Kazi ya huduma ya chakula

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Jifunze kuhusu sekta ya huduma ya chakula na aina tofauti ya kazi ya huduma ya chakula. Soma kuhusu mapito ya kazi tofauti unaweza kuchukua katika viwanda vya chakula na mgahawa. Kujua nini mafunzo unaweza haja na wapi pa kuanzia utafutizi wako kazi. Jifunze kuhusu wageni ambao kuanzisha biashara zao wenyewe huduma ya chakula.

Learn about the food service industry and different kinds of food service jobs. Read about the different career paths you can take in the food and restaurant industries. Find out what training you need and where to start your job search. Learn about newcomers who start their own food service businesses.

The food service industry often has available jobs

The food service industry often has available jobs

Huduma ya chakula wakati mwingine inaitwa sekta ya upishi, biashara ya mgahawa, au ukarimu. Zaidi ya 14 watu milioni kazi katika sekta ya huduma ya chakula, na kazi nyingi ni rahisi kuingia. Sekta ya huduma ya chakula ni kuongezeka kwa sababu Wamarekani kufurahia kwenda nje kula na familia na marafiki zao.

Food service is sometimes called the catering industry, the restaurant business, or hospitality. More than 14 million people work in the food service industry, and many jobs are easy to get into. The food service industry is growing because Americans enjoy going to out to eat with their family and friends.

Kazi ambayo huduma ya chakula?

Which food service job?

Hapa ni baadhi ya kazi na kazi unaweza kufikiria katika sekta ya huduma ya chakula:

Here are some jobs and careers you can consider in the food service industry:

  • Huduma ya chakula msaidizi – wasaidizi wa huduma ya chakula kuandaa na kuhudumu chakula na vinywaji kwa wateja katika kila aina ya maeneo kutoka cafeterias kwenye mikahawa ya ghali. Pia wana msaada wa miswada na kuweka jiko safi na nadhifu.
  • Mpishi wa mgahawa – mpishi wa mgahawa ni mtu ambaye huandaa na wapishi chakula katika migahawa au migahawa ndogo. Wao kufanya kila kitu kuanzia kununua viungo ili kupikia chakula kamili. Katika migahawa kubwa, wao kusaidia wapishi mwandamizi na kutayarisha matunda na mboga na kazi nyingine nyingi.
  • Mhudumu au mhudumu – Majedwali ya kusubiri inahusisha akielezea Menyu ya, kuchukua maagizo, na chakula. Ni kazi nzuri kwa ajili ya mtu na utu anayemaliza muda wake ambaye anapenda kukabiliana na umma. Katika Marekani, Seva kupokea vidokezo kama vile kulipa. Tafuta jinsi ya kuwa seva ya mgahawa.
  • Bucha – bucha ya kupunguzwa nyama kitaaluma kwa ajili ya maduka na migahawa. Machinjio kujiandaa, bei, na kuonyesha nyama. Lazima kuwa na uwezo wa kumakinika na makini sana kazi karibu.
  • Mpishi mpishi ni jina lingine kwa ajili ya kupika mafunzo ya kitaalamu. Mpishi lazima usikivu bora kwa undani kwa kufuata maelekezo na ya vifaa vya kupikia. Mpishi baadhi utaalam katika Michuzi au grilled chakula. Mpishi wa keki utaalam katika keki na desserts. Sous chef ni mtu ambaye anafanya kazi chini ya mpishi na Mtendaji na inasaidia na majukumu mengi.
  • Jeshi au mhudumu – jeshi au mhudumu hushughulikia kutoridhishwa na akisalimia wateja. Wateja wa kuchukua meza zao, anawapa Menyu na kwa ujumla huwafanya kujisikia vizuri. Mwenyeji ni kazi ya entry-level, na waajiri kuwa na kuangalia kwa mtu wa kirafiki na kuaminika na badala ya uzoefu mkubwa.
  • Meneja wa mgahawa – Meneja wa mgahawa ni mtu ambaye husimamia mgahawa nzima na inafanya uhakika kila kitu anaendesha vizuri. Kusimamia wafanyakazi, vifaa vya utaratibu, wakati mwingine kukabiliana na wateja na kushughulikia masoko na fedha. Tafuta jinsi ya kuwa mgahawa kusimamiar.
  • Food service assistant – food service assistants prepare and serve food and drinks to customers in all kinds of places from cafeterias to expensive restaurants. They also have to help with bills and keep the kitchen clean and tidy.
  • Restaurant cook – a restaurant cook is someone who prepares and cooks meals in cafes or small restaurants. They do everything from buying ingredients to cooking complete meals. In larger restaurants, they help the senior cooks with preparing fruits and vegetables and many other tasks.
  • Waitress or waiter – waiting tables involves describing the menu, taking orders, and serving food. It’s a good job for someone with an outgoing personality who likes dealing with the public. In the United States, servers receive tips as well as pay. Find out how to be a restaurant server.
  • Butcher – a butcher cuts meat professionally for stores and restaurants. Butchers prepare, price, and display the meat. They must be able to concentrate and pay close attention to the tasks at hand.
  • Chef chef is another name for a trained professional cook. Chefs must have excellent attention to detail for following recipes and keeping track of cooking supplies. Some chefs specialize in sauces or grilled food. Pastry chefs specialize in cakes and desserts. A sous chef is someone who works under an executive chef and assists with many duties.
  • Host or hostess – a host or hostess handles reservations and greets customers. The take customers to their tables, gives them a menu and generally makes them feel comfortable. Hosting is an entry-level job, and employers will be looking for a friendly and reliable person rather than great experience.
  • Restaurant manager – a restaurant manager is someone who manages the whole restaurant and makes sure everything runs smoothly. They oversee staff, order supplies, sometimes deal with customers and handle marketing and finances. Find out how to become a restaurant manager.

Human Rights Watch: Jinsi familia ya walivyokubali kuanza mgahawa wao na biashara ya upishi

Watch: How an immigrant family started their restaurant and catering business

Ni huduma ya chakula kazi haki kwa ajili yangu?

Is food service the right job for me?

Kufanya kazi katika huduma ya chakula kuruhusu wewe kukutana na kuingiliana na watu wa asili tofauti. Kazi kero labda wakati mwingine, na baadhi ya wateja wanaweza kuwa vigumu kushughulikia. Kukaa baridi chini ya shinikizo na mtazamo chanya ni sifa nzuri kwa ajili ya watu katika kazi hii. Kazi ya huduma ya chakula ya wengi kutoa saa rahisi ili unaweza kupanga kazi yako karibu na shule, familia, na shughuli nyingine za. Unaweza kuchukua kipimo kujitathmini katika careeronestop.org kuona kama kazi suti wewe.

Working in food service will allow you to meet and interact with people of different backgrounds. The work maybe hectic sometimes, and some customers may be difficult to handle. Staying cool under pressure and a positive attitude are good qualities for people in this career. Many food service jobs offer flexible hours so you can schedule your work around school, family, and other activities. You can take the self-assessment test at careeronestop.org to see if the job suits you.

Ambapo kuwasha?

Where do I start?

Watu wengi kupata uzoefu katika huduma ya chakula, hasa katika migahawa, kwa kuanzia chini na kazi hatua kwa hatua njia yao. Jambo zuri kuhusu huduma ya chakula ni kwamba unaweza kupata katika kazi nyingi bila ya mafunzo au uzoefu. Hivyo kama unahitaji kazi maramoja, ni Chaguo zuri kwa sababu kawaida kuna mahitaji ya wafanyakazi wasiokuwa na ujuzi katika sekta ya. Lakini kama unapenda kupika, au ungependa kupata katika nafasi ya usimamizi, unahitaji kupata kutunukiwa baadhi au uzoefu kwanza.

Most people gain experience in food service, especially in restaurants, by starting at the bottom and gradually working their way up. The good thing about food service is that you can get into many jobs without training or experience. So if you need a job right away, it’s a good choice because there is usually a demand for unskilled workers in the industry. But if you love cooking, or would like to get into a management position, you will need to get some certifications or experience first.

Mafunzo na ujuzi

Training and skills

Kwa ajili ya ingizo zinazotakiwa, kama vile ya Msaidizi wa huduma ya chakula, dishwashing, na kusubiri Majedwali, Hakuna mafunzo fulani inahitajika, Waajiri wengi kutoa mafunzo ujifundishaji kwa wafanyakazi wao mpya. Kupata na diploma ya sekondari itakusaidia kupata kazi. Unaweza pia kupata mafunzo mengine na hati za utambulisho ambazo zitasaidia.

For entry level jobs, such as food service assistant, dishwashing, and waiting tables, no particular training is required, Most employers will give on-the-job training to their new staff. Gaining a high school diploma will help you get the job. You can also get other training and credentials that will help.

Mafunzo ya usalama wa chakula na vyeti

Food safety training and certificates

Hatua ya kwanza nzuri ya kupata kazi katika huduma ya chakula ni kupata cheti kwa ajili ya matumzi ya chakula salama. Inaonyesha kwamba unaelewa kanuni za usalama wa chakula na kwamba umepewa mafunzo kuweka chakula salama. Katika baadhi ya majimbo (California, Illinois, Arizona, West Virginia, Texas, na New Mexico) ni sheria kwa ajili ya chakula vishiko kuwa mafunzo haya.

A good first step for getting a job in food service is to get a certificate for safe food handling. It shows that you understand food safety regulations and that you have been trained to keep food safely. In some states (California, Illinois, Arizona, West Virginia, Texas, and New Mexico) it is the law for food handlers to have this training.

Cheti unahitaji ni gentemot na ANSI kwa ajili ya usalama wa chakula. Unahitaji kupata programu ya vibali ANSI. Mojawapo ya programu hizi vifaa ni ServSafe, ambayo inaendeshwa na chama Taifa ya mgahawa. Lakini kuna programu nyingi za vifaa. Kupata madarasa ya usalama wa chakula katika nchi yako au vyeti vya usalama wa chakula mtandaoni.

The certificate you need is an ANSI Accreditation for Food Safety. You will need to find an ANSI-accredited program. One of these accredited programs is ServSafe, which is run by the National Restaurant Association. But there are many other accredited programs. Find food safety classes in your state or online food safety certificates.

Kupikia na mafunzo ya uongozi

Cooking and management training

Wakati baadhi ya wapishi wa mgahawa na mpishi wamepokea mafunzo ya upishi, wengine kupata uzoefu wao kazi katika migahawa. Wengi kuanza na nafasi entry-level na kufanya kazi kwa bidii Pandisha ngazi.

While some restaurant cooks and chefs have received culinary training, others gained their experience working in restaurants. Many start with entry-level positions and work hard to move up the ladder.

Kama una nia katika usimamizi wa mgahawa, unahitaji uthibitisho baadhi. Kuna miaka miwili usimamizi na utawala wa kozi wengi inapatikana. Kupata chuo jamii karibu na wewe.

If you are interested in restaurant management, you will need some credentials. There are many two-year management and administration courses available. Find a community college near you.

Jifunze mtandaoni

Learn online

Kuna fursa nyingi za kujifunza mtandaoni kuhusu biashara ya mgahawa. Shule mtandaoni itasaidia kujenga ujuzi wako wa mawasiliano na kujifunza kuhusu kusimamia mgahawa. Kwa mfano, Coursera inatoa kozi mtandaoni katika usimamizi wa chakula na kinywaji.

There are many opportunities to learn online about the restaurant business. Online schools will help you build your communications skills and learn about managing a restaurant. For example, Coursera offers online courses in food and beverage management.

Kupata darasa karibu na wewe

Find a class near you

Je unahitaji nini kingine?

What else do I need?

Kujitayarisha kwa kazi au kutafuta ajira

Start your job search

Hapa baadhi ya njia kuanza kazi yako Tafuta:

Here some ways to start your job search:

  • Tumia kituo cha ajira za ndani yako – vituo vya ajira ya serikali katika kila mji ni bure. Kutoa ushauri na kuweka orodha ya kazi ya ndani. Wao kuwasaidia na wasifu na maombi ya kazi. Wao kukuunganisha na mafunzo ya kazi ya huduma ya chakula na elimu. Kupata Kituo cha ajira yako karibu.
  • Kuangalia online – snagajob.com ni tovuti ya ajira ambayo husaidia watu kupata ajira kila saa katika huduma ya chakula na viwanda vingine.
  • Use your local employment center – government employment centers in every city are free. They offer advice and keep a list of local jobs. They help with resumes and job applications. They can connect you with food service job training and education. Find your nearest employment center.
  • Look online – snagajob.com is an employment site that helps people find hourly jobs in food service and other industries.


Hatima ya huduma ya chakula – kuwa bosi wako mwenyewe!

The future of food service – be your own boss!

Je, ungependa kufanya kazi katika huduma ya chakula na kuanza biashara yako mwenyewe? Una maalum ya chakula – labda chakula jadi kutoka nchi yako nyumbani?

Would you like to work in food service and start your own business? Do you have a food specialty – maybe a traditional food from your home country?

Huduma ya chakula chakula loriMalori ya chakula ni jikoni simu kwa ajili ya kupikia na chakula. Malori ya chakula kumtumikia chakula freshly kupikwa, mara nyingi na mandhari ya kikabila – chakula kutoka nchi yako ya nyumbani inaweza kuwa mpya na kuvutia kwa Wamarekani. Kila mwaka, idadi ya chakula malori nchini kote hukua. Wao ni maarufu sana kama mbadala wa migahawa. Kama wewe ni mpishi mzuri au kujua mtu ambaye wapishi ladha milo, itakuwa kubwa kushirikiana juu ya wazo hili. Gari la chakula pia kufanya biashara nzuri ya familia. Soma juu ya Viungo jikoni Incubator: wakimbizi wa mafunzo kuwa chakula lori wajasiriamali. Kujifunza jinsi ya kuanzisha biashara ya gari ya chakula.

Food service food truckFood trucks are mobile kitchens for cooking and serving food. Food trucks serve freshly cooked food, often with an ethnic theme – food from your home country can be new and interesting to Americans. Every year, the number of food trucks around the country grows. They are very popular as an alternative to restaurants. If you are a good cook or know somebody who cooks delicious meals, it would be great to collaborate on this idea. A food truck would also make a good family business. Read about the Spice Kitchen Incubator: training refugees to be food truck entrepreneurs. Learn how to start a food truck business.



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