Wanawake katika Marekani

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Wanawake nchini Marekani ni sawa na wanaume. Lakini kuna njia nyingi ambazo watu na uzoefu wa maisha ya wanawake ni tofauti. Soma kuhusu haki za wanawake, nguo, na unyanyasaji wa wanawake. Jifunze kuhusu uzoefu wa wanawake katika kazi, nyumbani na kwa kuwa na watoto.

Women in the USA are equal to men. But there are many ways in which men and women’s life experiences are different. Read about women’s rights, clothing, and abuse of women. Learn about women’s experiences at work, in the home and with having children.

A gray haired woman wearing a gray coat smiling at the camera- women in the USA
IStock/adamkaz
A gray haired woman wearing a gray coat smiling at the camera- women in the USA
IStock/ adamkaz

Historia

History

Jinsi wanawake wanatibiwa sasa ni tofauti sana kuliko ilivyokuwa 50 miaka iliyopita. Nyuma kisha, wanawake walikaa nyumbani na watoto na watu walikwenda kufanya kazi. Kati ya miaka ya 1960 na mapema miaka ya 1980, wanawake walipigana ili kutibiwa sawa. Walileta tahadhari ya ngono, ambayo ni matibabu unayopendelea ya watu. Wanawake waliandamana mitaani katika maandamano. Walipigana na kubadili sheria muhimu kuhusu utoaji mimba na ubakaji. Wao umba na kushiriki sanaa na muziki kuhusu uzoefu wao kama wanawake. Hii iliitwa Shirika la ukombozi la wanawake. Ni iliyopita jinsi wanawake walikuwa kutibiwa katika Marekani.

The way women are treated now is very different than it was about 50 years ago. Back then, women stayed at home with the children and men went to work. Between the late 1960s and early 1980s, women fought to be treated equally. They brought attention to sexism, which is the preferred treatment of men. Women marched in the streets in protest. They fought to change important laws about abortion and rape. They created and shared art and music about their experience as women. This was called the Women’s Liberation Movement. It changed how women were treated in the USA.

Haki sawa

Equal rights

Katika jamii ya Marekani, wanawake ni sawa na kuwa na haki sawa kama wanaume. Wanawake yanaweza kuwa na ajira sawa kama wanaume. Wanawake wameweza kupiga kura nchini Marekani tangu 1920. Wanawake wanaweza kutumika kama maafisa waliochaguliwa na wanaweza kumiliki mali. Wanaweza kutumika katika jeshi. Lakini bado kuna ukosefu wa wanawake katika nafasi za uongozi. Wanawake kufanya 51% ya idadi ya watu. Lakini mwanamke hajawahi kuwa Rais. Tu 19% wa Congress (sehemu ya serikali ya shirikisho) na 21% Wabunge (aina ya kiongozi wa kisiasa) ni wanawake. Hii inaweza kuwa hatari kwa haki za wanawake. Wakati mwingine maamuzi yanayoathiri afya ya wanawake na maamuzi ya kibinafsi yanafanywa na watu wengi.

In American society, women are equals and have the same rights as men. Women can have the same jobs as men. Women have been able to vote in the United States since 1920. Women can serve as elected officials and can own property. They can serve in the military. But there is still a lack of women in leadership positions. Women make up 51% of the population. But a woman has never been president. Only 19% of Congress (a part of the federal government) and 21% of legislators (a type of political leader) are women. This can be harmful to women’s rights. Sometimes decisions that affect women’s health and personal choices are made by mostly men.

Wanawake katika kazi

Women at work

Wanawake wa Marekani ni sehemu muhimu ya wafanyakazi. Wao kufanya juu karibu 50% ya wafanyakazi. Wanawake wanafanya kazi katika kila aina ya kazi. Kuna kazi tu kwa ajili ya wanaume au kwa wanawake tu. Unaweza kuwa bosi wa kike. Hii ni vigumu kwa baadhi ya wakimbizi na wahamiaji kama hawajawahi kuwa na mwanamke katika malipo kazini kabla. Lakini kupata kazi katika USA, lazima uwe na sifa kwa nafasi. Hii ina maana kila mtu ni bosi ilibidi kuomba na mahojiano kwa ajili ya kazi. Kama una bosi ambaye si nzuri sana, si kwa sababu wao ni mwanaume au mwanamke, Lakini kwa sababu wanakosa ujuzi muhimu.

American women are an important part of the workforce. They make up almost 50% of the workers. Women work in all types of jobs. There are no jobs that are only for men or only for women. You may have a female boss. This is difficult for some refugees and immigrants if they have never had a woman in charge at work before. But to get a job in the USA, you must be qualified for the position. This means whoever is the boss had to apply and interview for the job. If you have a boss who is not very good, it is not because they are a man or a woman, but because they lack the necessary skills.

Hata hivyo, hii haina maana wanawake kuwa na usawa kamili na wanaume. Kuna baadhi ya Wakurugenzi wa kampuni ya kike wachache kuliko wanaume. Wanawake kawaida kulipwa chini ya wanaume. Hii ni kweli hata wakati wanafanya kazi katika kazi moja. Wanawake wakati mwingine si kupata Promotions wao wanastahili.

However, this does not mean women have complete equality with men. There are far fewer female company directors than male company directors. Women usually earn less than men. This is true even when they are working in the same job. Women sometimes do not get the promotions they deserve.

Wanawake wengi wa Marekani pia mapambano na usawa wa maisha ya kazi. Kwa mfano, wana wakati mgumu kufanya kazi wakati pia kutunza familia zao. Soma zaidi kuhusu wanawake kazini.

Many American women also struggle with work-life balance. For example, they have a difficult time working while also taking care of their families. Read more about women at work.

Wanawake nyumbani

Women at home

Marekani na wanaume kawaida kushiriki majukumu na kazi katika kaya. Katika familia, mwanaume na mwanamke wanaweza kufanya kazi nje ya nyumba. Katika karibu nusu ya nyumba katika USA, wazazi wote hufanya kazi wakati wote wa ajira.. Nyumbani, mama na Baba mara nyingi hufanya kufua, sahani, kupikia, na kuwatunza watoto. Soma zaidi kuhusu uzazi katika USA.

American men and women typically share duties and chores in the household. In a family, the man and the woman might both work outside of the home. In about half of the homes in the USA, both parents work full-time jobs. At home, the mother and father often both do laundry, dishes, cooking, and take care of the children. Read more about parenting in the USA.

Wakati wanawake wana watoto, wao kupata muda mbali ya kazi. Hii inaitwa kuondoka kwa uzazi. Wanawake wengi kupata 3 miezi ya kuondoka kulipwa kutoka kazi. Some companies pay employees a part of their salary. After their maternity leave is over, American women go back to work. They often pay for kusaidia kulea watoto for their babies and children while they work.

When women have children, they get time off of work. This is called maternity leave. Most women get 3 months of unpaid leave from work. Some companies pay employees a part of their salary. After their maternity leave is over, American women go back to work. They often pay for childcare for their babies and children while they work.

Abuse of women

Abuse of women

Baadhi ya wanawake Marekani pia uso ukatili wa majumbani au unyanyasaji kutoka kwa wenzi wao. About a third of women say that they have been abused. It may be more, as many women are scared or embarrassed to talk about abuse. Abuse of and violence against women, watu, or children is illegal. If someone is convicted of abuse, they might go to jail. Kujifunza kuhusu Sheria za Marekani.

Some American women also face domestic violence or abuse from their partners. About a third of women say that they have been abused. It may be more, as many women are scared or embarrassed to talk about abuse. Abuse of and violence against women, men, or children is illegal. If someone is convicted of abuse, they might go to jail. Learn about US laws.

Kama wewe ni katika uhusiano na ananyanyaswa na mpenzi wako, Unaweza kumuita the National Domestic Violence Hotline kwa ajili ya msaada 24 saa kwa siku. You do not have to give your name.

If you are in a relationship and being abused by your partner, you can call the National Domestic Violence Hotline for help 24 hours a day. You do not have to give your name.

Women’s clothing

Women’s clothing

Women in the USA may dress differently from women in other cultures. Wao wanaweza, kwa mfano, kuvaa suruali au unaweza kuvaa nguo ambayo inaonyesha ngozi zao. Katika Marekani, wearing revealing clothing does not reflect poorly on a woman. It also does not mean anything about the woman’s character. Women usually buy clothes from stores. They do not sow them themselves and do not have them sewn professionally. This happens only for special occasions. Women usually affordable clothes and replace them within a few years.

Women in the USA may dress differently from women in other cultures. They may, for example, wear pants or they may wear clothing that shows their skin. In the USA, wearing revealing clothing does not reflect poorly on a woman. It also does not mean anything about the woman’s character. Women usually buy clothes from stores. They do not sow them themselves and do not have them sewn professionally. This happens only for special occasions. Women usually affordable clothes and replace them within a few years.

Jumla, the clothing style in the USA is casual. Many women and men wear jeans most days. Some women do not dress up outside of work or special occasions. Some workplaces in the US are casual too, especially in cities. Wakati mwingine, younger people may even wear sweats to work or school.

Overall, the clothing style in the USA is casual. Many women and men wear jeans most days. Some women do not dress up outside of work or special occasions. Some workplaces in the US are casual too, especially in cities. Sometimes, younger people may even wear sweats to work or school.

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