LGBT: comunidades de lesbianas, gais, bisexuales y transexuales
LGBT stands for lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender. In every country and society, many people belong to one of these communities. In the USA, LGBT people have the same rights and freedoms as everyone else, including the right to marry partners of the same sex.
¿Quién es LGBT?
Las personas que se identifican como parte de la comunidad lésbica, gay, bisexual o transexual (LGBT) provienen de diferentes sectores de la sociedad. LGBT incluye personas de todas las razas, etnias, edades, estatus socioeconómico y nacionalidades.
Who is LGBT?
Las personas que tienen parejas del mismo sexo y personas que se encuentran en transición de géneros pueden ser descritas como LGBT. De igual manera abarca a la gente que se está planteando preguntas relacionadas a su género o sexualidad.
People who identify as part of the lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender (LGBT) community come from different backgrounds. LGBT includes people of all races, ethnicity, ages, status, and nationalities. There are around 11 million LGBT people in the USA. This is about 5% of the population.
La mayoría de las autoridades médicas convienen en que un pequeño número de personas tiene una identidad o expresión de género que difiere de su sexo asignado. Los transexuales son las personas que desean recibir asistencia médica para transicionar de un sexo a otro. En Estados Unidos, existen cada vez más vías legales y médicas para los que quieren transicionar hacia el género con el que se identifican.
People who have same-sex partners and people who are transitioning between genders can be described as LGBT. LGBT also includes people who are not sure about their gender or sexuality. Some people change the words they use to describe themselves during their lifetime.
En la mayor parte de Estados Unidos, las relaciones románticas entre dos adultos del mismo sexo se consideran iguales a las entre un hombre y una mujer. En 2015, la Corte Suprema de EE.UU. (el tribunal más alto del país) declaró legales los matrimonios entre dos personas del mismo sexo.
Equal rights to marriage
Definiciones de lesbiana, gay, bisexual y transexual
In 2015, the US Supreme Court (which is the highest court in the country) declared that marriages between two people of the same sex are legal. In most of the USA, romantic relationships between two people of the same sex are viewed as equal to those between a man and a woman. In some states, people are not all accepting of LGBT people. When you travel, learn what common opinions are so you can stay safe.
He aquí una explicación rápida del significado de cada letra del término LGBT:
Lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender definitions
- L: Lesbiana
Mujer que experimenta sentimientos románticos o atracción sexual hacia otra mujer.
- G: gay
En la mayoría de los casos utilizado para describir un hombre que experimenta sentimientos románticos o atracción sexual hacia otro hombre. A veces, este término sirve para referirse a cualquiera, hombre o mujer, experimente sentimientos románticos o atracción sexual hacia una pareja del mismo sexo.
- B: Bisexuales
Una persona, hombre o mujer, que experimenta sentimientos románticos, atracción sexual o un comportamiento sexual hacia ambos hombres y mujeres, o personas de cualquier sexo o identidad de género.
- T: Transexual
Alguien que no se identifica con el sexo del cuerpo en el que nació y que puede estar en una etapa de transición física para adaptarse a su género.
Here is an explanation of each letter in LGBT:
¿Algún miembro de tu familia es LGBT?
- L: lesbian
A woman who experiences romantic love or sexual attraction for another woman as a romantic partner
- G: gay
Most often used to describe a man who experiences romantic love or sexual attraction for another man. This term sometimes is used to refer to both males and females who experience romantic love or sexual attraction for a same-sex or same-gender partner.
- B: bisexual
A man or woman who experiences romantic and/or sexual attraction toward both males and females.
- T: transgender or transexual
Somebody who does not identify with the sex of the body they were born into. They may be in some stage of physical transition to fit their gender. This term is different than all the others because it does not refer to who a person is attracted to. Someone who is transgender can also be lesbian, for example.
PFLAG es una organización dedicada a ayudar a las personas con familiares LGBT a entender a sus seres queridos. En su sitio web puede encontrar más recursos educativos.
Sometimes, you may see the term LGBT with more initials added. An example is LGBTIAA. This is what the other letters mean.
También Medlinepluse posee una serie de recursos relacionados a cuestiones de salud LGBT.
- Q: Queer/Questioning
This term was used as an insult in the past. Now, is it used by many to talk about themselves. Queer is used by gay, bisexual, genderqueer, and transgender people. It means different things to different people. Overall, it means that your gender and sexuality are different than most people’s. Or that you might still be figuring out how you feel.
- I: Intersex
This is a term for a person who was born with parts that belong to both sexes. This might mean that their reproductive parts are mixed. Some may be male, while others are female. It could also mean that their genes belong to both sexes.
- A: Asexual
Someone who does not experience sexual attraction. Asexual people can date and be in relationships, but they do not have sex. This can also mean “allied”. This is a person who is not LGBT but supports the rights of people who are.
- A: Ally
An Ally is someone who identifies as heterosexual (also known as straight) but supports the LGBTQIAA community
There are laws that prevent discrimination against LGBT people. Discrimination is hurtful language or behavior. Each state has its own laws and it is important to learn the laws in your city or town.
There are many spaces for LGBT people where you can find support and make friends. Each city has different groups, centers, parties, and even LGBT businesses. LGBT centers have resources and organize trans groups and events.
Every June, the LGBT community celebrates their achievements and history.
For transgender people
Transgender people have some different experiences than lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. You can learn more about transgender people through these pages.
The transgender (also known as trans) community has special terms they use to talk about themselves and their experiences.
Transgender people have specific rights when getting healthcare. After changing their gender, they usually want to get new identification. This can include drivers licenses and birth certificates.
Landlords, employers and coworkers are legally not allowed to discriminate against trans people.
Gender reassignment is any medical procedure that helps transgender people match their physical sex to their gender.
For young people
Resources for LGBT people and their friends and family
- PFLAG is an organization that helps people with LGBT family members understand their loved ones. On their website, you can find more educational resources.
- MedlinePlus also has information about LGBT health issues.
- Centers for Disease Control has information for members of the LGBT community.
- Here is a health and well-being guide for the LGBTQ+ community from Drugwatch.com.
- Addictioncampuses offers help with addiction for members of the LGBTQ community