Jinsi ya kutumia usafiri wa umma

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Do you need to get to places in the USA? Some of the distances you need to go are too far to walk. You will need different types of transportation to get to work, shule, na maeneo ya duka. Services such as buses and subway trains are called public transportation, or mass transit. Here is some information to help you understand buses and subway systems.

Do you need to get to places in the USA? Some of the distances you need to go are too far to walk. You will need different types of transportation to get to work, school, and places to shop. Services such as buses and subway trains are called public transportation, or mass transit. Here is some information to help you understand buses and subway systems.

woman getting on public transportation train

woman getting on public transportation train

Public transportation is an important part of life in the USA. Getting around can take up a lot of your time. If you live in a big city, you will have access to public transportation, ikiwa ni pamoja na mabasi, teksi, subway. Many cities also have vans or cars especially for senior citizens and the disabled. Kama ni kuchagua mahali pa kuishi, Jaribu kupata ghorofa au nyumba karibu na usafiri wa umma, kama inawezekana.

Public transportation is an important part of life in the USA. Getting around can take up a lot of your time. If you live in a big city, you will have access to public transportation, including buses, taxis, the subway. Many cities also have vans or cars especially for senior citizens and the disabled. If you are choosing where to live, try to find an apartment or house near public transportation, if possible.

Mara ya kwanza, inaweza kuwa vigumu kuelewa maelekezo na wewe kupata waliopotea. Ramani za Google ni moja ya rasilimali bora kukusaidia kupata kile ni kuangalia kwa. Ni chombo cha mtandaoni kwamba nitakupa maelekezo uliko kupitia kutembea, usafiri wa umma, au kuendesha gari.

At first, it may be difficult to understand directions and you may get lost. Google Maps is one of the best resources to help you find what you are looking for. It is an online tool that will give you directions to where you are going via walking, public transportation, or driving.

You will also need to learn how the buses and subways work.

You will also need to learn how the buses and subways work.

Mabasi

Buses

Mabasi ya umma huwa njia rahisi zaidi ya kupata kutoka sehemu moja hadi nyingine. They can be crowded and slow, Hata hivyo.

Public buses are usually the cheapest way to get from one place to another. They can be crowded and slow, however.

Mara nyingi unaweza kununua pasi basi kila wiki au kila mwezi. Kutinga na wanafunzi hata huenda uwezo wa wapanda mabasi ya usafiri wa umma kwa ajili ya bure.

You can often buy a weekly or monthly bus pass. Seniors and students may even be able to ride the public transportation bus for free.

You can find out how to buy a bus pass in your city by searching online. Type the name of your city and then the wordsbus pass information.

You can find out how to buy a bus pass in your city by searching online. Type the name of your city and then the words “bus pass information.”

 

 

Traveling by bus can be confusing. Hapa ni baadhi ya vidokezo ili kukusaidia kujifunza kwa wapanda basi.

Traveling by bus can be confusing. Here are some tips to help you learn to ride the bus.

Planning your bus journey

Planning your bus journey

• Mabasi wengi kuwa jina la njia au idadi. Kwa mfano, huenda wapanda idadi ya mabasi 52. Basi hili tutafuata njia hiyo hiyo kila wakati na kuacha katika sehemu sawa.

• Most buses have a route name or number. For example, you may ride bus number 52. This bus will follow the same route every time and will stop at the same places.

• Kupata njia yako basi. Kuwe na ramani ya mtandaoni ya njia zote za mabasi katika mji wako au mji. Kama unahitaji msaada, kwenda kituo cha mabasi kuu mjini na kuomba msaada kutoka dawati taarifa. Wao inaweza kuchapishwa ramani kukupa, vituo vingi vya mabasi na ramani katika bodi za habari kubwa. Mabasi mengi pia kuwa uliopangwa mara kufika Komesha kila.

• Find your bus route. There should be maps online of all bus routes in your town or city. If you need help, go to the main bus station in town and ask for help from the information desk. They may have printed maps to give you, and most bus stations have maps on large information boards. Many buses also have scheduled times to arrive at each stop.

• Mabasi zina masaa tofauti kwa siku za wiki (Siku ya Jumatatu, Jumanne, Jumatano, Alhamisi, na Ijumaa) and weekends (Jumamosi na Jumapili). Basi inaweza pia kuwa masaa tofauti au si kukimbia kwenye likizo, kama vile ya Krismasi.

• Buses usually have different hours on weekdays (Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, and Friday) and weekends (Saturday and Sunday). The bus may also have different hours or not run on holidays, such as Christmas.

• Mazoezi safari yako basi kabla ya siku yako ya kwanza ya kazi au shule. Hivi, unajua njia basi (barabara basi viendeshi kwenye) na kutambua basi kuacha ambapo unahitaji kupata.

• Practice your bus ride before your first day of work or school. This way, you will know the bus route (the roads the bus drives on) and recognize the bus stop where you need to get off.

Starting your bus journey

Starting your bus journey

• Tafuta wako karibu basi kuacha. Kujaribu kuwa dakika chache mapema katika kesi basi ni mapema. Mara nyingi zaidi, kama kuna mengi ya ujenzi ya trafiki au barabara, basi huenda mwishoni mwa. Unaweza kutaka kuchukua basi mapema ili kuhakikisha kwamba unaweza kufika kazini kwa wakati.

• Find your nearest bus stop. Try to be a few minutes early in case the bus is early. More often, if there is a lot of traffic or road construction, the bus may be late. You may want to take an early bus to make sure you arrive to work on time.

• Wakati unapoona basi na kuja kwenu namba, kusimama kwa ishara ya kuacha basi na wimbi mkono wako. Hivi, dereva watajua kuacha na kuchukua wewe. Kawaida, Unaweza kupata katika mlango wa mbele wa mabasi na dereva.

• When you see the bus with your number coming, stand by the bus stop sign and wave your arm. This way, the driver will know to stop and pick you up. Usually, you get on at the front door of the bus by the driver.

On the bus

On the bus

• Kulipa dereva wa basi nauli yako, f. Je, bei kwa ajili ya safari yako basi ni ipi. Mara nyingi ni nafuu kununua ikawa kila mwezi ya mabasi kama wewe utakuwa kuwa wanaoendesha mabasi ya mengi. Unahitaji kuwa mabadiliko halisi kwa basi. Hii ina maana kama gharama za mabasi $1.50 unahitaji kuwa dola moja na senti hamsini. Mapenzi ya dereva wa basi Wape kubadilisha.

• Pay the bus driver your fare, which is the price for your bus ride. It is often cheaper to buy a monthly bus pass if you will be riding the bus a lot. You need to have the exact change for the bus. This means if the bus costs $1.50 you need to have one dollar and fifty cents. The bus driver will not give you change.

• Kama hauna uhakika wapi pa kupata mbali basi, kumwambia dereva wa basi. Unaweza kuleta kipande cha karatasi na wewe anasema jina la mahali ni kwenda. Unaweza pia kutaka kuwa na jina lako kwenye karatasi ya.

• If you are unsure where to get off the bus, tell the bus driver. You can bring a piece of paper with you that says the name of the place you are going. You may also want to have your name on the paper.

• Kupata kiti tupu au kitu cha kushikilia kama kuna viti hakuna.

• Find an empty seat or something to hold onto if there are no seats.

• Kukaa kwa walemavu au wazee iko kawaida mbele ya basi. Lazima kutoa juu viti hivi kwa kutinga, watu wenye ulemavu, au wanawake wajawazito. Kama wewe ni kijana na unaweza kuona mtu wazee kwenye basi, ni heshima kwa kuwapa kiti chako hata hivyo. Lakini kumbuka katika Marekani, mtu wa kwanza kupata kiti ana haki ya kiti cha, hivyo si kujisikia vibaya kama wewe ni mkubwa na hakuna mtu anakupa kiti yao.

• Seating for the disabled or elderly is usually located at the front of a bus. You must give up these seats to seniors, disabled people, or pregnant women. If you are young and you see an elderly person on the bus, it is polite to give them your seat anyway. But remember in the US, the first person to get a seat has the right to the seat, so do not feel bad if you are older and no one gives you their seat.

Getting off the bus

Getting off the bus

• Kabla ya kufikia Komesha yako, wakati mwingine unahitaji pete kengele au buzzer, kawaida ziko juu ya ukuta au dari ya basi, kuwaambia dereva wa basi kuacha. Kufanya hivyo isipokuwa ni kuhakikisha vituo vya mabasi katika kila kituo. Kuomba msaada kama unahitaji.

• Before you reach your stop, you sometimes need to ring a bell or buzzer, typically located on the wall or ceiling of the bus, to tell the bus driver to stop. Do this unless you are sure the bus stops at every stop. Ask for help if you need it.

• Kwa kawaida, Unaweza kutumia mlango wa nyuma au upande kupata mbali basi. Subiri mpaka basi ameacha kusonga kupata. Unaweza kuangalia jinsi abiria wengine kupata na Nakili kile kufanya.

• Normally, you use the back or side door to get off of the bus. Wait until the bus has stopped moving to get off. You can watch how other passengers get off and copy what they do.

• Ikiwa basi ni watu, ni nzuri kuwashukuru dereva wa basi wakati unaweza kupata.

• If the bus is not crowded, it is nice to thank the bus driver when you get off.

Mifumo ya Subway na metro

Subway and metro systems

Subways and metro systems are city railways that move large numbers of people from station to station. Most of the trains travel underground in tunnels, but sometimes the trains go above the ground too. Katika miji mikubwa, subway au mfumo wa metro huwa njia rahisi zaidi na kasi zaidi kusafiri kwa sababu wao haziathiriwi na trafiki. Hata hivyo, mfumo wa metro mara nyingi gharama zaidi wanaoendesha mabasi ya.

Subways and metro systems are city railways that move large numbers of people from station to station. Most of the trains travel underground in tunnels, but sometimes the trains go above the ground too. In big cities, the subway or metro system is often the most convenient and fastest way to travel because they are unaffected by traffic. However, the metro system often costs more than riding the bus.

Each big city has a different subway system with different. For all subway systems, some things are the same:

Each big city has a different subway system with different. For all subway systems, some things are the same:

• You will need to buy a ticket or pass before you can travel. Kuna mashine za tiketi katika kila stesheni. Kama unahitaji msaada, there will be a person at the station. There may be a ticket window with a person to help.

• You will need to buy a ticket or pass before you can travel. There are ticket machines in every station. If you need help, there will be a person at the station. There may be a ticket window with a person to help.

• Every subway system has a map to show lines and stations. Subway lines are like train lines. They have set routes and stations to stop at. You will need to learn how to read the subway map.

• Every subway system has a map to show lines and stations. Subway lines are like train lines. They have set routes and stations to stop at. You will need to learn how to read the subway map.

• Each station will have more than one platform for getting on and off the train. You will need to know which direction you are going to choose the platform.

• Each station will have more than one platform for getting on and off the train. You will need to know which direction you are going to choose the platform.

• Most subway systems have more than one line. You will need to know what line your starting station and destination station are on. You may have to change lines and platforms at another station during your journey.

• Most subway systems have more than one line. You will need to know what line your starting station and destination station are on. You may have to change lines and platforms at another station during your journey.

• Many big cities have online guides with instructions on how to use the subway system. There are online guides for Boston, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco Bay Area, na Washington DC.

• Many big cities have online guides with instructions on how to use the subway system. There are online guides for Boston, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco Bay Area, and Washington DC.

You can find information for other subway systems by searching online. Type the name of your city and then the wordssubway system information.

You can find information for other subway systems by searching online. Type the name of your city and then the words “subway system information.”

Other forms of transportation

Other forms of transportation

Kama unaishi katika mji ndogo au katika maeneo ya vijijini ya nchi, Unaweza kutaka kupata gari na leseni ya udereva. Unaweza pia kuwa na uwezo wa car-pool (kupata lifti na mtu ambaye ana gari). Wakati mwingine, usafirishaji bora kutembea au kuendesha baiskeli.

If you live in a smaller town or in the rural areas of the country, you may need to get a car and a driver’s license. You may also be able to car-pool (get a ride with someone who has a car). Sometimes, the best transportation is walking or riding a bicycle.

Kuendesha gari

Driving

Kama unaishi katika mji kubwa na usafiri wa umma, pengine huna haja ya gari. Hata hivyo, kama unaishi katika vitongoji au katika mji bila basi nzuri au mfumo wa metro, Unaweza kutaka kupata gari. Kuwa gari ni rahisi sana. Kabla ya kupata gari, lazima kupita mtihani wa kuendesha gari. Pia una kuwa na uwezo wa kulipa kwa ajili ya gari na bima ya gari. Katika Marekani, sheria inasema lazima uwe na bima ya gari. Utahitaji information about driving in the USA. You will need to learn the driving regulations. Kufanya hii, Unaweza read the US driver’s manual in many languages.

If you live in a big city with public transportation, you probably do not need a car. However, if you live in the suburbs or in a city without a good bus or metro system, you may want to get a car. Having a car is very convenient. Before you can get a car, you must pass a driving test. You also have to be able to pay for the car and for car insurance. In the USA, the law says you must have car insurance. You will need information about driving in the USA. You will need to learn the driving regulations. To do this, you can read the US driver’s manual in many languages.

Baisikeli

Bicycles

Biking ni kubwa na gharama nafuu njia ya kupata kuzunguka mji wako. Biking ni nzuri hasa kama unaishi katika mji ndogo. Many larger cities now have bicycle routes and biking lanes to make it easier to bike around the city. Hata hivyo, baisikeli ni rahisi kuiba na ni katika kubwa ya mahitaji, hivyo kuwekeza katika kufunga nzuri na kuwa na uhakika na kupata daima sura nzima na magurudumu kwa kipengee cha imara ya chuma. Kujifunza how to lock your bike. Shule nyingi na sehemu za kazi na maeneo ya maegesho ya baiskeli.

Biking is a great and low-cost way to get around your city. Biking is especially good if you live in a smaller town. Many larger cities now have bicycle routes and biking lanes to make it easier to bike around the city. However, bicycles are easy to steal and are in great demand, so invest in a good lock and be sure to always secure the entire frame and wheels to a solid metal object. Learn how to lock your bike. Most schools and workplaces have bicycle parking areas.

Teksi

Taxis

Teksi ni gari kuajiri kwa kuchukua kwenu kutoka sehemu moja hadi nyingine. Teksi ni kawaida katika miji mikubwa kama New York, na baadhi biashara watu kuchukua teksi kila siku. Hata hivyo, taxis are very expensive, and they can get stuck in traffic, tu kama mabasi.

A taxi is a car you hire to take you from one place to another. Taxis are common in big cities like New York, and some business people take taxis every day. However, taxis are very expensive, and they can get stuck in traffic, just like buses.

Carpooling na safari-hisa

Carpooling and ride-shares

Njia moja kubwa ya kupata maeneo ni carpool na mtu mwingine ambaye ana gari au kutumia safari-ubia. Hii inamaanisha kundi la watu wapanda pamoja katika gari moja mahali sawa. Kwa mfano, huenda carpool kufanya kazi kama unaishi karibu na mtu ambaye anafanya kazi katika kazi hiyo kama. Au unaweza kuwa na watoto wako kushiriki katika carpool kwenda kwenye shughuli za shule. Kama wewe ni kwenda carpool, lazima Hakikisha dereva wa gari lina dereva halali ’ s leseni na bima ya kisasa.

One great way to get places is to carpool with someone else who has a car or to use a ride-share. This means a group of people ride together in one car to the same location. For example, you might carpool to work if you live near someone who works at the same job as you. Or you might have your children participate in a carpool to go to school activities. If you are going to carpool, you must make sure the driver of the car has a valid driver’s license and up-to-date insurance.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

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