How to stay safe on social media sites

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Kuunganisha na watu wapya ni kitu kizuri, hasa wakati wewe ni mgeni mwenyewe. Utajihisi mpweke katika Marekani, na mitandao ya kijamii kama Facebook na Instagram kunaweza kukusaidia kuhisi zaidi kuunganishwa nchi yako mpya. Lakini mitandao ya kijamii inaweza kuwa hatari. Ni muhimu kuelewa hatari hivyo unaweza kujilinda.

Connecting with new people is a good thing, especially when you are a newcomer yourself. You might feel lonely in the USA, and social media sites like Facebook and Instagram can help you feel more connected to your new country. But social media sites can be dangerous. It is important to understand the dangers so you can protect yourself.

Learn how to avoid the dangers of social media

Learn how to avoid the dangers of social media

Jinsi Je sisi kujilinda katika maisha ya kila siku?

How do we protect ourselves in everyday life?

Wakati unapounganisha na watu kwenye mitandao ya kijamii, Fikiria kuhusu jinsi ya kuishi na watu kujua na sijui katika maisha halisi:

When you connect with people on social media, think about how you behave with people you know and don’t know in real life:

  • Unaweza kuwasiliana huru na wale unavyovijua na kuviamini – rafiki yako familia na karibu.
  • Wewe ni makini zaidi na watu hawajui au tu alikutana.
  • Wewe Usimwambie wageni kila kitu kuhusu maisha yako binafsi.
  • Wala kutoa fedha zako au ufunguo kwa nyumba yako wageni au watu tu alikutana.
  • You communicate freely with those you know and trust – your family and close friends.
  • You are more careful with people you do not know or have just met.
  • You don’t tell strangers everything about your personal life.
  • You don’t give your money or the key to your house to strangers or people you just met.

Kutumia mbinu hii sawa kukaa salama dhidi ya hatari ya mitandao ya kijamii!

Use this same approach to stay safe from the dangers of social media!

10 njia za kujilinda dhidi ya hatari ya mitandao ya kijamii

10 ways to protect yourself from the dangers of social media

1. Kulinda data yako

1. Protect your data

Maelezo yako ya kibinafsi wakati mwingine inaitwa data. Unahitaji kamwe kutoa data muhimu ya kibinafsi, kama vile idadi ya ID, idadi ya benki, nywila, au anwani yako ya kwenye mitandao ya kijamii. Kuweka watumiaji yao salama, mitandao ya kijamii na mipangilio ya faragha unaweza kutumia kufanya taarifa yako (data) salama.

Your personal information is sometimes called data. You never need to give out important personal data, such as ID numbers, bank numbers, passwords, or your address on social media sites. To keep their users safe, social networks have privacy settings you can use to make your information (data) safe.

Kuweka data yako salama kwenye Facebook

Keep your data safe on Facebook

Wakati wewe kuweka data yako kwenye Facebook, na wakati unapoingia kwenye programu na tovuti, ni kutoa ufikivu kwenye data yako. Programu na tovuti hizi unaweza kutumia wewe data katika njia hutaki. Wengi wao kuitumia basi watangazaji kuuza bidhaa.

When you put your data on Facebook, and when you sign into apps and websites, you are giving access to your data. These apps and websites may use you data in ways you do not want. Mostly they use it to let advertisers sell you products.

Unaweza kuacha programu na tovuti kutoka kutumia data yako. Katika Facebook, Nenda kwenye vipimo vyako. Kupata vipimo vyako, click thev” (down symbol) katika kona ya juu kulia ya skrini yako na kuchagua “vipimo.” Kisha bonyeza “Programu na tovuti” katika orodha ya kushoto. Kisha utaona programu ambazo kufikia data yako. Unaweza kubofya kwenye kila programu kuhariri ufikiaji wana. Kukaa salama kwenye mitandao ya kijamii, Unaweza pia kufuta programu kabisa.

You can stop apps and websites from using your data. In Facebook, go to your settings. To find your settings, click the “v” (down symbol) in the top right corner of your screen and select “settings.” Then click on “Apps and Websites” in the list on the left. Then you will see the apps that have access to your data. You can click on each app to edit what access they have. To stay safe on social media, you can also delete apps altogether.

Hapa ni mwongozo rahisi kuhusu jinsi ya kusimamia yote yako tofauti mipangilio ya faragha ili kujilinda dhidi ya hatari ya mitandao ya kijamii.

Here is a simple guide about how to manage all your different privacy settings to protect yourself from the dangers of social media.

Kutumia nywila nguvu

Use strong passwords

Wataalamu wa usalama wa Internet daima ushauri wetu kuwa imara na tofauti nywila kwa akaunti zetu zote. Wao pia kuwashauri sisi Tumia Uhalalishaji wa sababu ya mbili (hatua za ziada kwa ajili ya kuingia) au Meneja wa nywila. Unaweza kujua kuhusu mameneja wa nywila hapa.

Internet security experts always advise us to have strong and different passwords for all our accounts. They also advise us to use two-factor authentication (extra steps for logging in) or a password manager. You can find out about password managers here.

2. Kukaa binafsi

2. Stay private

Usigawize maelezo binafsi au picha mtandaoni kwamba ingekuwa akili yeyote kuona, kama bosi wako kazini. Unaweza kufikiri ni kugawana tu na marafiki wa karibu na familia yako, Lakini mara tu kitu iko mtandaoni, inaweza kugawizwa zaidi sana. Pia, mara moja iko mtandaoni, wewe huwezi kulikwepa kwa sababu watu wengine nakala yake. Watu wengi walifukuzwa au akageuka kwa ajili ya kazi kwa sababu ya maumbo yao mtandaoni.

Don’t share personal details or pictures online that you would mind anyone seeing, like your boss at work. You might think you are sharing just with your close friends and family, but once something is online, it can be shared more widely. Also, once it is online, you can’t get rid of it because other people have copies of it. Many people have been fired or turned down for a job because of their online profiles.

3. Hawaamini na kila kitu

3. Don’t believe everything and everyone

Ni kujifunza zaidi kila siku kuhusu jinsi mitandao ni kutumika ili kuwadanganya watu. Mengi ya maelezo kwenye mitandao ya kijamii ni uongo. Wakati mwingine, watu kwenye mitandao ya kijamii si watu halisi hata, na mara nyingi mambo si ukweli halisi wakati wote. Hii inaweza kuwa watu wenye majina bandia au "bot" (robot bandia). Huenda ripoti za habari za uongo au ujumbe rasmi-kuangalia kujifanya kuwa kutoka kwa serikali au biashara rasmi.

We are learning more every day about how social media is used to trick people. A lot of information on social media is false. Sometimes, people on social media are not even real people, and often things are not real facts at all. This might be people with false names or a “bot” (a fake robot). It might be fake news reports or official-looking messages pretending to be from a government or business official.

Kuamini kila kitu unachosoma kwenye mitandao ya kijamii. Ukisoma kitu, Kagua na vyanzo vingine, kama vile tovuti ya gazeti taifa.

Do not believe everything you read on social media. If you read something, check with other sources, such as a national newspaper website.

Kama wewe kupokea ujumbe mtandaoni akisema ni kutoka serikalini au kwa biashara, kujibu kwa taarifa yako ya kibinafsi.

If you receive a message online saying it is from the government or a business, do not respond with your personal information.

4. Kukaa salama nje ya mtandao, pia

4. Stay safe offline, too

Kufikiria usalama wako katika ulimwengu wa kweli wakati wewe post taarifa kuhusu shughuli zako. Huna haja ya kuwa na anwani yako ya mtandaoni na kisha baada ya picha ya likizo ili wote wajue wewe ni mbali. Kama unayoyachapisha kwenye Facebook wakati familia yako ni juu ya likizo, watu watajua nyumba yako ni katika tupu ya nyumbani.

Think of your security in the real world when you post information about your activities. You don’t need to have your address online and then post vacation pictures to let everyone know you are away. If you post on Facebook while your family is on vacation, people will know your house is at home empty.

Zaidi ya hayo, huenda wakati mwingine Weka ulipo au “Kagua katika” maeneo. Fikiria kama unaweza kufanya hii au si.

In addition, you might sometimes post where you are or “check into” places. Think about if you should do this or not.

Kuwa makini sana kama wewe kukutana na mtu kwa mtu

Be very careful if you meet someone in person

Mitandao ya kijamii kufanya ni rahisi kwa watu kutengeneza vitambulisho. Mtandaoni, wanaweza kujifanya kuwa mtu mwingine. Kama kuungana na mtu mtandaoni, kamwe Panga kukutana na mtu peke yake au kwenda nyumba zao au Waalike nyumba yako isipokuwa wewe kujua kwamba wao ni nani wao wanasema ni. Daima kukutana na wageni katika maeneo ya umma na wakati kuna watu wengine duniani.

Social media make it easy for people to make up identities. Online, they can pretend to be someone else. If you connect with someone online, never arrange to meet that person alone or go to their house or invite them to your house unless you know that they are who they say they are. Always meet strangers in a public place and when there are other people around.

5. Usitume pesa au nywila

5. Don’t send money or passwords

Usitume pesa kwa mtu yeyote wakati wewe si 100% hakika wao ni ambao wao wanasema ni. Ofisi za serikali, kama vile ya IRS ya, na biashara halisi, kama vile ya Microsoft, kuwaambia unaweza kutuma fedha moja kwa moja kwenye akaunti za benki za ajabu. Wala kufanya wanaomba kwa ajili ya nywila yako ili kitu chochote. Kutuma nywila yako kwa mtu yeyote kwamba unakutana mitandao ya kijamii au sehemu nyingine kwenye mtandao.

Don’t send money to anyone when you are not 100% sure they are who they say they are. Government offices, such as the IRS, and real businesses, such as Microsoft, do not tell you to send money directly to strange bank accounts. Nor do they ask for your password to anything. Do not send your password to anyone that you meet social media sites or other places on the internet.

6. Kujikinga na uhasama au kukasirisha watu

6. Protect yourself from hostile or unkind people

Wakimbizi na wahamiaji wanaweza kulengwa na uhasama au kukasirisha watu. Usikubali urafiki kutoka kwa watu kujua. Mara moja kuzuia mtu yeyote ambaye posts kitu kutishia kwenye akaunti yako. Kujibu. Andika wajeuri au mambo uhasama ambayo inaweza kukufanya hata zaidi ya lengo. Ripoti ya hatari binafsi kwa polisi na kwenye tovuti ya kijamii vyombo vya habari walikuwa posted kwenye.

Refugees and immigrants may be targeted by hostile or unkind people. Don’t accept friend requests from people you do not know. Immediately block anyone who posts something threatening on any of your accounts. Do not respond. Do not write rude or hostile things that may make you even more of a target. Report personal threats to the police and to the social media site they were posted on.

7. Kulinda mwenyewe kutoka scams na watapeli

7. Protect yourself from scams and hackers

Si bonyeza viungo kwa sababu tu wao hutumwa kwako, hata kama wao kuja kutoka kwa rafiki (wanaweza kujua kiungo ni hatari, au wao wanaweza kuwa imekuwa hacked). Tu kuzifuta. Kitu muhimu utatumwa kwako kwa njia hiyo. Ni uwezekano kwamba viungo gani kuomba kuwa na virusi kudhuru kifaa chako au Wacha watu katika kifaa chako kuiba taarifa yako, pesa zako, na utambulisho wako. Na Kumbuka: Ofa yoyote ambayo inaonekana mzuri sana kuwa kweli ni mzuri sana kuwa kweli! Kama wewe kupokea ujumbe akisema utapata kura ya fedha kutoka kwa mtu hujui, Futa!

Don’t click on links just because they are sent to you, even if they come from a friend (they may not know the link is dangerous, or they may have been hacked). Just delete them. Nothing important will be sent to you that way. It is more likely that links you did not request contain viruses that will harm your device or let people into your device to steal your information, your money, and your identity. And remember: any offer that seems too good to be true IS too good to be true! If you receive a message saying you will get lots of money from someone you don’t know, delete it!

8. Wakingeni watoto wenu

8. Keep your children safe

Hata kama si kutumia mitandao ya kijamii au kuelewa, unahitaji kujifunza kutosha kuihusu kuweka watoto wako salama dhidi ya hatari ya mitandao ya kijamii. Kama unatumia mitandao ya kijamii mwenyewe, kuwalinda watoto wako na si kuweka habari kuwahusu mtandaoni. Kama wewe si kutumia mitandao ya kijamii, Uliza watoto wako gani mitandao ya kijamii wao kutumia. Inaweza kuwa wazi kwa uonevu, kwa mahasimu wa ngono, na maudhui ya mbaya na utangazaji. Hapa ni baadhi taarifa nzuri kuhusu kulinda watoto wako mtandaoni. Inajumuisha vidokezo kuweka watoto salama na orodha ya masharti ya mitandao mbalimbali ya kijamii ili kuwa na ufahamu wa.

Even if you don’t use social media or understand it, you will need to learn enough about it to keep your children safe from the dangers of social media sites. If you do use social media yourself, protect your children by not putting information about them online. If you don’t use social media, ask your children what social networks they use. They can be exposed to bullying, to sexual predators, and to bad content and advertising. Here is some good information about protecting your children online. It includes tips to keep kids safe and lists of different social media terms to be aware of.

Wataalamu wengi wa teknolojia kupendekeza wewe tu basi watoto wadogo kutumia smartphone au tarakilishi mbele yenu. Utakuwa na kuamua kwa ajili ya mtoto wako, lakini wataalamu wengi kupendekeza wewe basi watoto na smartphones au tarakilishi katika vyumba vyao wakati wa usiku.

Many technology experts recommend you only let young children use a smartphone or computer in front of you. You will have to decide for your child, but most experts recommend you do not let children have smartphones or computers in their rooms at night time.

9. Usalama wa vyombo vya habari vya kijamii kwa vijana

9. Social media safety for teenagers

Kuonewa mtandaoni ni tatizo kubwa kwa vijana. Hii inaitwa uonevu it. Ni wakati wa vijana ni mbaya kwa vijana wengine mtandaoni. Kama watoto wenu ni bullied, Acha wao kujibu bullies ya. Tovuti hii ya uonevu na it ina tips kina kwa ajili ya vijana ikiwa ni pamoja na karatasi ya taarifa kuhusu usalama wa simu, sexting na mada zingine.

Being bullied online is a big concern for teenagers. This is called cyber-bullying. It is when teenagers are mean to other teenagers online. If your children are bullied, do not have them respond to the bullies. This cyber-bullying website has detailed tips for teens including information sheets on cell phone safety, sexting and other topics.

10. Kupata addicted!

10. Don’t get addicted!

Matumizi ya mitandao ya kijamii wanavyowasiliana na watu unaowajali kuhusu, lakini si kutumia masaa kuangalia mambo ambayo si muhimu katika ulimwengu wa kweli. Makampuni ya mitandao ya kijamii kubuni tovuti na programu kuweka wewe kitanzi zao. Kwamba ni jinsi wao kufanya fedha.

Use social media to stay connected with the people you care about, but don’t spend hours looking at things that aren’t important in the real world. Social media companies design their sites and apps to keep you hooked. That’s how they make money.

Kuhusu vyombo vya habari vya kijamii

About social media

Kijamii vyombo vya habari ni mitandao, au njia ya kuungana na watu wengine. Mitandao ya kijamii ni pamoja na Facebook, Twittter, Snapchat na Instagram – programu yoyote au tovuti ambapo unaweza kuungana na watu wewe kujua au sijui. LinkedIn kazi kama mtandao wa jamii, Lakini kwa ajili ya ajira na kazi. Kumbi na matchmaking tovuti ni aina nyingine ya mitandao ya kijamii. YouTube hata huhesabika kama mitandao ya kijamii, kwa sababu mtu yeyote anaweza Weka video na maoni kuna.

Social media are networks, or ways to connect with other people. Social networks include Facebook, Twittter, Snapchat and Instagram – any app or website where you connect with people you know or don’t know. LinkedIn works like a social network, but for jobs and careers. Chat rooms and matchmaking websites are other forms of social media. Even YouTube counts as social media, because anyone can post videos and comments there.

Kwa nini ni inaitwa mitandao ya kijamii?

Why is it called social media?

Kijamii ina maana kitu cha kufanya na jamii au kikundi, kama vile shughuli za kirafiki na kuingiliana na watu wengine. Vyombo vya habari ni wingi wa neno kati, ambayo ni njia au mbinu ya mawasiliano. Tunatumia vyombo vya habari kwa maana ya pili ya mawasiliano, kama televisheni, Redio, au tovuti.

Social means anything to do with society or a group, such as friendly activities and interacting with other people. Media is the plural of the word medium, which is a channel or method of communication. We use media to mean mass communication, like television, radio, or the internet.

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