Mahojiano ya mtihani wa uraia ni nini?

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Uraia ni mchakato ambao hufanya mwananchi wa wa Marekani. Mtihani wa uraia, au mtihani wa uraia, ni mahojiano. Mtaulizwa kwa afisa wa uraia na huduma za uhamiaji. Mahojiano ni hatua muhimu katika kuwa ni raia wa Marekani. Kujua kuhusu mtihani wa uraia na jinsi ya kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano.

Naturalization is the process that makes you a citizen of the United States of America. The naturalization test, or citizenship test, is an interview. You will be questioned by a Citizenship and Immigration Services officer. The interview is an important step in becoming a US citizen. Find out about the naturalization test and how to prepare for the interview.

naturalization interview
Picha kwa hisani ya USCIS
naturalization interview
Photo courtesy of USCIS

Mtihani wa uraia ni moja ya hatua kadhaa katika mchakato wa kuwa ni raia wa Marekani. Wakati wewe kuhudhuria mahojiano yako, utakuwa na:

The naturalization test is one of several steps in the process to become a US citizen. By the time you attend your interview, you will have:

  • kukaguliwa kwamba wewe ni wanaostahili kutekeleza kuomba uraia
  • sent in your application form (N-400 ya) kwa kuomba uraia
  • kukamilisha vipimo vya kibiolojia miadi na mandharinyuma hundi

Kabla ya mtihani wako wa uraia

Before your naturalization test

US passportWakati makaratasi yako ni kamili, Uraia wa Marekani na huduma za uhamiaji (USCIS) kutuma na taarifa ya uteuzi. Ilani ya atakuambia tarehe na muda wa mahojiano yako.

US passportWhen all your paperwork is complete, the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) will send an appointment notice. The notice will tell you the date and time of your interview.

Mahojiano ni hatua ya mwisho ya kuwa raia. Mara kupita mtihani wako wa uraia, utakuwa na uwezo wa kuwa raia wa Marekani.

The interview is the last step to becoming a citizen. Once you pass your naturalization test, you will be able to become a US citizen.

Kupata tayari kwa ajili ya mahojiano yako ya mtihani mwanchi

Getting ready for your naturalization test interview

Jambo bora unaweza kufanya ili kufanikiwa katika mahojiano yako uraia ni: kuwa tayari!

The best thing you can do to succeed at your naturalization interview is: be prepared!

Kuwa tayari ina maana ya kuhakikisha Kiingereza chako kusoma, Akizungumza na ujuzi wa kuandika ni nzuri ya kutosha. Pia inamaanisha kuwa tayari kwa ajili ya mtihani wa uraia. Hakikisha unaelewa yote ya maswali utaulizwa wakati mahojiano yako.

Being prepared means making sure your English reading, speaking and writing skills are good enough. It also means being ready for the Civics test. Make sure you understand all the questions you will be asked during your interview.

Kama wewe si tayari, Unaweza kujiandikisha kwa ajili ya madarasa yetu huru ya mtandaoni ili kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mtihani wa uraia.

If you are not ready, you can sign up for our free online classes to prepare you for the naturalization test.

Mambo ya kuleta pamoja nanyi

Things to bring with you

Kuwa tayari pia inamaanisha kuwa na kila kitu unahitaji kuchukua kwa mahojiano yako.

Being prepared also means having everything you need to take to your interview.

Lazima kuleta vitu vifuatavyo pamoja nanyi:

You must bring the following items with you:

  • Taarifa yako miadi
  • Kadi yako ya mkazi wa kudumu au mgeni kadi ya usajili (kadi ya kijani)
  • Leseni ya dereva yako au kadi ya utambulisho wa hali iliyotolewa
  • Pasipoti ya sasa na muda wote au nyaraka za kusafiria
  • Your appointment notice
  • Your Permanent Resident Card or Alien Registration Card (green card)
  • Your driver’s license or state-issued identification card
  • All current and expired passports or travel documents

Unaweza pia kutaka kuleta:

You may also want to bring:

  • Nakala ya fomu yako ya maombi N-400 kwa ajili ya kumbukumbu yako mwenyewe
  • A Orodha ya ya 100 maswali kwamba afisa kuchukua 10 maswali kutoka (Kumbuka kwamba baadhi ya majibu, kama vile jina la Rais, kubadilika. Orodha hii atakuambia ambapo kupata majina sasa).
  • A copy of your N-400 application form for your own reference
  • A list of the 100 questions that the officer will pick 10 questions from (remember that some of the answers, such as the name of the president, will change. This list will tell you where to find the current names).

Ni kuruhusiwa kuleta wakili wako kama una moja.

You are allowed to bring your lawyer if you have one.

Taarifa yako miadi atakuambia kama unahitaji kuleta nyaraka nyingine, kama vile vyeti vya ndoa au talaka, Nyaraka ya kodi, au nyaraka na mwenzi wako au watoto.

Your appointment notice will tell you if you need to bring other documents, such as marriage or divorce certificates, tax documents, or documents to do with your spouse or children.

Nini kitatokea katika mtihani wako wa uraia

What will happen at your naturalization test

If you know what will happen during your interview, you can prepare. And if you are prepared, you will not need to feel nervous! This is what you need to know:

If you know what will happen during your interview, you can prepare. And if you are prepared, you will not need to feel nervous! This is what you need to know:

Kuwasili kwa ajili ya mahojiano

Arriving for the interview

Hakikisha kujua hasa ambapo unaenda hivyo wala kupotea na kuwasili mwishoni mwa. Unaweza kutaka kusafiri jengo siku kabla miadi yako ili kujua hasa ofisi iko wapi na jinsi ya kufika huko.

Make sure to know exactly where you are going so you don’t get lost and arrive late. You might want to travel to the building on a day before your appointment so you know exactly where the office is and how to get there.

Ni vizuri kufika nusu saa mapema kwa ajili ya miadi yako. Unahitaji muda wa kupitia kituo cha ukaguzi na kupata ofisi kulia na eneo hilo kusubiri. Pia, kama wewe ni pale kidogo mapema, unahisi chini haraka na neva.

It is good to arrive half an hour early for your appointment. You will need time to go through a security checkpoint and find the right office and the waiting area. Also, if you are there a little early, you will feel less rushed and nervous.

Unaweza kuwa na subiri kwa muda mpaka ni zamu yako. Unaweza kutumia muda kuangalia juu ya fomu yako au mtihani maswali. Afisa USCIS kuja na simu jina lako wakati ni zamu yako. Unaweza kwenda ofisi ya binafsi. Kabla ya kukaa, Afisa watauliza kuinua mkono wako wa kulia na ahadi ya kuwaambia ukweli.

You may have to wait for a while until it is your turn. You can use the time to look over your form or test questions. The USCIS officer will come out and call your name when it is your turn. You will go to a private office. Before you sit down, the officer will ask you to raise your right hand and promise to tell the truth.

Kupima ujuzi wako kuzungumza Kiingereza

Testing your English speaking skills

Wakati wa mahojiano, ofisa huyo ni kuhakikisha kwamba maelezo yako ni kweli na sahihi. Yeye watauliza kuna maswali mengi kuhusu taarifa juu ya maombi yako (Fomu N-400). Wakati huo huo, Yeye ni kupima ujuzi wako wa lugha ya Kiingereza.

During the interview, the officer is making sure your information is true and correct. He or she will ask lots of questions about the information on your application (Form N-400). At the same time, he or she is testing your English language skills.

Baadhi ya watu wakubwa na baadhi ya watu wenye matatizo ya kiafya au ulemavu wa akili kuhitimu kwa ajili ya ubaguzi mahitaji ya lugha ya Kiingereza.

Some older individuals and some people with health problems or mental disabilities may qualify for an exception to the English language requirement.

Maswali ya mandharinyuma na kusaini fomu

Background questions and signing forms

Afisa watauliza maswali kuhusu historia yako. Yeye anaweza kuuliza maswali ambayo hawakuwa kwenye fomu ya maombi. Kuwa tayari kwa ajili ya maswali unaweza kuulizwa.

The officer will ask questions about your background. He or she may ask questions that were not on the application form. Be prepared for the questions you may be asked.

Wakati maswali ni kumaliza, unahitaji kutia saini nyaraka chache, ikiwa ni pamoja na maombi yako na picha yako.

When the questions are finished, you will need to sign a few documents, including your application and your photographs.

Mtihani wa uraia, kusoma na kuandika ujuzi

Civics test, reading and writing skills

Watu wengi pia huwa na kuchukua kipimo cha uraia wa Marekani, historia na serikali. Sehemu hii ya mahojiano inaweza kuwa na afisa sawa, au inaweza kuwa na mtu tofauti. Inaweza kuja kwanza au mwishoni.

Most people will also have to take a test on US civics, history and government. This part of the interview may be with the same officer, or it may be with a different person. It could come first or at the end.

Wakati wa mtihani huu, lazima jibu 6 nje ya 10 maswali usahihi kuhusu uraia wa Marekani. Maswali na majibu husemwa. Kutakuwa na sehemu fupi wa maandishi na mtihani kwa mtihani ujuzi wako kuandika. Afisa atakuambia sentensi kuandika. Pia utaulizwa kusoma sentensi. Tena, unaweza kuandaa kwa ajili ya maswali utaulizwa wakati mahojiano yako.

During this exam, you must answer 6 out of 10 questions correctly about US civics. The questions and answers are spoken. There will be a short written part to the test to test your writing skills. The officer will tell you a sentence to write down. You will also be asked to read a sentence. Again, you can prepare for all the questions you will be asked during your interview.

Watu wachache na kuchukua mtihani huu. Kuna baadhi ya maondoleo kwa ajili ya wazee au watu na masuala ya afya au ulemavu.

A few people do not have to take this test. There are some exceptions for older people or people with health issues or disabilities.

Kuangalia video kuhusu uraia USCIS mahojiano

Watch a video about the USCIS naturalization interview

Unaweza Pakua ya Mwongozo wa uraia zilizotajwa katika video. Use this guide as you go through the process. Wengi maswali una yatajibiwa katika mwongozo wa.

You can download the Guide to Naturalization mentioned in the video. Use this guide as you go through the process. Most of the questions you have will be answered in the guide.

Vidokezo na mapendekezo kwa ajili ya mtihani wako wa uraia

Tips and suggestions for your naturalization test

  • Kutoka wakati afisa akisalimia wewe, Yeye ni kupima ujuzi wako Kiingereza. Kuwa na uhakika wa kusema kwa makini na wazi.
  • Daima kusema ukweli na si kushikilia nyuma taarifa yoyote. Ofisa huyo huenda maelezo kukuhusu kutoka chanzo kingine cha. Kama kujua jibu au hauwezi kukumbuka, ni sawa kusema hivyo. Pia ni sawa kuwaambia afisa kama huelewi kitu.
  • Kama unaweza kuongea Kiingereza, kujaribu kupata muda wa kwenda madarasa ya Kiingereza katika jamii yako. Vyuo vingi vya ndani, maktaba na vituo vya jamii kutoa masomo ya bure. Unaweza kuangalia FindHello kupata madarasa. Au unaweza kupata madarasa mtandaoni hapa.
  • Kuchukua kozi ya uraia wa Marekani ili kukusaidia kupita mtihani wako wa. Kama Ungependa kwenda darasa katika jamii yako, Unaweza kutafutiza mahali hapa – wengi madarasa yaliyoorodheshwa katika sehemu yetu ya rasilimali ni bure. Au unaweza kuchukua yetu bure mtandaoni uraia darasa. Unaweza Jiandikishe hapa na kuanza wakati wowote uko tayari!
  • From the time the officer greets you, he or she is testing your English skills. Be sure to speak carefully and clearly.
  • Always tell the truth and do not hold back any information. The officer may have information about you from another source. If you do not know an answer or cannot remember, it is okay to say so. It is also okay to tell the officer if you do not understand something.
  • If you do not speak English, try to find time to go to English classes in your community. Many local colleges, libraries and community centers offer free classes. You can look in FindHello to find classes. Or you can find online classes here.
  • Take a US citizenship course to help you pass your test. If you would like to go to a class in your community, you can search for places here – many of the classes listed in our Resources section are free. Or you can take our free online Citizenship class. You can sign up here and begin whenever you are ready!

Bahati nzuri na mahojiano yako! Kumbuka:

Good luck with your interview! Remember:

Kuwa wanaostahili, kuwa tayari, na kuwa mkweli.

Be eligible, be prepared, and be truthful.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

Rasilimali nyingine

Other resources



Taarifa kwenye ukurasa huu linatokana USCIS na vyanzo vingine aminifu. Imekusudiwa kwa ajili ya mwongozo na ni updated kama mara nyingi iwezekanavyo. USAHello kutoa ushauri wa kisheria, wala ni mojawapo ya nyenzo yetu lengo kuchukuliwa kama ushauri wa kisheria. Kama wewe ni kuangalia kwa mwanasheria huru au gharama nafuu au msaada wa kisheria, tunaweza kukusaidia Tafuta bure na huduma za kisheria ya gharama nafuu.

The information on this page comes from USCIS and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

Kupita mtihani wako wa uraia!

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