Habari za MASHOGA kwa wakimbizi, wanaotafuta hifadhi na wahamiaji

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

LGBT anasimama kwa wasagaji, mashoga, Kumala na msenge. Katika kila nchi na jamii, watu wengi ni moja ya jamii hizi. Katika Marekani, Watu wa LGBT wana haki sawa na uhuru kama kila mtu mwingine, ikiwa ni pamoja na haki ya kuoa wapenzi wa jinsia moja.

LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender. In every country and society, many people belong to one of these communities. In the USA, LGBT people have the same rights and freedoms as everyone else, including the right to marry partners of the same sex.

LGBT

LGBT

F. Je, LGBT ni nani?

Who is LGBT?

Watu ambao kutambua kama sehemu ya wasagaji wa, mashoga, yaw, au msenge (MAKUMI) jamii kuja kutoka asili mbalimbali. LGBT inajumuisha watu wa rangi zote, ukabila, umri, hali, na mataifa. Kuna karibu 11 watu milioni wa LGBT nchini Marekani. Hii ni kuhusu 5% ya idadi ya watu.

People who identify as part of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) community come from different backgrounds. LGBT includes people of all races, ethnicity, ages, status, and nationalities. There are around 11 million LGBT people in the USA. This is about 5% of the population.

Watu ambao wana wapenzi wa jinsia moja na watu ambao ni kipindi kati ya jinsia inaweza kuelezewa kama LGBT. LGBT pia unajumuisha watu ambao hawana uhakika kuhusu jinsia yao au kujamiiana. Baadhi ya watu kubadilisha maneno wanayoyatumia kueleza wenyewe wakati wa maisha yao.

People who have same-sex partners and people who are transitioning between genders can be described as LGBT. LGBT also includes people who are not sure about their gender or sexuality. Some people change the words they use to describe themselves during their lifetime.

Haki sawa ya ndoa

Equal rights to marriage

Katika 2015, Mahakama ya kuu ya Marekani (f. Je, Mahakama ya juu nchini ni ipi) alitangaza kwamba ndoa kati ya watu wawili wa jinsia moja ni ya kisheria. Katika zaidi ya Marekani, mahusiano ya kimapenzi kati ya watu wawili wa jinsia moja ni kuonekana sawa na wale kati ya mwanaume na mwanamke. Katika baadhi ya majimbo, watu si kukubali yote ya watu wa LGBT. Wakati kusafiri, kujifunza nini maoni ya kawaida ni hivyo unaweza kukaa salama.

In 2015, the US Supreme Court (which is the highest court in the country) declared that marriages between two people of the same sex are legal. In most of the USA, romantic relationships between two people of the same sex are viewed as equal to those between a man and a woman. In some states, people are not all accepting of LGBT people. When you travel, learn what common opinions are so you can stay safe.

Msagaji, mashoga, Fasili ya yaw na msenge

Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender definitions

Hapa ni maelezo ya kila herufi katika MAKUMI:

Here is an explanation of each letter in LGBT:

  • L: msagaji
    Mwanamke ambaye uzoefu wa upendo wa kimahaba au mvuto wa ngono kwa mwanamke mwingine kama mpenzi kimapenzi
  • G: mashoga
    Mara nyingi hutumika kuelezea mtu ambaye uzoefu wa upendo wa kimahaba au kivutio kingono kwa mtu mwingine. Neno hili wakati mwingine hutumika kurejelea wanaume na wanawake ambao uzoefu upendo wa kimahaba au kivutio kingono kwa mpenzi wa jinsia moja au jinsia.
  • B: yaw
    Mwanaume au mwanamke ambaye uzoefu kivutio ya kimapenzi na ngono kwa wanaume na wanawake.
  • T: msenge au transexual
    Mtu ambaye kutambua na ngono ya mwili walikuwa kuzaliwa katika. Inaweza kuwa katika hatua baadhi ya mpito kimwili kutosheleza jinsia yao. Neno hili ni tofauti kuliko wengine wote kwa sababu hakirejelei ambao mtu ni kuwavutia. Mtu ambaye ni msenge pia kuwa msagaji, kwa mfano.
  • L: lesbian
    A woman who experiences romantic love or sexual attraction for another woman as a romantic partner
  • G: gay
    Most often used to describe a man who experiences romantic love or sexual attraction for another man. This term sometimes is used to refer to both males and females who experience romantic love or sexual attraction for a same-sex or same-gender partner.
  • B: bisexual
    A man or woman who experiences romantic and/or sexual attraction toward both males and females.
  • T: transgender or transexual
    Somebody who does not identify with the sex of the body they were born into. They may be in some stage of physical transition to fit their gender. This term is different than all the others because it does not refer to who a person is attracted to. Someone who is transgender can also be lesbian, for example.

Wakati mwingine, Unaweza kuona neno LGBT na Vifupisho zaidi aliongeza. Mfano ni LGBTIAA. Hii ni gani nyingine barua maana.

Sometimes, you may see the term LGBT with more initials added. An example is LGBTIAA. This is what the other letters mean.

  • Q: Queer vile/kuhoji
    Neno hili lilitumika kama matusi huko nyuma. Sasa, ni ni kutumika na wengi kuzungumzia wenyewe. Queer vile hutumiwa na mashoga, yaw, genderqueer, na wakimbilia. Inamaanisha vitu tofauti kwa watu tofauti. Jumla, inamaanisha kwamba jinsia na ujinsia wako ni tofauti na watu wengi. Au kwamba huenda bado kuhesabia nje jinsi unavyojisikia.
  • Mimi: Intersex
    Hili ni neno la mtu ambaye alizaliwa na sehemu ambayo ni ya jinsia zote mbili. Hii inamaanisha kwamba sehemu zao za uzazi ni mchanganyiko. Baadhi inaweza kuwa mwanamume, wakati wengine ni wanawake. Pia inaweza kumaanisha kwamba Jeni zao ni kwa jinsia zote mbili.
  • A: Asexual
    Mtu ambaye hana uzoefu kivutio kingono. Watu asexual wanaweza tarehe na kuwa katika mahusiano, lakini kufanya ngono. Hii inaweza pia kumaanisha “washirika”. Hii ni mtu ambaye si MAKUMI bali inasaidia haki za watu walio.
  • A: Mshirika
    Mshirika ni mtu ambaye kubainisha kama heterosexual (pia inajulikana kama moja kwa moja) but supports the LGBTQIAA community
  • Q: Queer/Questioning
    This term was used as an insult in the past. Now, is it used by many to talk about themselves. Queer is used by gay, bisexual, genderqueer, and transgender people. It means different things to different people. Overall, it means that your gender and sexuality are different than most people’s. Or that you might still be figuring out how you feel.
  • I: Intersex
    This is a term for a person who was born with parts that belong to both sexes. This might mean that their reproductive parts are mixed. Some may be male, while others are female. It could also mean that their genes belong to both sexes.
  • A: Asexual
    Someone who does not experience sexual attraction. Asexual people can date and be in relationships, but they do not have sex. This can also mean “allied”. This is a person who is not LGBT but supports the rights of people who are.
  • A: Ally
    An Ally is someone who identifies as heterosexual (also known as straight) but supports the LGBTQIAA community

Kuna sheria ambazo kuzuia ubaguzi dhidi ya watu wa LGBT. Ubaguzi ni lugha ya kuumiza au tabia. Kila nchi ina sheria yake na ni muhimu kujifunza sheria katika mji wako au mji.

There are laws that prevent discrimination against LGBT people. Discrimination is hurtful language or behavior. Each state has its own laws and it is important to learn the laws in your city or town.

Jamii ya MAKUMI

LGBT community

There are many spaces for LGBT people where you can find support and make friends. Kila mji ina makundi tofauti, vituo vya, vyama vya, na biashara hata ya MAKUMI. Vituo vya MAKUMI kuwa rasilimali na kupanga makundi ya trans na matukio.

There are many spaces for LGBT people where you can find support and make friends. Each city has different groups, centers, parties, and even LGBT businesses. LGBT centers have resources and organize trans groups and events.

Juni kila, Jumuiya ya LGBT yasherehekea mafanikio yao na historia.

Every June, the LGBT community celebrates their achievements and history.

Kwa ajili ya wakimbilia

For transgender people

Kupata makundi ya trans katika eneo lako, Unaweza kutumia Facebook au Google. Vikundi vingi ni kwenye Facebook. Kutafuta makundi mtandaoni, kutumia maneno “Trans” au “fedha za zikihamwa” pamoja na jina la mji wako au mji kubwa karibu.

To find trans groups in your area, you can use Facebook or Google. Many groups are on Facebook. To look for groups online, use the words “trans” or “queer exchange” together with the name of your city or a nearby larger city.

Wakimbilia kuwa baadhi ya uzoefu tofauti kuliko msagaji, mashoga, na watu bisexual. Unaweza kujifunza zaidi kuhusu wakimbilia kupitia kurasa hizi.

Transgender people have some different experiences than lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. You can learn more about transgender people through these pages.

Msenge wa (pia anajulikana kama trans) jamii ina masharti maalum wanayoyatumia kuzungumza kuhusu wao wenyewe na uzoefu wao.

The transgender (also known as trans) community has special terms they use to talk about themselves and their experiences.

Wakimbilia wana haki maalum wakati wa kupata huduma za afya. Baada ya kubadilisha jinsia zao, kawaida wanataka kupata utambulisho mpya. Hii inaweza kujumuisha madereva leseni na vyeti vya kuzaliwa.

Transgender people have specific rights when getting healthcare. After changing their gender, they usually want to get new identification. This can include drivers licenses and birth certificates.

Wamiliki wa nyumba, waajiri na nk kisheria hawaruhusiwi kuingia dhidi ya watu wa Trans.

Landlords, employers and coworkers are legally not allowed to discriminate against trans people.

Jinsia reassignment ni utaratibu wowote matibabu ambayo husaidia wakimbilia mechi jinsia kimwili jinsia yao.

Gender reassignment is any medical procedure that helps transgender people match their physical sex to their gender.

Kwa vijana

For young people

LGBT vijana wanaweza Tembelea TrevorSpace. Hii inaendeshwa na mradi Trevor, Shirika kwa LGBT vijana. TrevorSpace ni tovuti ya kufuatiliwa kwa vijana kuungana na watu wa LGBT katika jamii yao.

LGBT young people can visit TrevorSpace. This is run by the Trevor Project, an organization for LGBT youth. TrevorSpace is a monitored site for young people to connect with LGBT people in their community.

Rasilimali kwa ajili ya watu wa LGBT na marafiki na familia

Resources for LGBT people and their friends and family

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

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