Mkimbizi ni nani?

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Mkimbizi ni mtu ambaye ana kuondoka nyumbani yake kwa sababu ya mgogoro au hatari nyingine. Ukurasa huu una maelezo ya kukusaidia kupata usalama na kujisajili kama mkimbizi.

A refugee is a person who has to leave his or her home because of conflict or other dangers. This page has information to help you find safety and register as a refugee.

Ukurasa huu una maelezo ya hlelp kujisajili kama mkimbizi na kupata usalama. UNHCR wa hakimiliki wa picha.
UNHCR wa hakimiliki wa picha.
This page has information to hlelp you register as a refugee and find safety. Photo copyright UNHCR.
Photo copyright UNHCR.

Mkimbizi ni nani?

Who is a refugee?

Wewe ni mkimbizi wakati wewe si salama kutokana na vurugu katika nchi yako nyumbani na kuondoka kutokana na woga wa hatari. Hii inaweza kuwa kwa sababu ya rangi yako, dini, utaifa, au mali ya kikundi cha kijamii au maoni ya kisiasa. Wakimbizi kuondoka nchi yao nyumbani kwa sababu wanaogopa na ulinzi hakuna. Wakimbizi wanaweza kukimbia vita vya silaha, majanga ya asili, au serikali ya salama. Watu ambao ni trapped ndani ya nchi yao na hawana njia ya kuvuka mpaka wa kujisajili kama mkimbizi wanaitwa waliokosa makazi watu (IDP).

You are a refugee when you are not safe from violence in your home country and have to leave due to fear of danger. This can be because of your race, religion, nationality, or belonging to a social group or political opinion. Refugees leave their home country because they are afraid and there is no protection for them. Refugees may be escaping armed conflict, natural disasters, or an unsafe government. People who are trapped inside of their country and have no way to cross a border to register as a refugee are called Internally Displaced People (IDP).

Ni aina gani ya msaada naweza kupata?

What kind of help can I get?

Kuna wakimbizi zaidi katika dunia ya leo kuliko milele kabla katika historia. Ni muhimu kuelewa haki zako kama mkimbizi na kujaribu kupata mashirika nzuri ambayo inaweza kukusaidia. Nchi nyingi hawana rasilimali kulinda wakimbizi. Baadhi ya watu ni mafisadi na kuchukua faida ya wakimbizi.

There are more refugees in the world today than ever before in history. It is important to understand your rights as a refugee and to try find good organizations that can help you. Many countries do not have the resources to protect refugees. Some people are corrupt and take advantage of refugees.

Je, ni haki yangu?

What are my rights?

Kama wewe wanaishi katika nchi ambapo kuna vita, vurugu, au mateso, na serikali haiwezi au itakuwa kukulinda, una haki ya kusafiri kwenda nchi mpya na kutafuta kinga kama mkimbizi.

If you are living in a country where there is war, violence, or persecution, and the government cannot or will not protect you, you have the right to travel to a new country and seek protection as a refugee.

Jinsi kuwa mkimbizi?

How do I become a refugee?

Mara nyingi, ili kuwa mkimbizi, lazima kusafiri katika mpaka wa kimataifa na kujiandikisha kama wakimbizi na Umoja wa Mataifa. Kutegemea nchi gani uko katika sasa hivi au uliko, Shirika jingine anaweza kukusaidia kujisajili na Umoja wa Mataifa.

Most of the time, in order to become a refugee, you must travel across an international border and register as a refugee with the United Nations. Depending on what country you are in right now or where you are going, another organization may help you register with the United Nations.

Nini kinatokea baada ya kuwa mkimbizi?

What happens after I become a refugee?

Inategemea kama wewe kuishi katika kambi ya wakimbizi au kama unaishi katika mji kama wakimbizi mijini. Wakati unaishi katika kambi, mashirika ya kimataifa inaweza kukusaidia kwa kutoa maskani ya msingi, chakula, na ulinzi.

It depends whether you live in a refugee camp or if you live in a city as an urban refugee. When you live in a camp, international organizations can help you by providing basic shelter, food, and protection.

Wakati unaishi katika mji, wewe umeitwa wakimbizi mijini. Kama wewe ni wakimbizi mijini, inaweza kuwa na uwezo wa kupata kazi au kuunganisha katika nchi mpya. Lakini, inaweza kuwa vigumu sana kwako kwa sababu huna lolote kusaidia au kuunga mkono.

When you live in a city, you are called an urban refugee. If you are an urban refugee, you may be able to find work or integrate into the new country. But, it may be very difficult for you because you may not have any help or support.

Je, unahitaji msaada? Tafadhali chagua eneo lako hapa chini.

Do you need help? Please choose your location below.

Kama unahitaji msaada, Tafadhali bofya kwenye eneo hapa chini ili kupata mashirika na rasilimali katika eneo hilo:

If you need help, please click on an area below to find organizations and resources in that region:

Jinsi gani unaweza mimi kupisha Marekani?

How can I be resettled to the USA?

Wakimbizi na wahamiaji duniani kote wengi wanataka kuja Marekani. Hata hivyo, ni nadra sana hakufanikiwa kuna. Chini ya 1% ya wakimbizi wamepewa milele makazi kwa USAs.

Many refugees and immigrants around the world want to come to the USA. However, it is very rare to be resettled there. Less than 1% of refugees are ever resettled to the USAs.

Inaweza kuchukua muda mrefu sana hakufanikiwa kwa sababu lazima kupita hundi kali sana wa mandharinyuma/usalama na kukamilisha mtihani wa afya. Wakimbizi ambao ndio wanaoathiriwa zaidi na haiwezi kurudi nchi zao nyumbani ni makazi.

It can take a very long time to be resettled because you must pass a very strict background/security check and complete a health exam. Only those refugees who are the most vulnerable and cannot return to their home countries are resettled.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

Rasilimali nyingine

Other resources



Taarifa kwenye ukurasa huu linatokana UNHCR na vyanzo vingine aminifu. Imekusudiwa kwa ajili ya mwongozo na ni updated kama mara nyingi iwezekanavyo. USAHello kutoa ushauri wa kisheria, wala ni mojawapo ya nyenzo yetu lengo kuchukuliwa kama ushauri wa kisheria. Kama wewe ni kuangalia kwa mwanasheria huru au gharama nafuu au msaada wa kisheria, tunaweza kukusaidia Tafuta bure na huduma za kisheria ya gharama nafuu.

The information on this page comes from UNHCR and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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