Ethiopië: Understanding your students from Ethiopia and their cultural backgrounds

Engels ookgeen Engels

Baie opvoeders diverse studente rapporteer dat hulle nie genoeg kulturele agtergrond inligting ontvang oor hul studente. As jy leer studente vlugteling, Dit is belangrik om bewus te wees van nuwelinge’ agtergronde. Die onderstaande inligting is bedoel om 'n oorsig van die belangrikste hoogtepunte bied, sodat jy ontwikkel kultureel reageer onderrigstrategieë wat in harmonie met jou studente’ unieke leerstyle.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC

Ethiopian Map

Ethiopian Map

Taal

Language

Amharic and English

Amharic and English

Onderrig in die klaskamer

Teaching in the Classroom

Ethiopia has one of the highest illiterate populations in the world (oor 60%). Primary education (grade 1 om 8) is free and in theory compulsory. Secondary education is grades 9-11. Many low-income students struggle to adapt to the culture in public schools designed for middle-class families. As gevolg daarvan, many students drop out of school.

Ethiopia has one of the highest illiterate populations in the world (over 60%). Primary education (grades 1 to 8) is free and in theory compulsory. Secondary education is grades 9-11. Many low-income students struggle to adapt to the culture in public schools designed for middle-class families. As a result, many students drop out of school.

Boys have more educational opportunities than girls. There is a widespread stereotype that girls are less competent than boys, and that girls’ education is a poor investment. Discrimination and physical abuse are some of the challenges girls face when they attend school. Many Ethiopian children lack exposure to group work and leadership opportunities in organizational settings.

Boys have more educational opportunities than girls. There is a widespread stereotype that girls are less competent than boys, and that girls’ education is a poor investment. Discrimination and physical abuse are some of the challenges girls face when they attend school. Many Ethiopian children lack exposure to group work and leadership opportunities in organizational settings.

Fasting periods (sien onder, under culture) may be a physically and emotionally challenging experience for students.

Fasting periods (see below, under culture) may be a physically and emotionally challenging experience for students.

Familie / Skool Engagement

Family/School Engagement

Many Ethiopian families migrate to escape poverty but find themselves underemployed or unemployed after coming to the US. Many end up working in low wage service (parking lots, gas stations, gerief winkels, restaurante, ens). Baie vlugtelinge weet nie hoe om te ry of 'n gebrek aan toegang tot 'n motor, so transportation to school events will be a challenge for parents who would like to be involved.

Many Ethiopian families migrate to escape poverty but find themselves underemployed or unemployed after coming to the US. Many end up working in low wage service (parking lots, gas stations, convenience stores, restaurants, etc.). Many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge for parents who would like to be involved.

oor die algemeen, people greet each other with multiple kisses on both cheeks. The elderly are treated and regarded with high respect.

Generally, people greet each other with multiple kisses on both cheeks. The elderly are treated and regarded with high respect.

It is good to be aware that Ethiopia has a history of ethnic division. Verder, Ethiopia has four major social classes and castes with high-ranking lineages at the top, followed by low-ranking lineages. Caste membership is assigned by birth.

It is good to be aware that Ethiopia has a history of ethnic division. Furthermore, Ethiopia has four major social classes and castes with high-ranking lineages at the top, followed by low-ranking lineages. Caste membership is assigned by birth.

Soccer is an activity that many Ethiopians participate in to bolster their sense of belonging. Joining social and economic support groups called Ekub can also enhance refugees’ sense of belonging.

Soccer is an activity that many Ethiopians participate in to bolster their sense of belonging. Joining social and economic support groups called Ekub can also enhance refugees’ sense of belonging.

geslag, kultuur, en Familie

Gender, Culture, and Family

Many Ethiopians still believe that women are subordinate to men. Women are usually less educated and have less economic freedom. The oldest male is the head of the household and decision maker. There are usually three to four generations in one household. Men engage in physical labor outside the house and women are in charge of household labor. Children are responsible for caring for their parents. Girls have more responsibilities than boys.

Many Ethiopians still believe that women are subordinate to men. Women are usually less educated and have less economic freedom. The oldest male is the head of the household and decision maker. There are usually three to four generations in one household. Men engage in physical labor outside the house and women are in charge of household labor. Children are responsible for caring for their parents. Girls have more responsibilities than boys.

Because of the difference in gender roles, adjustment to American culture is often difficult for Ethiopian immigrant families. Sometimes married couples experience tension because of the social, politiese, and economic freedom granted to women in the US. In sommige gevalle, this tension has led to domestic violence or divorce for many Ethiopian refugee households in the US.

Because of the difference in gender roles, adjustment to American culture is often difficult for Ethiopian immigrant families. Sometimes married couples experience tension because of the social, political, and economic freedom granted to women in the US. In some cases, this tension has led to domestic violence or divorce for many Ethiopian refugee households in the US.

Ethiopians must always wash their hands before eating since all food is eaten with the hands from a shared dish/tray. tradisioneel, guests initiate eating. While eating, it is proper to pull injera only from the space directly in front of you. It is polite to engage in conversation while eating since paying complete attention to the food is perceived as ill-mannered.

Ethiopians must always wash their hands before eating since all food is eaten with the hands from a shared dish/tray. Traditionally, guests initiate eating. While eating, it is proper to pull injera only from the space directly in front of you. It is polite to engage in conversation while eating since paying complete attention to the food is perceived as ill-mannered.

During Christian fasting periods (varies by individual or church), no animal products can be eaten and no food or drink can be consumed from midnight until 3:00NM. This is the standard way of fasting during the week, and on Saturday and Sunday no animal products may be consumed, although there is no time restriction on the fast.

During Christian fasting periods (varies by individual or church), no animal products can be eaten and no food or drink can be consumed from midnight until 3:00PM. This is the standard way of fasting during the week, and on Saturday and Sunday no animal products may be consumed, although there is no time restriction on the fast.

bykomende hulpbronne

Additional Resources

BRYCS HULPBRONNE

BRYCS RESOURCES

World Factbook

WORLD FACTBOOK

VLUGTELING achtergrondinformatie

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

IRC VLUGTELING ONDERWYSER PACKET

IRC REFUGEE TEACHER PACKET

ETHIOPIAN AMERICANS

ETHIOPIAN AMERICANS

GESONDHEID

HEALTH

Deel jou idees

Share Your Ideas

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Ethiopian students, stuur 'n epos: Info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Ethiopian students, please email: info@usahello.org.

Neem ons Kursus vir Opvoeders

Take our Course for Educators

As jy wil graag meer opleiding oor hoe om op te voed vlugteling en immigrant studente, oorweeg asseblief inskrywing in ons natuurlik, Opvoeding Vlugtelinge en Immigrant Studente: 'N aanlyn kursus vir Onderwysers.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

Druk hierdie inligting as 'n PDF

Print this Information as a PDF

Jy kan dit aflaai en druk hierdie Ethiopian learner profile as 'n PDF en hou dit as 'n hulpbron in jou klaskamer.

You can download and print this Ethiopian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

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