Vroue in die VSA

Engels ookgeen Engels

Vroue in die VSA is gelyk aan mans. Maar daar is baie maniere waarop mans en vroue se lewe ervarings is verskillende. Lees oor vroue se regte, klere, en misbruik van vroue. Leer oor vroue se ervarings by die werk, in die huis en met kinders.

Women in the USA are equal to men. But there are many ways in which men and women’s life experiences are different. Read about women’s rights, clothing, and abuse of women. Learn about women’s experiences at work, in the home and with having children.

A gray haired woman wearing a gray coat smiling at the camera- women in the USA
IStock/adamkaz
A gray haired woman wearing a gray coat smiling at the camera- women in the USA
IStock/ adamkaz

Geskiedenis

History

Die manier waarop vroue nou behandel is, is baie anders as wat dit oor 50 jare terug. Destyds, vroue by die huis gebly met die kinders en mans het gegaan om te werk. Tussen die laat 1960 ' s en vroeë 1980 ' s, vroue geveg om ewe behandel te word. Hulle het aandag gebring na sexisme, wat is die voorkeur behandeling van mans. Vroue het in die strate gemarsjeer in protes. Hulle het geveg om belangrike wette oor aborsie en verkragting te verander. Hulle geskep en gedeelde kuns en musiek oor hul ervaring as vroue. Dit is genoem die vroue se Bevryding beweging. Dit het verander hoe vroue in die VSA behandel is.

The way women are treated now is very different than it was about 50 years ago. Back then, women stayed at home with the children and men went to work. Between the late 1960s and early 1980s, women fought to be treated equally. They brought attention to sexism, which is the preferred treatment of men. Women marched in the streets in protest. They fought to change important laws about abortion and rape. They created and shared art and music about their experience as women. This was called the Women’s Liberation Movement. It changed how women were treated in the USA.

Gelyke regte

Equal rights

In die Amerikaanse samelewing, vroue is gelyk en het dieselfde regte as mans. Vroue kan dieselfde werk as mans het. Vroue in staat was om te stem in die Verenigde State van Amerika sedert 1920. Vroue kan dien as verkose amptenare en kan eie eiendom. Hulle kan dien in die militêre. Maar daar is nog 'n gebrek aan vroue in leierskap posisies. Vroue make-up 51% van die bevolking. Maar 'n vrou was nog nooit President. Net 19% van kongres ('n deel van die federale regering) en 21% van wetgewers ('n tipe politieke leier) is vroue. Dit kan skadelik wees vir vroue se regte. Soms besluite wat vroue se gesondheid en persoonlike keuses beïnvloed is gemaak deur meestal mans.

In American society, women are equals and have the same rights as men. Women can have the same jobs as men. Women have been able to vote in the United States since 1920. Women can serve as elected officials and can own property. They can serve in the military. But there is still a lack of women in leadership positions. Women make up 51% of the population. But a woman has never been president. Only 19% of Congress (a part of the federal government) and 21% of legislators (a type of political leader) are women. This can be harmful to women’s rights. Sometimes decisions that affect women’s health and personal choices are made by mostly men.

Vroue by die werk

Women at work

Amerikaanse vroue is 'n belangrike deel van die arbeidsmag. Hulle maak amper 50% van die werkers. Vroue werk in alle vorme van werk. Daar is geen poste wat slegs vir mans of net vir vroue. Jy kan 'n vroulike baas het. Dit is moeilik vir sommige vlugtelinge en immigrante as hulle nog nooit 'n vrou in beheer by die werk gehad het voor. Maar om 'n werk in die VSA te kry, moet jy gekwalifiseer vir die posisie. Dit beteken elkeen wat die baas het om aansoek te doen en 'n onderhoud vir die werk. As jy 'n baas wat is nie baie goed, dit is nie, want hulle is 'n man of 'n vrou, maar omdat hulle nie oor die nodige vaardighede.

American women are an important part of the workforce. They make up almost 50% of the workers. Women work in all types of jobs. There are no jobs that are only for men or only for women. You may have a female boss. This is difficult for some refugees and immigrants if they have never had a woman in charge at work before. But to get a job in the USA, you must be qualified for the position. This means whoever is the boss had to apply and interview for the job. If you have a boss who is not very good, it is not because they are a man or a woman, but because they lack the necessary skills.

Maar, Dit beteken nie vroue het volledige gelykheid met mans. Daar is veel minder vroulike maatskappydirekteure as manlike maatskappydirekteure. Vroue verdien gewoonlik minder as mans. Dit is waar, selfs wanneer hulle werk in dieselfde werk. Vroue soms nie die promosies wat hulle verdien kry.

However, this does not mean women have complete equality with men. There are far fewer female company directors than male company directors. Women usually earn less than men. This is true even when they are working in the same job. Women sometimes do not get the promotions they deserve.

Baie Amerikaanse vroue ook sukkel met balans tussen werk en lewe. Byvoorbeeld, hulle het 'n moeilike tyd werk, terwyl dit ook die sorg van hul families. Lees meer oor vroue by die werk.

Many American women also struggle with work-life balance. For example, they have a difficult time working while also taking care of their families. Read more about women at work.

Vroue by die huis

Women at home

Amerikaanse mans en vroue tipies deel pligte en take in die huishouding. In 'n gesin, die man en die vrou kan beide werk buite die huis. In ongeveer die helfte van die huise in die VSA, beide ouers werk voltydse werk. Tuis, die moeder en pa dikwels het albei wasgoed, geregte, kook, en sorg vir die kinders. Lees meer oor ouerskap in die VSA.

American men and women typically share duties and chores in the household. In a family, the man and the woman might both work outside of the home. In about half of the homes in the USA, both parents work full-time jobs. At home, the mother and father often both do laundry, dishes, cooking, and take care of the children. Read more about parenting in the USA.

Wanneer vroue kinders het, hulle kry tyd af van die werk. Dit word kraam-verlof genoem. Die meeste vroue kry 3 maande van onbetaalde verlof van die werk. Sommige maatskappye betaal werknemers 'n deel van hul salaris. Nadat hulle kraamverlof verby is, Amerikaanse vroue gaan terug na die werk. Hulle betaal dikwels vir kindersorg vir hulle babas en kinders terwyl hulle werk.

When women have children, they get time off of work. This is called maternity leave. Most women get 3 months of unpaid leave from work. Some companies pay employees a part of their salary. After their maternity leave is over, American women go back to work. They often pay for childcare for their babies and children while they work.

Misbruik van vroue

Abuse of women

Sommige Amerikaanse vroue in die gesig staar ook gesinsgeweld of misbruik van hul vennote. Oor 'n derde van vroue sê dat hulle mishandel. Dit kan meer, soveel vroue is bang of skaam om te praat oor misbruik. Misbruik van en geweld teen vroue, mans, of kinders is onwettig. As iemand van misbruik skuldig bevind word, hulle kan tronk toe gaan. Leer oor Amerikaanse wette.

Some American women also face domestic violence or abuse from their partners. About a third of women say that they have been abused. It may be more, as many women are scared or embarrassed to talk about abuse. Abuse of and violence against women, men, or children is illegal. If someone is convicted of abuse, they might go to jail. Learn about US laws.

As jy in 'n verhouding en mishandel word deur jou maat, jy kan bel die Nasionale binnelandse geweld Hotline vir hulp 24 uur per dag. Jy hoef nie jou naam te gee.

If you are in a relationship and being abused by your partner, you can call the National Domestic Violence Hotline for help 24 hours a day. You do not have to give your name.

Vroue se klere

Women’s clothing

Vroue in die VSA kan anders as vroue in ander kulture te trek. hulle kan, byvoorbeeld, dra broeke of hulle kan klere wat hul vel toon dra. In die VSA, dra die onthulling van klere weerspieël nie swak op 'n vrou nie. Dit beteken ook nie iets oor die vrou se karakter. Vroue koop gewoonlik klere van winkels. Hulle saai hulle nie en het hulle nie professioneel toegewerk nie. Dit gebeur slegs vir spesiale geleenthede. Vroue gewoonlik bekostigbare klere en vervang dit binne 'n paar jaar.

Women in the USA may dress differently from women in other cultures. They may, for example, wear pants or they may wear clothing that shows their skin. In the USA, wearing revealing clothing does not reflect poorly on a woman. It also does not mean anything about the woman’s character. Women usually buy clothes from stores. They do not sow them themselves and do not have them sewn professionally. This happens only for special occasions. Women usually affordable clothes and replace them within a few years.

algehele, die klere styl in die VSA is gemaklik. Baie vroue en mans dra jeans die meeste dae. Sommige vroue nie aantrek buite werk of spesiale geleenthede. Sommige werkplekke in die VSA is ook gemaklik, veral in stede. soms, jonger mense kan selfs aan te dra sweet te werk of skool.

Overall, the clothing style in the USA is casual. Many women and men wear jeans most days. Some women do not dress up outside of work or special occasions. Some workplaces in the US are casual too, especially in cities. Sometimes, younger people may even wear sweats to work or school.

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