Utawala wa umma ajira na kazi

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Jifunze kuhusu kazi ya utawala wa umma na aina tofauti ya kazi ya huduma lisilo na umma. Soma kuhusu mapito ya kazi tofauti unaweza kuchukua katika utawala wa umma. Kujua nini mafunzo unaweza haja na wapi pa kuanzia utafutizi wako kazi.

Learn about public administration jobs and different kinds of non-profit and public service work. Read about the different career paths you can take in public administration. Find out what training you need and where to start your job search.

public administration jobs

public administration jobs

Kazi ya utawala wa umma ni kazi ambazo kutumikia umma. Katika nyingi ya kazi hizi, itakuwa kazi kwa ajili ya serikali – hii inaweza kuwa ndani, hali, au shirikisho (Taifa) serikali. Au unafanya kazi kwa ajili ya shirika lisilo la. Hii inaweza kuwa kitu chochote kutoka kwa kusaidia watu kupata makazi ili kuchangisha fedha kwa ajili ya upendo.

Public administration jobs are jobs that serve the public. In many of these jobs, you will be working for the government – this could be local, state, or federal (national) government. Or you could work for a non-profit organization. This could be anything from helping people find housing to fundraising for a charity.

Kazi ya utawala wa umma na huduma zinatoa mara nyingi kukabiliana na kutatua matatizo. Matatizo ni sehemu ya maisha, na daima kuna mahitaji kwa ajili ya watu ambao wako tayari kukabiliana na matatizo haya. Kama changamoto, Hii ni shamba la kusisimua kuingia. Kazi katika serikali na utawala wa umma ni mahali ambapo unaweza kusaidia watu na jamii yako.

Public administration jobs and the services they provide often deal with solving problems. Problems are part of life, and there is always a demand for people who are willing to tackle these problems. If you like challenges, this is an exciting field to get into. A job in government and public administration is a place where you can help people and your community.

Kazi ambayo utawala wa umma?

Which public administration job?

Kazi ya utawala wa umma kufuata njia nyingi tofauti:

Public administration jobs can follow many different paths:

  • Msimamizi wa elimu – elimu ni sehemu kubwa ya huduma za serikali. Wataalamu katika eneo hili la kusimamia shule na vyuo.
  • Mkurugenzi Mtendaji – Mkurugenzi wa shirika lisilo la inatetea shirika, huwafufua fedha, ana mikutano na Gawa majukumu kwa watumishi. Kujifunza jinsi ya kuwa Mkurugenzi wa Mtendaji wa vimesajiliwa.
  • Mshauri wa utawala wa umma – washauri kuwashauri mashirika ya serikali na mashirika yasiyo ya faida juu ya masuala kama vile ya kufanya sera za, Mkutano wa bajeti, na jinsi ya kupanga vizuri.
  • Meya – mameya kuongea kwa miji yao na jamii, kazi na halmashauri ya jiji la, na kufanya mipango ya kutatua matatizo ya jamii. Mameya ni viongozi waliochaguliwa.
  • Msaidizi wa programu – Msaidizi wa programu husaidia kuandaa programu na kusaidia programu Mkurugenzi – nzuri jiwe wanazidi nyinginezo lisilo. Kujifunza jinsi ya kuwa msaidizi wa programu.
  • Meneja wa kesi – Meneja kesi husaidia watu na hali zao fulani, kama vile fedha, kisheria, matibabu, kazi, au makazi masuala. Ujuzi wa lugha mbili ni katika mahitaji, hivyo hii itakuwa kazi bora kwa ajili ya wakimbizi na wahamiaji.
  • Mchambuzi wa masuala ya programu – wachambuzi wa masuala ya programu kuboresha programu na kutathmini na kuchambua yao, kutafuta njia ya kuwafanya wawe bora zaidi. Hii ni utaalamu wa thamani kama programu nyingi katika serikali na mashirika yasiyo ya faida inaweza kuboreshwa kwa msaada wa nje.
  • Mfasiri na mkalimani – wakalimani kazi na maneno yaliyosemwa na mazungumzo, na wafasiri kufanya kazi na maneno yaliyoandikwa. Mtu mmoja anaweza kufanya kazi zote. Hizi ni kazi kubwa kwa ajili ya wakimbizi na wahamiaji. Kujifunza jinsi ya kuwa mfasiri au mkalimani.
  • Wataalamu wa makazi – watu wanaofanya kazi katika kazi hizi ni kuwajibika kwa ajili ya kusaidia familia kupata nyumba za bei nafuu. Tangu haja kwa ajili ya makazi ya gharama nafuu ni kupanda kwa ajili ya wakimbizi na wahamiaji, hii itakuwa ni kazi kubwa kwa kuangalia katika.
  • Mshiriki wa utafiti – kama una nia katika kufanya tafiti na mahojiano, na kutoa vifaa na ripoti, hii itakuwa kazi bora kwa ajili yenu.
  • Education administrator – education is a big part of government services. Professionals in this area of manage schools and colleges.
  • Executive director – a director of a non-profit organization advocates for the organization, raises money, holds meetings and assign duties to the staff. Learn how to be a nonprofit executive director.
  • Public administration consultant – consultants advise government agencies and non-profits on issues such as making policies, meeting budgets, and how to organize well.
  • Mayor – mayors speak up for their cities and communities, work with the city council, and make plans to solve community problems. Mayors are elected officials.
  • Program assistant – a program assistant helps organize programs and support the programs director – a good stepping stone to other non-profit jobs. Learn how to be a program assistant.
  • Case manager – a case manager helps people with their particular situations, such as financial, legal, medical, work, or housing issues. Bilingual skills are in demand, so this would be an excellent career for refugees and immigrants.
  • Program analyst – program analysts improve programs by evaluating and analyzing them, finding ways to make them more effective. This is valuable expertise as many programs in government and non-profits can be improved with outside help.
  • Translator and interpreter – interpreters work with spoken words and conversations, and translators work with written words. The same person can do both jobs. These are great jobs for refugees and immigrants. Learn how to be a translator or interpreter.
  • Housing specialists – people who work in these careers are responsible for helping families find affordable housing. Since the need for affordable housing is rising for refugees and immigrants, this will be a great career to look into.
  • Research associate – if you are interested in conducting researches and interviews, and producing materials and reports, this would be an excellent career for you.

Ni utawala wa umma kazi haki kwa ajili yangu?

Is public administration the right job for me?

Kama kazi na umma, Hii ni uwanja wa kazi nzuri kwa ajili yenu. Mawasiliano ni muhimu katika eneo hilo – unahitaji ujuzi wa kuandika vizuri na ujuzi mzuri wa Kiingereza.

If you like working with the public, this is a good career field for you. Communication is important in the area – you will need good writing skills and good English skills.

Pia, unaweza kuweka mali yako mgeni kutumia vizuri! Ujuzi wa lugha yako na ufahamu wa tamaduni zingine itakuwa thamani katika uga wowote ambapo ni kuwasaidia wahamiaji au kushughulika na nchi nyingine.

Also, you can put your newcomer assets to good use! Your language skills and understanding of other cultures will be valued in any field where you are helping immigrants or dealing with other countries.

Ikiwa huna uhakika kama ndiyo kazi sahihi kwako, Unaweza kupima na kujitathmini katika careeronestop.org. Unaweza pia kuangalia video kuhusu serikali na utawala wa umma ajira.

If you are not sure if this is the right career for you, you can take a self-assessment test at careeronestop.org. You can also watch a video about government and public administration jobs.

Ambapo kuwasha?

Where do I start?

Unaweza kupata katika kazi ya utumishi wa umma katika njia kadhaa.

You can get into a public service career in several ways.

Tumia uzoefu wako

Use your experience

Unaweza kupata katika baadhi ya kazi za utawala wa umma kwa sababu ya uzoefu wako ya awali ya kazi. Watu kuingia utawala wa umma kutoka maeneo mengine mengi: Sayansi, masoko, afya, biashara, na elimu. Kwa mfano, kama nimefanya kazi kama mwalimu, haikuweza kuhamisha katika kazi ya utawala katika elimu. Kama unafanya kazi ndogo makazi lisilo, wanaweza kuhama kutoka mahali na mkalimani katika kuwa meneja kesi ambao husaidia watu kupata makazi. Kama wewe tayari ni mwajiriwa wa umma katika kazi yoyote, ambayo inaweza kusaidia pia.

You can get into some public administration jobs because of your previous work experience. People enter public administration from many other fields: science, marketing, health, business, and education. For example, if you have worked as a teacher, you could transfer into an administrative job in education. If you work for a small housing non-profit, you may move from an interpreter position into being a case manager who helps people find housing. If you are already a public employee in any job, that can help too.

Kupata sifa

Get qualified

Waajiri wengi itakuwa kuangalia hati maalum. Wao kutaka mtu na kupata shahada au shahada ya uzamili katika utawala wa umma, Lakini mara nyingi shahada nyingine katika shamba husika kufanya – kazi ya kijamii, usimamizi, na sifa ya mawasiliano ni muhimu wote katika kazi ya utawala wa umma. Ya uzamili katika utawala wa umma (MPA) ni kigezo juu kwa ajili ya watu wanaotaka kufanya kazi katika serikali. Kawaida inachukua miaka miwili juu yako shahada ya ya.

Many employers will look for more specific credentials. They may want someone with an Associate’s degree or Bachelor’s degree in public administration, but often another degree in a related field will do – social work, management, and communications qualifications are all useful in public administration careers. A Master’s in public administration (MPA) is a top qualification for people who want to work in government. It usually takes another two years on top of your Bachelor’s degree.

Meneja kuthibitishwa ya umma (CPM) ni mtu ambaye imekamilisha mpango wa mafunzo. Kama wewe tayari mfanyakazi wa umma, hii itakuwa njia ya kupata katika utawala. Tafuta kozi CPM.

A Certified Public Manager (CPM) is someone who has completed a certified training program. If you already a public employee, this would be a way to get into administration. Find a CPM course.

Jifunze mtandaoni

Learn online

Inawezekana kupata MPA ya mtandaoni wakati kazi na kupata uzoefu kama mwajiriwa wa umma au na mashirika yasiyo ya faida. Kupata shule mtandaoni na programu ya MPA.

It is possible to get an MPA online while you work and gain experience as a public employee or with a non-profit. Find online schools with MPA Programs.

Kupata madarasa karibu na wewe

Find classes near you

Vyuo vya jamii wengi kutoa kozi ambazo zinaweza kusababisha kazi katika utawala wa umma. Kozi ya kawaida ni pamoja na usimamizi wa umma, maamuzi, utumishi wa umma, bajeti, mashirika ya umma, na utawala wa sekta ya umma. Kupata chuo jamii karibu na wewe.

Many community colleges offer courses that can lead to careers in public administration. A typical course will include public management, decision making, civil service, budgeting, public organizations, and public-sector administration. Find a community college near you.

Kujitolea

Volunteer

Unaweza kupata uzoefu na kujitolea katika Shirika la eneo. Utajifunza mashirika lisilo jinsi kazi, kuboresha ujuzi wako wa uongozi na mawasiliano, na kujenga mtandao wako. Kupata nafasi ya kujitolea katika Volunteermatch.org.

You can gain experience by volunteering at a local organization. You will learn how non-profit organizations work, improve your leadership and communication skills, and build your network. Find a place to volunteer at Volunteermatch.org.

Nini kama mimi niko tayari sifa katika nchi nyingine?

What if I am already qualified in another country?

Kama una shahada ya utawala wa umma katika nchi nyingine, Upwardly ya kimataifa husaidia mamlaka ya kazi wahamiaji, wakimbizi, asylees, na wamiliki wa viza ya muda mfupi maalum (SIVs) Washa upya kazi yao kitaaluma katika Marekani.

If you have a public administration degree in another country, Upwardly Global helps work-authorized immigrants, refugees, asylees, and special immigrant visa holders (SIVs) restart their professional careers in the USA.

Je unahitaji nini kingine?

What else do I need?

Kujitayarisha kwa kazi au kutafuta ajira

Start your job search

Unataka kufanya kazi kwa ajili ya serikali ya Marekani, serikali za mitaa, au kwa shirika lisilo la? Hapa ni baadhi ya Machaguo:

Do you want to work for the US government, local government, or for a non-profit organization? Here are some options:

  • Tafutiza kazi mtandaoni tovuti
    Idealist.org
    za kazi na mashirika lisilo.
  • Search online job websites
    Idealist.org
    lists jobs with non-profit organizations.

 

 

  • Kutumia tovuti ya serikali
    Kutafuta ajira na serikali yako, kuanza na tovuti zao rasmi. Itakuwa jina la hali yako ikifuatiwa na “.inataka” – kwa mfano, Montana.gov. Kwenye ukurasa wa nyumbani, utapata tab ambayo inasema kitu kama kazi, ajira, wafanyakazi au kazi. Serikali ya Marekani hana na tovuti kwa ajili ya kazi za serikali. Kawaida, una kuwa raia wa Marekani kufanya kazi kwa ajili ya serikali ya shirikisho, lakini kuna Vighairi. Ujuzi wako lugha kuhitajika, kwa mfano.
  • Use government websites
    To look for jobs with your state government, start with their official website. It will be the name of your state followed by “.gov” – for example, Montana.gov. On the home page, you will find a tab that says something like careers, employment, workforce or jobs. The US government has a website for government jobs. Usually, you have to be a US citizen to work for the federal government, but there are exceptions. Your language skills may be needed, for example.

 

 

  • Tumia kituo cha ajira za ndani yako
    Vituo vya ajira ya serikali katika kila mji ni bure. Kutoa ushauri na kuweka orodha ya kazi ya ndani. Zinajumuisha kaunti na mji na ajira lisilo. Unaweza pia kupata msaada pale yakiendelea na maombi ya kazi. Wao kukuunganisha kwenye mafunzo ya kazi na elimu. Kupata Kituo cha ajira yako karibu.
  • Use your local employment center
    Government employment centers in every city are free. They offer advice and keep a list of local jobs. They will include county and city and non-profit jobs. You can also get help there with resumes and job applications. They can connect you to job training and education. Find your nearest employment center.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

Kujitayarisha kwa kazi au kutafuta ajira

Jifunze jinsi ya kupata kazi na kufanya Hatinafsi kuu.

Kupata msaada wa kazi sasa

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Asante kwa maoni yako!