Vlugtelinge hernedersetting in die Verenigde State van Amerika

Engels ookgeen Engels

Hoe werk hervestiging in Amerika? Wat gebeur wanneer jy 'n vlugteling in die VSA? Leer oor die aankoms in die VSA as 'n vlugteling en vind inligting wat sal help om te verstaan oor lewe in Amerika.

How does resettlement in America work? What happens when you are a refugee in the USA? Learn about arriving in the USA as a refugee and find information that will help you understand about life in America.

Hervestiging in Amerika

Resettlement in America

Aankoms in die Verenigde State

Arriving in the United States

Wanneer jy die eerste keer kom in die Verenigde State van Amerika, Jy sal waarskynlik word begroet by die lughawe deur vrywilligers uit jou hervestiging Agentskap. Hulle sal jou neem na jou nuwe huis. Die organisasie wat is om jou te help het slegs 'n klein hoeveelheid geld te vind jy 'n plek om te woon. So jou huis dalk klein woonstel. Dit kan dalk net 'n paar dinge daarin het. Amerikaanse gesinne geskenk waarskynlik huishoudelike items, soos 'n bed en tafel, vir jou woonstel.

When you first arrive in the United States, you will probably be greeted at the airport by volunteers from your resettlement agency. They will take you to your new home. The organization that is helping you only has a small amount of money to find you a place to live. So your home might be small apartment. It might only have a few things in it. American families probably donated household items, such as a bed and table, for your apartment.

Jy sal moet leer hoe om die nuwe items in jou woonstel – byvoorbeeld, jou yskas, mikrogolf en wasmasjien. Jou hervestiging Agentskap vrywilliger sal jou wys hoe. Jy sal vind dat kos verskillende, maar jy kan leer oor kos en eet in die VSA.

You will have to learn how to use the new items in your apartment – for example, your fridge, microwave and washing machine. Your resettlement agency volunteer will show you how. You will find that food is different, but you can learn about food and eating in the USA.

Jou caseworker

Your caseworker

Nadat jy opdaag, Jy sal toegeken word aan 'n caseworker. Hierdie persoon sal help aanpas by die VSA. Jou caseworker sal waarskynlik baie besig om te help om ander gesinne word, ook. Jou caseworker moet volg die baie reëls van vlugteling hervestiging. Dit is belangrik om te handhaaf 'n goeie verhouding met jou caseworker.

After you arrive, you will be assigned to a caseworker. This person will help you adjust to the USA. Your caseworker will probably be very busy helping other families, too. Your caseworker must follow the many rules of refugee resettlement. It is important to maintain a good relationship with your caseworker.

Jy sal moet 'n klomp papierwerk voltooi. Hierdie papierwerk is nodig vir jou om geld te kry. Afhangende van watter toestand jy leef, Jy sal 'n klein hoeveelheid geld ontvang vir jou gesin. Dit is sogenaamde vlugtelinge kontant bystand of dit dalk genoem word tydelike hulp vir behoeftige gesinne. Jy sal waarskynlik ook ontvang iets genaamd "kos seëls" of SNAP. Dit is om te betaal vir kruideniersware. Jy kan meer leer oor die voordele wat jy kan ontvang sowel as openbare voordele veral vir vlugtelinge.

You will have to complete a lot of paperwork. This paperwork is required for you to receive money. Depending on what state you live in, you will receive a small amount of money for your family. This might be called Refugee Cash Assistance or it might be called Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. You will probably also receive something called “food stamps” or SNAP. This is to pay for groceries. You can learn more about the benefits you might receive as well as public benefits especially for refugees.

Mediese eksamen

Medical exams

Almal in jou familie sal moet kry mediese ondersoeke. Jy waarskynlik het 'n mediese eksamen voordat jy na Amerika gekom. Jy en jou kinders kan moes kry inentings om te verhoed dat jy siektes. Jy kan meer leer oor gesondheidsorg in die VSA. As jy 'n mediese probleem het, Jy moet 'n dokter sien gedurende die eerste agt maande jy is in die VSA, want jy het goeie mediese versekering.

Everyone in your family will have to get medical examinations. You probably had a medical exam before you came to America. You and your children may have to get vaccinations to prevent you from getting diseases. You can learn more about healthcare in the USA. If you have a medical problem, you should see a doctor during the first eight months you are in the USA, because you have good medical insurance.

Leerderliggaam jou kinders in die skool

Enrolling your children in school

As jy kinders het, Jy moet hulle in skool inskryf. Jy kan hierdie bladsy lees op openbare skole Leer meer oor Amerikaanse skole. Die meeste state vereis dat kinders ouderdomme 5 om 18 skool bywoon.

If you have children, you must enroll them in school. You can read this page on public schools to learn more about US schools. Most states require children ages 5 to 18 to attend school.

Wil jy dalk, of behoefte, jonger kinders om aan te stuur voorskool. Daar is ook gratis programme genoem HeadStart en vroeë Headstart vir kinders wat te jonk vir skool.

You may want, or need, to send younger children to preschool. There are also free programs called HeadStart and early Headstart for children who are too young for school.

Om 'n werk te vind

Finding a job

Jou hervestiging Agentskap en geval Bestuurder sal help kry 'n werk. As 'n vlugteling, Jy kan begin werk onmiddellik deur die inskrywing stempel op jou paspoort toon. Die doel van die VSA hervestiging program is "selfversorging." Dit beteken die regering wil hê jy moet 'n werk kry so gou as jy kan. Jy sal waarskynlik moet neem die eerste werk jy aangebied. Jy mag dalk nie wil het hierdie werk. Dit is belangrik om te onthou dat jy kan hou op soek na 'n beter werk. Jy kan Leer meer oor die vind van 'n werk of om 'n beter werk te kry.

Your resettlement agency and case manager will help you get a job. As a refugee, you can start working immediately by showing the entry stamp on your passport. The goal of the US resettlement program is “self-sufficiency.” This means the government wants you to get a job as soon as you can. You will probably be required to take the first job you are offered. You might not want to have this job. It is important to remember that you can keep looking for a better job. You can learn more about finding a job or getting a better job.

Kry 'n maatskaplike sekuriteit nommer

Getting a Social Security number

Jy het ook om aansoek te doen vir 'n Sosiale sekerheid nommer. Jou caseworker sal waarskynlik help doen dit. Dit is 'n syfer wat wys jy kan woon in die VSA. Wanneer jy werk, Sommige van jou geld is geneem uit jou salaris as belastings en sommige vir sosiale sekuriteit.

You also have to apply for a Social Security number. Your caseworker will probably help you do this. This is a number that shows you can live in the USA. When you work, some of your money is taken out of your paycheck as taxes and some for social security.

Leer hoe om te ry

Learn how to drive

Jy sal moet leer hoe om te neem die bus of hoe om te ry. In die VSA, Jy moet 'n toets slaag en verdien jou Bestuurder se lisensie te ry. Jy moet ook betaal vir jou motor, versekering vir jou kar, en die koste van instandhouding.

You will need to learn how to take the bus or how to drive. In the US, you must pass a test and earn your driver’s license in order to drive. You also have to pay for your car, insurance for your car, and the cost of maintenance.

leer Engels

Learn English

Dit is baie belangrik dat jy fokus op leer Engels. Dit is waarskynlik die belangrikste ding wat jy kan doen om jou te help jou familie succeed. Jou hervestiging Agentskap sal waarskynlik teken jy vir Engelse klasse. Jy kan ook neem Engelse klasse aanlyn of vind klasse by ander plekke in jou gemeenskap. Dit is ook belangrik om te probeer om jou te help jou kinders leer jou moedertaal.

It is very important that you focus on learning English. This is probably the most important thing you can do to help your family succeed. Your resettlement agency will probably sign you up for English classes. You can also take English classes online or find classes at other places in your community. It is also important to try to help your kids learn your native language.

Aanpas by Amerikaanse kultuur

Adjust to American culture

Gedurende al hierdie tyd, Jy sal ook leer om aan te pas om Amerikaanse kultuur. Jy kan in die gesig staar kultuurskok. Dit is belangrik dat jy onthou jy kultuur is waardevol en dat jy bring baie van bates met jou na die Verenigde State. Jy kan help leer Amerikaners oor jou kultuur.

During all of this time, you will also be learning to adapt to American culture. You may face culture shock. It is important that you remember you culture is valuable and that you bring lots of assets with you to the United States. You can help teach Americans about your culture.

Na een jaar, kry 'n groen kaart

After one year, get a green card

Een jaar nadat jy in die VSA aangekom het, Jy kan aansoek doen vir permanente tert ('n groen kaart). Jou caseworker sal waarskynlik jou help om geld.

One year after you have arrived in the US, you can apply for permanent residency (a green card). Your caseworker will probably help you apply.

Na die eerste jaar, Jy sal waarskynlik ophou om jou geval werker. maar, Daar is nog baie ander organisasies en mense wat jou kan help om in die VSA. As jy moet help om programme te vind in jou gemeenskap, Jy kan soek in FindHello hulpbronne en dienste naby jou te vind.

After the first year, you will probably stop seeing your case worker. But, there are still lots of other organizations and people that can help you in the US. If you need help finding programs in your community, you can search in FindHello to find resources and services near you.

Beweeg na 'n nuwe stad

Moving to a new city

soms, vlugtelinge besluit hulle hou nie die Stad hulle was resettled en hulle wil skuif na 'n nuwe Stad. Terwyl daar kan word voordele om dit as jy kan nader beweeg aan familie of vriende of iewers met 'n goeie werk, Dit kan ook baie moeilik wees. Dit is belangrik om te weet dat wanneer jy beweeg, Jy moet weer aansoek doen vir jou voordele. As jy dink oor dit beweeg na 'n nuwe plek, Lees asseblief hierdie bladsy op beweeg na 'n nuwe Stad voor jy skuif.

Sometimes, refugees decide they do not like the city they were resettled and they want to move to a new city. While there can be benefits to this if you can move closer to family or friends or somewhere with a good job, it can also be very hard. It is important to know that when you move, you have to reapply for your benefits. If you are thinking about moving to a new place, please read this page on moving to a new city before you move.

Hoërskool voltooi en verdien 'n GED diploma

Finish high school and earn a GED diploma

Na jou eerste jaar, ten einde 'n beter werk kry, moet jy dalk ook klaar jou opvoeding, veral as jy het nie Hoërskool in jou land klaar. Ons het 'n gratis aanlyn klas om te help jy verdien jou hoërskool diploma. Jy kan ook leer meer oor Kollege en ander opvoedkundige geleenthede in die VSA.

After your first year, in order to get a better job, you may also need to finish your education, especially if you did not finish high school in your country. We have a free online class to help you earn your high school diploma. You can also learn more about college and other educational opportunities in the USA.

Bring jou gesin na die VSA

Bring your family to the USA

Jy kan ook wil toepas op ander gesinslede aan die VSA bring. Oor die algemeen, Jy moet toepas om dit te doen binne die eerste twee jaar jy kom na die VSA. Lees oor familie reunification of praat met jou caseworker oor dit.

You may also want to apply to bring other family members to the USA. In general, you need to apply to do this within the first two years you come to the USA. Read about family reunification or talk to your caseworker about it.

Leer meer

Learn more

Ander hulpbronne

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Die inligting op hierdie blad kom uit UNHCR en ander betroubare bronne. Dit is bedoel vir leiding en so dikwels as moontlik opgedateer is. USAHello gee nie regsadvies, of is enige van ons materiaal bedoel geneem moet word as regsadvies. As jy op soek is vir 'n vry of lae-koste prokureur of wetlike hulp, Ons kan jou help vind gratis en lae-koste Regsdienste.

The information on this page comes from UNHCR and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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