Ambapo kununua chakula na nguo

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Wageni baadhi hawana uhakika ambapo kununua mboga wanahitaji, na wao miss vyakula jadi kutoka nchi yao ya asili. Kuna maeneo mbalimbali wengi na njia ya kwenda kufanya manunuzi katika Marekani. Jifunze kuhusu aina ya maduka kwa ajili ya kununua chakula. Kujua jinsi ya kununua vyakula vya jadi. Soma kuhusu mahali pa kununua nguo na jinsi ya duka mtandaoni.

Some newcomers are not sure where to buy the groceries they need, and they may miss traditional foods from their native country. There are many different places and ways to go shopping in the USA. Learn about the kinds of shops for buying food. Find out how to buy traditional foods. Read about where to buy clothes and how to shop online.

Where to buy in the US, photo copyright UK Aid, CC.
Ununuzi katika Marekani, Uingereza wa hakimiliki wa picha misaada, CC..
Where to buy in the US, photo copyright UK Aid, CC.
Shopping in the US, photo copyright UK Aid, CC..

Kununua chakula

Buying food

Neno mboga ina maana chakula kununua. Unafaa kujaribu kutumia kuhusu 20% au chini ya mapato yako ya jumla ya familia kwenye mboga kila mwezi. Hii ina maana kama kuwa $1,000 mapato ya kila mwezi, Unapaswa kutumia $200 au chini kwenye mboga. Kama unaweza kupata $500 kila mwezi, wanaweza kumudu kutumia tu $100 au chini kwenye chakula, kama wewe ni pia kulipa kwa ajili ya nyumba na huduma za.

The word groceries means food you buy. You should try to spend about 20% or less of your total family income on groceries each month. This means if have $1,000 in income each month, you should spend $200 or less on groceries. If you get $500 each month, you can afford to spend only $100 or less on food, if you are to also pay for housing and utilities.

Hapa ni baadhi ya mambo ya muhimu kujua kuhusu kununua chakula:

Here are some useful things to know about buying food:

  • Baadhi ya vitu ambavyo gharama kidogo katika nchi yako ya nyumbani inaweza kuwa ghali katika Marekani. Kwa mfano, wakimbizi kutoka Burma kupenda kula nazi safi na Maembe, lakini vipengele hivi ni ghali.
  • Nyama na matunda huwa ghali katika Marekani. Hivyo, Unaweza kutaka kujaribu kula vyakula baadhi mpya kama vile vyakula jadi.
  • Kununua chakula, hasa mchele na maharage na mboga nyingi, kutoka duka la vyakula na kupika mwenyewe ni kwa ujumla chini ghali kuliko kununua chakula kutoka mgahawa.
  • Kama kipengee katika duka la bei, utalazimika kulipa bei. Hata hivyo, Hii ni kweli chini katika masoko au maduka ya kuuza kutumika bidhaa.
  • Some things that cost little in your home country may be expensive in the USA. For example, refugees from Burma may like to eat fresh coconuts and mangoes, but these items are expensive.
  • Meat and fruit are often expensive in the USA. So, you may need to try to eat some new foods as well as your traditional foods.
  • Buying food, especially rice and beans and many vegetables, from the grocery store and cooking it yourself is generally less expensive than buying food from a restaurant.
  • If an item in a store is priced, you have to pay that price. However, this is less true in markets or stores selling used goods.

Ambapo kununua mboga

Where to buy groceries

Hapa ni baadhi ya maeneo tofauti unaweza kununua chakula:

Here are some different places you can buy food:

Maduka ya mboga

Grocery stores

Maduka ya vyakula nchini Marekani ni maduka kubwa kubeba aina nyingi za chakula. Kuna vyakula kadhaa kubwa “maduka ya mnyororo.” Mnyororo ni kundi la maduka yaliyo sawa katika miji tofauti kote Marekani. Maduka ya mboga ni kugawanywa katika sehemu kama vile matunda na mboga, nyama, vyakula vya makopo, nk. Maduka mengi ya mboga kubwa kukuhimiza kujiandikisha kwa ajili ya bure “Klabu” kadi, au “kadi za uanachama. Hii ni vizuri kufanya hivyo kwa sababu mara nyingi unapokea upungufu wa bei juu ya chakula na kadi ya, Ingawa kadi ni bure. Maduka mengine, kama vile Costco, malipo kwa ajili ya kadi zao na kuuza idadi kubwa ya chakula zaidi kwa bei nafuu. Hizi zinastahili kujiunga kama una familia kubwa na ni kununua chakula na vitu vya nyumbani katika viwango vikubwa.

Grocery stores in the US are large stores that carry many different types of food. There are several large grocery “chain stores.” A chain is a group of stores that are the same in different cities across the US. Grocery stores are divided into sections such as fruit and vegetables, meat, canned foods, etc. Many large grocery stores encourage you to sign up for free “Club” cards, or “membership cards. This is good to do because you often receive a discount on your food with a card, even though the card is free. Other stores, such as Costco, do charge for their cards and sell large quantities of food more cheaply. These are worth joining if you have a big family and are buying food and household items in large quantities.

Wakulima’ masoko

Farmers’ markets

Miji wengi katika Marekani na wakulima’ masoko, hasa katika majira ya joto. Kwa wakulima na’ soko, Unaweza kupata matunda na mboga mzima na kuuzwa kwa wakulima wenyewe. Katika majira ya joto, wanaweza kutumia pesa kidogo basi wewe ungekuwa katika duka la vyakula kwa ajili ya vitu hivyo, lakini si mara zote – maduka baadhi ya kubwa ya vyakula ni uwezo wa kuuza kwa ajili ya chini kuliko wakulima ambao kukua kiasi kidogo cha mazao ya kikaboni, kwa mfano.

Most cities in the US have farmers’ markets, especially in the summer. At a farmers’ market, you can find fresh fruit and vegetables grown and sold by the farmers themselves. In summer, you may spend less money then you would at a grocery store for the same items, but not always – some big grocery stores are able to sell for less than farmers who grow small amount of organic produce, for example.

Urahisi maduka

Convenience stores

Haya ni maduka madogo ambayo wakati mwingine kuuza kiwango kidogo cha mboga au chakula. Wakati maduka haya inaweza kuwa rahisi kwa sababu ni karibu na nyumba yako, mara kwa mara ghali kuliko duka la vyakula.

These are small stores that sometimes sell small amounts of groceries or food. While these stores may be convenient because they are close to your house, they are often more expensive than the grocery store.

Maduka ya kikabila

Ethnic stores

Baadhi ya jamii na maduka ya kikabila, maana kuhifadhi kwamba anauza mboga kutoka background fulani wa kikabila. Kwa mfano, huenda kukawa na “Soko la Hindi” au “Soko Kichina” kwamba anauza vyakula kutoka nchi hizo. Unaweza kupata maduka ya mboga ya kikabila katika miji mingi katika FindHello.

Some communities have ethnic stores, meaning a store that sells groceries from a particular ethnic background. For example, there might be an “Indian Market” or a “Chinese Market” that sells foods from those countries. You can find ethnic grocery stores in many cities in FindHello.

Migahawa

Restaurants

Mikahawa katika Marekani huwa sehemu ghali sana ya kupata chakula. Migahawa ya haraka-chakula ni nafuu kuliko migahawa mara kwa mara, lakini una kuchagua kwa makini ili kula sana vyakula vinavyodhuru afya.

Restaurants in the USA tend to be the most expensive place to get food. Fast-food restaurants are cheaper than regular restaurants, but you have to choose carefully so as to not eat too much unhealthy food.

Mtandaoni

Online

Kuna tovuti kuuza chakula kikabila na vyakula vingine maalum kwamba ni vigumu kupata katika eneo hilo katika mji wako au mji. Mfano mmoja ni eFood Depot.

There are a number of websites selling ethnic food and other specialty foods that are hard to find locally in your town or city. One example is eFood Depot.

Unaweza kupata vyakula maalum kwa kutafutiza mtandaoni. Chapa maneno "kununua [chakula wewe ni kuangalia kwa] mtandaoni.”

You can find specialty foods by searching online. Type the words “buy [food you are looking for] online.”

 

 

Mahali pa kununua nguo na vitu vya nyumbani

Where to buy clothing and household items

Katika Marekani, una kura ya chaguzi ya wapi duka kwa ajili ya nguo na vitu kwa ajili ya nyumba yako. Unapaswa daima kujaribu kununua vitu wakati wao ni juu ya kuuza!

In the USA, you have lots of options of where to shop for clothes and things for your home. You should always try to buy things when they are on sale!

Uwekevu maduka au maduka ya kutumika na mitumba

Thrift stores or used and secondhand stores

Wakati ni kufikiri ya mahali pa kununua nguo, kuzingatia uwekevu maduka kama unataka kuokoa fedha. Uwekevu maduka ya kuuza nguo, vipengee nyumbani, na samani watu wengine kuwa ametoa. Kama wewe kuchukua muda wa kuangalia, mara nyingi unaweza kupata nguo nzuri sana, vipengee kwa jikoni yako, samani, vinyago, na zaidi kwa uwekevu maduka. Maduka haya huwa kuwa bei ya chini kabisa, na mara nyingi wana siku ambapo kila kitu katika duka la ni juu ya kuuza.

When you are thinking of where to buy clothes, consider thrift stores if you want to save money. Thrift stores sell clothes, home items, and furniture other people have given away. If you take time to look, you can often find very nice clothes, items for your kitchen, furniture, toys, and more at thrift stores. These stores tend to be very low-cost, and they often have days where everything in the store is on sale.

Mauzo ya karakana na mauzo ya yadi

Garage sales and yard sales

Garage kuuza au mauzo ya yadi ni mahali pazuri pa kupata kutumika nguo na vitu vya nyumbani. Vipengele hivi ni kawaida kabisa nafuu. Mauzo ya karakana na mauzo ya yadi ni moja ya maeneo machache tu wewe barter katika Marekani. Hii ina maana kama wewe ni katika karakana au uuzaji wa yadi, Unaweza kujaribu kuuliza kwa bei ya chini kuliko yale yaliyoandikwa kwenye kipengee.

A garage sale or yard sale is a great place to find used clothing and household items. These items are normally quite cheap. Garage sales and yard sales are one of the few places you can barter in the USA. This means if you are at a garage or yard sale, you can try to ask for a lower price than what is written on the item.

Idara maduka na maduka

Department stores and malls

Unaweza pia duka katika maduka ya Idara au maduka ya. Maduka haya huwa ghali na kuwa maarufu jina la bidhaa. Hii ina maana vitu ni maarufu kwa sababu ya brand ni maalumu, kama vile Nike viatu.

You can also shop at department stores or the mall. These stores tend to be more expensive and have famous name brands. This means the items are popular because the brand is well-known, such as Nike shoes.

Superstores

Superstores

Superstores ni maduka katika Marekani kuuza karibu kila kitu. Hizi ni pamoja na maduka kama Kariakoo, Lengo, na Kmart. Maduka haya ni nafuu kwa ujumla kuliko maduka ya Idara ya brand jina.

Superstores are stores in the USA that sell nearly everything. These include stores like Walmart, Target, and Kmart. These stores are generally cheaper than name brand department stores.

Ununuzi katika eneo hilo

Shopping locally

Pengine kuna kura ya maduka ya ndani katika mji wako mpya. Ni nzuri kwa duka katika eneo hilo kwa sababu fedha yako anakaa katika jamii yako. Unaweza hata kupata hifadhi inayomilikiwa na mkimbizi mwingine.

There are probably lots of local stores in your new town. It is nice to shop locally because your money stays in your community. You may even find a store owned by another refugee.

Maduka ya vifaa

Hardware stores

Kama unahitaji vitu kwa ajili ya nyumba yako au kukarabati nyumba yako, Unaweza duka katika duka la maunzi. Watu wanaofanya kazi katika maduka haya atajibu maswali yako kuhusu kutengeneza nyumbani.

If you need items for your house or to repair your home, you can shop at a hardware store. The people who work at these stores will answer your questions about home repair.

Mtandaoni na mashamba

Online and mail order

Mengi ya Wamarekani kununua nguo zao mtandaoni au kutoka katalogi zinazokuja katika barua. Katika Marekani, Unaweza kurudi nguo unaweza kununua online au kutoka katalogi ya, kama vile unaweza kurudi vipengee kununuliwa katika maduka.

A lot of Americans buy their clothes online or from catalogs that come in the mail. In the USA, you can return clothes you buy online or from a catalog, just like you can return items bought in stores.

Kurejea vipengee

Returning items

Maduka ya Marekani basi watu kurudi bidhaa kama kuna kitu kibaya nao au hata kama tu kubadilisha mawazo yao. Lakini wao si kuruhusu wewe kurudi kitu baada ya kuwa na kutumika. Wakati wowote unaweza duka, kuweka risiti yako. Huu ni uthibitisho kwamba unaweza kununua kipengee na wakati uliinunua. Kama wewe kuamua unataka kurudi kipengee, Utahitaji risiti. Ni vigumu kurudi vyakula safi, lakini inapaswa daima kurudi chakula kama umepata ilikuwa kuharibiwa au nyuma yake “kuuza kwa” tarehe.

Stores in the USA let people return goods if there is something wrong with them or even if they just change their mind. But they will not allow you to return something after you have used it. Whenever you shop, keep your receipt. This is proof that you bought the item and when you bought it. If you decide you want to return an item, you will need the receipt. It is harder to return fresh foods, but you should always return food if you found it was spoiled or past its “sell by” date.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

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