Utunzaji wa kibinafsi, kazi ya huduma na matengenezo

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Jifunze kuhusu huduma na kazi za matengenezo na aina nyingi za kazi za utunzaji na huduma. Soma kuhusu njia tofauti za kazi unazoweza kuchukua katika huduma binafsi na utunzaji. Kujua nini mafunzo unaweza haja na wapi pa kuanzia utafutizi wako kazi.

Learn about service and maintenance jobs and the many different kinds of care and service jobs. Read about the different career paths you can take in personal care and maintenance. Find out what training you need and where to start your job search.

wafanyakazi wa hoteli - kazi ya huduma na matengenezo

hotel workers - service and maintenance jobs

Utunzaji wa kibinafsi, kazi ya kusafisha na matengenezo ni kuenea juu ya viwanda vingi tofauti. Lakini kazi zote hutoa huduma muhimu. Kazi hizi ni pamoja na kila kitu kutoka kusafisha na kutunza mali kwa hairdressing na kuangalia baada ya watoto. Kazi nyingi za huduma za aina hii hazihitaji vyeti au elimu ya juu. Lakini wao si vizuri sana kulipwa.

Personal care, cleaning and maintenance jobs are spread over many different industries. But all the jobs provide important services. These jobs include everything from cleaning and property maintenance to hairdressing and looking after children. Many service jobs of this kind do not require certification or higher education. But they are not very well paid.

Utunzaji wa kibinafsi, huduma kwa moja, kusafisha na kazi za matengenezo ni mashamba yote yanayokua na kazi nyingi zinazopatikana. Kuna sababu kadhaa za:

Personal care, direct services, cleaning and maintenance jobs are all growing fields with lots of work available. There are several reasons for this:

  • Watu wa Marekani ni kupata umri mkubwa na inahitaji huduma zaidi.
  • Watu wanatumia muda mwingi na pesa juu ya mazoezi na huduma ya kibinafsi.
  • Watu walio na kipato cha juu wako tayari kulipa watu wengine kufanya kazi zao za kila siku, kama vile mbwa akitembea na ununuzi.
  • Watu wengi hawataki kufanya kazi moja kwa moja ya huduma, kama vile kusafisha na kuwatunza wazee au walemavu.
  • Mashine na robots haiwezi kuchukua nafasi kwa urahisi watu katika mengi ya kazi hizi.
  • The United States population is getting older and needs more care.
  • People are spending more and more time and money on exercise and personal care.
  • People with high incomes are willing to pay other people to do their everyday chores, such as dog walking and shopping.
  • A lot of people do not want to do direct service jobs, such as cleaning and caring for the elderly or disabled.
  • Machines and robots cannot easily replace people in many of these jobs.

Huduma gani, huduma na kazi ya matengenezo?

Which care, service and maintenance job?

Kuna njia nyingi unaweza kufuata katika uwanja huu kuongezeka:

There are many paths you can follow in this growing field:

  • Mhudumiaji – kutunza wanyama wa kufugwa ni kazi ya kupanua kwa watu ambao wanafurahia kuwa na wanyama.
  • Wakunga – wakunga wanaotumikia na kuongoza umma katika sinema, kumbi za burudani, Kasinon, na pumbao mbuga.
  • Kusaidia kulea watoto – mahitaji ya wafanyakazi watoto katika vituo vya huduma za Day, shule na nyumba binafsi ni kuongezeka.
  • Cosmetologist – kutunza ngozi za watu na kutoa kila aina ya matibabu ya urembo ni sekta inayokua.
  • Fitness na burudani – walimu wa fitness na viongozi wa burudani wote ni kupanda nyanja za kazi.
  • Nywele Stylist – nywele za kukata na styling inahitaji mafunzo na hali kwa vyeti vya serikali.
  • Housekeepers na wajakazi – watu ambao wanafanya usafi na kazi nyingine za ndani katika nyumba binafsi na hoteli mara nyingi wanapaswa kufanya kazi za watu wasio wa kijamii..
  • Janitors – watu ambao wanafanya kazi nzito ya kusafisha na matengenezo katika majengo makubwa. Hii ni kazi ambapo kuna ongezeko la idadi ya nafasi.
  • Landscapers na wakulima – kazi nje ya kuchunga na kujenga yadi na maeneo makubwa zimetengwa, kama vile Hifadhi za umma na maeneo ya karibu na majengo makubwa.
  • Manicurist/pedicurist – wafanyakazi wa msumari wenye ujuzi watahitaji mafunzo na baadhi ya vyeti.
  • Mfanyakazi binafsi wa huduma (mtunzaji) – kuangalia baada ya watu wanaohitaji msaada wa kimwili, kama vile wazee. Hii ni moja ya kasi ya kuongezeka kwa ajira.
  • Msimamizi – nyumba nyingi, landscaping na timu za matengenezo na wasimamizi au mameneja ambao kuratibu na kufuatilia kazi zao.
  • Animal caretaker – taking care of pets is an expanding career for people who enjoy being with animals.
  • Attendants – attendants serve and guide the public at theaters, entertainment venues, casinos, and amusement parks.
  • Childcare – demand for childcare workers in daycare centers, schools and private homes is growing.
  • Cosmetologist – taking care of people’s skin and offering all kinds of beauty treatments is a growing industry.
  • Fitness and recreation – fitness instructors and recreation leaders are both growing fields of work.
  • Hair stylist – cutting and styling hair requires training and state-by-state certification.
  • Housekeepers and maids – people who perform cleaning and other domestic tasks in private homes and hotels often have to work unsocial hours.
  • Janitors – people who perform heavier cleaning duties and maintenance in large buildings. This is a job where there are growing numbers of vacancies.
  • Landscapers and gardeners ­– work outside tending and creating yards and larger landscaped areas, such as public parks and areas around large buildings.
  • Manicurist/pedicurist – professional nail workers will require training and some certification.
  • Personal care worker (caregiver) ­– looking after people who need physical help, such as the elderly. This is one the fastest-growing occupations.
  • Supervisor – many housekeeping, landscaping and maintenance teams have supervisors or managers who coordinate and monitor their work.

Je, huduma za kibinafsi na kazi za matengenezo ni sawa kwangu?

Are personal service and maintenance jobs right for me?

Kazi hizi ni tofauti sana, hivyo moja ya mashamba mengi inaweza kuwa fit nzuri kwa ajili yenu. Utaona kwa kusoma orodha hiyo hapo juu kwamba haya si kazi ya dawati. Wengi wao wangekuwa suti mtu ambaye hataki kuwa katika ofisi au kutumia muda mwingi kwenye kompyuta. Baadhi yao wanahitaji kazi nyingi za kimwili, kama vile janaji, mtunza bustani, na fitness mwalimu.

These jobs are very varied, so one of the many fields may be a good fit for you. You will see from reading the list above that these are not desk jobs. Most of them would suit a person who does not want be in an office or spend a lot of time on a computer. Some of them require a lot of physical work, such as janitor, gardener, and fitness instructor.

Binafsi huduma na kazi watoto si ya kimwili. Wanawaana watu ambao wanapenda wengine na ambao ni wavumilivu na wakarimu. Mhudumu kazi na baadhi ya kazi za kusafisha ofisi ni nzuri kwa wanafunzi au wengine ambao wanahitaji kufanya kazi jioni. Styling nywele, uzuri huduma, na huduma za Pet itakuwa nzuri kwa mtu ambaye anataka biashara yao wenyewe.

Personal care and childcare jobs are not so physical. They suit people who like caring for others and who are patient and kind. Attendant jobs and some office cleaning jobs are good for students or others who need to work in the evening. Hair styling, beauty services, and pet services would be good for a person who wants their own business.

Kuangalia mmiliki duka uzuri katika nyati, New York, na wakimbizi wengine wa zamani wanazungumza kuhusu kuanza biashara zao

Watch a beauty shop owner in Buffalo, New York, and other former refugees talk about starting their own businesses

Ambapo kuwasha?

Where do I start?

Uliza mashirika ya jamii

Ask community organizations

Kama wewe ni mkimbizi, Unaweza kuanza kwa kuuliza wakala wako wa makazi kuhusu mpango wao wa ajira. Mashirika mengi ya makazi na wahamiaji wana uhusiano na waajiri wa ndani, kama vile hoteli. Baadhi yao kutoa mipango ya mafunzo ya kazi pia. Pata mashirika katika jamii yako na FindHello.

If you are a refugee, you can start by asking your resettlement agency about their employment program. Many resettlement and immigrant organizations have relationships with local employers, such as hotels. Some of them offer work training programs too. Find organizations in your community with FindHello.

Huduma ya kibinafsi, kazi ya kusafisha na matengenezo hauhitaji mafunzo yoyote. Kwa mfano, hoteli mpya housekeama mhudumu wa ukumbi wa michezo itakuwa mafunzo juu ya kazi na msimamizi au Mfanyikazimwenzi. Soma kuhusu hoteli inayoamini kuajiri wakimbizi ni hatua nzuri.

Personal service, cleaning and maintenance jobs do not require any training. For example, a new hotel housekeeper or theater attendant will be trained on the job by a supervisor or coworker. Read about a hotel that believes employing refugees is a smart move.

Kupata madarasa karibu na wewe

Find classes near you

Huduma nyingine na kazi za matengenezo zitahitaji baadhi ya mafunzo. Vyuo vya kijamii kutoa kozi katika ujenzi na matengenezo ya mfumo ni muhimu kwa janitors. Wao pia kutoa kozi katika landscaping, dressing na huduma ya ngozi. Kupata chuo jamii karibu na wewe.

Other service and maintenance jobs will require some training. Community colleges offer courses in building and system maintenance are useful for janitors. They also offer courses in landscaping, hairdressing and skin care. Find a community college near you.

Nywele na uzuri mafunzo

Hair and beauty training

Pia kuna wengi nywele binafsi na shule za urembo. Kutafuta moja ambayo ni kupitishwa na chama cha Marekani ya shule ya cosmetology. Msumari, nywele na wataalamu wa urembo lazima kuwa na leseni katika hali yao.

There are also many private hair and beauty schools. Look for one that is approved by the American Association of Cosmetology Schools. Nail, hair and beauty professionals must be licensed in their state.

Kusaidia kulea watoto

Childcare

Huna haja ya leseni ya kuwatunza watoto nyumbani isipokuwa kuanza biashara watoto. Lakini kozi ya mtandaoni na hati ya utambulisho inaweza kukusaidia kupata kazi. Shirika la Msalaba Mwekundu lina kozi ya juu ya huduma ya mtoto unaweza kufanya mtandaoni. Utapata cheti. Kujifunza kuhusu Msalaba Mwekundu watoto mafunzo ya juu online.

You don’t need a license to take care of children at home unless you start a childcare business. But an online course and credential may help you find a job. The Red Cross has an advanced child care training course you can do online. You will get a certificate. Learn about Red Cross advanced childcare training online.

Nini kama mimi niko tayari sifa katika nchi nyingine?

What if I am already qualified in another country?

Kama una kufuzu au shahada kutoka nchi nyingine, Upwardly ya kimataifa husaidia mamlaka ya kazi wahamiaji, wakimbizi, asylees, na wamiliki wa viza upya kazi yao kitaaluma katika Marekani.

If you have a qualification or a degree from another country, Upwardly Global helps work-authorized immigrants, refugees, asylees, and visa holders restart their professional careers in the United States.

Je unahitaji nini kingine?

What else do I need?

Kujitayarisha kwa kazi au kutafuta ajira

Start your job search

Ikiwa hakuna Shirika la kukusaidia, Unaweza kuanza kwa kutumia kazi ambapo wafanyakazi wako katika mahitaji makubwa. Vituo vya ajira ya serikali ni bure. Kutoa ushauri na kuweka orodha ya kazi ya ndani. Wao kuwasaidia na wasifu na maombi ya kazi. Wao kukuunganisha kwenye mafunzo ya kazi na elimu. Tafuta kituo cha karibu cha ajira karibu.

If there is no organization to help you, you can start by applying for jobs where workers are in high demand. Government employment centers are free. They offer advice and keep a list of local jobs. They help with resumes and job applications. They can connect you to job training and education. Find your nearest employment center.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

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Asante kwa maoni yako!