Habasha: Fahimtar your dalibai daga kasashen Habasha da su al'adu dabam-dabam

Turanci mababu English

Mutane da yawa malamai koyar da bambancin dalibai bayar da rahoton cewa ba su sami isasshen al'adu bango bayani a kan su dalibai. Idan kana koyar da 'yan gudun hijira dalibai, yana da muhimmanci a san na musamman sababbin’ backgrounds. The bayanai kasa da ake nufi don samar da wani bayyani na key karin bayanai, don haka ku ci gaba al'adar m koyarwa dabarun da suke a tune tare da dalibai’ musamman koyo styles.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Photo ta UNHRC
Photo ta UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC

Habasha Map

Ethiopian Map

Harshe

Language

Amharic da Turanci

Amharic and English

Koyar da a cikin aji

Teaching in the Classroom

Ethiopia tana daya daga cikin mafi girma da jahilci alƙarya a duniya (a kan 60%). firamarensa (maki 1 to 8) ne free kuma a ka'idar wajibi. Sakandare ilimi shi ne maki 9-11. Mutane da yawa low-samun kudin shiga dalibai fafitikar daidaita da wa al'ada a makarantun gwamnati da tsara don tsakiyar aji-iyalai. Saboda, da yawa dalibai sauke daga makaranta.

Ethiopia has one of the highest illiterate populations in the world (over 60%). Primary education (grades 1 to 8) is free and in theory compulsory. Secondary education is grades 9-11. Many low-income students struggle to adapt to the culture in public schools designed for middle-class families. As a result, many students drop out of school.

Boys da karin damar samun ilmi fiye da 'yan mata. Akwai tartsatsi stereotype cewa 'yan mata ne kasa m fiye da yara maza, da kuma cewa 'yan matan ilimi shi ne wani matalauci zuba jari. Nuna banbanci da jiki zagi ne wasu daga cikin kalubalen da 'yan mata fuskanta idan suka halarci makaranta. Mutane da yawa Habasha yara rasa daukan hotuna zuwa kungiyar aiki da jagoranci da damar a kungiya saituna.

Boys have more educational opportunities than girls. There is a widespread stereotype that girls are less competent than boys, and that girls’ education is a poor investment. Discrimination and physical abuse are some of the challenges girls face when they attend school. Many Ethiopian children lack exposure to group work and leadership opportunities in organizational settings.

azumi lokaci (gani a kasa, a karkashin al'adun) iya zama wani jiki da kuma a tunaninsu kalubale kwarewa ga dalibai.

Fasting periods (see below, under culture) may be a physically and emotionally challenging experience for students.

Family / School Ƙasashen

Family/School Engagement

Mutane da yawa Habasha iyalan ƙaura tserewa talauci amma samu kansu underemployed ko m bayan zuwan zuwa Amurka. Mutane da yawa kawo karshen sama da aiki a low la'ada sabis (parking kuri'a, gas tashoshin, saukaka Stores, gidajen cin abinci, da dai sauransu.). Mutane da yawa 'yan gudun hijira ba su san yadda za su fitar da ko rasa samun wata mota, saboda haka harkokin sufuri zuwa makaranta events zai zama wani kalubale ga iyaye suke so za a hannu.

Many Ethiopian families migrate to escape poverty but find themselves underemployed or unemployed after coming to the US. Many end up working in low wage service (parking lots, gas stations, convenience stores, restaurants, etc.). Many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge for parents who would like to be involved.

Kullum, mutane sallama da juna, tare da mahara sumbanta a ranar biyu kumatunta. Tsofaffi suna bi da kuma daukar da high game.

Generally, people greet each other with multiple kisses on both cheeks. The elderly are treated and regarded with high respect.

Yana da kyau a san cewa, kasar Habasha na da tarihi na kabilanci division. Bugu da ƙari, Habasha na da hudu manyan zamantakewa azuzuwan da castes da high-ranking dangoginsu a saman, bi ta low-ranking dangoginsu. Caste membobinsu da ake sa ta haihuwa.

It is good to be aware that Ethiopia has a history of ethnic division. Furthermore, Ethiopia has four major social classes and castes with high-ranking lineages at the top, followed by low-ranking lineages. Caste membership is assigned by birth.

Soccer ne akan wani aiki da yawa Habashawa shiga a, domin ta taimakawa su ji daga na. Shiga zamantakewa da tattalin arziki da goyon bayan kungiyoyin kira Ekub kuma iya bunkasa 'yan gudun hijira' gabar na.

Soccer is an activity that many Ethiopians participate in to bolster their sense of belonging. Joining social and economic support groups called Ekub can also enhance refugees’ sense of belonging.

Gender, al'adu, kuma Family

Gender, Culture, and Family

Mutane da yawa Habashawa har yanzu yi imani da cewa mata suna ƙarƙashin maza. Mata yawanci kasa da ilimi da kuma da kasa da tattalin arziki da 'yanci. A mafi tsufa namiji ne shugaban gidan da kuma yanke shawara mai yi. Akwai yawanci uku zuwa hudu zamaninsu a daya iyali. Men tafiyar da jiki aiki a waje da gidan da kuma mata ne a lura da iyali aiki. Yara ne da alhakin kula da iyayensu. Girls da karin nauyi fiye da yara maza.

Many Ethiopians still believe that women are subordinate to men. Women are usually less educated and have less economic freedom. The oldest male is the head of the household and decision maker. There are usually three to four generations in one household. Men engage in physical labor outside the house and women are in charge of household labor. Children are responsible for caring for their parents. Girls have more responsibilities than boys.

Saboda bambanci a jinsi matsayin, gyara don al'adun {asar Amirka ne sau da yawa wuya ga Habasha] ansu} asashe. Wani lokaci aure ma'aurata fuskanci tashin hankali saboda zaman jama'a, siyasa, da kuma tattalin arziki da 'yanci ba don mata a Amurka. A wasu lokuta, wannan tashin hankali ya haddasa musgunawan cikin gida ko kuma kashe aure domin da yawa Habasha 'yan gudun hijira gidaje a Amurka.

Because of the difference in gender roles, adjustment to American culture is often difficult for Ethiopian immigrant families. Sometimes married couples experience tension because of the social, political, and economic freedom granted to women in the US. In some cases, this tension has led to domestic violence or divorce for many Ethiopian refugee households in the US.

Habashawa dole ne ko da yaushe wanke hannuwansu kafin cin abinci tun duk abinci ake ci tare da hannayenku daga wani shared tasa / tire. A bisa ga al'ada, baƙi fara cin. Duk da yake cin abinci, shi ne ya dace a cire injera kawai daga sarari kai tsaye a gaban ku. Shi ne m tafiyar da hira yayin cin abinci tun biyan cikakken hankali ga abinci, ana riskarsa kamar m-mannered.

Ethiopians must always wash their hands before eating since all food is eaten with the hands from a shared dish/tray. Traditionally, guests initiate eating. While eating, it is proper to pull injera only from the space directly in front of you. It is polite to engage in conversation while eating since paying complete attention to the food is perceived as ill-mannered.

A lokacin Kirista azumi lokaci (dabam da mutum ko coci), ba dabba da kayayyakin za a iya ci da wani abinci ko abin sha za a iya cinye daga tsakar dare sai 3:00PM. Wannan ne daidaitattun hanyar azumi a lokacin mako, kuma a ranar Asabar da kuma Lahadi ba dabba da kayayyakin iya cinye, ko da yake babu wani lokaci laifi a kan m.

During Christian fasting periods (varies by individual or church), no animal products can be eaten and no food or drink can be consumed from midnight until 3:00PM. This is the standard way of fasting during the week, and on Saturday and Sunday no animal products may be consumed, although there is no time restriction on the fast.

ƙarin Resources

Additional Resources

BRYCS BAYANAI

BRYCS RESOURCES

DUNIYA FACTBOOK

WORLD FACTBOOK

'yan gudun hijira BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

IRC 'yan gudun hijira MALAM fakiti

IRC REFUGEE TEACHER PACKET

Habasha Amirkawa

ETHIOPIAN AMERICANS

KIWON LAFIYA

HEALTH

Share Your Ideas

Share Your Ideas

Idan kana da sharhi ko ƙarin bayanai, ko ra'ayoyi a raba a kan koyar da Habasha dalibai, don Allah da email: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Ethiopian students, please email: info@usahello.org.

Kai mu Course ga malamai

Take our Course for Educators

Idan ka so more horo kan yadda za a ilmantar da 'yan gudun hijira da kuma baƙin da dalibai, don Allah la'akari shiga jami'a a cikin shakka, Ilmantar 'yan gudun hijira da kuma} i Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

Print wannan Information a matsayin PDF

Print this Information as a PDF

Zaka iya sauke da kuma buga wannan Habasha koyi profile a matsayin PDF da kuma ci gaba da shi a matsayin hanya a cikin aji.

You can download and print this Ethiopian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Shin wannan shafi taimake ku? Smiley fuskar a ɓata fuska fuska babu
Gode ​​da feedback!