Trastornos de la alimentación

Inglés tambiénNada de inglés

Eating disorders are problems with eating because you have bad thoughts about your body. Usted puede ir a través de cambios extremos de peso. You may eat too little or too much.

Eating disorders are problems with eating because you have bad thoughts about your body. You may go through extreme weight changes. You may eat too little or too much.

Eating Disorders

Eating Disorders

Imagen del cuerpo significa que siente por su cuerpo y Cómo crees que tu cuerpo se ve. Con un trastorno alimentario, you make big changes to your eating habits because of your body image. You always try to control your weight. Por ejemplo, se puede comer muy poco cada día porque te sientes que estás grasa incluso cuando no estás. Cualquier persona puede tener trastornos de la alimentación. Pero, más mujeres tienen un trastorno alimentario que los hombres.

Body image means how you feel about your body and how you believe your body looks. With an eating disorder, you make big changes to your eating habits because of your body image. You always try to control your weight. For example, you may eat very little every day because you feel like you are fat even when you are not. Any person can have eating disorders. But, more women have an eating disorder than men.

Symptoms of eating disorders

Symptoms of eating disorders

Hay diferentes tipos de trastornos de la alimentación. Algunos trastornos son:

There are different types of eating disorders. Some eating disorders are:

La anorexia nerviosa

Anorexia nervosa

La anorexia nerviosa es cuando estás bajo de peso pero todavía intenta bajar de peso. Insuficiencia ponderal significa que no pesa lo suficiente para su edad y estatura. Si usted tiene anorexia nerviosa:

Anorexia nervosa is when you are underweight but you still try to lose weight. Underweight means you do not weigh enough for your height and age. If you have anorexia nervosa:

  • You may stop eating.
  • You may exercise too much.
  • You may take medicine so you go to the bathroom a lot.
  • You may think you are not a good person because of how you think your body looks.
  • Tiene miedo a ganar peso a pesar de que estás bajo de peso.
  • You may stop eating.
  • You may exercise too much.
  • You may take medicine so you go to the bathroom a lot.
  • You may think you are not a good person because of how you think your body looks.
  • You are scared to gain weight even though you are underweight.

Bulimia nerviosa

Bulimia nervosa

Bulimia nerviosa es cuando a veces comes mucha comida y se siente que no puede controlar lo que comes. Después de comer mucha comida, siente que debe deshacerse de la comida. Si tienes bulimia nerviosa:

Bulimia nervosa is when you sometimes eat a lot of food and it feels like you cannot control what you eat. After you eat a lot of food, you feel like you must get rid of the food. If you have bulimia nervosa:

  • Pensar mucho acerca de su peso y forma del cuerpo.
  • Usted tiene a veces al comer mucha comida y luego tratar de perder mucho peso después de.
  • You may make yourself vomit (vómito) después de comer mucha comida.
  • You may exercise too much after eating a lot of food.
  • You may stop eating for a long time after eating too much food.
  • You think too much about your body shape and weight.
  • You have times when you eat a lot of food and then try to lose a lot of weight after.
  • You may make yourself vomit (throw up) after you eat a lot of food.
  • You may exercise too much after eating a lot of food.
  • You may stop eating for a long time after eating too much food.

Consumo excesivo de comida

Binge eating

Comer compulsivamente es cuando comes demasiada comida y sientes que no puedes dejar de. Comes mucha comida por lo menos 2 veces a la semana para 6 meses. Generalmente te sientes triste, avergonzado, y culpable después de comer.

Binge eating is when you eat too much food and you feel like you cannot stop. You eat too much food at least 2 times every week for 6 months. You usually feel sad, ashamed, and guilty after you eat.

Reasons for eating disorders

Reasons for eating disorders

Hay muchas razones que puede tener uno de estos trastornos de la alimentación. Algunas de las razones son:

There are many reasons you can have one of these eating disorders. Some of the reasons are:

  • Tienes problemas en casa y con su familia.
  • Otras personas decirte que estás muy gorda o no se ve bien.
  • Sientes la presión de otras personas a bajar de peso. Por ejemplo, Si eres modelo o bailarina, la gente puede decir que usted necesita perder peso.
  • Tienes baja autoestima. Baja autoestima es cuando no crees que eres una buena persona o cuando crees que no eres capaz de hacer cualquier cosa.
  • Tienes ansiedad. La ansiedad es cuando te sientes nervioso mucho incluso cuando no hay razón para sentirse nervioso.
  • Tiene familiares que tienen un trastorno alimentario u otro problema de salud mental.
  • You have problems at home and with your family.
  • Other people tell you that you are too fat or you do not look good.
  • You feel pressure from other people to lose weight. For example, if you are a model or dancer, people might tell you that you need to lose weight.
  • You have low self-esteem. Low self-esteem is when you do not think you are a good person or when you do not believe you are able to do anything.
  • You have anxiety. Anxiety is when you feel nervous a lot even when there is no reason to feel nervous.
  • You have family members who have an eating disorder or another mental health challenge.

Trastornos de la alimentación son graves. Si no encuentras ayuda, puede dañar su cuerpo mal. Mayoría de las personas no necesitan medicamentos, pero algunas personas necesitan hablar con un terapeuta o psicólogo para muchos años.

Eating disorders are serious. If you do not find help, you might damage your body badly. Most people do not need medication but some people need to talk to a therapist or psychologist for many years.

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