Comment postuler aux études supérieures ?

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How do I apply for college

Going to college is an exciting step in life, but there is a lot to do. It is important that you makes a good college application. Read about college requirements, types of college, and how to fill out a college application.

 

How do I apply for college

Comment postuler aux études supérieures ?

In the USA, people often say “college” or “school” for university and other education after high school. Getting into college is a long process. You can increase your chances by studying hard and being active in high school. Even if you are a great student and have done well at activities, you still need to make a good college application. It is a long process. First you must figure out what kind of college or university you want to attend. Be patient and get the right information ready. It will help you get into the school you want.

Postuler aux études supérieures demande beaucoup de temps et d’effort. Mais cela en vaut la peine!

Start preparing in high school

Pré-requis à l’admission

Start preparing while you are in high school. The most important thing is to get good grades in high school. You should take part in extra activities, too. This means clubs, sports, and extra classes. Colleges will also look at your volunteer work. They want to know that you are “well rounded”. This means that you are successful in many things, not just school.

Pour être admis à des études supérieures de 2 ans (les « communitycolleges ») ou 4 ans (l’université) vous aurez besoin d’un diplôme d’études secondaires. Si vous n’êtes pas allé au lycée, ou si vous avez arrêté avant la fin, vous pouvez obtenir à la place un diplôme d’équivalence d’études secondaires. Cela montre que vous avez le niveau pour accéder aux études supérieures.

College admission requirements

Vous pouvez obtenir ce diplôme d’équivalence (appelé GED ou HiSET) à des centres communautaires, via des cours du soir pour immigrants et réfugiés ou en ligne avec les cours de préparation au GED gratuits de USAHello.

To be admitted to a two-year college, four-year college, or university, you will need a high school diploma. If you did not graduate from high school, you can take a high school equivalency test instead. This is a long test about all the different topics taught in school. If you pass, it shows you have enough education to go to college.

Quel sont les différents types d’études universitaires ?

You can earn your high school equivalency diploma (called GED® or HiSET or TASC) at community colleges. You can also go to evening classes for immigrants and refugees, or take our free GED preparation class.

Les communitycolleges

Which type of college should I apply for?

Les communitycolleges sont essentiellement des écoles publiques de deux ans qui mettent l’accent sur les compétences pour débuter une carrière. Les étudiants diplômés des communitycolleges reçoivent souvent des certificats ou un « associatedegree » (l’équivalent d’un DUT ou d’un BTS en France). Les communitycolleges peuvent aider les étudiants à gagner des compétences importantes pour débuter leur carrière avec un travail qui pourra survenir à leurs besoins (c’est à dire un travail avec un salaire suffisant pour vivre sans avoir besoin d’un second travail ou d’allocations). Certains communitycolleges ont des programmes pour aider les étudiants à se diriger vers des universités. Les communitycollegescoûtent généralement moins cher qu’une université.

There are many college options to choose from. Where you go will depend on what you want to study and how much money you can spend. You will need to think about if you want to move or stay with your family.

College et université

Community college

Beaucoup d’Amércains se dirigent vers l’université à la sortie du lycée. Une université propose non seulement des diplômes qui s’obtiennent en deux à quatre ans (« undergraduatedegrees ») mais aussi des diplômes en 5 ans et plus (master et doctorat). Cependant, dans la vie de tous les jours aux États-Unis, les gens disent « college » pour désigner tous les types d’études après le secondaire.

Community colleges focus on career skills. Students who graduate from community colleges often receive certificates or associate degrees. Associates degrees take around two years of study. Community colleges can help students gain important skills to begin careers offering a living wage. This means any jobs that pay enough money for people. Living wage also means you would not need two jobs or help from the government. Some community colleges have programs to help students transfer to four-year colleges.

Publique et Privé

Community colleges are smaller than universities. They are in both small towns and big cities. Community colleges let students attend part-time. They are also cheaper than universities.

Les enseignements supérieurs peuvent être publics ou privés. Les établissements privés coûtent généralement plus cher que les publics. Cependant, les établissements privés sont aussi susceptibles d’avoir plus de bourses disponibles.

College and university

Pré-requis à l’admission aux études supérieures

Si vous savez dans quel établissement vous voulez vous inscrire, vous pouvez visiter leur site web pour savoir exactement comment s’inscrire. Voici une liste provenant de bestcolleges.com qui récapitule ce qui est généralement demandé pour les inscriptions.

Many Americans go to a four-year college after they finish high school. A university is a college that offers not just undergraduate (bachelor’s) degrees but post-graduate degrees too (master’s or PhD). Bachelor’s and master’s degrees will help you get a better job when you graduate.

Toute personne cherchant à s’inscrire à une formation universitaire de deux ou quatre ans doit compléter toutes les conditions d’inscriptions. Bien que ces conditions puissent varier d’une école à une autre, le processus d’inscription vous demandera généralement d’envoyer :

Four-year colleges and universities are harder to get into than community colleges. You will have to pass tests to enter. The most common test you need to pass is called the SAT. It tests your reading, writing, and math skills.

  • un formulaire d’inscription en ligne;
  • une lettre d’intention ou une déclaration personnelle;
  • au moins une dissertation (le sujet est généralement donné par l’école);
  • deux lettres de recommandation ou plus de vos anciens enseignants;
  • les relevés de notes du lycée;
  • les résultats de tests standardisés;
  • les frais d’inscription;

Public and private

Guide étape par étape

Colleges can be either private or public schools. Private colleges cost a lot more money than public colleges. However, private colleges may also have more scholarship money available. They have smaller classes so students get to talk to teachers more.

Vous trouverez un guide plus détaillé reprenant toutes les étapes sur le site web de UniversityLanguage Services : S’inscrire aux Études Supérieures Étapes par Étapes

How to apply and fill out college applications

Autres informations utiles

You can start filling out college applications in October the year before you want to start college. College applications need to be finished by January. It takes a long time to fill out applications. You should start early and fill out 6 to 8 applications.

College applications cost about $40 each, so only apply to schools you really like. Colleges that are known for having the best education can be very competitive. This means that many students apply but most don’t get in. If you are applying to very competitive schools, you may want to apply to some schools that are easy to get into as well. This is in case you do not get into your first choices.

Terminer l’école et gagnez votre GED®

Cours en ligne gratuit de préparation de GED®

Terminer vos études

If you know which college you want to attend, you can look on its website to learn about how to apply. This is what you need:

  • A filled-out online application form
  • A personal statement: this is an essay about why you want to go to this school. It is also a chance to talk about your skills and grades.
  • Two or more letters of recommendation: letters from teachers or people you have worked for. These letters will say why the school should let you in.
  • High school transcripts
  • Test scores: for university, you will need to take an SAT or ACT test. These are tests on all the subjects you learned in school. A good score will help you get into college

If you get in

You will get a letter or email telling you got in. This will happen between March 1st and May 1st. If you got into more than one school, you will have to decide where to go. Think about costs, location, and how good the education is. Tell the schools yes or no as soon as you can. Some students get on waiting lists, which means they will only get a spot if someone else doesn’t want theirs. Replying early will help the other students (or you) know if they can go to that school.

If you don’t get in

Some students do not get into college the first year they apply. If you do not get in, there are options.

Some colleges offering rolling admissions. This means that they do not accept all the students at one time. Instead, they accept students one at a time until all the spots are gone. If there are spots left, you can apply to these schools in the late spring or summer.

You might decide to take a year off and work to save money. You will have time to research colleges and decide where you want to apply next year. You can also try to get an internship or do volunteering in the field you are interested in. An internship is an unpaid job. This experience will help you get in the next time they apply.

Applying for college can be a long process. Take it step by step. Even if you or your child don’t get in, there are other options.

Learn more

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