Wakimbizi wa ndani wa Marekani

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Jinsi gani makazi katika Amerika kazi? Nini kinatokea wakati wewe ni mkimbizi katika Marekani? Jifunze kuhusu kuwasili Marekani kama mkimbizi na kupata taarifa ambazo zitakusaidia kuelewa kuhusu maisha ya Marekani..

How does resettlement in America work? What happens when you are a refugee in the USA? Learn about arriving in the USA as a refugee and find information that will help you understand about life in America.

Kuwahamisha katika Amerika

Resettlement in America

Kuwasili nchini Marekani

Arriving in the United States

Wakati wewe kwanza kuwasili nchini Marekani, Unaweza kuwa na salamu katika uwanja wa ndege na kujitolea kutoka Shirika lako la makazi. Watakupeleka kwenye nyumba yako mpya. Shirika ambalo ni kuwasaidia tu ina kiasi kidogo cha fedha kupata mahali pa kuishi. Hivyo nyumba yako inaweza kuwa ghorofa ndogo. Inaweza tu kuwa na mambo machache ndani yake. Familia za Marekani pengine walichangia vitu vya nyumbani, kama vile kitanda na meza, kwa ajili ya nyumba yako.

When you first arrive in the United States, you will probably be greeted at the airport by volunteers from your resettlement agency. They will take you to your new home. The organization that is helping you only has a small amount of money to find you a place to live. So your home might be small apartment. It might only have a few things in it. American families probably donated household items, such as a bed and table, for your apartment.

Utakuwa na kujifunza jinsi ya kutumia vitu vipya katika nyumba yako-kwa mfano, friji yako, microwave na mashine ya kuosha. Shirika lako la makazi la kujitolea litakuonyesha jinsi. Utapata chakula ni tofauti, lakini unaweza kujifunza kuhusu chakula na kula katika Marekani.

You will have to learn how to use the new items in your apartment – for example, your fridge, microwave and washing machine. Your resettlement agency volunteer will show you how. You will find that food is different, but you can learn about food and eating in the USA.

Casemfanyakazi wako

Your caseworker

Baada ya kuwasili, wewe itapangiwa caseworker ya. Mtu huyu atakusaidia kurekebisha Marekani. Wafanyakazi wako pengine kuwa na shughuli nyingi kusaidia familia nyingine, pia. Casemfanyakazi wako lazima kufuata sheria nyingi za makazi ya wakimbizi. Ni muhimu kudumisha uhusiano mzuri na casemfanyakazi wako.

After you arrive, you will be assigned to a caseworker. This person will help you adjust to the USA. Your caseworker will probably be very busy helping other families, too. Your caseworker must follow the many rules of refugee resettlement. It is important to maintain a good relationship with your caseworker.

Itakuwa na kukamilisha mengi ya makaratasi. Makaratasi haya yanahitajika ili kupokea pesa. Kulingana na hali gani wewe kuishi, utapokea kiasi kidogo cha fedha kwa ajili ya familia yako. Hii inaweza kuitwa wakimbizi pesa msaada au ni wapate kuitwa msaada wa muda wa familia zenye mahitaji. Wewe utakuwa pengine pia kupokea kitu kinachoitwa "chakula mihuri" au NGATA. Hii ni kulipa kwa ajili ya vyakula. Unaweza kujifunza zaidi kuhusu faida ambazo unaweza kupokea kama vile manufaa ya umma hasa kwa wakimbizi.

You will have to complete a lot of paperwork. This paperwork is required for you to receive money. Depending on what state you live in, you will receive a small amount of money for your family. This might be called Refugee Cash Assistance or it might be called Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. You will probably also receive something called “food stamps” or SNAP. This is to pay for groceries. You can learn more about the benefits you might receive as well as public benefits especially for refugees.

Mitihani ya matibabu

Medical exams

Kila mtu katika familia yako atapata uchunguzi wa kimatibabu. Pengine ulikuwa na mtihani wa matibabu kabla ya kuja Marekani. Wewe na watoto wako waweza kupata chanjo ili kukuzuia kupata magonjwa. Unaweza kujifunza zaidi kuhusu huduma za afya nchini Marekani. Kama una tatizo la matibabu, unapaswa kumuona daktari wakati wa miezi minane ya kwanza uko Marekani, kwa sababu una bima nzuri ya matibabu.

Everyone in your family will have to get medical examinations. You probably had a medical exam before you came to America. You and your children may have to get vaccinations to prevent you from getting diseases. You can learn more about healthcare in the USA. If you have a medical problem, you should see a doctor during the first eight months you are in the USA, because you have good medical insurance.

Inawatembeza watoto wako shuleni

Enrolling your children in school

Kama una watoto, lazima kujiandikisha yao katika shule. Unaweza kusoma ukurasa huu katika shule za umma kujifunza zaidi kuhusu shule za Marekani. Nchi nyingi zinahitaji watoto wa umri wa 5 kwa 18 kuhudhuria shule.

If you have children, you must enroll them in school. You can read this page on public schools to learn more about US schools. Most states require children ages 5 to 18 to attend school.

Unaweza kutaka, au haja ya, kupeleka watoto wadogo wasioenda shule. Pia kuna mipango ya bure inayoitwa HeadStart na mapema Headstart kwa watoto ambao ni vijana sana kwa ajili ya shule.

You may want, or need, to send younger children to preschool. There are also free programs called HeadStart and early Headstart for children who are too young for school.

Kutafuta kazi

Finding a job

Kuwahamisha shirika na kesi meneja wako itasaidia wewe kupata kazi. Kama mkimbizi, Unaweza kuanza kufanya kazi mara moja kwa kuonyesha ingizo mhuri kwenye pasipoti yako. Lengo la programu ya upataji wa makazi mapya ya Marekani ni "kujitosheleza." Hii ina maana serikali anataka kupata kazi haraka kama unaweza. Pengine utahitajika kuchukua kazi kwanza zinazotolewa. Si unaweza kuwa kazi hii. Ni muhimu kukumbuka kwamba wewe unaweza kuweka kuangalia kwa kazi nzuri. Unaweza kujifunza zaidi kuhusu kutafuta kazi au kupata kazi bora.

Your resettlement agency and case manager will help you get a job. As a refugee, you can start working immediately by showing the entry stamp on your passport. The goal of the US resettlement program is “self-sufficiency.” This means the government wants you to get a job as soon as you can. You will probably be required to take the first job you are offered. You might not want to have this job. It is important to remember that you can keep looking for a better job. You can learn more about finding a job or getting a better job.

Kupata idadi ya usalama wa jamii

Getting a Social Security number

Pia una kuomba na Namba ya usalama wa kijamii. Caseworker yako pengine kukusaidia kufanya hii. Hii ni namba ambayo inaonyesha unaweza kuishi katika USA. Wakati kazi, baadhi ya pesa zako ni kuchukuliwa nje anaweza yako kama kodi na baadhi kwa ajili ya usalama wa kijamii.

You also have to apply for a Social Security number. Your caseworker will probably help you do this. This is a number that shows you can live in the USA. When you work, some of your money is taken out of your paycheck as taxes and some for social security.

Jifunze jinsi ya kuendesha gari

Learn how to drive

Unahitaji kujifunza jinsi ya kuchukua basi au jinsi ya kuendesha. Katika Marekani, lazima kupita mtihani na kupata leseni ya dereva wako ili kuendesha. Pia una kulipa kwa ajili ya gari yako, bima kwa ajili ya gari yako, na gharama ya matengenezo.

You will need to learn how to take the bus or how to drive. In the US, you must pass a test and earn your driver’s license in order to drive. You also have to pay for your car, insurance for your car, and the cost of maintenance.

Kujifunza Kiingereza

Learn English

Ni muhimu sana kwamba unaweza kuzingatia kujifunza Kiingereza. Hii pengine ni kitu muhimu sana unaweza kufanya ili kusaidia imefanikiwa yako familia. Wakala wako kuwahamisha itakuwa pengine kukuandikisha madarasa ya Kiingereza. Unaweza pia kuchukua Madarasa ya Kiingereza online au kupata madarasa katika maeneo mengine katika jamii yako. Ni muhimu pia kujaribu kusaidia watoto wako kujifunza lugha yako ya asili.

It is very important that you focus on learning English. This is probably the most important thing you can do to help your family succeed. Your resettlement agency will probably sign you up for English classes. You can also take English classes online or find classes at other places in your community. It is also important to try to help your kids learn your native language.

Kurekebisha utamaduni wa Marekani

Adjust to American culture

Wakati wa muda huu wote, wewe utakuwa pia kuwa kujifunza kukabiliana na Utamaduni wa Marekani. Unaweza kukumbana mshtuko wa utamaduni. Ni muhimu kukumbuka utamaduni ni wa thamani na kwamba wewe kuleta mali nyingi na wewe kwa Marekani. Unaweza kusaidia kufundisha Wamarekani kuhusu utamaduni wako.

During all of this time, you will also be learning to adapt to American culture. You may face culture shock. It is important that you remember you culture is valuable and that you bring lots of assets with you to the United States. You can help teach Americans about your culture.

Baada ya mwaka mmoja, kupata kadi ya kijani

After one year, get a green card

Mwaka mmoja baada ya waliofika katika Marekani, Unaweza kuomba kwa ajili ya makazi ya kudumu (na kadi ya kijani). Caseworker yako pengine kukusaidia kutumia.

One year after you have arrived in the US, you can apply for permanent residency (a green card). Your caseworker will probably help you apply.

Baada ya mwaka wa kwanza, wewe pengine kuacha kuona mfanyakazi wako kesi. Lakini, bado kuna kura ya mashirika mengine na watu ambao unaweza kukusaidia katika Marekani. Kama unahitaji msaada wa kupata programu katika jamii yako, Unaweza kutafuta FindHello kupata rasilimali na huduma karibu na wewe.

After the first year, you will probably stop seeing your case worker. But, there are still lots of other organizations and people that can help you in the US. If you need help finding programs in your community, you can search in FindHello to find resources and services near you.

Kuhamia mji mpya

Moving to a new city

Wakati mwingine, wakimbizi kuamua kama mji walikuwa makazi na wanataka kuhamia mji mpya. Wakati unaweza kuwa na faida kwa kama hii unaweza kusogeza karibu familia au marafiki au mahali fulani na kazi nzuri, inaweza pia kuwa mgumu sana. Ni muhimu kujua kwamba wakati, una upya kwa manufaa yako. Kama unafikiria kuhusu kusonga hadi mahali papya, Tafadhali soma ukurasa huu katika kuhamia mji mpya kabla ya kuhamisha.

Sometimes, refugees decide they do not like the city they were resettled and they want to move to a new city. While there can be benefits to this if you can move closer to family or friends or somewhere with a good job, it can also be very hard. It is important to know that when you move, you have to reapply for your benefits. If you are thinking about moving to a new place, please read this page on moving to a new city before you move.

Kumaliza shule ya sekondari na kupata GED Diploma ya

Finish high school and earn a GED diploma

Baada ya mwaka wako wa kwanza, ili kupata kazi nzuri, Unaweza pia kutaka kumaliza elimu yako, hasa kama hakuwa kumaliza shule ya sekondari katika nchi yako. Tuna darasa bure online kukusaidia kupata yako diploma ya sekondari. Unaweza pia kujifunza zaidi kuhusu Chuo na fursa nyingine elimu katika Marekani.

After your first year, in order to get a better job, you may also need to finish your education, especially if you did not finish high school in your country. We have a free online class to help you earn your high school diploma. You can also learn more about college and other educational opportunities in the USA.

Lete familia yako Marekani

Bring your family to the USA

Unaweza pia kutaka kutumia kuleta wengine wa familia kwa USA. Kwa ujumla, Unahitaji kutumia kufanya hivyo ndani ya miaka miwili ya kwanza unaweza kuja Marekani. Soma kuhusu familia kuungana au kuzungumza na mfanyakazi wako kuhusu hilo.

You may also want to apply to bring other family members to the USA. In general, you need to apply to do this within the first two years you come to the USA. Read about family reunification or talk to your caseworker about it.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

Rasilimali nyingine

Other resources



Taarifa kwenye ukurasa huu linatokana UNHCR na vyanzo vingine aminifu. Imekusudiwa kwa ajili ya mwongozo na ni updated kama mara nyingi iwezekanavyo. USAHello kutoa ushauri wa kisheria, wala ni mojawapo ya nyenzo yetu lengo kuchukuliwa kama ushauri wa kisheria. Kama wewe ni kuangalia kwa mwanasheria huru au gharama nafuu au msaada wa kisheria, tunaweza kukusaidia Tafuta bure na huduma za kisheria ya gharama nafuu.

The information on this page comes from UNHCR and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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