Waar om te koop kos en klere

Engels ookgeen Engels

Sommige nuwelinge is nie seker waar om die kruideniersware moet koop, en hulle kan tradisionele kosse uit hul native land mis. Daar is baie verskillende plekke en maniere om te gaan inkopies doen in die VSA. Leer oor die soorte winkels vir die aankoop van kos. Vind uit hoe om te koop tradisionele kos. Lees oor waar om te koop klere en hoe om te shop aanlyn.

Some newcomers are not sure where to buy the groceries they need, and they may miss traditional foods from their native country. There are many different places and ways to go shopping in the USA. Learn about the kinds of shops for buying food. Find out how to buy traditional foods. Read about where to buy clothes and how to shop online.

Where to buy in the US, photo copyright UK Aid, CC.
Inkopies doen in die VSA, foto kopiereg UK Aid, CC..
Where to buy in the US, photo copyright UK Aid, CC.
Shopping in the US, photo copyright UK Aid, CC..

Om kos te koop

Buying food

Die woord kruideniersware beteken kos jy koop. Jy moet probeer om ongeveer 20% of minder van jou totale familie inkomste op kruideniersware elke maand. Dit beteken dat indien hê $1,000 in inkomste elke maand, jy behoort te bestee $200 of minder op kruideniersware. As jy $500 elke maand, jy kan bekostig om net te spandeer $100 of minder op kos, As jy ook betaal vir behuising en utilities.

The word groceries means food you buy. You should try to spend about 20% or less of your total family income on groceries each month. This means if have $1,000 in income each month, you should spend $200 or less on groceries. If you get $500 each month, you can afford to spend only $100 or less on food, if you are to also pay for housing and utilities.

Hier is 'n paar nuttige dinge om te weet oor die aankoop van kos:

Here are some useful things to know about buying food:

  • 'N paar dinge wat kos min in jou huis land mag duur in die VSA word. Byvoorbeeld, vlugtelinge uit Birma mag wil vars kokosneute en mango's te eet, maar hierdie items is duur.
  • Vleis en vrugte is dikwels duur in die VSA. so, dalk moet jy probeer om 'n paar nuwe voedsel asook jou tradisionele kosse eet.
  • Om kos te koop, veral rys en bone en baie groente, uit die kruidenierswinkel en kook dit jouself is oor die algemeen goedkoper as koop kos by 'n restaurant.
  • As 'n item in 'n winkel is geprys, jy daardie prys te betaal. Maar, Dit is minder waar in markte of winkels verkoop gebruik goedere.
  • Some things that cost little in your home country may be expensive in the USA. For example, refugees from Burma may like to eat fresh coconuts and mangoes, but these items are expensive.
  • Meat and fruit are often expensive in the USA. So, you may need to try to eat some new foods as well as your traditional foods.
  • Buying food, especially rice and beans and many vegetables, from the grocery store and cooking it yourself is generally less expensive than buying food from a restaurant.
  • If an item in a store is priced, you have to pay that price. However, this is less true in markets or stores selling used goods.

Waar om te koop kruideniersware

Where to buy groceries

Hier is 'n paar verskillende plekke kan jy kos koop:

Here are some different places you can buy food:

Kruidenierswinkels

Grocery stores

Kruideniersware winkels in die VSA is groot winkels wat dra baie verskillende tipes van voedsel. Daar is 'n hele paar groot kruideniersware “kettingwinkels.” 'N ketting is 'n groep van winkels wat dieselfde in verskillende stede regoor die VSA. Kruidenierswinkels is verdeel in afdelings soos vrugte en groente, vleis, blikkieskos, ens. Baie groot kruidenierswinkels moedig jy gratis aansluit “Club” kaarte, of “Lidmaatskapkaarte. Dit is goed om te doen omdat jy dikwels ontvang 'n afslag op jou kos met 'n kaart, selfs al is die kaart gratis. Ander winkels, soos Costco, hef vir hul kaarte en meer cheaply groot hoeveelhede kos verkoop. Dit is die moeite werd as jy het 'n groot gesin en koop kos en huishoudelike items in groot hoeveelhede by.

Grocery stores in the US are large stores that carry many different types of food. There are several large grocery “chain stores.” A chain is a group of stores that are the same in different cities across the US. Grocery stores are divided into sections such as fruit and vegetables, meat, canned foods, etc. Many large grocery stores encourage you to sign up for free “Club” cards, or “membership cards. This is good to do because you often receive a discount on your food with a card, even though the card is free. Other stores, such as Costco, do charge for their cards and sell large quantities of food more cheaply. These are worth joining if you have a big family and are buying food and household items in large quantities.

boere’ markte

Farmers’ markets

Die meeste stede in die VSA het boere’ markte, veral in die somer. By 'n boere’ mark, jy kan vars vrugte en groente gekweek en verkoop word deur die boere self vind. In die somer, Jy mag minder geld spandeer dan jy sou by 'n kruidenierswinkel vir die dieselfde items, maar nie altyd nie – sommige groot kruidenierswinkels in staat is om vir minder as boere wat groei klein hoeveelheid organiese produkte verkoop, byvoorbeeld.

Most cities in the US have farmers’ markets, especially in the summer. At a farmers’ market, you can find fresh fruit and vegetables grown and sold by the farmers themselves. In summer, you may spend less money then you would at a grocery store for the same items, but not always – some big grocery stores are able to sell for less than farmers who grow small amount of organic produce, for example.

Gerief winkels

Convenience stores

Dit is klein winkels wat soms verkoop klein hoeveelhede kruideniersware of kos. Terwyl hierdie winkels gerieflik mag wees, want hulle is naby aan jou huis, hulle is dikwels duurder as die kruidenierswinkel.

These are small stores that sometimes sell small amounts of groceries or food. While these stores may be convenient because they are close to your house, they are often more expensive than the grocery store.

Etniese winkels

Ethnic stores

Sommige gemeenskappe het etniese winkels, wat beteken dat 'n winkel wat kruideniersware verkoop van 'n bepaalde etniese agtergrond. Byvoorbeeld, daar dalk 'n “Indiese mark” of 'n “Chinese mark” wat verkoop kos uit dié lande. Jy kan etniese kruidenierswinkels vind in baie stede in FindHello.

Some communities have ethnic stores, meaning a store that sells groceries from a particular ethnic background. For example, there might be an “Indian Market” or a “Chinese Market” that sells foods from those countries. You can find ethnic grocery stores in many cities in FindHello.

restaurante

Restaurants

Restaurante in die VSA is geneig om die duurste plek te kry kos. Fast-food restaurante is goedkoper as gewone restaurante, maar jy moet versigtig kies sodat dit nie te veel ongesonde kos eet.

Restaurants in the USA tend to be the most expensive place to get food. Fast-food restaurants are cheaper than regular restaurants, but you have to choose carefully so as to not eat too much unhealthy food.

Online

Online

Daar is 'n aantal webwerwe verkoop etniese kos en ander spesialiteit voedsel wat is moeilik om te vind plaaslik in jou dorp of Stad. Een voorbeeld is eFood Depot.

There are a number of websites selling ethnic food and other specialty foods that are hard to find locally in your town or city. One example is eFood Depot.

Kan jy spesialiteit voedsel deur Soek aanlyn. Tik die woorde "koop [kos jy is op soek na] Aanlyn.”

You can find specialty foods by searching online. Type the words “buy [food you are looking for] online.”

 

 

Waar om te koop klere en huishoudelike items

Where to buy clothing and household items

In die VSA, Jy het baie opsies van waar om te shop vir klere en dinge vir jou huis. Jy moet altyd probeer om dinge te koop wanneer hulle is te koop!

In the USA, you have lots of options of where to shop for clothes and things for your home. You should always try to buy things when they are on sale!

Seepienk winkels of gebruikte en tweedehandse winkels

Thrift stores or used and secondhand stores

Wanneer jy dink van waar om te koop klere, oorweeg seepienk bewaar as jy geld wil spaar. Seepienk winkels verkoop klere, huis items, en meubels ander mense het weg gegee. As jy tyd neem om te kyk, jy kan dikwels vind baie mooi klere, items vir jou kombuis, meubels, speelgoed, en meer by spaarsaamheid winkels. Hierdie winkels is geneig om 'n baie lae-koste, en hulle het dikwels dae waar alles in die Winkel te koop is.

When you are thinking of where to buy clothes, consider thrift stores if you want to save money. Thrift stores sell clothes, home items, and furniture other people have given away. If you take time to look, you can often find very nice clothes, items for your kitchen, furniture, toys, and more at thrift stores. These stores tend to be very low-cost, and they often have days where everything in the store is on sale.

Garage verkope en werf verkope

Garage sales and yard sales

'N garage verkoop of erf te koop is 'n goeie plek om te gebruikte klere en huishoudelike items te vind. Hierdie items is gewoonlik baie goedkoop. Garage verkope en werf verkope is een van die min plekke kan jy land in die VSA. Dit beteken as jy by 'n garage of werf verkoop, Jy kan probeer om te vra vir 'n laer prys as wat geskryf is op die item.

A garage sale or yard sale is a great place to find used clothing and household items. These items are normally quite cheap. Garage sales and yard sales are one of the few places you can barter in the USA. This means if you are at a garage or yard sale, you can try to ask for a lower price than what is written on the item.

Departement winkels en winkelsentrums

Department stores and malls

Jy kan ook shop by afdelingswinkels of die mall. Hierdie winkels is geneig om duurder te wees en bekende naam handelsmerke. Dit beteken dat die items is baie gewild as gevolg van die handelsmerk is 'n bekende, soos Nike skoene.

You can also shop at department stores or the mall. These stores tend to be more expensive and have famous name brands. This means the items are popular because the brand is well-known, such as Nike shoes.

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Superstores

Superstores is winkels in die VSA wat byna alles verkoop. Dit sluit in winkels soos Walmart, teiken, en Kmart. Hierdie winkels is oor die algemeen goedkoper as naam merk Departement winkels.

Superstores are stores in the USA that sell nearly everything. These include stores like Walmart, Target, and Kmart. These stores are generally cheaper than name brand department stores.

Inkopies plaaslik

Shopping locally

Daar is waarskynlik baie van plaaslike winkels in jou nuwe dorp. Dit is lekker om plaaslik te shop, want jou geld bly in jou gemeenskap. Jy kan selfs vind 'n winkel besit word deur 'n ander vlugteling.

There are probably lots of local stores in your new town. It is nice to shop locally because your money stays in your community. You may even find a store owned by another refugee.

Hardeware winkels

Hardware stores

As jy items nodig het vir jou huis of by jou huis te herstel, jy kan shop by 'n hardewarewinkel. Die mense wat werk by hierdie winkels sal beantwoord jou vrae oor huis herstel.

If you need items for your house or to repair your home, you can shop at a hardware store. The people who work at these stores will answer your questions about home repair.

Aanlyn en posbestellings

Online and mail order

'N klomp Amerikaners koop hul klere aanlyn of van katalogusse wat kom in die pos. In die VSA, Jy kan klere jy koop aanlyn of van 'n katalogus terug, net soos jy kan items gekoop in winkels terugkeer.

A lot of Americans buy their clothes online or from catalogs that come in the mail. In the USA, you can return clothes you buy online or from a catalog, just like you can return items bought in stores.

Terugkerende items

Returning items

Winkels in die VSA laat mense goedere terug as daar iets is fout met hulle of selfs as hulle net hul gedagtes verander. Maar hulle sal nie toelaat dat jy om iets terug te keer nadat jy dit gebruik het. Wanneer jy inkopies doen, hou jou ontvangs. Dit is 'n bewys dat jy die item en wanneer jy dit gekoop het, gekoop. As jy besluit jy wil 'n item om terug te keer, Benodigdhede die ontvangs. Dit is moeiliker om weer vars voedsel, maar jy moet altyd terug kos indien jy bevind dat dit was bedorwe of verlede sy “verkoop deur” datum.

Stores in the USA let people return goods if there is something wrong with them or even if they just change their mind. But they will not allow you to return something after you have used it. Whenever you shop, keep your receipt. This is proof that you bought the item and when you bought it. If you decide you want to return an item, you will need the receipt. It is harder to return fresh foods, but you should always return food if you found it was spoiled or past its “sell by” date.

Leer meer

Learn more

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