Kujitayarisha kwa kazi au kutafuta ajira

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Uko tayari kuanza kutafuta kazi? Kuna mambo unaweza kufanya kuandaa utaftaji wako wa kazi. Jifunze jinsi ya kuandaa habari yako na ujue ni wapi utafute kazi.

Are you ready to start looking for a job? There are things you can do to prepare for your job search. Learn how to prepare your information and find out where to look for jobs.

man filling out an application for his job search

man filling out an application for his job search

Kusanya habari kwa utaftaji wa kazi

Gather information for your job search

Jambo la kwanza unapaswa kufanya ni kuanza kufikiria juu ya stadi za kazi unayo. Je! Una uzoefu gani ambao utakusaidia katika utaftaji wako wa kazi? Je! Uthibitisho wako kutoka nchi nyingine unaweza kutumika huko USA? Je! Ni siku gani, masaa, na nyakati gani unayopenda kufanya kazi? Kufikiria juu ya vitu hivi kabla ya wakati kutakuandaa kuanza utaftaji wako wa kazi.

The first thing you should do is start thinking about the job skills you have. What experience do you have that will help you in your job search? Can your certifications from another country be used in the USA? What days, hours, and times you are willing to work? Thinking about these things ahead of time will prepare you to start your job search.

Kukusanya pamoja habari yote utayohitaji. Utatumia habari hii kujaza maombi ya kazi ya karatasi au kuomba kazi mkondoni. Pia utahitaji kuandika barua yako ya kuanza tena na barua za kufunika.

Gather together all the information you will need. You will use this information to fill out paper job applications or apply for jobs online. You will also need it to write your resume and cover letters.

Hapa kuna habari utahitaji kukusanya:

Here is the information you will need to gather:

Historia yako ya kazi

Your work history

Umefanya kazi gani katika miakja zilizopita? Ni ujuzi gani wa kazi unao? Kujibu maswali haya itasaidia kujua ni aina gani ya kazi ambazo unaweza kuomba nchini Marekani. Kwa mfano, kama ulifanya kazi kama fundi magari katika siku za kale, unaweza kupata kazi kama mekaniki tena. Ikiwa ulifanya kazi katika sekta ya Afya, unahitaji kutafiti jinsi ya kupata cheti cha utabibu au kufikiria kurudi shuleni.

What kind of work have you done in the past? What kind of job skills do you have? Answering these questions will help you know what type of jobs you can apply for in the United States. For example, if you worked as a mechanic in the past, you may be able to find work as a mechanic again. If you worked in medicine, you can research how to get a certification.

Andika kazi zako zote za zamani na tajriba zozote za kazi unazo. Fanya orodha ya habari juu ya kila kazi uliyofanya, ikiwa ni pamoja na:

Write down all of your past jobs and any work experience you have. Make a list of information for each job you have done, including:

  • Mji na nchi uliyofanyia kazi
  • Jina la kampuni
  • Aina ya kazi uliyofanya
  • Majukumu yako ya kazi
  • Wakati ulianza na kumaliza kazi
  • Ulilipwa kiasi gani
  • Kwa nini uliiacha kazi hio
  • The city and country where you worked
  • The company name
  • The type of work you did
  • Your responsibilities on the job
  • When you started and ended the job
  • How much you were paid
  • Why you left the job

Ujuzi wako wa kazi

Your work skills

Ujuzi wako ni kitu chochote unajua kufanya. Ikiwa unafikiria juu ya ujuzi wako wa kazi na aina za kazi ambazo umekuwa nazo, utagundua kuwa unaweza kuomba aina mpya za kazi ikiwa una ujuzi unaofaa.

Your skills are anything you know how to do. If you think about your job skills as well as the types of jobs you have had, you will realize that you can apply for new types of jobs if you have the right skills.

Fikiria ujuzi wako katika nyanja mbili, na uziandike:

Think about your skills in two areas, and write them down:

1.Ujuzi za kijumlawakazi ndio zinazotumika kwa kazi za aina nyingi. zinajumuisha mambo kama kufika kwa wakati,

1. General job skills are ones that apply to many jobs. They include things like being

kuwa mteremeshi, uwezo wa kufanya kazi na watu wengine, kuwa na uwezo wa kufanya kazi kwa usalama na kuwa na uwezo wa kujifunza haraka. Aina hizi za ujuzi wakati mwingine huitwa “ujuzi laini” kwa sababu hauna haja ya kwenda shule ili ujifunze

on time, being friendly, the ability to work with other people, being able to work safely and

 

being able to learn quickly. These types of skills are sometimes called “soft skills.”

2.Ujuzi za kikazihujumuisha mambo kama vile uwezo wa kufanya kazi na forklift, kupima kwa usahihi, kuendesha lori, kuandaa nyaraka za kisheria au kutumia programu za kompyuta. Aina hizi za ujuzi mara nyingine huitwa “hard skills” kwa sababu unahitaji kupitia elimu rasmi au mafunzo ili uzipate.

2. Work-related skills include things such as being able to operate a forklift, measure

Fikiria kuhusu fundi wa magari tena:Fundi wa magari ana ujuzi wa kupima kwa usahihi na kutumia zana kwa usalama. Hizi ni ujuzi wa kazi ambao unahitajika katika kazi nyingine, pia. Kwa mfano, unaweza kutumia ujuzi huu wa kazi katika ujenzi na hata katika upishi.

accurately, drive a truck, prepare legal documents or operate software. These types of skills are sometimes called “hard skills.”

Je! Unaweza kutumia ujuzi wako katika maeneo mengine?

Can you apply your skills in other areas?

Fikiria juu ya fundi tena: fundi ana ustadi wa kupima usahihi na kutumia zana salama. Hizi ni stadi za kazi ambazo zinahitajika katika kazi zingine, pia. Kwa mfano, unaweza kutumia ujuzi huu wa kazi katika ujenzi na hata kupikia.

Think about a mechanic again: a mechanic has the skills of measuring accurately and using tools safely. These are job skills that are needed in other jobs, too. For example, you can use these job skills in construction and even cooking.

Elimu yako uliyopokea

Your past education

Utahitaji kutoa habari juu ya historia yako ya kielimu. Hii ni pamoja na majina na maeneo ya shule ulizohudhuria, anza na tarehe za kumaliza na ikiwa umemaliza.

You will need to give information about your educational background. This includes names and locations of schools you attended, start and finish dates and whether you graduated.

Mfumo wa elimu katika nchi yako ya asili unaweza kuwa tofauti na mfumo wa Amerika – idadi tofauti ya darasa kumaliza shule ya upili, kwa mfano. Mfumo wa chuo kikuu unaweza kuwa na viwango tofauti vya mafanikio kuliko yale utakayopata hapa. Wakati mwingine italazimika “kutoshea” habari yako katika hati ambazo zimetengenezwa kwa wataalam wa kazi wa asili.

The educational system in your native country may be different from the American system – a different numbers of grades to complete high school, for example. The university system may have different levels of achievement than those you will find here. Sometimes you will have to “fit” your information into documents that are designed for native-born jobseekers.

Labda umeenda shule ambayo ilikuwa maarufu au ngumu kuingia. Hakikisha kuandika kuwa chini ya jina la shule kwenye resume. Unaweza kusema kitu kama, “Taasisi ya Teknolojia ya Ufilipino inachukuliwa kuwa moja ya shule bora nchini.”

You might have gone to a school that was famous or hard to get into. Make sure to write that under the school’s name on the resume. You can say something like, “The Technological Institute of the Philippines is considered one of the best schools in the country.”

Maelezo yako ya mawasiliano

Your training

Utahitaji kujua maelezo yako yote ya mawasiliano, ikiwa ni pamoja na jinsi ya kuandika majina yako ya kwanza, ya kati na ya mwisho katika hati ya ombi,nambari yako ya simu, anwani na barua pepe. Katika wasifu wako, hutahitaji kuingiza maelezo ya kibinafsi kama vile tarehe yako ya kuzaliwa, umri, au hali ya ndoa, lakini huenda unahitaji kushiriki habari hiyo katika hati ya ombi .

Even if you did not finish high school or go to college, you should include any other training you have completed when you list your past education. For example, many refugees have taken leadership classes or community health training in camp or after resettlement. You should write down any training you have taken.

Lugha zako

Your languages

Ikiwa unazungumza zaidi ya lugha moja, hiyo ni mali muhimu katika utaftaji wako wa kazi. Hakikisha pia kuandika kila lugha unayoongea badala ya kiingereza. Usiandike Kiingereza. Waajiri watadhani unazungumza Kiingereza kutoka kwa kusoma tena.

If you speak more than one language, that is an important asset in your job search. Make sure to also write down every language you speak besides English. Do not write down English. Employers will assume you speak English from reading your resume.

Marejeleo ya kitaalam

Professional references

Marejeleo ya kitaalam ni watu ambao watasema wewe ni mfanyakazi mzuri. Inaweza kuwa ngumu kusambaza marejeleo unapofika kwanza. Labda kumbukumbu nyingi za kazi au zote za zamani ziko kwenye nchi nyingine. Unaweza kutumia marejeleo ya nje ya nchi ikiwa kumbukumbu yako na mwajiri wako anaweza kusema lugha moja. Ikiwa kumbukumbu yako inazungumza Kiingereza na mwajiri wako anasema Kiingereza, au ikiwa wote wawili wanazungumza Kisomali, unaweza kutumia mwajiri wako wa nje kama rejeleo.

Professional references are people who will say you are a good worker. It can be hard to supply references when you first arrive. Maybe most or all of your past job references are in another country. You can use an overseas reference if your reference and your employer can speak the same language. If your reference speaks English and your employer speaks English, or if they both speak Somali, you may be able to use your overseas employer as a reference.

Maelezo yako ya mawasiliano

Your contact information

Utahitaji kujua habari zako zote, ikiwa ni pamoja na jinsi ya kuchapisha majina yako ya kwanza, ya kati na ya mwisho kwenye programu, nambari yako ya simu, anwani, na anwani ya barua pepe. Katika resume yako, hautahitaji kujumuisha maelezo ya kibinafsi kama vile tarehe yako ya kuzaliwa, umri, au hali ya ndoa. Unaweza kuhitaji kushiriki habari hiyo katika programu. Soma vidokezo vya kuanza tena na upate templeti ya kuanza tena.

You will need to know all of your contact information, including how to format your first, middle and last names in applications, your phone number, address, and email address. In your resume, you will not need to include personal information such as your date of birth, age, or marital status. You might need to share that information in applications. Read resume tips and find a resume template.

Uthibitisho kuwa unaruhusiwa ya kufanya kazi nchini Marekani

Proof that you are allowed to work

Utahitaji kutoa taarifa kuhusu ustahili wako wa kufanya kazi nchini Marekani. Hii ina maana una thibitisho kwamba umeruhusiwa kisheria kufanya kazi. Utahitaji kutoa nambari yako ya usalama wa kijamii kwa mwajiri wako. Unaweza pia kukamilisha hundi ya asili na kuthibitisha kwa mwajiri wako hujafanya uhalifu wowote huku Marekani.

You will need to prove you are legally allowed to work in the USA. You must give your social security number to your employer. You may also have to complete a background check and prove to your employer you have not committed any crimes.

Ni nini kinachofuata katika utaftaji wa kazi?

What comes next in a job search?

Mara tu ukikusanya habari yako, kuna mambo mengine unaweza kufanya kukusaidia katika utaftaji wako wa kazi.

Once you have gathered your information, there are other things you can do to help you in your job search.

Mtandao wa utaftaji wa kazi

Job search networking

Ni muhimu kujenga mtandao wa kitaalam. Hii inamaanisha kuunganishwa na watu ambao wanaweza kutoa marejeleo yako au kukusaidia kupata kazi. Katika kazi yako ya kwanza, kwa mfano, ujue watu ambao hufanya kazi na wewe wakati unaweza.

It is important that you build a professional network. This means connecting with people who may give your references or help you find jobs. In your first job, for example, get to know the people who work with you when you can.

Unaweza kuhudhuria maonyesho ya kazi katika jamii yako. Kampuni mara nyingi hushikilia hafla ambapo wanaweza kukuambia juu ya fursa za kazi wanazo, aina ya mfanyakazi wanayotafuta, na jinsi unaweza kuomba. Wakati wa kwenda kwenye kazi ya haki, hakikisha unaleta nakala za kuanza tena nawe. Jitambulishe kwa wawakilishi wa kampuni unazopenda, eleza ni aina gani ya kazi unayotafuta, na uwape habari yako.

You can attend job fairs in your community. Companies often hold events where they can tell you about the job openings they have, the kind of employee they are looking for, and how you can apply. When going to a job fair, make sure you bring copies of your resume with you. Introduce yourself to the representatives of the companies you like, explain what type of job you are looking for, and give them your information.

Unaweza kupata hafla za mitandaoni katika eneo lako kwa kutembelea ukurasa wa matukio ya Facebook events page, kuangalia LinkedIn f kwa fursa za mitandao zijazo, au kujiandikisha kwa sasisho kwenye tukio la tukio la Eventbrite na Meetup. Pia unaweza kusoma zaidi juu ya hafla za mitandao.

You can find networking events in your area by visiting the Facebook events page, checking LinkedIn for upcoming networking opportunities, or signing up for updates on Eventbrite and Meetup. You can also read more about networking events.

Jisajili kwa zana za utaftaji wa kazi mkondoni

Sign up for online job search tools

Unda uwepo wa kitaalam mkondoni kwa kuunda wasifu kwenye wavuti za utaftaji wa kazi. Vyombo maarufu zaidi vya utaftaji wako wa kazi ni LinkedIn, CareerBuilder, Indeed, na Glassdoor. Unaweza kusoma zaidi juu ya jinsi ya kutafuta fursa za kazi.

Create a professional presence online by creating a profile on job search websites. The most popular tools for your job search are LinkedIn, CareerBuilder, Indeed, and Glassdoor. You can read more about how to look for job opportunities.

Jiunge na juhudi za kujitolea

Join volunteer efforts

Unapokuwa na wakati, jitolee kwenye shirika la mtaa. Utaweza kutumia ustadi wako au kukuza mpya wakati unasaidia wengine. Ustadi unaopata utafaidika katika utaftaji wako wa kazi, na utakuwa na nafasi ya kujifunza zaidi juu ya tamaduni za Amerika. Pia utaunda anwani ambazo zinaweza kuwa na uwezo wa kusema kwa niaba yako wakati unahitaji kumbukumbu ya kazi. Soma zaidi juu ya kazi za kujitolea na za ujasusi.

When you have time, volunteer at a local organization. You will be able to use your skills or develop new ones while you help others. The skills you gain will benefit you in your career search, and you will have the chance to learn more about American culture. You will also create contacts who might be able to speak on your behalf when you need a job reference. Read more about volunteering and internship jobs.

Pata shahada yako ipitiwe

Get your degree evaluated

Unaweza kutaka kufikiria kukaguliwa kwa kiwango chako. Ili kufanya hivyo, unawasilisha sifa zako kwa kampuni ya ukaguzi wa maandishi. Kampuni itaangalia elimu yako ya zamani na sema ikiwa shahada yako au udhibitisho ni halali kutumia huko USA. Huduma hii wakati mwingine inaweza kuwa ghali.

You may want to consider having your degree evaluated. To do this, you submit your credentials to a transcript evaluation company. The company will look at your past education and say if your degree or certification is valid to use in the USA . This service can sometimes be expensive.

Waajiri wengi hawatauliza tathmini. Ni bora kungoja hadi ujifunze ikiwa hii ni kawaida kwa kazi unazotafuta. Soma zaidi juu ya jinsi ya kupata maandishi yako ya nje au diploma kutathminiwa.

Most employers will not ask for an evaluation. It is best to wait until you learn if this is common for the jobs you are looking for. Read more about how to get your foreign transcripts or diploma evaluated.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

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