Sheria ya Marekani ya muhimu kujua

Wakati wewe kuja kuishi nchini Marekani, utajua sheria na kanuni zote. Kuna maelfu ya sheria! Kila serikali ina sheria zake za, pia. Hapa ni baadhi ya sheria za Marekani ambazo ni muhimu kujua ili usiivunja sheria kwa makosa.

Sheria za Marekani - familia nyumbani

Watoto

  • Watoto wako lazima waende shule kutoka umri wa 6 kwa 16.
  • Lazima si hit, kutelekezwa au unyanyasaji watoto wako.
  • Watoto wako lazima watumie viti vya usalama katika gari.
  • Baadhi ya nchi zina sheria za kusema huwezi kuwaacha watoto wako peke yake mpaka wafike umri fulani.
  • Unaweza kusoma kuhusu unyanyasaji wa watoto sheria nchini Marekani.

Kuendesha gari

  • Lazima upate bima ya gari na usajili kwa gari lako na kubeba katika gari.
  • Kila mtu lazima kuwa na leseni ya dereva kwa kuendesha.
  • Madereva wanaweza kugeuka haki wakati njia ya kuzima ni nyekundu kama ni salama kufanya hivyo na kama hakuna mtu anayekwenda mtaani, isipokuwa kama kuna ishara au mwanga Mwekundu kukuambia sio kugeuza.
  • Lazima kuvaa seatukanda katika gari kusonga (isipokuwa wewe ni mtu mzima katika jimbo la New Hampshire).
  • Je, si kupita basi shule katika mwelekeo ama wakati taa zake nyekundu ni flashing! Tu kuacha mpaka basi anarudi mbali taa yake flashing.
  • Kuvuta juu ya basi magari ya dharura kwenda kwa kama wana taa flashing au milio.
  • You inaweza kusoma kuhusu jinsi ya kuendesha gari katika USA.

Ubaguzi

  • Unaweza kukataa huduma kwa mtu ambaye ni wa kuchukiza, lakini huwezi kukataa huduma kwa watu kwa sababu ya mbio zao, Ngono, dini au wapi wanatoka.
  • Unaweza kujifunza zaidi kuhusu sheria za kupambana na ubaguzi ambazo hulinda Wamashoga, watrans, na wanawake wanaofanya kazi.

Kodi

  • Kama wewe kupata mapato na kuishi katika Marekani, lazima faili kurudi kodi kila mwaka na kulipa kodi kwa serikali ya Marekani. Katika baadhi ya maeneo, utalipa kodi za serikali na mitaa.
  • Unaweza kujifunza jinsi ya kulipa kodi katika USA.

Rushwa

  • Ni haramu kwa rushwa au kutoa hongo kwa polisi na maafisa wengine nchini Marekani.
  • Ni haramu kukubali rushwa.

Ndoa, ngono na incest

  • Ni kinyume na sheria kufanya ngono na mtu wa familia yako ambaye sio mwenzi wako.
  • Hauruhusiwi kuolewa na zaidi ya mtu mmoja wakati huo huo.
  • Hauruhusiwi kupiga au kuwapiga mke wako au wanafamilia wengine.
  • Ni kinyume cha sheria na kulazimisha mtu kufanya ngono na wewe hata kama wewe ni kuolewa na wao.
  • Hakuna, hata wazazi wenu, Unaweza kulazimisha kuoa mtu kama hutaki kuolewa.
  • Unaweza kupata talaka kutoka kwa mwenzi wako hata kama mwenzi wako hakubaliani.
  • Ni kosa kuoa mtu tu ili kupata uraia wa Marekani. Unaweza kufungwa jela au kufanya faini ya fedha nyingi.
  • It is not against the law to be a homosexual or lesbian, and it is legal to marry someone of the same sex.

Behavior in public

  • You may be fined for crossing the road except at a crosswalk!
  • You are not allowed to drop litter in a public place.
  • Drinking and (in some places) smoking are against the law in the street.
  • Indecent behavior (including nakedness, urinating, prostitution or hiring a prostitute) is illegal.

Drugs and alcohol

  • The legal drinking age in the United States is 21.
  • You must not give alcohol to anyone under the age of 21 or let them drink alcohol in your care. (There are exceptions in some states for parents, who may allow their children to drink in their care.)
  • It is illegal to take drugs or to sell or provide illegal drugs (which are calledcontrolled substancesin the law).
  • The use and sale of marijuana is allowed in some states under some conditions.

Animals and hunting

  • Hunters must have a hunting license to kill wild animals.
  • You can only kill wild animals in certain seasons and with certain weapons.
  • It is illegal to kill cats and dogs for food.
  • Katika nchi nyingi, animal cruelty or neglect is against the law. This means overworking, neglecting, starving, torturing or beating animals. Unaweza read more about wild animals, hunting and fishing na karibu animal and pet rules in the USA.

Fighting and violence

  • Violence to another person is against the law.
  • Some fighting is calleddisorderly conduct” au “mutual combat.Other fighting or attacking someone is calledassault.Even threatening someone can be an assault, which is a serious crime.

Other crimes

  • It is a crime to cheat people, to steal from people or stores
  • It is a crime to sell illegal drugs or guns.

Trespass

  • Americans are very protective of their homes and property. You cannot be on or in someone’s property without their permission.

Selective service

  • If you are a male between the ages of 18 na 26 and living in the United States, you must register for selective service in the armed forces.

Residency

  • If you are a resident or permanent resident but not a citizen, you must carry proof of your resident status with you (your papers or your Green Card).
  • You must also notify US Customs and Immigrations Services when you change your address.

There are many laws in America, but you also have many rights! Use our resources to find information about your rights as a resident or citizen.

Jifunze zaidi

Rasilimali nyingine


Taarifa kwenye ukurasa huu linatokana na Serikali ya Marekani na vyanzo vingine aminifu. Imekusudiwa kwa ajili ya mwongozo na ni updated kama mara nyingi iwezekanavyo. USAHello kutoa ushauri wa kisheria, wala ni mojawapo ya nyenzo yetu lengo kuchukuliwa kama ushauri wa kisheria. Kama wewe ni kuangalia kwa mwanasheria huru au gharama nafuu au msaada wa kisheria, tunaweza kukusaidia Tafuta bure na huduma za kisheria ya gharama nafuu.

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