Jinsi ya kuanzisha biashara

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Je, umewahi kujifunza jinsi ya kuanzisha biashara? Kumiliki na kuendesha ni biashara njia kubwa ya kuwa huru. Wewe utakuwa pia zaidi Jihusishe katika jamii yako.

Have you ever wanted to learn how to start a business? Owning and running is a business a great way to be independent. You will also become more engaged in your community.

Jinsi ya kufanya biashara: Taarifa kwa ajili ya Wajasiriamali wa wakimbizi na wahamiaji

How to make a business: Information for refugee and immigrant entrepreneurs

Hapa kuna hatua kumi ili kukusaidia kama wewe kuamua kuanzisha biashara yako mwenyewe.

Here are ten steps to help you if you decide to start a business of your own.

1. Kupata wazo lako

1. Find your idea

Kuanza na wazo kuu! Ni muhimu kuja na wazo asilia. Sababu nyingine ya kuanzisha biashara ni kama unaweza kuona mahitaji au hitaji ambalo ni kutimizwa. Kufanya utafiti wa soko atakuambia kama kuna mahitaji ya bidhaa au huduma yako. Kukusanya taarifa kuhusu sekta ya, wateja, na sehemu bora kwa ajili ya kuanza. Mifano ya utafiti wa soko ni tafiti, mahojiano, na vikundi vya kulengwa.

Start with a great idea! It’s important to come up with an original idea. Another reason to start a business is if you see a demand or need that is not being met. Conducting market research will tell you if there is a demand for your product or service. Gather information about the industry, the customers, and the best places for you to start. Examples of market research are surveys, interviews, and focus groups.

2. Kutathmini na kuboresha ujuzi wako

2. Assess and improve your skills

Kabla ya kujifunza jinsi ya kuanzisha biashara, jiulize: ujuzi wako ni nini? Je, kama kufanya? Si kwenda kwenye biashara tu pesa, hivyo Chagua eneo ambalo unaweza kuwa na nia. Kisha uaminifu kutathmini kama una seti ya ujuzi muhimu kuendesha kampuni. Je, una elimu ya kutosha na uzoefu? Kama unaweza kufanya, wewe tuzame kwenye kazi na kujifunza zaidi kama wewe kwenda pamoja. Lakini kama huna ujuzi wowote au maarifa kutosha, kuna rasilimali ili kukusaidia. Unaweza kwenda maktaba ya mtaa wako kukopa vitabu juu ya usimamizi wa biashara, Unaweza kuchukua madarasa ya mtandaoni, na unaweza kujiunga na matukio ya ujasiriamali.

Before you learn how to start a business, ask yourself: what are your skills? What do you like doing? You shouldn’t go into business just to make money, so pick an area that you have an interest in. Then honestly assess if you have the necessary skill sets to run a company. Do you have enough knowledge and experience? If you do, you can dive into the work and learn more as you go along. But if you don’t have any skills or enough knowledge, there are resources to help you. You can go to your local library to borrow books on business administration, you can take online classes, and you can join entrepreneurship events.

Angalia video kuhusu mjasiriamali wa chakula

Watch a video about a food entrepreneur

3. Andika mpango wa biashara

3. Write a business plan

Mpango wa biashara ni mwongozo ambao unaonyesha malengo yako na jinsi gani unapanga kuyafikia. Ni muhimu kwa sababu ni kubainisha vipengele muhimu vya mpango wako. Kama unahitaji fedha kuanza, Unaweza kuonyesha mpango wa biashara kwa watu ambao huenda tayari msaada kifedha. Jifunze jinsi ya kuandika mpango wa biashara.

A business plan is a guide that outlines your goals and how you plan to achieve them. It is essential because it identifies the key elements of your plan. If you need funds to get started, you can show your business plan to people who may be willing to support you financially. Learn how to write a business plan.

4. Chagua jina na mahali

4. Pick a name and location

Jina lako linaweza kukusaidia kusimama nje kutoka maelfu ya biashara nyingine. Njia moja unaweza kusimama nje ni kuchagua jina ambalo ni rahisi watu kukumbuka. Majina mengine ni rahisi kukumbuka kwa sababu wao kuwaambia wateja hasa nini wanafanya (mfano Soko la samaki wa Dover). Wengine wanaweza kusimama nje kwa sababu ni wao ni mfupi na snappy (mfano Amazon).

Your name can help you stand out from thousands of other businesses. One way you can stand out is to choose a name that’s easy for people to remember. Some names are easy to remember because they tell customers exactly what they do (eg Dover Fish Market). Others may stand out because they are they are short and snappy (eg Amazon).

Unaweza pia kuchagua Kaulimbiu ya, au kwamba, ambayo inaweza kuwa pendekezo yako ya kipekee ya kuuza (USP). USP ni mkakati unaweza kutumia unaweza kutofautisha kila mtu mwingine. Ni lazima kipekee kwako, na ili kuweza kuthibitisha hilo na kutekeleza ni. Lazima kauli fupi ambayo watu wanaweza kukumbuka na lazima ionyeshe faida kwamba wateja kupata.

You can also choose a slogan, or tagline, which can be your unique selling proposition (USP). USP is a strategy you can use to distinguish you from everybody else. It should be unique to you, and you have to be able to prove it and execute it. It must be a short phrase that people can remember and should state the benefit that the customers will get.

Wewe pia haja ya kupata mahali pa kulia. Katika baadhi ya kesi, pa gharama nafuu inaweza kuwa bora ili kuokoa fedha katika kwanza. Katika visa vingine, wewe huwezi kufanikiwa isipokuwa wewe ni mahali mkuu ambapo watu wanaweza kukuona.

You also need to find the right location. In some cases, the cheapest location may be the best so that you save money at first. In other cases, you won’t succeed unless you are in a prime location where people can see you.

5. Chagua muundo wa biashara yako

5. Choose your business structure

Kuna aina kadhaa za biashara katika Marekani. Wana mahitaji tofauti na muundo. Ndio ya kawaida ni jina la biashara, ushirikiano, Shirika la, na aktiebolag. Wote wana faida na hasara. Jambo la muhimu ni kuelewa mahitaji yako ni nini na kuchagua muundo sahihi kutosheleza mahitaji yako. Jifunze zaidi kuhusu miundo ya biashara.

There are several types of businesses in the United States. They have different requirements and structure. The most common ones are sole proprietorship, partnership, corporation, and limited liability company. All of them have pros and cons. The important thing is to understand what your needs are and choosing the right structure to fit your needs. Learn more about business structures.

6. Kusajili biashara yako

6. Register your business

Kuna mambo kadhaa unaweza kuhitajika ili kusajili biashara yako:

There are several things you may need to do to register your business:

  • Kusajili jina la biashara na hali yako, hivyo inakuwa chombo kisheria na (katika kesi nyingi) kuacha wengine katika hali ya kufanya biashara chini ya jina sawa. Kujifunza jinsi ya kusajili biashara yako.
  • Kuomba shirikisho yako na hali kodi namba ID. Utahitaji namba hizi kulipa kodi. Nambari yako ya kitambulisho kodi shirikisho pia huitwa nambari yako ya kitambulisho ya mwajiri (EIN) na imetolewa na IRS ya. Nambari ya kitambulisho chako hali kodi ni kwa ajili ya kulipa kodi za serikali na imetolewa na hali yako. (Wamiliki pekee hawahitaji nambari ya kitambulisho ya hali.) Kupata namba yako ya ID biashara.
  • Wafanyabiashara wengi wanahitaji leseni na vibali vya kufanya kazi kisheria. Jifunze kuhusu hali na shirikisho vibali na leseni.
  • Je, unahitaji kulinda jina la kampuni yako, bidhaa, au huduma? Unaweza alama ya biashara haya hivyo hakuna ambaye mwingine nchini Marekani hutumia yao. Unapaswa pia ukaguzi ili kuhakikisha kuwa wewe ni kutumia jina la trademarked kwa biashara nyingine. Kujifunza juu ya alama za biashara.
  • Register your business name with your state, so it becomes a legal entity and (in most cases) will stop others in the state from doing business under the same name. Learn how to register your business.
  • Apply for your federal and state tax ID numbers. You will need these numbers to pay taxes. Your federal tax ID number is also called your Employer Identification Number (EIN) and is issued by the IRS. Your state tax ID number is for paying state taxes and is issued by your state. (Sole proprietors do not need a state ID number.) Get your business ID numbers.
  • Many businesses need licenses and permits to operate legally. Learn about state and federal permits and licenses.
  • Do you need to protect the name of your company, goods, or services? You can trademark these so nobody else in the United States uses them. You should also check to make sure you are not using a name trademarked by another business. Learn about trademarks.

7. Kugharamia mradi wako mpya

7. Finance your new venture

Kupata pesa za kugharamia biashara yako ni changamoto kubwa kwa mjasiriamali. Inaweza kuwa na uwezo wa kutumia rasilimali kama vile akiba yako, au uwekezaji kutoka kwa familia na marafiki. Au anaweza kuomba mkopo kutoka Benki ya. Hii ni hatua ambayo unaweza kupata Benki ya haki ili kusaidia kusimamia mustakabali wako kifedha na kufungua akaunti ya benki ya biashara. Unaweza Soma maelezo ya msingi kuhusu benki na Jifunze kuhusu mikopo.

Finding the money to finance your business is a big challenge for an entrepreneur. You may be able to use resources such as your savings, or investment from family and friends. Or you may apply for a loan from a bank. This is the point at which you find the right bank to help manage your financial future and open a business bank account. You can read basic information about banks and learn about loans.

8. Kufungua biashara yako

8. Open your business

Kulingana na biashara yako, Unaweza kuhitaji ofisi, kuhifadhi, nafasi ya kiwanda, au aina nyingine ya majengo. Utahitaji kuamua kama unaweza kununua au kukodisha nafasi kwa ajili ya biashara yako.

Depending on your business, you may need an office, store, factory space, or other type of premises. You may need to decide if you will purchase or lease the space for your business.

Unahitaji kufanya kazi kwa bidii ili kusanidi kila kitu hivyo ni watusaidie wateja wako. Inaweza hata kuajiri mtaalamu ili kukusaidia kubuni duka au ofisi yako.

You will need to work hard to set up everything so it is appealing to your customers. You may even hire a professional to help you to design your store or office.

Wateja ni kuangalia kwa uzoefu wakati wa kwenda ununuzi au hata ofisi ya. Lakini kama wewe ni tu mapya, ni muhimu hata zaidi kuwa huduma kwa wateja kubwa.

Customers are looking for an experience when they go shopping or even to an office. But if you are just starting out, it is even more important to have great customer service.

9. Kupata watu sahihi

9. Find the right people

Je, ni aina gani ya wafanyakazi unahitaji kuleta biashara yako kwa maisha? Wanafamilia, marafiki, na washirika wa biashara inaweza kuwa mali kubwa wakati wewe ni mapya. Unaweza kuhitajika mchakato mreu wa kuajiri kupata wafanyakazi zaidi. Kama wewe kuchukua muda wa kupata watu sahihi, ni kulipa gawio kwa ajili ya biashara yako.

What kind of workforce do you need to bring your business to life? Family members, friends, and business partners can be a great asset when you are starting out. You may need a hiring process to find more employees. If you take the time to get the right people, it will pay dividends for your business.

10. Masoko na mauzo

10. Marketing and sales

Lengo la msingi la biashara ni kujenga kitu cha thamani na kuwapa watu kubadilishana fedha. Masoko na mauzo ni tu magari ya kuwasiliana na kuwasilisha thamani hiyo kwa wateja wako. Kama wewe kutoa bidhaa au huduma yako na ubora, tofauti, na huduma kwa wateja nzuri, Unaweza kupata wateja na kufanya mafanikio ya biashara yako!

The basic purpose of business is to create something of value and give it to people in exchange for money. Marketing and sales are just the vehicles of communicating and delivering that value to your customers. If you deliver your products or services with excellence, distinction, and good customer service, you will gain customers and make a success of your business!

Angalia video kuhusu mmiliki wa mgahawa

Watch a video about a restaurant owner

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