Mshahara ni nini?

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Mshahara ni nini? Ni malipo ambayo unaweza kupata kwa ajili ya kazi. Malipo ni kiasi fasta kwa mwezi au mwaka. Kujua nini unahitaji kujua kuhusu wakilipwa mshahara na mshahara.

What is salary? It is a payment that you get for working. The payment is a fixed amount for a month or a year. Find out what you need to know about being paid with salary and wages.

Mshahara ni nini?
Picha: Shutterstock
What is salary?
Photo: Shutterstock

Aina ya malipo

Types of payment

Baadhi ya kazi kuwa kiwango cha saa au kila wiki. Kiwango cha maana kiasi katika dola kupata kulipwa kwa saa, siku moja, au kwa wiki.

Some jobs have an hourly or weekly rate. The rate means the amount in dollars you get paid for an hour, a day, or a week.

Kazi nyingine kukuambia mwaka wa (kila mwaka) kiwango cha, au mshahara. Unaweza kupata kiasi seti kwa mwaka. Kawaida, kazi na mshahara wa mwaka utakuwa kulipa wewe mwishoni mwa kila wiki mbili au kila mwezi kwamba kazi. Paychecks ya kuongeza kwa mshahara ya kila mwaka kama unaweza kukaa kwa mwaka mmoja.

Other jobs tell you the yearly (annual) rate, or salary. You earn a set amount for a year. Usually, a job with an annual salary will pay you at the end of every two weeks or every month that you work. The paychecks will add up to the yearly salary if you stay for one year.

Jinsi kiwango cha ujira ni tofauti ya mshahara?

How is a wage different from a salary?

Malipo kwa saa. Kiwango cha kila saa maana unaweza kupata kiasi seti kwa kila saa kazi. Hii mara nyingi huitwa “Mshahara.”

A wage is payment by the hour. An hourly rate means you earn a set amount for each hour you work. This is often called “wages.”

Kuna aina nyingine za kazi ambapo kupata kulipwa kwa ajili ya kumaliza kazi kila. Kwa mfano, Unaweza kupata $50 kwa kila makala ambayo unaweza kuandika.

There are other kinds of jobs where you get paid for finishing each job. For example, you might earn $50 for each article that you write.

Jinsi kujua mshahara wangu?

How do I know my salary?

Wakati ni inayotolewa kazi mpya, Utajifunza kuhusu malipo yako. Mwajiri atakuambia kiasi gani unaweza atalipwa kabla ya kuamua kukubali kazi. Au, Unaweza kuuliza katika kampuni au Waulize watu ili kujua. Unaweza kuangalia ili kuona nini ya malipo ya wastani kwa kazi yako na mji ni. Unaweza pia Jifunze mahitaji ya mshahara wa chini katika kila mkoa.

When you are offered a new job, you will learn about your payment. The employer will tell you how much you will be paid before you decide to accept the job. Or, you can ask at the company or ask people that you know. You can check to see what the average pay for your job and city is. You can also learn the minimum wage requirements in each state.

Mshahara gani mabadiliko?

What changes salary?

1. Faida

1. Benefits

Wakati mwingine, kazi ya muda au muda mfupi kutoa wewe wengine faida pia malipo yako. Malipo ya ni muhimu, lakini pia ni muhimu kufikiria mambo mengine, pia. Wakati mwingine, malipo ya juu inaweza kuwa mbaya zaidi kuliko kulipa chini kama kuna faida tofauti.

Sometimes, a full-time or part-time job will offer you other benefits as well your pay. The pay is important, but it is also important to think about other things, too. Sometimes, higher pay can be worse than a lower pay if there are different benefits.

Faida nyingine ni pamoja:

Other benefits include:

  • Bima ya afya: kazi inaweza kusaidia kulipia bima ya afya kwa familia yako au yako.
  • Mipango ya kustaafu: kazi inaweza kukusaidia kuokoa fedha kwa ajili ya kustaafu. Unaweza kuhifadhi baadhi ya anaweza yako katika akaunti ya kustaafu. Baadhi ya makampuni kuchangia, au kuongeza, akaunti ya akiba ya kustaafu.
  • Malipo ya likizo na likizo: baadhi ya kazi za kutoa likizo ya kulipwa, siku ya wagonjwa, na sikukuu. Manufaa haya hutofautiana sana. Uliza mwajiri wako kama unaweza kupata siku kulipwa mbali. Kazi nyingine inaweza kukulipa zaidi kwa saa kama kazi kwenye likizo.
  • Health insurance: a job might help pay for health insurance for your or your family.
  • Retirement plans: a job might help you save money for retirement. You can save some of your paycheck into a retirement account. Some companies contribute, or add to, your retirement savings account.
  • Vacation and holiday pay: some jobs offer paid vacation, sick days, and holidays. These benefits vary a lot. Ask your employer if you earn paid days off. Other jobs might pay you more per hour if you work on holidays.

2. Ujuzi na elimu

2. Skills and education

Kama kazi inahitaji ujuzi zaidi au nyuzi pevu, mshahara ni kawaida ya juu.

If a job requires more skills or advanced degrees, the salary is usually higher.

3. Mahitaji

3. Demand

Mahitaji ya kazi inaweza pia kuathiri malipo ya. Kama kuna mengi ya kazi wazi, makampuni na shida kuajiri mtu, mshahara huenda juu. Kama kuna mengi ya watu ambao ni kuangalia kwa ajili ya kazi, Kisha mshahara itakuwa chini.

The demand for a job can also affect the pay. If there are a lot of open jobs, and companies have trouble hiring someone, the salary might be higher. If there are a lot of people who are looking for the job, then the salary will be lower.

4. Mahali pa

4. Location

Mahali pako pa kubadilisha mshahara. Baadhi ya miji na nchi ni ghali zaidi kuishi. Miji na hali hizo inaweza kulipa zaidi. Baadhi ya miji na nchi ni nafuu kuishi. Miji na nchi hizo inaweza kulipa chini. Kwa sababu huna kulipa kama kiasi kwa ajili ya kodi, chakula, na mambo mengine, mishahara tofauti kati ya nchi mbili inaweza kuwa sawa zaidi kuliko wao kuangalia.

Your location can change the salary. Some cities and states are more expensive to live in. Those cities and state may pay more. Some cities and states are cheaper to live in. Those cities and states may pay less. Because you do not have to pay as much for rent, food, and other things, the different salaries between the two states might be more equal than they look.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

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