Afya ya Kiakili

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Afya ya akili ni nini? Afya ya akili inamaanisha jinsi akili na mawazo yako yana afya. Afya ya akili inaathiri jinsi unavyofikiria na kuhisi. Jifunze juu ya shida za afya ya akili na aina tofauti za magonjwa ya akili. Kuelewa afya ya akili na ugonjwa wa akili ni nini kitakusaidia kujua nini cha kufanya ikiwa wewe au mtu unayemjua ana shida na afya ya akili.

What is mental health? Mental health means how healthy your mind and thoughts are. Mental health affects how you think and feel. Learn about mental health problems and different kinds of mental illnesses. Understanding what mental health and mental illness are will help you know what to do if you or someone you know are suffering with mental health problems.

mental health problems

mental health problems

Katika United States, watu wanaona kwamba afya ya kiakili husabika kwa jumla ya afya ya mtu. Wanaelewa kwamba watu wengi wana matatizo ya afya ya kiakili. Waamerica wazungumza kuhusu afya ya kiakili na hutafuta matibabu.

In the USA, people see mental health as part of the overall health of a person. They know that many people have mental issues. Americans are not embarrassed to talk about mental health. They look for ways to get better.

Ugonjwa ya kiakili ni kama ungonjwa wa mwili. Matatizo mengi ya afya ya kiakili hayana madhara makubwa. Lakini mengine yaleta taabu sana na mateso. Usikubali aibu ama haya yakupinge kutafuta msaada wa ugonjwa wako ya kiakili ama wa jamaa yako. Madaktari na wasaidizi waweza kusaidia na mashauri, dawa na matibabu mengine.

As with physical illnesses, many mental problems are not serious. But also like physical illness, some mental illnesses and disorders are very serious. They can cause terrible suffering.

Kitu gani kinasababisha matatizo ya afya ya akili?

What causes mental illness and disorders?

Ugonjwa wa kiakili una asili mbali mbali kama:

Mental illness and disorders can have many causes. They include:

  • Historia afya ya jamaa yako
  • Hali ya mazingira
  • Dhiki ya kazi au kinyumbani
  • Matatizo fulani ya maisha
  • Hali ya bongo yako
  • Genetics (the health history of your family)
  • Environment
  • A stressful job or home life
  • Difficult life events
  • The hormones and chemicals in your brain

Alama ya ugonjwa wa kiakili ni nini?

How do mental disorders show?

Dalili ni hisia na tabia uliyonayo kwa sababu ya ugonjwa. Usumbufu unamaanisha kitu ambacho haifanyi kazi kwa njia ya kawaida. Kuna shida nyingi za kiakili na dalili nyingi tofauti.

Symptoms are the feelings and behaviors you have because of an illness. Disorder means something that is not working in the usual way. There are many different mental disorders and many different symptoms.

Dalili za kawaida ni huzuni, hofu, hasira, machafuko, na tabia isiyo ya kawaida. Kwa shida kubwa ya afya ya akili, dalili zote za kawaida zina nguvu. Watu hawawezi kuendelea na maisha ya kila siku. Wanaweza wasijue kilicho halisi au sio cha kweli.

The most common symptoms are sadness, fear, anger, confusion, and unusual behavior. With serious mental health disorders, all of the common symptoms are stronger. People are not able to carry on with everyday life. They may not know what is real or not real.

Aina ya matatizo ya kiakili

Types of mental illnesses and disorders

Magonjwa katika mshumbi huu ni yale ya kawaidi zaidi. Bofu ile link kujua zaidi.

The illnesses on this list are some of the most common mental health problems.

Shida ya Dhiki ya baada ya kiwewe inaitwa PTSD kwa kifupi. PTSD ni athari ya kihemko ya asili kwa hafla mbaya au inayofadhaisha.

Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is called PTSD for short. PTSD is a natural emotional reaction to a terrible or stressful event.

Watu wengi wanaweza kupata unyogovu mpole. Unyogovu mpole ni wakati unahisi huzuni au hausikii kama kitu chochote. Ikiwa hii inadumu kwa zaidi ya wiki mbili, unaweza kuwa na unyogovu mkubwa.

Many people can experience mild depression. Mild depression is when you feel sad or you do not feel like doing anything. If this last for more than two weeks, you may have major depression.

Mgogoro wa wasiwasi wa jumla ni nguvu kuliko wasiwasi wa kawaida. Kila mtu huwa na wasiwasi wakati mwingine. Lakini wasiwasi huwa shida wakati ikitokea karibu wakati wote.

Generalized Anxiety Disorder is stronger than normal anxiety. Everyone is anxious sometimes. But anxiety becomes a disorder when it happens almost all the time.

Schizophrenia ni ugonjwa mbaya wa akili. Inathiri jinsi unavyoona ulimwengu na jinsi unavyoendelea.

Schizophrenia is a serious mental illness. It affects the way you see the world and the way you behave.

Shida ya urekebishaji hufanyika wakati watu hawapona kutoka kwa mabadiliko makubwa au uzoefu mgumu. Madaktari mara nyingi hupata wakimbizi na wahamiaji wana shida ya kurekebisha.

Adjustment disorder happens when people do not recover from a big change or difficult experience. Doctors often find refugees and immigrants have an adjustment disorder.

Machafuko ya Bipolar yanaonyeshwa na mabadiliko ya hali ya juu. Mabadiliko ya mhemko uliokithiri ni wakati unaenda kutoka kuhisi huzuni sana hadi kuhisi raha sana hadi kufikia kuwa manic.

Bipolar disorder is shown by extreme mood swings. Extreme mood swings are when you go from feeling very sad to feeling very happy to the point of being manic.

Shida za kula hufanyika unapokuwa na shida ya kula kwa sababu una mawazo mabaya juu ya mwili wako. Unaweza kula sana au kidogo sana na kupitia mabadiliko ya uzani mzito.

Eating disorders happen when you have problems with eating because you have bad thoughts about your body. You may eat too much or too little and go through extreme weight changes.

Shida za matumizi ya dawa za kulevya pia huitwa “dhuluma.” Wanatokea wakati unakunywa pombe nyingi au unachukua dawa nyingi. Matumizi yako ya dawa za kulevya na pombe huumiza mwili wako na huathiri maisha yako kwa njia mbaya.

Substance use disorders are also called “substance abuse.” They happen when you drink too much alcohol or take too many drugs. Your use of drugs and alcohol hurts your body and affects your life in bad ways.

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