Aplicar a la Universidad?

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 Aplicar a la Universidad

Going to college is an exciting step in life, but there is a lot to do. It is important that you makes a good college application. Read about college requirements, types of college, and how to fill out a college application.

 

How do I apply for college

Cómo aplico a la universidad?

In the USA, people often say “college” or “school” for university and other education after high school. Getting into college is a long process. You can increase your chances by studying hard and being active in high school. Even if you are a great student and have done well at activities, you still need to make a good college application. It is a long process. First you must figure out what kind of college or university you want to attend. Be patient and get the right information ready. It will help you get into the school you want.

Aplicar a la universidad toma mucho tiempo y esfuerzo. Pero vale la pena!

Start preparing in high school

Requerimientos de admisión a la universidad

Start preparing while you are in high school. The most important thing is to get good grades in high school. You should take part in extra activities, too. This means clubs, sports, and extra classes. Colleges will also look at your volunteer work. They want to know that you are “well rounded”. This means that you are successful in many things, not just school.

Para ser aceptado a una universidad de dos o cuatro años, usted necesitará un diploma de secundaria. Si usted no fue a la secundaria, o no pudo terminar, usted puede obtener un diploma de equivalencia. Este muestra que usted tiene suficiente educación como para entrar a la universidad.

College admission requirements

Usted puede obtener su diploma de equivalencia de secundaria (llamado GED o HiSET) en universidades comunitarias, a través de clases de noche para inmigrantes y refugiados, o en línea con la clase gratis de preparacion para el GED del Centro de Refugiados.

To be admitted to a two-year college, four-year college, or university, you will need a high school diploma. If you did not graduate from high school, you can take a high school equivalency test instead. This is a long test about all the different topics taught in school. If you pass, it shows you have enough education to go to college.

Qué tipos de universidades existen?

You can earn your high school equivalency diploma (called GED® or HiSET or TASC) at community colleges. You can also go to evening classes for immigrants and refugees, or take our free GED preparation class.

Universidades comunitarias

Which type of college should I apply for?

Las universidades comunitarias son usualmente universidades de dos años que se enfocan en habilidades profesionales. Los estudiantes que se gradúan de universidades comunitarias usualmente reciben certificaciones o un título de asociado. Las universidades comunitarias pueden ayudar a los estudiantes a obtener habilidades que son muy importantes para empezar carreras que les permitan ganarse la vida (esto se refiere a trabajos que pagan lo suficiente como para poder vivir sin tener que tener dos empleos o recibir ayuda del gobierno). Algunas universidades comunitarias tienen programas que ayudan a que los estudiantes puedan transferirse a universidades de cuatro años. En general las universidades comunitarias son menos costosas que las universidades de cuatro años.

There are many college options to choose from. Where you go will depend on what you want to study and how much money you can spend. You will need to think about if you want to move or stay with your family.

Universidades

Community college

Muchos Norteamericanos deciden ir a una universidad de cuatro años luego de terminar la secundaria. Una universidad es un instituto que ofrece no solo títulos de licenciatura, sino títulos de postgrado también (Maestrías y Doctorados). Coloquialmente, los Norteamericanos se refieren a estas instituciones como “colleges”.

Community colleges focus on career skills. Students who graduate from community colleges often receive certificates or associate degrees. Associates degrees take around two years of study. Community colleges can help students gain important skills to begin careers offering a living wage. This means any jobs that pay enough money for people. Living wage also means you would not need two jobs or help from the government. Some community colleges have programs to help students transfer to four-year colleges.

Públicas y Privadas

Community colleges are smaller than universities. They are in both small towns and big cities. Community colleges let students attend part-time. They are also cheaper than universities.

Las universidades pueden ser públicas o privadas. Las universidades privadas usualmente son más costosas que las públicas. Sin embargo, las universidades privadas pueden tener más becas disponibles.

College and university

Requisitos de Aplicación para la Universidad

Si usted sabe cuál universidad le interesa, puede buscar en su página web la información de cómo aplicar. Debajo hay una lista de los requisitos más comunes, cortesía de bestcolleges.com:

Many Americans go to a four-year college after they finish high school. A university is a college that offers not just undergraduate (bachelor’s) degrees but post-graduate degrees too (master’s or PhD). Bachelor’s and master’s degrees will help you get a better job when you graduate.

Cualquier persona que desee ser aceptado a una universidad de dos o cuatro años necesita cumplir con los requisitos de admisión. Aunque estos varían de universidad a universidad, el proceso de aplicación típicamente consiste en someter:

Four-year colleges and universities are harder to get into than community colleges. You will have to pass tests to enter. The most common test you need to pass is called the SAT. It tests your reading, writing, and math skills.

  • El formulario de aplicación en línea
  • Una carta de intención o una declaración personal
  • Por lo menos un ensayo suplementario (usualmente el tema lo elige la institución)
  • Dos o más cartas de recomendación escritas por profesores anteriores
  • Su expediente de secundaria
  • Sus resultados de las pruebas estandarizadas
  • La cuota de aplicación

Public and private

Guia paso-por-paso

Colleges can be either private or public schools. Private colleges cost a lot more money than public colleges. However, private colleges may also have more scholarship money available. They have smaller classes so students get to talk to teachers more.

Usted puede encontrar una guia mas detallada del proceso paso-por-paso en la página web de la Universidad de Servicios de Lenguaje. Aplicando a la universidad paso-por-paso

How to apply and fill out college applications

Más información util

You can start filling out college applications in October the year before you want to start college. College applications need to be finished by January. It takes a long time to fill out applications. You should start early and fill out 6 to 8 applications.

College applications cost about $40 each, so only apply to schools you really like. Colleges that are known for having the best education can be very competitive. This means that many students apply but most don’t get in. If you are applying to very competitive schools, you may want to apply to some schools that are easy to get into as well. This is in case you do not get into your first choices.

Terminar la escuela y obtener su GED®

GED en línea gratis® curso de preparación

Terminar su educación

If you know which college you want to attend, you can look on its website to learn about how to apply. This is what you need:

  • A filled-out online application form
  • A personal statement: this is an essay about why you want to go to this school. It is also a chance to talk about your skills and grades.
  • Two or more letters of recommendation: letters from teachers or people you have worked for. These letters will say why the school should let you in.
  • High school transcripts
  • Test scores: for university, you will need to take an SAT or ACT test. These are tests on all the subjects you learned in school. A good score will help you get into college

If you get in

You will get a letter or email telling you got in. This will happen between March 1st and May 1st. If you got into more than one school, you will have to decide where to go. Think about costs, location, and how good the education is. Tell the schools yes or no as soon as you can. Some students get on waiting lists, which means they will only get a spot if someone else doesn’t want theirs. Replying early will help the other students (or you) know if they can go to that school.

If you don’t get in

Some students do not get into college the first year they apply. If you do not get in, there are options.

Some colleges offering rolling admissions. This means that they do not accept all the students at one time. Instead, they accept students one at a time until all the spots are gone. If there are spots left, you can apply to these schools in the late spring or summer.

You might decide to take a year off and work to save money. You will have time to research colleges and decide where you want to apply next year. You can also try to get an internship or do volunteering in the field you are interested in. An internship is an unpaid job. This experience will help you get in the next time they apply.

Applying for college can be a long process. Take it step by step. Even if you or your child don’t get in, there are other options.

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