Jinsi ya kuendesha gari katika Marekani

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Kuanza kuendesha gari katika Amerika, lazima kujifunza jinsi ya kuendesha salama na kupita mtihani kuonyesha unajua Marekani kuendesha sheria. Hali kila unahitaji kupata leseni ya udereva kama unapanga juu ya kuendesha gari. Kama wewe hoja kwa hali tofauti, lazima kubadilishana leseni yako ya zamani kwa ajili ya leseni mpya katika hali hiyo. Hapa ni baadhi ya mambo ya muhimu kujua kuhusu jinsi ya kuendesha gari katika Marekani.

To start driving in America, you must learn how to drive safely and pass a test showing you know the US driving laws. Every state requires you to get a driver’s license if you plan on driving. If you move to a different state, you must exchange your old license for a new license in that state. Here are some important things to know about how to drive in the USA.

How do learn to drive

How do learn to drive

Kupata leseni ya dereva

Getting a driver’s license

Ni haramu kwa gari bila leseni ya kuendesha gari. Kila nchi katika Marekani ina sheria tofauti ya kuendesha gari. Unaweza kujifunza sheria hizi kwa kusoma U.S. na dereva wa kikuli katika lugha nyingi. Wewe pia haja na Soma halisi miongozo ya dereva kwa ajili ya hali yako.

It is illegal to drive without a driving license. Each state in the US has different driving laws. You can learn these laws by reading a US driver’s manual in many languages. You will also need to read the actual driver’s manuals for your state.

Mara baada ya kusoma na kuelewa sheria, unahitaji kuchukua mtihani imeandikwa na mtihani wa kuendesha gari kwa kupata leseni yako. Unahitaji ratiba mtihani huu kabla ya wakati. Wewe Nenda mtandaoni au tembelea au piga simu kwa Ofisi ya DMV ambayo ni karibu na nyumba yako. Una kulipa ada ya kupima yako na kupata leseni yako. Majimbo mengi kuruhusu kuchukua kipimo katika lugha yako asili.

Once you have read and understood the laws, you will need to take both a written test and a driving test to get your license. You will need to schedule this test ahead of time. You can go online or visit or call the DMV office that is closest to your home. You have to pay a fee to take your test and get your license. Many states allow you to take the test in your native language.

Gari bima

Car insurance

Gari bima inashughulikia gharama katika tukio la ajali au jeraha. Sheria inahitaji bima ya msingi wa magari yote katika kesi dereva wajeruhi mtu au uharibifu wa mali. Unaweza pia kupata bima ili kufidia gharama za uharibifu wa gari yako mwenyewe, na kwa wizi wa gari.

Car insurance covers costs in the event of an accident or injury. The law requires basic insurance on all cars in case the driver injures someone or damages someone else’s property. You can also get insurance to cover the cost of damage to your own car, and for car theft.

Lazima uwe na gari msingi angalau bima ili kuendesha kisheria. Hata kama wewe ni kuendesha rafiki ’ s gari, ni jukumu lako kuhakikisha kwamba gari ni kuendesha gari ni bima. Waraka bima inapaswa kuhifadhiwa katika gari kuonyesha kama ni kusimamishwa na polisi.

You must have at least basic car insurance in order to drive legally. Even if you are driving a friend’s car, it is your responsibility to make sure that the car you are driving is insured. The insurance document should be kept in the car to show if you are stopped by police.

Usajili wa gari

Car registration

Usajili wa gari ni kodi kulipwa kila mwaka hali. Utapata kuchukua gari barabarani na haya mabamba yako leseni. Si kisheria kuendesha gari ambayo haijasajiliwa. Waraka wa usajili inapaswa kuhifadhiwa katika gari kuonyesha kama ni kusimamishwa na polisi.

Car registration is a tax paid every year to the state. It allows you to take the car on the road and pays for your license plates. It is not legal to drive a car that is not registered. The registration document should be kept in the car to show if you are stopped by police.

Usalama na vidokezo vya kuendesha gari

Safety and driving tips

Marekani ina sheria ili kukulinda wakati wewe ni kuendesha. Lazima daima kufuata sheria hizi. Sheria hizi inaweza kuwa tofauti katika nchi yako nyumbani. Unahitaji kujifunza sheria maalum kwa ajili ya hali yako. Hapa ni baadhi ya usalama muhimu kanuni ambazo nchi nyingi zinahitaji:

The USA has laws to protect you while you are driving. You must always follow these laws. These laws may be different than in your home country. You will need to learn the specific laws for your state. Here are some important safety rules that most states require:

• Gari viti

• Car seats

Watoto wachanga na watoto lazima wapanda katika viti vya gari sahihi kwa ukubwa wao kwamba ni strapped salama katika gari. Umri watoto kuacha kutumia viti vya gari hutofautiana kwa hali. Kama huna uhakika, kuwasiliana na ofisi yako ndani ya DMV. Kushikilia kamwe mtoto katika paja lako wakati wa kuendesha gari au wakiwa ndani ya gari; ni hatari na haramu.

Infants and children must ride in car seats appropriate to their size that are strapped securely in the car. The age children can stop using car seats varies by state. If you are unsure, contact your local DMV office. Never hold a child in your lap while driving or riding in a vehicle; it is both dangerous and illegal.

• Seatbelts

• Seatbelts

Lazima kuvaa mkanda wa kiti na wakati wa kuendesha gari au wakiwa ndani ya gari katika Marekani. Kila mtu ndani ya gari lazima kuvaa na mkanda wa kiti, kama kuendesha gari au wanaoendesha kama abiria. Sababu ni kwamba, katika ajali ya, watu bila seatbelts inaweza kuruka kutoka viti vyao, kujeruhi wenyewe na wengine.

You must wear a seatbelt while driving a car or riding in a car in the US. Everyone in the vehicle must wear a seatbelt, whether driving or riding as a passenger. The reason is that, in a crash, people without seatbelts could fly out of their seats, injuring themselves and others.

• Helmeti

• Helmets

Kama ni wanaoendesha au kuendesha pikipiki, wanapaswa kuvaa kofia ya chuma. Karibu kila nchi katika Marekani inahitaji motorcyclists kuvaa helmeti.

If you are riding or driving a motorcycle, you should wear a helmet. Almost every state in the USA requires motorcyclists to wear helmets.

• Kunywa

• Drinking

Hauruhusiwi kunywa pombe kabla au wakati wa kuendesha gari. Hii ni muhimu sana kwa sababu wewe kupoteza leseni yako kama kunywa na kuendesha na inatakiwa kulipa faini kubwa au hata kutumikia wakati jela. Wewe inaweza pia umakini wajeruhi au kuua mtu kama kunywa na kuendesha.

You are not allowed to drink alcohol before or while driving. This is very important because you can lose your license if you drink and drive and be required to pay huge fines or even serve time in jail. You could also seriously injure or kill someone if you drink and drive.

• Simu za mikononi na vishawishi vingine

• Cellphones and other distractions

Ni haramu kuzungumza kwenye simu yako wakati wewe ni kuendesha katika baadhi ya majimbo katika Marekani. Luninga ni marufuku katika mataifa karibu yote. Simu za mkononi zinaweza kuvuruga wewe kutoka barabara. Kama unahitaji kutumia simu yako, unapaswa kuvuta. Idadi kubwa ya miji yetu ni akipinga vishawishi vingine pia, kama vile kula, kunywa kahawa, au kuhudhuria kwa wanyama.

It is illegal to talk on your phone while you are driving in some states in the US. Texting is banned in almost all states. Cell phones can distract you from the road. If you need to use your phone, you should pull over. A growing number of US cities are forbidding other distractions as well, such as eating, drinking coffee, or attending to pets.

• Watoto katika magari

• Children in vehicles

Kwa ujumla hauruhusiwi kuondoka watoto wenu katika gari yako wakati wewe si katika gari. Kwa mfano, ukienda katika duka la, lazima kuleta watoto wako na wewe. Kama watoto wameachwa peke yake, wao wanaweza kujeruhiwa kujaribu kupata, kutolewa breki au clutch, overheat au kufungia, Funga wewe, au wanapotea.

You are generally not allowed to leave your children in your car when you are not in the car. For example, if you go into a store, you must bring your children with you. If children are left alone, they could be injured trying to get out, release the brake or clutch, overheat or freeze, lock you out, or go missing.

• Kuendesha gari wakati uchovu

• Driving when tired

Gari kama wewe ni uchovu. Kama wewe ni katika gari lako na kutambua wewe ni uchovu sana kuendesha, ishara na mvuto juu katika mahali salama ambapo wewe ni si kufunga mitandao trafiki na wewe si katika hatari. Juu ya freeways kuna maeneo ya mapumziko iliyotengwa. Daima Funga milango yako wakati wewe nap.

Do not drive if you are tired. If you are in your car and realize you are too tired to drive, signal and pull over to a safe location where you are not obstructing traffic and you are not in danger. On freeways there are designated rest areas. Always lock your doors while you nap.

• Honking na wengine kelele

• Honking and other noise

Epuka kutumia pembe yako isipokuwa kuna wasiwasi wa usalama. Katika baadhi ya maeneo, ni haramu kutumia pembe usiokuwa au wakati wa saa fulani. Matumizi ya Redio kubwa pia ni tamaa au haramu katika baadhi ya maeneo.

Avoid using your horn unless there is a concern for safety. In some areas, it is illegal to use the horn unnecessarily or during certain hours. The use of loud radios is also discouraged or illegal in some areas.

• Kufuli na funguo

• Locks and keys

Wizi wa gari na wizi kutoka magari ni tatizo katika baadhi ya maeneo. Ni muhimu kufunga milango ya gari yako, hata wakati gari lako, na kuchukua funguo yako wakati kuondoka. Ondoa vitu kutoka mtazamo wa.

Vehicle theft and theft from vehicles is a problem in some areas. It is important to lock your car doors, even while in your car, and take your keys when you leave. Remove valuables from view.

• Pets katika magari

• Pets in vehicles

Kama hali ya hewa ni moto sana au baridi sana kawaida juu ya 70° F au chini ya 40° F, ni wazo mbaya kuondoka wanyama katika gari hata na Fungua windows, kwa sababu wanaweza kufa. Wanyama kujulikana kufunga dereva nje ya gari, hivyo daima kuweka ufunguo juu yenu.

If the weather is very hot or very cold typically above 70°F or below 40°F, it is a bad idea to leave pets in the car even with the windows open, because they could die. Pets have been known to lock a driver out of a car, so always keep a key on you.

Ajali

Accidents

Kama wewe kupata ajali wakati wewe ni kuendesha, lazima kuacha. Kuondoka eneo la ajali bila kuacha. Kama gari yako bado kazi, Jaribu kuvuta ndani ya barabara. Kama mtu yeyote ni kuumiza, Muite 911 mara moja.

If you get in an accident while you are driving, you must stop. Do not leave the scene of the accident without stopping. If your car is still working, try to pull off of the road. If anyone is hurt, you should call 911 immediately.

Kama hakuna madhara, wanapaswa kuandika jina, Namba ya simu, Anwani, dereva ’ s leseni idadi, Namba ya gari, na habari kuhusu bima ya mtu hit au ambao hit wewe. Kama kulikuwa na watu ambao walishuhudia (aliona) ajali, lazima pia kukusanya majina na namba za simu zao. Kama una kamera, Unaweza kuchukua picha ya uharibifu wowote. Unapaswa pia kuandika eneo la ajali na kuchukua picha za mahali pamoja.

If no one is hurt, you should write down the name, phone number, address, driver’s license number, license plate number, and insurance information of the person you hit or who hit you. If there were people who witnessed (saw) the accident, you should also collect their names and phone numbers. If you have a camera, you can take pictures of any damage. You should also write down the location of the accident and take pictures of the location as well.

Baada ya ajali, wewe lazima kuripoti ajali kwa kampuni yako ya bima mara moja.

After the accident, you should report the accident to your insurance company immediately.

Kuendesha gari katika hali mbaya ya hewa

Driving in bad weather

Kutegemea ambapo ni makazi katika Marekani, hali ya hewa inaweza kuwa tofauti sana na ile ya nchi yako nyumbani. Inaweza kuwa muda wako kwanza kuendesha gari katika hali.

Depending on where you are resettled in the US, the weather may be very different from that of your home country. It may be your first time driving in extreme conditions.

  • Kama barabara ni icy au snowy, unapaswa kuepuka kuendesha gari. Kama lazima kuendesha, Nenda polepole na kutumia matairi ya theluji au minyororo kwenye matairi yako. Wanaweza kukusaidia kuacha vyema katika barafu au theluji.
  • Pakiti kit ya dharura katika gari yako ina usalama vipengee, kama vile vya huduma ya kwanza, mavazi ya joto ziada, maji, minyororo, sepetu theluji, na kurunzi.
  • If the road is icy or snowy, you should avoid driving. If you must drive, go slowly and use snow tires or chains on your tires. They can help you stop better in ice or snow.
  • Pack an emergency kit in your car that contains safety items, such as a first aid kit, extra warm clothing, water, chains, a snow shovel, and a flashlight.

Road hasira

Road rage

Road hasira ni mrefu kuelezea hasira watu kuhisi wakati Wanawafukuza. Watu wanaweza yell au honk au kuendesha gari kufunga kwako kama ni hasira juu yako kuendesha gari. Kama mnavyojua, umefanya kosa wakati wewe ni kuendesha, wewe wimbi kuonyesha mtu wewe ni pole. Kama mtu ana chuki ya barabara na ni hasira na wewe, kujibu. Jaribu tu kuweka kuendesha gari kama utulivu iwezekanavyo na kupata nje ya njia zao. Kukabiliana au changamoto kiendeshaji hasira, na gari wakati wewe ni hasira au upset. Kuendesha gari inachukua mengi ya utulivu na uvumilivu.

Road rage is a term to describe the anger people feel when they drive. People may yell or honk or drive to close to you if they are angry about your driving. If you realize you made a mistake when you are driving, you can wave to show the person you are sorry. If someone has road rage and is angry at you, do not respond. Try to just keep driving as calmly as possible and get out of their way. Do not confront or challenge an angry driver, and do not drive when you are angry or upset. Driving takes a lot of concentration and patience.

Kununua gari

Buying a car

Ni mara yako ya kwanza kununua gari katika Marekani? Kununua gari ni kujitoa kwa dhati kabisa. Tunapendekeza kwamba una rafiki wa Marekani au mshauri kukusaidia mara ya kwanza kununua gari. Wakati mwingine unaweza kupata mkopo kutoka benki au SACCO kununua gari. Lakini kama unaweza kupata mkopo, utakuwa kulipa riba juu yake kila mwezi ili gari gharama zaidi kuliko kama ulihifadhi fedha za kununua pamoja na fedha taslimu.

Is it your first time buying a car in the USA? Buying a car is a serious commitment. We recommend that you have an American friend or mentor help you the first time you buy a car. You can sometimes get a loan from the bank or credit union to purchase a car. But if you get a loan, you will pay interest on it every month so the car will cost more than if you saved money to buy it with cash.

Wakati na kulipwa kwa ajili ya gari yako au kulipwa mbali mkopo wako kabisa, utapata ya “kichwa” kwa gari lako – waraka rasmi kuthibitisha wewe mwenyewe ni.

When you have paid for your car or paid off your loan completely, you will get the “title” to your car – the official document proving you own it.

Jinsi ya kununua gari

How to buy a car

Ni nafuu kwa ujumla kununua gari kutumika kuliko gari mpya. Unaweza kununua gari kutumika kutoka kwa mmiliki au kutoka kwa muuzaji wa magari. Wanaweza kujadili juu ya bei. Kama ni kununua gari kutumika, ni wazo zuri kuwa na ufundi wa kuangalia gari kabla ya kununua ni kuhakikisha kwamba hakuna ubaya gari. Wewe pia unataka mtihani wa gari gari. Hii ina maana unaweza kuchukua kwa ajili ya Hifadhi na kuangalia ili kuhakikisha kwamba kila kitu ni kazi kabla ya kununua ni.

It is generally cheaper to buy a used car than a new car. You can buy a used car from the owner or from a car dealer. You can negotiate on the price. If you are buying a used car, it is a good idea to have a mechanic look at the car before you buy it to make sure that nothing is wrong with the car. You will also want to test drive the car. This means you will take it for a drive and check to make sure everything is working before you buy it.

Wakati kununua gari kutumika, unahitaji kuhakikisha kwamba gari “kichwa” (ambayo inaonyesha ushahidi kwamba mtu ni kununua ni kutoka anamiliki ni) ni wazi. Wanapaswa kupata hati miliki gari notarized (rasmi saini) na hakikisha unapata risiti, hata kama ni yameandikwa na mkono, kutoka mmiliki wa gari.

When you buy a used car, you need to make sure that the car “title” (which shows proof that the person you are buying it from owns it) is clear. You should get the car title notarized (officially signed) and make sure you get a receipt, even if it is hand-written, from the owner of the car.

Mahitaji kwa ajili ya kununua na kumiliki gari

Requirements for buying and owning a car

  • Kununua gari, unahitaji leseni ya dereva.
  • Una kusajili gari na katika Idara ya magari katika hali yako kupata mabamba ya leseni, ambayo wanatakiwa.
  • Unaweza pia kuwa na kulipia bima kila mwezi ili kuendesha gari na gesi na matengenezo ya gari.
  • To buy a car, you will need a driver’s license.
  • You will have to register the car with the department of motor vehicles in your state to get license plates, which are required.
  • You will also have to pay for monthly insurance to drive the car and gas and maintenance for the car.

Haya ni mapendekezo yote tu ili kukusaidia kuelewa vyema kuendesha gari katika Marekani. Hakuna wa habari hii inakusudiwa kama ushauri wa kisheria. Maswali yoyote kuhusu kuendesha gari zielekezwe kwa hali DMV ofisi au polisi wa eneo hilo.

These are all just suggestions to help you better understand driving in the USA. None of this information is intended as legal advice. Any questions about driving should be directed to state DMV offices or local police.

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