Animal laws and pet rules

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Wamarekani kutumia fedha kuhifadhi nyikani kwa ajili ya wanyama na kujenga zoos nyingi. Mashamba na ng'ombe zao kuongeza wanyama kuzalisha chakula. And many Americans think of their pets, kawaida paka na mbwa, kama sehemu ya familia zao. Hata hivyo, there are some livestock and pet rules you need to follow to avoid fines or getting your animals taken away from you.

Americans spend a lot of money to preserve wilderness for animals and build zoos. Their farms and ranches raise animals to produce food. And many Americans think of their pets, usually cats and dogs, as part of their families. However, there are some livestock and pet rules you need to follow to avoid fines or getting your animals taken away from you.

Dogs as pets, photo courtesy of Matt Stenovec.
Photo courtesy of Matt Stenovec
Dogs as pets, photo courtesy of Matt Stenovec.
Photo courtesy of Matt Stenovec

Here are some rules to follow with animals and pets in the USA.

Here are some rules to follow with animals and pets in the USA.

Pet rules in apartments

Pet rules in apartments

Ghorofa mameneja wengi au wamiliki wa ardhi Usiruhusu wanyama. Ikiwa, they may have specific pet rules you must follow or they will charge a large security deposit or extra rent to discourage animals on their property. Kabla ya kupata pet ya aina yoyote, Kagua na mwenye nyumba. Baadhi itaruhusu paka, lakini si mbwa, Others will allow small dogs. Baadhi kuruhusu ndege caged, hedgehog, tank ya samaki wa dhahabu, shamba la mchwa, au hata nyoka nyasi, lakini si ya mbwa au paka. Poisonous or vicious animals of any kind are not acceptable. Kukiuka kanuni za mwenye nyumba juu ya kuweka wanyama wanaweza utupu mkataba wako na kusababisha hasara ya nyumba yako.

Many apartment managers or landlords do not allow pets. If they do, they may have specific pet rules you must follow or they will charge a large security deposit or extra rent to discourage animals on their property. Before getting a pet of any kind, check with your landlord. Some will allow a cat, but not a dog, Others will allow small dogs. Some will allow a caged bird, a hedgehog, a tank of gold fish, an ant farm, or even a grass snake, but not a dog or cat. Poisonous or vicious animals of any kind are not acceptable. Violating a landlord’s rules on keeping pets can void your contract and result in the loss of your home.

Kama kufurahia kampuni ya wanyama, lakini hairuhusiwi kuweka katika nyumba yako, Fikiria kujitolea kwa ajili ya makazi ya wanyama au kuanzisha biashara ndogo ndogo kama walker na wanyama, mkufunzi au groomer.

If you enjoy the company of animals, but aren’t allowed to keep them in your home, consider volunteering for an animal shelter or starting a small business as an animal walker, trainer or groomer.

Uzalishaji wa wanyama ni ukomo wa locales wengi, ili kuangalia na serikali yako kabla kuruhusu mbwa au paka na watoto wako; uuzaji wa wanyama pia umewekwa katika baadhi ya maeneo. Kuna zaidi kuhusu maduka pet, makazi na Hifadhi ya wanyama pori hapa chini.

Animal breeding is restricted in many locales, so check with your local government before letting your dog or cat have babies; the sale of pets is also regulated in some areas. There is more about pet shops, shelters and sanctuaries below.

Tiba, wanyama huduma na msaada

Therapy, service and assistance animals

Some people in the USA have animals to assist them, ikiwa ni pamoja na:

Some people in the USA have animals to assist them, including:

  • mwongozo wa mbwa na farasi kwa ajili ya vipofu na viziwi
  • “tahadhari” mbwa kwa ajili ya watu wenye kifafa na ugonjwa wa kisukari
  • tumbili wasaidizi kwa ajili ya huduma binafsi ya walemavu
  • faraja wanyama kama Sungura, ndege, Paka, na mbwa kukabiliana na wasiwasi
  • protection or watch dogs (na hata nguruwe) ili kujilinda dhidi ya hatari zingine za
  • guide dogs and horses for the blind and deaf
  • “alert” dogs for people with seizures and diabetes
  • monkey assistants for personal care of the disabled
  • comfort pets like rabbits, birds, cats, and dogs to combat anxiety
  • protection or watch dogs (and even pigs) to guard against other risks

Usishangae kuona mbwa katika hospitali, Madaktari’ ofisi za, nyumba ya uuguzi, maduka, viwanja vya ndege na mbuga. Wengi ni mpole kabisa, lakini kamwe pet mbwa bila kwanza kupata ruhusa kutoka kishika ya.

Don’t be surprised to see dogs in hospitals, doctors’ offices, nursing homes, shopping malls, airports and parks. Most are quite gentle, but never pet a dog without first getting permission from the handler.

Kama daktari Ameifaradhisha kwako pet tiba au msaada, na umepewa mafunzo ya utunzaji wa pet kwamba, mwenye nyumba kawaida ina kukubali. But you must have official paperwork proving the animal is qualified and required to keep you safe, and it must never be a threat to anyone else.

If a doctor has prescribed for you a therapy or assistance pet, and you have been trained in the care of that pet, the landlord usually has to accept it. But you must have official paperwork proving the animal is qualified and required to keep you safe, and it must never be a threat to anyone else.

Wafanyakazi wa polisi na uokoaji mara nyingi hutumia mbwa na farasi kupata watu waliopotea au kudhibiti hali ya hatari. Wakati unaweza kuona mtu kufanya kazi na mbwa au farasi, it is best to obey any orders and not interrupt or get in the way.

Police and rescue personnel often use dogs and horses to find lost people or to control dangerous situations. When you see someone working with a dog or horse, it is best to obey any orders and not interrupt or get in the way.

Licensing and other pet rules

Licensing and other pet rules

Most communities have pet rules that require you to keep animals healthy. Wanaomba mwenzi kwamba wanyama kama mbwa na Paka kuwa chanjo ya kichaa cha mbwa na leseni, hivyo, inaweza kudhaniwa zinazohimili magonjwa na kama aliyerejea kupatikana kuendesha huru. Baadhi ya miji zinahitaji wanyama kwa kuwa neutered, au “fasta,” hivyo hawawezi kuzaliana. Faini kubwa wanaweza kushtakiwa na wanyama kuchukuliwa mbali na wewe kama mahitaji haya hayakutimizwa.

Most communities have pet rules that require you to keep animals healthy. They ask that companion animals like dogs and cats be vaccinated for rabies and licensed, so they can be presumed disease-free and returned if found running loose. Some cities require pets to be neutered, or “fixed,” so they cannot reproduce. Large fines can be charged and animals taken away from you if these requirements are not met.

The law says pets must have shelter from the heat, baridi, mvua na theluji. Kagua na polisi Idara au mnyama udhibiti ofisi yako kwa maelezo. Ukigundua mnyama wako inakosekana, Kagua kitongoji, simu polisi au mnyama udhibiti, kuweka matangazo, na kufuatilia “kupatikana pet” tovuti.

The law says pets must have shelter from the heat, cold, rain and snow. Check with your police department or animal control office for details. If you notice your pet is missing, check the neighborhood, call police or animal control, put up notices, and monitor “found pet” websites.

Kama mnyama wako ni zilizokusanywa na polisi, utakuwa na kuthibitisha ni yako na kutoa vyeti vya usajili na chanjo, na unaweza kuwa na kulipa makubwa ya faini, wakati mwingine kama vile $100, kupata mnyama wako nyuma. Kama si kudai mnyama wako ndani ya siku chache, pet ya wanaweza kuuawa (euthanized, “kuweka chini” au “kuweka kulala”).

If your pet is collected by police, you will have to prove it is yours by producing registration and vaccination certificates, and you may have to pay a considerable fine, sometimes as much as $100, to get your pet back. If you do not claim your pet within a few days, the pet may be killed (euthanized, “put down” or “put to sleep”).

Katika maeneo ya vijijini, Pet leseni inaweza kutohitajika, lakini wanyama kufuga ya ukubwa wote na aina bado lazima kuwa chanjo, kusimamiwa au zilizomo. Kama mnyama anapata kutoka enclosure ya na husababisha ajali, mmiliki wa mnyama wanaweza kushtakiwa na kulipia fidia zote. Hii ni hatari hasa kwa wanyama wakubwa kama farasi na ng'ombe, lakini wanyama hata ndogo inaweza kusababisha madereva acha na ajali. Kama wewe ni kuendesha gari na kukutana mnyama katika njia yako, kuweka gurudumu moja kwa moja na polepole chini. Ishara na hoja ya upande wa barabara kama hit mnyama. Read more about this below, chini ya “Livestock and farm animals.

In rural areas, pet licensing might not be required, but domesticated animals of all sizes and types still must be vaccinated, supervised or contained. If an animal gets out of an enclosure and causes an accident, the animal’s owner can be charged with paying for all the damages. This is particularly serious with large animals like horses and cows, but even smaller animals can cause drivers to swerve and crash. If you are driving and encounter an animal in your path, keep the wheel straight and slow down. Signal and move to the side of the road if you hit an animal. Read more about this below, under “Livestock and farm animals.”

Pet expenses

Pet expenses

Ni bora kulipa kwa ajili ya neutering, chanjo na leseni mbele. Gharama hizo kwa kawaida kuendesha kuhusu $400, kulingana na ukubwa na jinsia ya mnyama. Baada ya hapo gharama ya kulisha na kutunza pet wastani ni kuhusu $600 kwa mwaka. Duka kwa ajili ya kliniki za mifugo ya gharama nafuu na matukio ya msimu kuendeleza gharama nafuu wanyama kupitishwa.

It is best to pay for neutering, vaccinations and licensing up front. Those costs typically run about $400, depending on the size and sex of the animal. Thereafter the cost of feeding and caring for the average pet is about $600 per year. Shop around for low-cost veterinary clinics and seasonal events that promote low-cost animal adoption.

Good pet protocol

Good pet protocol

Si kila mtu anapenda wanyama au laidhinisha wao kuishi majumbani na wanaoendesha katika magari. Baadhi ya watu ni hofu ya au mzio kwao. Wageni na nyumba yako kujua kuwa wanyama na waulize kama wana matatizo yoyote kabla ya wao kufika. Ni heshima kwa kuweka wanyama katika chumba kingine wakati wageni kutembelea, na kama wanyama na chuki wageni, Inapendekezwa hatuistahili. Watu wengi kuweka mbwa kwa ajili ya usalama, hivyo si tunakisia kutembelea mtu bila mwaliko. Ikiwa wewe au mtu mwingine ni kuumwa na mbwa, kupata matibabu haraka na kutoa taarifa kwa polisi ili wao kujilinda dhidi ya uwezekano wa kuwa tishio kwa afya ya umma.

Not everyone likes animals or approves of them living in homes and riding in cars. Some people are afraid of or allergic to them. Let guests to your home know you have pets and ask if they have any problems before they arrive. It’s polite to put animals in another room when guests are visiting, and if the pets dislike strangers, it’s doubly recommended. Many people keep dogs for security, so don’t presume to visit someone without an invitation. If you or someone else is bitten by a dog, get prompt medical attention and report it to police so they can guard against a potential threat to public health.

Jamii nyingi zinahitaji wote mbwa na Paka leashed au kuwazuia wakati nje ya nyumbani au yadi kuwazuia kutoka kujisumbua wengine na kwa ajili ya usalama wao wenyewe.

Most communities require both dogs and cats be leashed or restrained when outside the home or yard to prevent them from bothering others and for their own protection.

Pet rules for injuries and abuse

Pet rules for injuries and abuse

Kama mnyama wako imekumbwa na gari, mifugo kuvurugika, au kuumwa mtu hali akizurura unsupervised, polisi wanaweza kuwa na kuua kulinda umma. Wakati mwingine mnyama aliyejeruhiwa huwekwa kama kuna mtu wa kulipa kwa ajili ya matibabu. Wewe pengine atashtakiwa kwa ajili ya fidia na gharama yoyote. Pet waliotoroka anaweza kuwa mwathirika wa coyote au mnyama mwingine mawindo, or taken in by someone who never reports it.

If your pet has been hit by a car, bothered livestock, or bitten someone while wandering unsupervised, the police may have to kill it to protect the public. Sometimes an injured animal is put down if there is no one to pay for medical care. You probably will be charged for any damages and expenses. A runaway pet can also become the victim of a coyote or other prey animal, or taken in by someone who never reports it.

Wanyama rafiki lazima vibaya, hurt or injured in the USA, na ni kosa kubwa sana karibu kila mahali kufanya ngono na mnyama. Kanuni nzuri ikifuatiwa na wamiliki wengi wa pet ni kamwe kufanya chochote ili mnyama mwenzi si ungefanya kwa mtoto. Hali nyingine ni kutambua kwamba kama una njaa, kiu, moto au baridi, your companion pet probably is, pia, hivyo faraja yoyote unaweza kutoa mwenyewe unapaswa kuonyeshwa kwa pet.

Companion animals must not be abused, hurt or injured in the USA, and it is a serious crime nearly everywhere to have sex with an animal. A good rule followed by many pet owners is never to do anything to a companion animal that you would not do to a child. Another consideration is to realize that if you are hungry, thirsty, hot or cold, your companion pet probably is, too, so whatever comfort you provide for yourself should be extended to a pet.

Wanyama wa mifugo na shamba

Livestock and farm animals

Many different animals are raised on farms and ranches in the USA, ikiwa ni pamoja na ng'ombe, farasi, kondoo, mbuzi, nguruwe, kuku, Sungura, Mbuni, llamas, Bison, na samaki na samakigamba. Most animals are kept to produce food, Lakini baadhi hufugwa kwa ajili ya elimu au furaha. Others live in refuges or shelters where the animals cannot be killed and eaten.

Many different animals are raised on farms and ranches in the USA, including cows, horses, sheep, goats, pigs, chickens, rabbits, ostriches, llamas, bison, and fish and shellfish. Most animals are kept to produce food, but some are kept for education or pleasure. Others live in refuges or shelters where the animals cannot be killed and eaten.

Eating animals

Eating animals

Most Americans are meat eaters, Lakini hadi 10% ya idadi ya watu ama kuwa na nguvu ya kidini, mazingira au sababu za kiafya kwa ajili ya kula mboga tu. Baadhi ya watu watakula samaki na kuku lakini hakuna “nyekundu” nyama (nyama ya ng'ombe au nyama ya ndama kutoka ng'ombe, nguruwe kutoka nguruwe, au mwana-kondoo na nyama ya mbuzi kutoka kondoo). Jiji baadhi kuweka kuku kwa mayai, ambapo kuruhusiwa.

Most Americans are meat eaters, but up to 10% of the population either have strong religious, environmental or health reasons for eating only vegetables. Some people will eat fish and poultry but no “red” meat (beef or veal from cows, pork from pigs, or lamb and mutton from sheep). Some city-dwellers keep chickens for eggs, where allowed.

Kutokana na upendeleo kwa ajili ya nyama ya mbuzi miongoni mwa wakimbizi wengi, a number of goat farms have been established. Eating horse meat is generally frowned upon in the USA, na ni haramu katika jamii nyingi kula farasi, mbwa, Paka, au wanyama wengine kwa ujumla au jadi naendelea kama mnyama au mwenzi. Njiwa au squirrels hawakupata katika pori inaweza kuwa sawa kula, but never catch such animals in a public park.

Due to the preference for goat meat among many refugees, a number of goat farms have been established. Eating horse meat is generally frowned upon in the USA, and it is illegal in most communities to eat horse, dog, cat, or any other animal generally or traditionally kept as a pet or companion. Pigeons or squirrels caught in the wild may be OK to eat, but never catch such animals in a public park.

Farm animals

Farm animals

Katika maeneo ya vijijini, you may see herds of cows or sheep being being moved along roads by people on foot and in vehicles, na mbwa kazi katika pande zao. Give these herds the right of way. Kuacha na kusubiri kwa ajili ya wachungaji wa wimbi, kupitia, na kuendelea polepole. Si honk pembe yako au unaweza kusababisha alikanyagwa na. Kama kukwama katika throng ya, kuweka madirisha yako akavingirisha, and don’t be too surprised if a sheepdog climbs over your car to do its job.

In rural areas, you may see herds of cows or sheep being being moved along roads by people on foot and in vehicles, with dogs working at their sides. Give these herds the right of way. Stop and wait for the herders to wave you through, and proceed slowly. Don’t honk your horn or you could cause a stampede. If stuck in a throng, keep your windows rolled up, and don’t be too surprised if a sheepdog climbs over your car to do its job.

Wakulima kuwa na muda mrefu lilitegemea paka kuweka panya nje ya nafaka na mbegu. Nyoka pia ungependa kula panya (Ingawa nyoka asili zaidi si uzoefu wa Paka), hivyo paka shamba unaweza kuweka mbali panya wote na nyoka. Ni bora kufanya shamba uhakika hata paka (au “mousers” kama wakati mwingine wanaitwa) chanjo na neutered.

Farmers have long depended on cats to keep mice out of their grains and seeds. Snakes also like to eat mice (though most native snakes are not fond of cats), so a farm cat can keep away both mice and snakes. It is best to make sure even farm cats (or “mousers” as they are sometimes called) are vaccinated and neutered.

Mashindano na mapigano

Racing and fighting

Farasi na mbwa ni wakakimbilia kwa ajili ya michezo, lakini tu katika mataifa machache. Many people think this is cruel to the animals and risky for the people betting on the races, so they are regulated by governments. Nowhere is dogfighting kisheria, na adhabu kali ya uhalifu kuwepo kwa wale hawakupata kuweka wanyama na watu katika hatari. Kupambana na jogoo ni haramu kila mahali isipokuwa Louisiana na New Mexico, and it is not widely supported even there.

Both horses and dogs are raced for sport, but only in a few states. Many people think this is cruel to the animals and risky for the people betting on the races, so they are regulated by governments. Nowhere is dogfighting legal, and severe criminal penalties exist for those caught putting animals and people at risk. Cock-fighting is illegal everywhere except Louisiana and New Mexico, and it is not widely supported even there.

Wanyama kigeni

Exotic animals

Twenty states have pet rules that ban exotic animals, kama vile wanyama watambaao kubwa, chui nk. Katika places where they are legal, haya “exotics” lazima uwe na vibali na leseni na kuwa kwa makini inasimamiwa kwa ajili ya kuwazuia kupata katika mazingira asili au kuunda matatizo kwa ajili ya wanyama iliyopo na wamiliki. Burmese pythons, kwa mfano, brought into the USA by collectors and released or escaped, have been known to eat neighborhood pets and local wildlife.

Twenty states have pet rules that ban exotic animals, such as large reptiles, tigers etc. In the places where they are legal, these “exotics” must have permits and licenses and be carefully supervised to prevent them from getting into the natural environment or creating problems for existing animals and their owners. Burmese pythons, for example, brought into the USA by collectors and released or escaped, have been known to eat neighborhood pets and local wildlife.

Kununua pet

Buying a pet

Baadhi ya maduka kuuza wanyama wa nyumbani, zaidi ya mbwa, Paka, wanyama wagugunaji ndogo na ndege, lakini pia chochote ni mtindo hivi karibuni. Some new pets are being bred in cruel conditions to satisfy the latest whim created by a movie or other trend. Wakati huo huo wanyama ni kuwa kuweka katika maskani kukosa nyumba kujali. Kama unataka pet, Fikiria kwenda yako shughuli za maskani wa wanyama wa ndani badala ya kwa duka la pet.

Some shops sell pets, mostly dogs, cats, small rodents and birds, but also whatever is the latest fashion. Some new pets are being bred in cruel conditions to satisfy the latest whim created by a movie or other trend. Meanwhile pets are being put down in shelters for lack of caring homes. If you want a pet, think about going to your local animal shelter instead of to a pet shop.

Inaonyesha na maonyesho

Shows and exhibitions

Some people in the USA who are really proud of their cats, mbwa, ndege ya kigeni, na farasi kukutana mara kwa mara kuonyesha wanyama wao. Wana vyama na magazeti kuendeleza hobby yao. Wanafunzi wanaweza kushirikishwa kikamilifu katika kuonyesha wanyama wa shamba na mifugo. Watu wengi kama kuonyesha vipaji ya mbwa wao uwindaji na uchungaji kondoo katika mashindano kuitwa “trials.” Ukienda, kuangalia jinsi wengine kuishi karibu na wanyama, na utambue kwamba wamiliki wengi hawataki wageni kugusa wanyama wao.

Some people in the USA who are really proud of their cats, dogs, exotic birds, and horses meet regularly to show their animals. They have associations and magazines promoting their hobby. Students can be actively involved in showing farm animals and livestock. Many people like to demonstrate the talent of their hunting and sheep-herding dogs at competitions called “trials.” If you go, watch how others behave around the animals, and notice that most owners do not want strangers touching their animals.

Jifunze zaidi

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