Etiopija: Razumevanje svoje učence iz Etiopije in svojih kulturnih okolij

Tudi angleškiNe angleško

Veliko učiteljev, poučevanje študentov različnih poročajo, da nimajo dovolj informacij za kulturno ozadje na svoje učence. Če učiš begunca študentov, pomembno je, da se zavedajo, da priseljenci’ ozadja. Spodaj je mišljeno, da zagotovi pregled ključnih poudarja, tako razvijete kulturno odziven učne strategije, ki so v sozvočju z vaši učenci’ edinstveno učnih stilov.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Fotografija z UNHRC
Fotografija z UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC
Photo by UNHRC

Etiopski zemljevid

Ethiopian Map

Jezik

Language

Amharščina in angleščini

Amharic and English

Poučevanje v razredu

Teaching in the Classroom

Etiopiji je eden od najvišje nepismene populacije na svetu (nad 60%). Osnovnošolskega izobraževanja (razredov 1 za 8) je brezplačno in obvezno teoretično. Srednješolsko izobraževanje je razredov 9-11. Veliko z nizkimi dohodki študentov, ki se borijo prilagoditi kulture v javnih šolah, namenjen srednjega razreda družine. Kot rezultat, Mnogi študenti šolanjem.

Ethiopia has one of the highest illiterate populations in the world (over 60%). Primary education (grades 1 to 8) is free and in theory compulsory. Secondary education is grades 9-11. Many low-income students struggle to adapt to the culture in public schools designed for middle-class families. As a result, many students drop out of school.

Fantje so bolj izobraževalnih možnosti kot dekleta. Tam je razširjen stereotip, da dekleta so manj pristojni kot fantje, in izobraževanje deklic je slaba naložba. Diskriminacije in fizičnih zlorab so nekateri izzivi obraz dekleta, ko so obiskovali šolo. Veliko Etiopski otrok nimajo izpostavljenost skupine delo in vodstvo priložnosti v organizacijsko nastavitve.

Boys have more educational opportunities than girls. There is a widespread stereotype that girls are less competent than boys, and that girls’ education is a poor investment. Discrimination and physical abuse are some of the challenges girls face when they attend school. Many Ethiopian children lack exposure to group work and leadership opportunities in organizational settings.

Postom obdobjih (glej spodaj, pod kulturo) lahko fizično in čustveno zahtevno izkušnje za študente.

Fasting periods (see below, under culture) may be a physically and emotionally challenging experience for students.

Družina/šole sodelovanje

Family/School Engagement

Veliko Etiopski družine selijo pobegniti revščini, vendar znajdejo podzaposlenih ali brezposelni po prihajajo v ZDA. Mnogi na koncu dela v nizkih plač storitev (parkirišča, bencinske črpalke, priročnega skladišča, restavracije, itd.). Veliko beguncev ne vem kako voziti ali pomanjkanje dostopa do avto, tako prevoz za šolske prireditve bo izziv za starše, ki bi želeli sodelovati.

Many Ethiopian families migrate to escape poverty but find themselves underemployed or unemployed after coming to the US. Many end up working in low wage service (parking lots, gas stations, convenience stores, restaurants, etc.). Many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge for parents who would like to be involved.

Na splošno, ljudje greet seboj več poljubi na obe lici. Starejši so obravnava in obravnava z visoko spoštovanje.

Generally, people greet each other with multiple kisses on both cheeks. The elderly are treated and regarded with high respect.

To je dobro zavedati, da Etiopiji je zgodovina etnične delitve. Poleg, Etiopija ima štiri večjih družbenih razredov in kast z visokih linij na vrhu, sledi linijo nižje. Kaste članstvo je dodelil rojstva.

It is good to be aware that Ethiopia has a history of ethnic division. Furthermore, Ethiopia has four major social classes and castes with high-ranking lineages at the top, followed by low-ranking lineages. Caste membership is assigned by birth.

Nogomet je dejavnost, ki veliko Etiopljani sodelujejo v krepitev njihovega občutka pripadnosti. Pridružil socialno in ekonomsko podporo skupine imenuje Ekub lahko tudi izboljšajo beguncev občutek pripadnosti.

Soccer is an activity that many Ethiopians participate in to bolster their sense of belonging. Joining social and economic support groups called Ekub can also enhance refugees’ sense of belonging.

Spol, Kulture, in družina

Gender, Culture, and Family

Veliko Etiopljani, še vedno verjamejo, da so ženske podrejene moškim. Ženske so običajno manj izobraženi in imajo manj ekonomske svobode. Najstarejši moški je vodja gospodinjstva in odločitev izdelovalec. So običajno tri do štiri generacije v enem gospodinjstvu. Men sodelovala v fizičnega dela zunaj hiše in ženske so odgovorni za gospodinjska dela. Otroci so odgovorni za skrb za njihove starše. Dekleta so več odgovornosti, kot fantje.

Many Ethiopians still believe that women are subordinate to men. Women are usually less educated and have less economic freedom. The oldest male is the head of the household and decision maker. There are usually three to four generations in one household. Men engage in physical labor outside the house and women are in charge of household labor. Children are responsible for caring for their parents. Girls have more responsibilities than boys.

Zaradi razlike v spolne vloge, popravek v ameriški kulturi je pogosto težko Etiopski priseljenskih družin. Včasih poročeni pari izkušnje napetosti zaradi socialne, politične, in gospodarsko svobodo, ki ženskam v ZDA. V nekaterih primerih, Ta napetost je privedlo do nasilja ali razvezo zakonske zveze za številna gospodinjstva Etiopski begunca v ZDA.

Because of the difference in gender roles, adjustment to American culture is often difficult for Ethiopian immigrant families. Sometimes married couples experience tension because of the social, political, and economic freedom granted to women in the US. In some cases, this tension has led to domestic violence or divorce for many Ethiopian refugee households in the US.

Etiopljani mora vedno umije roke pred jedjo, saj je vsa hrana je jedel z roke, od skupno krožnik/pladenj. Tradicionalno, gostje sproži jedo. Medtem ko jeste, To je pravilno vleči Jera samo iz prostora neposredno pred vami. Je vljuden sodelovati v pogovoru, medtem ko jeste, saj celoten pozoren na hrano je razumljena kot Neodgojen.

Ethiopians must always wash their hands before eating since all food is eaten with the hands from a shared dish/tray. Traditionally, guests initiate eating. While eating, it is proper to pull injera only from the space directly in front of you. It is polite to engage in conversation while eating since paying complete attention to the food is perceived as ill-mannered.

Med postom obdobjih Christian (odvisna od posameznika ali cerkev), brez živalskih proizvodov lahko jedel in brez hrane in pijače lahko porabijo od polnoči do 3:00PM. To je standardni način Posta v tednu, in v soboto in nedeljo se lahko zaužijejo brez živalskih proizvodov, Čeprav ni čas omejitev na hitro.

During Christian fasting periods (varies by individual or church), no animal products can be eaten and no food or drink can be consumed from midnight until 3:00PM. This is the standard way of fasting during the week, and on Saturday and Sunday no animal products may be consumed, although there is no time restriction on the fast.

Dodatni viri

Additional Resources

BRYCS SREDSTVA

BRYCS RESOURCES

WORLD FACTBOOK

WORLD FACTBOOK

INFORMATIVNIMI BEGUNCA

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

IRC BEGUNCA UČITELJ PAKET

IRC REFUGEE TEACHER PACKET

ETIOPSKI AMERIČANI

ETHIOPIAN AMERICANS

ZDRAVJE

HEALTH

Delite svoje ideje

Share Your Ideas

Če imate pripombe ali dodatne informacije ali ideje deliti na poučevanje Etiopski študentov, prosim email: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Ethiopian students, please email: info@usahello.org.

Sprejeti naše tečaj za učitelje

Take our Course for Educators

Če bi želeli več usposabljanja na kako izobraževanje študentov beguncev in priseljencev, prosim menijo, vpis v naše igrišče, Izobraževanje beguncev in priseljencev študentov: Online tečaj za učitelje.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

Tiskanje te informacije kot PDF

Print this Information as a PDF

Si lahko prenesete in natisnete to Etiopski učenec profil kot PDF in ne kot vir v vašem razredu.

You can download and print this Ethiopian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

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