Afya ya uzazi na mahusiano ya afya

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Afya ya uzazi na mahusiano ya afya ni muhimu kwa afya ya jumla. Taarifa ya afya ya uzazi inashughulikia mada kama vile ya kuepuka magonjwa ya zinaa, kuwa na uhusiano mwema, na uzazi.

Sexual health and healthy relationships are important to overall health. Sexual health information covers topics such as avoiding sexually transmitted diseases, having good relationships, and birth control.

Afya ya uzazi

Sexual health

Mada za afya ya uzazi kunaweza kuwa vigumu kuzungumzia. Inaweza kuja kutokana na jamii ambazo anaamini kuzungumza na mgeni kuhusu ngono au uhusiano afya si kukubalika. Hata hivyo, katika Marekani, Unaweza kuzungumza na daktari wako kuu (PCP yako) kuhusu matatizo yoyote ya afya ya uzazi na. Wanaweza kukusaidia, au unaweza kupendekeza aina nyingine ya afya mtaalamu ambaye anaweza kusaidia.

Sexual health topics can be hard to talk about. You may come from a society that believes talking to a stranger about sex or healthy relationships is not acceptable. However, in the USA, you can talk to your main doctor (your PCP) about any sexual health problems you have. They can help you, or they can recommend another kind of health professional who can help.

Afya ya uzazi

Sexual health

Hapa ni baadhi ya njia za kuelimisha mwenyewe kuhusu afya ya uzazi:

Here are some ways to educate yourself about sexual health:

  • Iliyopangiwa uzazi ni shirika ambayo imeweka Wakf kuboresha afya ya ngono na uzazi wa watu nchini kote. Unaweza kutembelea moja ya vituo wengi wa afya ya uzazi ambayo Parenthoods iliyopangwa ni nchini kote. Kuna, Unaweza kuongea na mtaalamu wa matibabu kuhusu yoyote maswali ya yanayohusiana na afya ya ngono. Unaweza pia kutembelea tovuti yao kuelimisha mwenyewe kuhusu wengi mada za afya ya uzazi.
  • Nenda Uliza Alice ni tovuti ambapo watu kutuma maswali kuhusiana na masuala ya afya, ikiwa ni pamoja na afya ya uzazi na mahusiano. Majibu ya zamani zilizokusanywa na kuchapishwa, ili uweze kusoma kupitia majibu ya maswali iliyopita. Unaweza pia kuuliza yako mwenyewe.
  • Kituo cha elimu cha rasilimali ya kujamiiana idadi ya rasilimali juu ya afya ya uzazi mada ameandika hasa kwa ajili ya watazamaji wa wakimbizi.
  • Planned Parenthood is an organization that is dedicated to improving the sexual and reproductive health of people across the country. You can visit one of the many sexual health centers which Planned Parenthoods are across the country. There, you can speak with a medical professional about any sexual health-related questions. You can also visit their website to educate yourself about many sexual health topics.
  • Go Ask Alice is a website where people can send in questions related to health issues, including sexual health and relationships. Old answers are collected and published, so you can read through answers to past questions. You can also ask your own.
  • The Sexuality Education Resource Centre has a number of resources on sexual health topics written specifically for a refugee audience.

Mahusiano ya afya

Healthy relationships

Kuwa na afya na furaha uhusiano na mtu mwingine, kama vile mume au mke, kuleta mengi ya furaha katika maisha yako. Uhusiano unaweza kuwa chanzo cha nguvu na usaidizi wa kihisia wakati wa nyakati ngumu na kuongeza furaha yako katika nyakati za furaha.

Having a healthy and happy relationship with another person, such as a husband or a wife, can bring a lot of happiness into your life. A relationship can be a source of strength and emotional support during difficult times and it can add to your joy in happy times.

Katika kituo cha elimu cha rasilimali ya kujamiiana, Unaweza kusoma zaidi kuhusu mahusiano kati ya washirika. Iliyopangiwa uzazi pia ina habari katika tovuti yake juu ya kuwa na uhusiano afya.

At the Sexuality Education Resource Centre, you can read more about relationships between partners. Planned Parenthood also has information on its website about having a healthy relationship.

Ukatili wa majumbani

Domestic violence

Wakati mtu machungu yao mume au mke, mpenzi au mpenzi, mzazi au mtoto, au mtu yeyote katika familia yao, hiyo ni "ukatili wa majumbani."

When somebody hurts their husband or wife, girlfriend or boyfriend, parent or child, or any other person in their family, that is “domestic violence.”

Dalili za ukatili wa majumbani

Signs of domestic violence

Ukatili wa majumbani kuwa madhara ya kimwili, madhara ya kihisia, au wote. Ya Ukatili wa majumbani wa taifa mema tovuti anasema unaweza kuwa unateseka unyanyasaji kama mpenzi wako ni:

Domestic violence can be physical harm, emotional harm, or both. The National Domestic Violence Hotline website says you may be suffering abuse if your partner is:

  • Kuwaambia kwamba unaweza kamwe kufanya chochote kulia
  • Kuonyesha wivu wa marafiki wako na muda alitumia mbali
  • Kuweka wewe kutoka au kukatisha tamaa kwa kuona marafiki au wanafamilia
  • Kumtukana, mabaya au ufedheheshaji wewe na put-downs
  • Kudhibiti kila senti alitumia katika kaya
  • Kuchukua fedha yako au kukataa kutoa fedha kwa ajili ya matumizi
  • Kuangalia wewe au kutenda katika njia ambayo kuwatisha wewe
  • Kudhibiti ambao unaweza kuona, wapi kwenda, au nini
  • Kuzuia kufanya maamuzi yako mwenyewe
  • Kuwaambia kwamba wewe ni mzazi mbaya au kutishia kudhuru au kuchukua watoto wenu
  • Kuzuia kutoka kufanya kazi au kuhudhuria shule
  • Kuharibu mali yako au kutishia hautaruhusiwa kudhuru au kuua wanyama wako
  • Wanaowatilia shaka na bunduki, visu au silaha nyingine
  • Kuishinikiza unaweza kufanya ngono wakati hawataki, au kufanya mambo ngono huna vizuri na
  • Kuishinikiza unaweza kutumia madawa ya kulevya au pombe
  • Telling you that you can never do anything right
  • Showing jealousy of your friends and time spent away
  • Keeping you from or discouraging you from seeing friends or family members
  • Insulting, demeaning or shaming you with put-downs
  • Controlling every penny spent in the household
  • Taking your money or refusing to give you money for expenses
  • Looking at you or acting in ways that scare you
  • Controlling who you see, where you go, or what you do
  • Preventing you from making your own decisions
  • Telling you that you are a bad parent or threatening to harm or take away your children
  • Preventing you from working or attending school
  • Destroying your property or threatening to hurt or kill your pets
  • Intimidating you with guns, knives or other weapons
  • Pressuring you to have sex when you don’t want to, or to do things sexually you’re not comfortable with
  • Pressuring you to use drugs or alcohol

Ninaweza kufanya nini kuhusu ukatili wa majumbani?

What can I do about domestic violence?

  • Ita polisi
    Kama umeona marafiki wasio katika mahusiano ya afya na unafikiri wenzi wao ni kuumiza yao, Kuna msaada inapatikana. Ikiwa wewe au mtu mwingine ni kudhuriwa, au katika hatari ya haraka ya kudhuriwa, Unaweza Piga simu polisi.
  • Nenda kwenye makazi
    Maskani ya ukatili wa majumbani ni mahali ambapo unaweza kwa muda kuhamisha kwa kama unajaribu kuondoka mshirika matusi. Kama una kupata nje ya nyumba yako haraka ili kukaa salama, ukatili wa majumbani makazi inaweza kuwa chaguo nzuri kwa ajili yenu. Kupata makazi kwa wale kufanyiwa ukatili wa majumbani.
  • Wito mema ya
    1-800-799-7233
    ni namba ya simu ya Ukatili wa majumbani wa taifa mema. Namba ya simu ni kuendeshwa 24 saa kwa siku. Unaweza kumuita mema ya msaada.
  • Call the police
    If you observe friends who are not in healthy relationships and you think their partner is hurting them, there is help available. If you or someone else is being harmed, or at an immediate risk of being harmed, you can call the police.
  • Go to a shelter
    A domestic violence shelter is a place where you can temporarily move to if you are trying to leave an abusive partner. If you have to get out of your home quickly in order to stay safe, a domestic violence shelter might be a good option for you. Find a shelter for those experiencing domestic violence.
  • Call the hotline
    1-800-799-7233
    is the phone number of the National Domestic Violence Hotline. The phone number is operated 24 hours a day. You can call the hotline for help.

Magonjwa ya zinaa (Magonjwa ya zinaa)

Sexually transmitted diseases (STDs)

Magonjwa ya zinaa wakati mwingine wanaitwa maambukizo ya zinaa (Magonjwa ya zinaa). Wao ni maambukizi kupitia ngono. Kufanya ngono salama, ikiwa ni pamoja na kutumia kondomu, ni moja ya njia bora unaweza kupunguza hatari yako ya kuambukizwa maradhi ya zinaa. Kama unadhani unaweza kuwa STD na, Hakikisha wewe kuzungumza na daktari wako ili wewe unaweza kupata kupimwa.

STDs are sometimes called sexually transmitted infections (STIs). They are infections passed through sexual contact. Practicing safe sex, including using condoms, is one of the most effective ways you can reduce your risk of contracting an STD. If you think you might have a STD, make sure you speak with your doctor so you can get tested.

Tatu za magonjwa ya zinaa ya kawaida nchini Marekani ni:

Three of the most common STDs in the USA are:

  • VVU/UKIMWI
  • HPV (Binadamu papilloma)
  • Klamidia
  • HIV/AIDS
  • HPV (Human papillomavirus)
  • Chlamydia

Iliyopangiwa uzazi ina taarifa juu ya hawa na magonjwa mengine. Katika ya VVU tamaduni na huduma ya homa ya manjano, Unaweza kupata rasilimali kuhusu magonjwa tofauti ya zinaa, wote kutafsiriwa katika lugha mbalimbali.

Planned Parenthood has information on these and other STDs. At the Multicultural HIV and Hepatitis Service, you can find resources about different STIs, all translated in different languages.

Kudhibiti uzazi

Birth control

Wanawake na wanaume ambao wanataka kuwa na udhibiti wakati wana watoto kutumia uzazi (pia huitwa uzuiaji mimba) ili kuepuka mimba. Chaguo gani ya kuzaliwa udhibiti ni sahihi kwani inaweza hutegemea na idadi ya mambo mengi tofauti, kama vile umri wako, Historia ya afya yako, na kama unataka kuwa watoto katika siku zijazo.

Sexually active women and men who want to have control over when they have children can use birth control (also called contraception) to avoid pregnancy. What birth control option is right for you may depend on a number of many different factors, such as your age, your medical history, and whether or not you want to have children in the future.

Uzazi kwa wanawake huja kwa njia nyingi tofauti, ikiwa ni pamoja na na kidonge, sindano, au kifaa vidogo kuitwa Kipandikizi kwamba unaweza kuchomekwa katika mwili wa mwanamke. Uzazi kwa wanaume huja kwa njia nyingi kama vile kondomu, kutoshiriki ngono, au gumba. Soma zaidi kuhusu yako za kudhibiti uzazi.

Birth control for women comes in many different forms, including a pill, an injection, or a tiny device called an IUD that can be inserted into a woman’s body. Birth control for men comes in many forms such as condoms, abstinence, or vasectomy. Read more about your birth control options.

Kama wewe ni nia ya kudhibiti uzazi, Zungumza na daktari wako kwa maelezo zaidi. Kama daktari wako ni haiwezi kutoa msaada, kutafuta kituo cha afya ambapo unaweza kupata msaada kutoka kwa madaktari wenye sifa na wauguzi kuhusu chaguo sahihi ya uzazi kwa ajili yenu. Unaweza Tafuta kituo cha afya ya jamii kwenye FindHello. Au unaweza kliniki ya uzazi na huduma zingine za kudhibiti uzazi. Chaguo jingine ni kwenda na Kliniki ya uzazi kilichopangiwa karibu na wewe.

If you are interested in birth control, you should speak with your doctor for more information. If your doctor is unable to offer assistance, look for a health center where you can get help from qualified doctors and nurses about the right birth control option for you. You can find a community health center on FindHello. Or you can search for a birth control clinic and other birth control services. Another option is to go to a Planned Parenthood clinic near you.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

Kupata msaada karibu na wewe

Tumia FindHello kutafuta huduma na rasilimali katika mji wako.

Anza utafutizi wako
Ukurasa huu alimsaidia wewe? Uso Unaocheka Ndio Frown uso La
Asante kwa maoni yako!