Wafanyakazi’ haki za

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Una haki fulani kukulinda kazini. Katika Marekani, kila mtu wachukuliwe haki katika mahali pa kazi. Waajiri lazima kufuata sheria au itakuwa faini au kuadhibiwa. Kusoma ili kujifunza zaidi kuhusu wafanyakazi’ haki katika Marekani.

You have certain rights to protect you at work. In the USA, everyone should be treated fairly in the workplace. Employers must follow laws or they will be fined or punished. Read to learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.

Workers' rights - woman worker

Workers' rights - woman worker

Serikali ya Marekani ina wafanyakazi’ sheria ya haki kusema fedha kiasi gani lazima ufanye. Pia kuna sheria kuhusu masaa mengi jinsi unavyofanya kazi na jinsi mwajiri wako chipsi wewe. Mwajiri wako lazima kutoa mahali salama na afya kwako kazi. Kama yeye au yeye hana, hivyo vinaweza kuadhibiwa na sheria.

The government in the USA has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

Mshahara wa chini

Minimum wage

Serikali ya shirikisho inafanya sheria kwa nchi nzima. Serikali serikali kutengeneza sheria katika majimbo yao. Serikali ya shirikisho na kila hali na seti mshahara wa chini. Mshahara wa chini ni kiasi chini kwamba waajiri lazima kulipa wafanyakazi wao. Mshahara wa chini wa shirikisho ni $7.25 kwa saa. Hii ina maana kwamba mwajiri yoyote mahali popote nchini Marekani lazima kukulipa angalau $7.25 kwa saa. Unaweza Jifunze zaidi kuhusu wafanyakazi’ haki na malipo katika lugha nyingi.

The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. The minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that any employer anywhere in the United States must pay you at least $7.25 per hour. You can learn more about workers’ rights and pay in many languages.

Hali kima cha chini cha mshahara

State minimum wage

Wakati mwingine mshahara wa chini wa serikali ni kubwa kuliko mshahara wa chini wa shirikisho. Kwa mfano, majimbo ya California na Arizona wote kuwa mshahara wa chini wa $11.00 kwa saa. Katika nchi hizi, waajiri lazima kulipa wafanyakazi kiwango juu. Unaweza kupata mshahara wa chini katika hali yako.

Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the states of California and Arizona both have a minimum wage of $11.00 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount. You can find the minimum wage in your state.

Kima cha chini cha mshahara na vidokezo

Minimum wage and tips

Tips ni fedha kutoka wateja Asante kwa huduma yako. Vidokezo havijajumuishwa katika gharama za huduma au kiasi cha kodi. Kama kazi katika mgahawa au katika kazi ambapo unaweza kupata tips ya zaidi ya $30 mwezi mmoja, basi unaweza kuajiriwa kama ya “mfanyakazi tipped.” Wafanyakazi tipped lazima kulipwa angalau $2.13 kwa saa pamoja na vidokezo yao. Vidokezo vya lazima zaidi $5.12 kwa saa ili kwamba bado ni kupata shirikisho kima cha chini cha mshahara wa $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the cost of service or the tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Kuna baadhi ya mikahawa ni pamoja na ncha katika muswada. Wakati wewe ni walioajiriwa, bosi wako atakuambia sheria kuhusu powered. Unaweza kusoma zaidi juu ya kanuni za wafanyakazi tipped hapa.

There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees here.

Mshahara sawa

Equal wages

Katika baadhi ya nchi, wanaume na wanawake ni kulipwa tofauti. Hata hivyo, SISI sheria Usiruhusu hii. Kama wewe ni kufanya kazi hiyo kama mfanyakazi mwenza, wewe lazima yalipwe sawa. Wanapaswa pia kupata malipo sawa ya usiku na mchana, saa ya likizo, na mafao. Wafanyakazi wanapaswa tu kupata zaidi kama wao ni katika nafasi tofauti au kufanya zaidi katika mahali pamoja. Wao wanaweza pia kulipwa zaidi kama wana ujuzi bora au zaidi uzoefu katika uwanja wao kazi katika.

In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

Ubaguzi

Discrimination

Sheria ya ubaguzi kuwahimiza waajiri kuajiri watu kutoka asili mbalimbali na kutibu kila mtu sawa. Ni kinyume cha sheria kwa mwajiri si kuajiri wewe kwa sababu ya:

Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:

  • jinsia
  • mbio
  • dini
  • ulemavu: kuwa na matatizo ya kimwili au ya ugonjwa
  • umri: kuwa 40 au wazee
  • asili ya Taifa: unatoka wapi
  • gender
  • race
  • religion
  • disability: having physical problems or an illness
  • age: being 40 or older
  • national origin: where you come from

Unaweza kusoma zaidi kuhusu sheria kuhusu aina za ubaguzi kazini. Wafanyakazi wenye ulemavu na haki za ziada chini ya sheria.

You can read more about laws about types of discrimination at work. Employees with disabilities have additional rights under the law.

Majeraha ya kazi

Work injuries

Majeraha yanaweza kutokea kwako wakati unafanya kazi. Kama utapata madhara wakati wa kufanya kazi, ni muhimu sana kumwambia meneja wako haki mbali. Wewe pia haja ya kupata daktari kutibu majeraha yako. Wafanyakazi’ sheria ya fidia kulinda haki zako za kuwa matibabu. Baadhi ya matibabu yako na mishahara inaweza kulipwa kwa kampuni yako.

Injuries can happen to you while you are working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.

Haki ya faragha

Right to privacy

Kampuni yako hairuhusiwi Angalia mambo yako binafsi. Mfuko wako, mifuko, Hifadhi ya makabati, na briefcases tu kwako. Kama unaweza kupokea barua ambayo ina jina lako juu yake, Meneja wako hairuhusiwi kusoma.

Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.

Kama unaweza kutumia kompyuta kwa ajili ya kazi, bosi wako unaruhusiwa kuangalia barua pepe yako. Kama unatumia simu ya, baadhi ya makampuni wanaruhusiwa kusikiliza simu na ujumbe wako. Hii ni tofauti kwa kila kampuni. Wewe lazima kamwe kusema au kuandika mambo mabaya kuhusu kampuni yako.

If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.

Kufutwa kwa haki

Unfair termination

Kufutwa kwa haki inamaanisha kwamba wewe got wafukuzwa kazi kwa sababu ya haramu. Kama unafikiri kwamba umepoteza kazi yako kwa sababu ya ubaguzi, jeraha la kazi, au unyanyasaji, unapaswa kufikiria kuzungumza na mwanasheria. Kuna wanasheria ambao kuwasaidia watu na wafanyakazi’ haki za. Unaweza kupata mawakili bure na nafuu ambao kuwasaidia wahamiaji na wakimbizi.

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’ rights. You can find free and affordable lawyers who help immigrants and refugees.

Kama unadhani haramu mambo yanafanyika katika mahali pako pa kazi, kumwambia mwajiri wako. Kama mwajiri wako ni uwezo wa kusaidia, Andika chini kile kinachotokea. Unaweza kuhitaji taarifa hii baadaye.

If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.

Usalama mahali pa kazi

Workplace safety

Mwajiri wako lazima Hakikisha ya kwamba mahali pako pa kazi ni salama na bila hatari. Hatari ni mambo ambayo inaweza kudhuru wewe, kama vile kemikali au zana hatari au vifaa. Wakati mwingine, kazi yako unahitaji kufanya kitu salama. Kwa mfano, mfanyakazi wa ujenzi wapate kupanda juu majengo mrefu. Chini ya sheria, waajiri na kuwaambia juu ya hatari ya uwezekano katika mahali pa kazi. Pia wana mafunzo katika lugha ambayo unaweza kuelewa. Kama kuhisi au kuona kitu ni hatari kwamba meneja wako hajui kuhusu, Waambie. Kupata maelezo kuhusu haki ya usalama kazini.

Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them. Find information about safety rights at work.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more



Taarifa kwenye ukurasa huu linatokana na Serikali ya Marekani na vyanzo vingine aminifu. Imekusudiwa kwa ajili ya mwongozo na ni updated kama mara nyingi iwezekanavyo. USAHello kutoa ushauri wa kisheria, wala ni mojawapo ya nyenzo yetu lengo kuchukuliwa kama ushauri wa kisheria. Kama wewe ni kuangalia kwa mwanasheria huru au gharama nafuu au msaada wa kisheria, tunaweza kukusaidia Tafuta bure na huduma za kisheria ya gharama nafuu.

The information on this page comes from the US government and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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