Cuáles son los niveles en el sistema de educación estadounidense? Cuál es la ubicación de la escuela?

Inglés tambiénNada de inglés

En los E.e.u.u., escuela pública comienza entre la edad de 4 y 6 y continúa hasta 16 Para 18 años de edad. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

In the USA, public school starts between the age of 4 and 6 and continues until 16 to 18 years old. You can send also your children to pre-school at an early age. Learn about the different levels of the American education system. Learn what placement is and how schools place your child.

high school students

high school students

Bajo la ley estadounidense, you children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. Puedes find out the ages and number of years in your state.

Under US law, you children must go to school for a certain number of years between certain ages. The ages and number of years varies from state to state. You can find out the ages and number of years in your state.

The education system in US public schools

The education system in US public schools

La educación temprana

Early childhood education

La educación temprana es un término utilizado para hablar de los niños pequeños están expuestos a la educación. Incluso cuando su hijo es un bebé, es importante ayudar a que les lean, cantar con ellos y ayudarlos a aprender su primera lengua e inglés. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (son “billingual”) tienen más ventajas que los niños que hablan sólo una lengua. Primera infancia centros educativos y guarderías están disponibles para los infantes a través de los niños era cuatro o cinco.

Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who speak two or more languages (are “billingual”) have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.

Preescolar

Preschool

Preescolar ayuda a los niños (las edades de tres y cuatro) desarrollar. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. Una opción para el preescolar se llama Head Start. Los niños en edad preescolar de familias de bajos ingresos pueden asistir a programas de Head Start. Head Start es un preescolar de bajo costo del gobierno. Usted puede buscar un Programa de Head Start cerca de usted.

Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. Some schools will start children in preschool at 2 and a half. Preschool helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.

Escuela primaria

Elementary school

Los niños generalmente comienzan la escuela primaria con jardín de la infancia (K) en la edad cinco y continúe hasta el grado cinco o seis. Dejan la escuela primaria alrededor de la edad de diez u once. Los niños aprenden a muchos temas de un profesor en un aula único.

Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.

Escuela secundaria (también se llama escuela secundaria)

Middle school (also called junior high school)

Escuela secundaria enseña a los estudiantes grados seis a ocho. Son alrededor de las edades de diez a 14. Los estudiantes de secundaria suelen cambiar de aula a aula. Pueden tener muchos profesores diferentes en un día escolar. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day. In smaller communities, children will not switch schools to go to middle school. They will keep going to elementary school.

High School secundaria

High school

Los estudiantes asisten a la escuela secundaria entre las edades de 14 y por lo general 17 o 18. Las clases son arregladas por temas. Un estudiante puede tener muchos maestros en un solo día. Algunos estudiantes pueden tomar clases avanzadas. Algunos estudiantes pueden tomar las clases que los preparan para el trabajo o para la Universidad. High Schools secundarias tienen clubes, actividades, deportes, acuerdos de trabajo y estudio, y otras actividades.

Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.

School placement in the American education system

School placement in the American education system

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

School placement means deciding in which grade your student will be placed. It can also mean where a school places a student within their grade.

Muchos estudiantes refugiados pueden haber faltado la escuela mientras estaban en el campamento o huir de su país. Pueden ser en diferentes grados de un estudiante americano típico de la misma edad. Some students might be at a high-grade level but do not speak English yet. Los estudiantes pueden tener problemas para en las clases más difíciles hasta que aprenden a Inglés mejor. Escuelas en los Estados Unidos a veces colocar los estudiantes en los grados de mal.

Many refugee students may have missed school while they were in camp or fleeing their country. They may be at different grade levels than a typical American student of the same age. Some students might be at a high-grade level but do not speak English yet. Those students may have trouble in harder classes until they learn English better. Schools in the US sometimes place students in the wrong grades.

How will schools place my child?

How will schools place my child?

Los estudiantes pueden tomar algunas pruebas antes del inicio del año escolar o al comienzo del año escolar. Las pruebas podrían escribirse. Que tengan un adulto leer preguntas a un estudiante. Es diferente para cada distrito escolar.

Students may take some tests before the start of the school year or at the very beginning of the school year. The tests might be written. They might have an adult read questions to a student. It is different for every school district.

Si usted piensa que su hijo se coloca en el grado de mal, Usted puede hablar con el profesor, principal, o el personal de la escuela que probado y colocó a su hijo.

If you think your child is placed in the wrong grade, you can talk to the teacher, principal, or the school staff who tested and placed your child.

  • Preguntar, "Cuál fue su razonamiento?"La escuela puede ayudarle a entender su decisión.
  • Explicar por qué crees que la colocación es incorrecta. Pueden ser capaces de cambiar la ubicación si están de acuerdo con sus razones.
  • Ask, “What was your reasoning?” The school can help you understand their decision.
  • Explain why you think the placement is wrong. They may be able to change the placement if they agree with your reasons.

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

How does the school decide which class level my child takes?

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. Estas son razones comunes:

There are many reasons the school chooses a level for a student. These are common reasons:

  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • Recomendaciones de padres
  • Resultados de los exámenes estandarizados, según el caso
  • Voluntad de completar tareas difíciles
  • Interés de los estudiantes o motivación
  • Recomendación del maestro o consejero
  • Muestras del trabajo del estudiante
  • How well the student understands English or their test scores
  • Parent/guardian recommendations
  • Standardized test scores, as appropriate
  • Willingness to complete challenging assignments
  • Student interest or motivation
  • Teacher or counselor recommendation
  • Samples of student work

Same grade, different level

Same grade, different level

Secundarias y preparatorias tienen clases que se imparten en los diferentes niveles en el mismo grado. Algunos son más duros y algunos son más fáciles de. Los nombres de los cursos a veces describen el nivel de dificultad. Las palabras cambian según el distrito escolar.

Middle and high schools have classes that are taught at different levels in the same grade. Some are harder and some are easier. The names of the courses sometimes describe the level of difficulty. The words change depending on the school district.

Nombres para las clases que son más fáciles o usan niveles de inglés más fácil:

Names for classes that are easier or use easier English levels:

  • Inclusión
  • Basic skills
  • Inclusion
  • Basic skills

Nombres para las clases de un nivel típico para el grado:

Names for classes at a typical level for the grade:

  • Regular
  • No-honores
  • Regular
  • Non-honors

Nombres para clases en un más alto nivel o avanzado:

Names for classes at a higher or advanced level:

  • Reconocimientos
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (AP)
  • IB (Organización del Bachillerato Internacional)
  • Honors
  • GTE (Gifted and talented education)
  • Advanced placement (AP)
  • IB (International Baccalaureate)

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