhimu. Wakati wito polisi, inaweza kusaidia kujikinga na pia kuchangia kuwa raia mwema. Unaweza kuwaita polisi kutoka simu yoyote mahali popote nchini Marekani kwa kupiga simu 911.

It is good to know what to do when there is an emergency. Knowing when to call the police is important. When you call the police, you can help protect yourself and also contribute to being a good citizen. You can call the police from any phone in any place in the USA by dialing 911.

It can be hard to know when to call the police for help

It can be hard to know when to call the police for help

Wakati wa kumwita polisi

When to call the police

Polisi wako huko kuwaita dharura na kwa sababu nyingine.

Police are there to call in an emergency and for other reason.

Waite polisi katika dharura hizi zifuatazo:

Call the police in all of the following emergencies:

  • Uhalifu, hasa kama bado unaendelea, kama vile wizi au wizi
  • Ajali ya gari, hasa kama mtu ajeruhiwa
  • Moto
  • Dharura ya kimatibabu, kama vile ya mashambulizi ya moyo, kuvuja damu hazidhibitiki, au matatizo ya mzio.
  • Ukatili wa majumbani au tuhuma za mtoto kuwa • kutelekezwa, kimwili au ngono vibaya
  • Chochote kinachoonekana kama dharura
  • A crime, especially if is still in progress, such as a theft or burglary
  • A car crash, especially if someone is injured
  • A fire
  • A medical emergency, such as heart attack, uncontrollable bleeding, or allergic reaction
  • Domestic violence or suspicion of a child being neglected, physically or sexually abused
  • Anything else that seems like an emergency

Wewe huenda pia wito polisi wakati kutiliwa shaka:

You may also call the police when there is suspicious activity:

  • Mtu kutangatanga kupitia yadi katika kitongoji – hii inaweza kuwa ishara kwamba mtu ni kujaribu kuvunja katika nyumba
  • Mtu kujaribu kufungua milango ya gari – hii inaweza kuwa ishara kwamba mtu ni kujaribu kuiba gari
  • Someone wandering through yards in the neighborhood – this could be a sign that the person is trying to break in into a house
  • Someone trying to open car doors – this could be a sign that the person is trying to steal a car

Je, si kudhani mtu mwingine tayari aitwaye polisi wakati jambo tuhuma ni kinachotokea. Watu wanasita kuwaita polisi kwa kuhofia hatari au ya kushiriki. Hata hivyo, Polisi wanataka kusaidia kuzuia uhalifu.

Do not assume someone else has already called the police when something suspicious is happening. People hesitate to call the police for fear of danger or of getting involved. However, the police want to help prevent crime.

Nini cha kufanya wakati simu polisi

What to do when you call the police

Kuwaita polisi, Piga simu 911. Kuwa watulivu wakati wito na kutoa jina lako, Anwani, na namba ya simu. Ikiwa unatumia simu ya mkono, kutoa hali na mji unaopigia. Kisha Waambie mtu kwa nini wanatoa wito. Fuata maagizo yoyote ambayo yametolewa. Kwa mfano, Dispatch inaweza kusema, “Baki kwenye mstari,” au “Kuondoka jengo.”

To call the police, dial 911. Remain calm when calling and give your name, address, and phone number. If you are using a cellphone, provide the state and city you are calling from. Then tell the person why you are calling. Follow any instructions you are given. For example, the dispatcher might say, “Stay on the line,” or “Leave the building.”

Kama unaweza Piga simu 911 kimakosa, si kata simu kwa sababu ambayo inaweza kufanya 911 maafisa wa kufikiri kwamba dharura kweli lipo. Badala yake kumwambia mtu huyo kwamba unaweza kuitwa kimakosa.

If you dial 911 by mistake, do not hang up because that could make 911 officials think that an emergency really exists. Instead just tell the person that you called by mistake.

Nini kinatokea wakati wewe wito polisi

What happens when you call the police

Idara nyingi za polisi wa Marekani zina kituo cha mawasiliano. Wafanyakazi wa kituo cha mawasiliano wanawafikia maafisa wa polisi kwenye Redio katika magari yao. Maofisa polisi binafsi pia wamebeba seti za kichwa, kama vile simu za mkononi. Magari ya polisi wana kompyuta iliyounganishwa kwenye mtandao. Kompyuta inaruhusu yao kuona taarifa ya gari, rekodi za uhalifu, na maelezo mengine nyeti.

Most American police departments have a communication center. The communication center staff reach police officers on a radio in their vehicles. Individual police officers also carry headsets, like earphones. Police cars have a computer linked to a network. The computer allows them to view vehicle information, criminal records, and other sensitive information.

Majukumu ya polisi

Responsibilities of the police

Maafisa wa kutekeleza sheria, au maafisa wa polisi, wanapewa nguvu fulani ili kuwawezesha kufanya kazi yao. Wana majukumu mbalimbali.

Law enforcement officers, or police officers, are given certain powers to enable them to do their work. They have wide-ranging responsibilities.

Kuwakamata wahalifu wanaoshukiwa

Arresting suspected criminals

Wakati kuna sababu ya kuamini kwamba mtu ametenda uhalifu mkubwa, Ofisa unaweza handcuff na kumkamata mtu. Nguvu za utekelezaji wa sheria kwa kawaida zinaimarishwa tu katika matukio ambapo sheria imekuwa imevunjwa na mtuhumiwa lazima kutambuliwa na waliokamatwa. Uhalifu ni pamoja na wizi, madawa ya kulevya, mauaji, na wizi. Mtu wakamatwa kuchukuliwa kwa kituo cha polisi au jela kulingana na dhamana.

When there is a reason to believe that a person has committed a serious crime, an officer can handcuff and arrest a person. The powers of the law enforcement are typically enforced only in cases where the law has been broken and a suspect must be identified and apprehended. Crimes include burglary, drug trafficking, murder, and robbery. The detained person will be taken to a police station or jailed depending on a bail.

Utaratibu wa kudumisha

Maintaining order

Wakati maofisa wa polisi ni nje ya polisi jamii, lengo lao kuu ni kudumisha utulivu. Kazi yao unahusu kulinda amani na kuzuia tabia ambayo inaweza kuvuruga wengine. Kuzuia safu kutoka kwa kuingilia kati kupambana na kuacha muziki wa sauti ya kucheza. Katika kesi hizi hali unashughulikiwa na busara badala ya kuwa ni uhalifu. Hata hivyo, huenda kuna matukio wakati hali hizi inaweza kukiuka sheria.

When police officers are out policing communities, their main objective is to maintain order. Their job entails keeping peace and preventing behaviors which might disturb others. Prevention ranges from intervening in a fight to stopping loud music playing. In these cases the situation is handled with discretion rather than as a crime. However, there might be instances when these situations can violate the law.

Kutoa huduma ya kwanza, msaada wa gari, habari ya watalii, na elimu ya umma

Providing first aid, vehicle assistance, tourist information, and public education

Mashirika ya polisi zinapatikana mwaka mzima, 24 saa kwa siku, hivyo wananchi wataka Idara ya polisi si tu wakati katika shida lakini wakati katika hali drawback pamoja. Kama matokeo ya, huduma za polisi kupita kupambana na uhalifu ili kusaidia na matatizo ya gari, kutoa habari kuhusu mashirika mengine, na kusaidia kupata wanyama kupotea au mali.

Police agencies are available year-round, 24 hours a day, so citizens call the police department not only when in trouble but when in inconvenient situations as well. As a result, police services go beyond combating crime to assisting with vehicle breakdowns, providing information about other agencies, and helping locate lost pets or property.

Ambao ni polisi?

Who are the police?

Utekelezaji wa sheria ni mojawapo ya sehemu tatu za mfumo wa sheria wa Jinai wa Marekani. Sehemu nyingine ni mahakama ya sheria na masahihisho (adhabu na magereza). Utekelezaji wa sheria inaendeshwa na mashirika kadhaa ya serikali. Mashirika tofauti kufanya kazi pamoja ili kujaribu kukomesha uhalifu. Kuna aina tatu tofauti za mashirika:

Law enforcement is one of the three parts of the US criminal justice system.The other parts are the law courts and corrections (punishment and prisons). Law enforcement is run by several government agencies. Different agencies work together to try to stop crimes. There are three different types of agencies:

Utekelezaji wa sheria ya shirikisho

Federal law enforcement

Shirikisho lina maana ya kufanya na nchi nzima, na mashirika ya shirikisho na mamlaka ya kutekeleza sheria juu ya Marekani. Idara ya haki ni wajibu wa sheria katika ngazi ya shirikisho. Mashirika mengine ni pamoja na ofisi ya shirikisho ya uchunguzi (FBI), Utawala wa utekelezaji wa madawa ya kulevya (WAZO ZURI LA), Marekani waliopatiwa huduma, na ofisi ya shirikisho wa magereza miongoni mwa wengine.

Federal means to do with the whole country, and federal agencies have authority to enforce the law all over the USA. The Department of Justice is responsible for the law at the federal level. Other agencies include the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the United States Marshals Service, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons among others.

Hali ya utekelezaji wa sheria

State law enforcement

Mashirika ya nchi kutoa huduma za utekelezaji wa sheria katika nchi yao. Majukumu yao ni pamoja na uchunguzi na doria hali – inaweza kuitwa hali polisi au doria ya barabara kuu. Polisi makao makuu, Polisi ya kampasi ya shule, na hospitali ya polisi ni matawi mengine zinazoendeshwa chini ya shirika la serikali.

State agencies provide law enforcement services across their state. Their duties include investigations and state patrols – they may be called state police or highway patrol. Capitol police, school campus police, and hospital police are other branches that operate under the state agency.

Manispaa ya utekelezaji

Municipal law enforcement

Miji ina Idara zao za polisi. Wanafanya kazi na utekelezaji wa sheria za serikali ili kuhakikisha usalama. Miji mikubwa inaweza kuwa na Idara kubwa sana ya polisi na maelfu ya afisa polisi. Miji midogo inaweza kuwa na maafisa wachache tu.

Towns and cities have their own police departments. They work with state law enforcement to ensure safety. The biggest cities may have very large police departments with thousands of police officer. Small towns may have just a few officers.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

Rasilimali nyingine

Other resources



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