Comida americana

If you are new to the USA, you may want to learn about American food. You have probably noticed that there are many choices! Find out about American food and food at your children’s school. Learn how to introduce Americans to foods from your home country. See ways to handle cultural differences about food.

Group of neighbors around food table at block party
Foto: iStock/monkeybusinessimages

Ajuste a la alimentación americana

You may be surprised to see how many choices there are for food in the USA. There are many brands of food in all kinds of packages. Fruits and vegetables can be bought even when they are not in season. You will notice that restaurants serve food from many different cultures. Fast food is popular in the United States. It is easy to get a cheap meal quickly, and even to buy it without getting out of your car.

Unhealthy American food

Many American foods, sobre todo de comida rápida, in the United States contain sugar or preservatives (ingredients put in food to make it last longer). Many fruits and vegetables are sprayed with pesticides, que son productos químicos utilizados en las granjas que mantienen los insectos lejos. Su cuerpo no puede utilizarse para este tipo de alimentos así que usted puede sentirse enfermo al principio o puede empezar a subir de peso. Consuming unhealthful foods is a problem for many Americans, who get overweight and experience health issues. Aunque usted puede ser excitado a probar alimentos nuevos, Usted puede optar por hacerlo poco a poco, para permitir que su cuerpo ajusta.

Restaurant food

If you are trying to eat healthfully and cheaply, you will want to avoid eating at restaurants often. La comida se sirve en los restaurantes suele ser menos saludable y contiene muchas más calorías, which are units that measure how much energy a food has. Helado, por ejemplo, tiene muchas calorías. Fruits and vegetables have fewer calories.

American views of immigrant food

Some Americans may not have tried the food you eat in your native country. En las grandes ciudades, there are many ethnic restaurants and so people have more experience of foreign foods. En ciudades más pequeñas, with less cultural variety, las personas no pueden ser experimentadas como.

Introduce new dishes

Mayoría de los estadounidenses está abierta a probar nuevos tipos de cocción y será curiosa de probar platos nuevos. Many Americans participate in “potlucks,” which are social gatherings where everyone brings a dish to share. Potlucks happen at big gatherings or at casual dinners. Esto puede ser una buena oportunidad para introducir a otros en los alimentos, tanto en la escuela y las situaciones sociales. You can also invite people over for dinner and serve dishes from your culture. Some people may not be open to trying new food, sin embargo, and it is important to respect that.

Food at your children’s school

Students in American schools do not receive breakfast except in some preschools for young children. Children eat before they go to school, although in some schools children can buy a small breakfast at the school cafeteria.

Lunch and snacks

At lunchtime, los niños pueden comprar sus alimentos o traer comida de casa. Packing lunches for your children is the best way to make sure that your children have healthy food, ya que muchas escuelas sirven alimentos poco saludables y bebidas azucaradas. Children in the USA also bring “snacks” to school. Se trata de pequeñas cantidades de alimentos que consumen durante los recreos. Los ejemplos incluyen frutas, tuercas, barras de granola, o galletas.

Help with food costs

Si su familia no tiene mucho dinero, a veces la escuela proporcionará gratis (o más barato) comidas, con desayuno incluido, para su hijo. Every school is different, so it is best to talk to your child’s teacher or the school secretary you have any questions.

Other children

There is a possibility that children may make fun of your child for eating unfamiliar food. Los niños más pequeños a veces tienen miedos de cosas nuevas y creen que burlas de otros es la manera correcta de tratar con sus sentimientos. Usted debe hablar con su hijo sobre esto, así que no son sorprendido o muy malestar si esto sucede. Your child may choose to explain what the food is made out of, as some ethnic dishes contain similar ingredients to those eaten in the USA. Si los niños no están interesados, your child may choose to walk away from the situation. They may want to choose a different group of companions.

If children continue to make fun of your child’s choices of food, usted o su hijo debe hablar con el maestro sobre la situación. Another strategy would be to talk to the teacher about organizing an activity in which food can become a teaching opportunity about culture. You could make a larger amount of the food for the class, and it would be discussed and shared

Polite ways to decline American food

If you are invited to someone’s home for a meal and cannot eat a certain food because of your religion or culture, you should feel comfortable explaining that to your host and hostess. Es conveniente hacer esto antes de ir al evento. Mayoría de los estadounidenses es muy respetuosa de otras dietas y aún puede hacer preguntas para aprender más sobre su estilo de vida. Si han comido lo suficiente y no desea que los alimentos más, it is not impolite to say, “No thank you, I am full,” even if the host offers it many times.

Taboo or hard-to-find foods

Algunos alimentos que usted está acostumbrado a comer en su país de origen no son disponibles o son tabú. Taboo means inappropriate or forbidden within a culture. Algunos tipos de carne, such as horse meat and some organs of animals, no se venden o comido. Many Americans think eating baby or fetal animals is wrong. Insects also are not part of the traditional diet, but you can occasionally find them at some ethnic markets.

En América, dairy products are pasteurized (heated) to kill bacteria, and fresh milk and cheese that do not go through this process cannot be sold. Algunas frutas, como mangosteen y askee, are not sold in the United States because they are considered unsafe.

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