Знайте правата си на бежанец в САЩ

Също така по английскиНе английски

Бежанците, имигранти, законни постоянни жители (притежатели на зелена карта) and US citizens all deserve to be treated with dignity and respect. В САЩ, we all have rights. This information is to help you know your rights. At the bottom of this page, you will find links to this information in Nepali, Сомалийски, French and Arabic.



This information is meant to educate you. Тя не бива по никакъв начин, разглежда правни консултации. Нашето намерение е за хората да бъдат подготвени и не плаши.

This information is meant to educate you. It should not be in any way considered legal advice. Our intention is for people to be prepared and NOT scared.

  • САЩ. граждани, включително законни постоянни жители, бежанци и asylees, като цяло имат същите права като граждани.
  • Ако смятате, че вашите права са били нарушени, Вие трябва да говорите с адвокат.
  • Ако вие или членовете на вашето семейство са някога в нужда на спешна помощ, незабавно се обадете 911.
  • Non-U.S. citizens, including lawful permanent residents, refugees and asylees, generally have the same rights as citizens.
  • If you believe your rights have been violated, you should talk to a lawyer.
  • If you or your family members are ever in need of emergency assistance, immediately call 911.

Въведение

Introduction

Ние живеем в трудни времена. Последните действия срещу презаселване на бежанци, бежанци и имигранти в САЩ са създали страх и опасения за много. Всеки има права, включително бежанци, лица, търсещи убежище, asylees, имигранти, законни постоянни жители (притежатели на зелена карта), САЩ. граждани, и физически лица в Съединените щати, без статус.

We are living in difficult times. Recent actions against refugee resettlement, refugees and immigrants in the United States have created fear and concerns for many. Everyone has rights, including refugees, asylum seekers, asylees, immigrants, lawful permanent residents (green card holders), U.S. citizens, and individuals in the United States without status.

Ние всички заслужават да бъдат третирани с достойнство и уважение, Независимо от къде сме и как ние се молим. Ние всички имаме права. Този ресурс е предназначена да осигури бежанци със спешно необходима информация. Вие трябва да Знай правата си в отговор на важни проблеми на нашите общности. Този ресурс не е предназначен да създаде страх от закона структурите за прилагане. Важно е да се разбере тази спешна услуга персонал (полицията, медицински персонал, и пожарникари) са на разположение да помогне на всяко лице при спешни случаи. Винаги викам 911 при спешни случаи. Знайте правата си – права на бежанците.

We all deserve to be treated with dignity and respect, regardless of where we are from or how we pray. We all have rights. This resource is meant to provide refugees with urgently needed information. You must know your rights in response to the important issues facing our communities. This resource is not intended to create fear of law enforcement entities. It is important to understand that emergency service personnel (police, medical personnel, and firefighters) are available to help any person in an emergency. Always call 911 in an emergency. Know your rights – refugee rights.

Вашите права у дома

Your rights at home

Ами ако федерални агенти дойде в дома ми да говори с мен?

What if federal agents come to my home to talk to me?

Налице са справки на агенти от Федералното бюро за разследване (ФБР) и/или Министерството на вътрешната сигурност (DHS) посещение бежанци домове да говоря с тях.

There have been reports of agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and/or the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) visiting refugees’ homes to talk to them.

Ето какво можете да направите, ако някой се опитва да въведете вашия дом:

Here is what you can do if someone tries to enter your home:

Не отваряйте вратата

Do not open the door

Имиграция изпълнителен или ФБР не може да дойде във вашия дом без заповед. Ако заповед е представен, Проверете датата и подпис. Ако тя е подписана от съдия и датата е валиден, Вие трябва да ги пусна и може да упражни правото си да мълчи. Ако не е представена заповед, те могат да идват само в, ако вие или някой друг ги в кани.

Immigration enforcement or the FBI can’t come into your home without a warrant. If a warrant is presented, check the date and signature. If it is signed by a judge and the date is valid, you must let them in and can exercise your right to remain silent. If a warrant is not presented, they can only come in if you or someone else invites them in.

Не говоря

Do not speak

В САЩ, имате право да се мълчи и не казвам нищо на полицията. Всичко, което кажете може и ще бъде използвано срещу вас в съда. Можете да кажете агенти, “Аз се позове на петата поправка” и не говорят.

In the USA, you have the right to be silent and not say anything to the police. Anything you say can and will be used against you in court. You can tell the agents, “I plead the Fifth Amendment” and do not speak.

Обадете се на адвокат

Call a lawyer

There are free and low-cost lawyers who can help you. Можеш find a pro bono lawyer on Immigrationlawhelp.org. And you can contact your local ACLU.

There are free and low-cost lawyers who can help you. You can find a pro bono lawyer on Immigrationlawhelp.org. And you can contact your local ACLU.

Не подписват нищо

Do not sign anything

Не подпишете името си върху всички документи без да говорите с адвокат.

Don’t sign your name on any papers without talking to a lawyer.

Останем силни

Stay strong

Вземи надежден адвокат. Също така, Попитайте вашата общност да се застъпи за вас. Ако са задържани, възможно е да успеете да получите гаранция и се освобождава. Не дават надежда.

Get a trustworthy lawyer. Also, ask your community to advocate for you. If you are detained, you may be able to get bail and be released. Don’t give up hope.

Запомни: имате право на избор да не отговори на всички въпроси.

Remember: you have the right to choose not to answer any questions.

Вашето право да пътуват

Your right to travel

Can I still travel outside of the USA with refugee status or a green card?

Can I still travel outside of the USA with refugee status or a green card?

Ние препоръчваме лица от шест държави – Сирия, Иран, Судан, Сомалия, Йемен и Либия – да не пътуват по това време, Освен ако не е изключително неотложни или извънредни ситуации.

We recommend individuals from six countries – Syria, Iran, Sudan, Somalia, Yemen and Libya – do not travel at this time, unless it is extremely urgent or an emergency.

  • There is a high risk of traveling outside the USA for individuals who do not have US citizenship.
  • If you or your loved ones are outside the USA and are planning to return, you should contact an attorney here in the USA before embarking on your journey. Лицето пътуване трябва да се уверете, че да има всички техни документи, включително паспорт, Зелена карта, или документ за пътуване на бежанец.
  • Бежанците, които правят не има зелена карта или Американско гражданство не трябва да пътуват outside of the USA at this time for any reason, дори ако не сте от шест страни, на име.
  • Закона правоохранителните служители от летището и пристанището на записи имат право да провеждат "рутинна търсене" всички багаж и да ви питат за си гражданство и пътуване маршрут. Ако сте избрали за вторична интервю на летището, имате право да поиска за адвокат. Много адвокати са самите предоставянето безплатно за тази цел.
  • Ако вие или някой ваш познат е задържан, you can email the International Refugee Assistance Project (IRAP) at airport@refugeerights.org, викам си местни ACLU, and report your or othersexperience to the Американската имиграция адвокати асоциация (AILA).
  • There is a high risk of traveling outside the USA for individuals who do not have US citizenship.
  • If you or your loved ones are outside the USA and are planning to return, you should contact an attorney here in the USA before embarking on your journey. The person traveling should make sure to have all their documents, including a passport, green card, or refugee travel document.
  • Refugees who do not have a green card or US citizenship should not travel outside of the USA at this time for any reason, even if you are not from the six named countries.
  • Law enforcement officers at the airport and at port of entries have the authority to conduct a “routine search” of all luggage and to ask you questions about your citizenship and travel itinerary. If you are selected for a secondary interview at the airport, you have the right to ask for a lawyer. Many lawyers are making themselves available free of charge for this purpose.
  • If you or someone you know is detained, you can email the International Refugee Assistance Project (IRAP) at airport@refugeerights.org, call your local ACLU, and report your or others’ experience to the American Immigration Lawyers Association (AILA).

Запомни: If you do travel, you will need to bring your documents with you.

Remember: If you do travel, you will need to bring your documents with you.

Правото ви да бъде безопасно във вашата общност

Your right to be safe in your community

Ами ако аз съм жертва на тормоз в моя дом или квартал?

What if I am a victim of harassment in my home or neighborhood?

  • Вашият статут на бежанец ви дава правен статут в САЩ, и вие имате право да получават същото третиране като гражданите на САЩ.
  • Местната полиция са там да ви служи като член на Общността и защитата ви, когато ви потрябва. Ако сте жертва на престъпление, веднага трябва да се обадите полицията: 911.
  • Ако смятате, че сте в опасност, или ако някой прави заплахи срещу вие или вашето семейство, Недейте Опитайте се да говоря с тях или ги изправи. Веднага трябва да се обадите полицията чрез набиране 911.
  • Ако се притеснявате за вашата безопасност, говорите с някой от вашата агенция за презаселване на бежанец или на адвокат.
  • If you believe you or someone you know has been a victim of a crime or discriminated against because of your religion, националност, or group membership, you should also report it to the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC).
  • Your refugee status grants you legal status in the United States, and you have the right to receive the same treatment as US citizens.
  • Your local police are there to serve you as a member of the community and protect you when you need it. If you are the victim of a crime, you should immediately call the police: 911.
  • If you feel that you are in danger, or if someone is making threats against you or your family, do not try to talk to them or confront them. You should immediately call the police by dialing 911.
  • If you are worried about your safety, talk to someone at your refugee resettlement agency or to a lawyer.
  • If you believe you or someone you know has been a victim of a crime or discriminated against because of your religion, nationality, or group membership, you should also report it to the Southern Poverty Law Center (SPLC).

Запомни: повикване 911 if you or someone you know is in danger.

Remember: call 911 if you or someone you know is in danger.

Your right to practice your religion

Your right to practice your religion

Can I practice my faith without any fear of being victimized?

Can I practice my faith without any fear of being victimized?

You have a constitutional right to practice your religion. You have the right to go to a place of worship, attend and hear sermons and religious lectures, participate in community activities, and pray in public. If you experience religious discrimination or are targeted because of religion, contact the Council on American Islamic Relations (ЧАИР).

You have a constitutional right to practice your religion. You have the right to go to a place of worship, attend and hear sermons and religious lectures, participate in community activities, and pray in public. If you experience religious discrimination or are targeted because of religion, contact the Council on American Islamic Relations (CAIR).

Запомни: the law is on your side to protect you.

Remember: the law is on your side to protect you.

Your right to advocate for your community

Your right to advocate for your community

На бежанец, you are a very important advocate. Your voice can have a great impact because you are a refugee. You have the right to:

As a refugee, you are a very important advocate. Your voice can have a great impact because you are a refugee. You have the right to:

  • Call and meet with elected officials in your town, държава, and in Congress to develop a relationship, educate them about your contribution to the community, and seek their support for refugee resettlement and issues you care about.
  • Share your story as a refugee to help transform the public narrative about refugees.
  • Join diverse voices such as resettlement staff, faith leaders, работодателите, military veterans, other refugee leaders, and supportive community members to take action together.
  • Call and meet with elected officials in your town, state, and in Congress to develop a relationship, educate them about your contribution to the community, and seek their support for refugee resettlement and issues you care about.
  • Share your story as a refugee to help transform the public narrative about refugees.
  • Join diverse voices such as resettlement staff, faith leaders, employers, military veterans, other refugee leaders, and supportive community members to take action together.

Запомни: your voice matters.

Remember: your voice matters.

Lawful permanent residents who are accused of crimes

Lawful permanent residents who are accused of crimes

If you are not yet a citizen and you are arrested or accused of a crime, make sure your lawyer understands your immigration status because minor offenses can result in deportation for non-US citizens. Призна за виновен като част от правно основание сделка може да застраши вашите правен статут и в крайна сметка може да доведе до премахване.

If you are not yet a citizen and you are arrested or accused of a crime, make sure your lawyer understands your immigration status because minor offenses can result in deportation for non-US citizens. Pleading guilty as part of a plea bargain can jeopardize your legal status and could eventually lead to removal.

Ако имате присъда на вашия запис, Препоръчително е да се обърнете към адвокат, който да разберете всички опции. Ако сте в състояние да "Отмени" или "снема" вашата присъда, Това може да изчисти вашия запис, но законите са различни във всяка държава членка, така че е добре да се консултирате с адвокат за тези въпроси.

If you have a criminal conviction on your record, it is recommended that you contact a lawyer to understand all your options. If you are able to get a “set aside” or “expunge” your conviction, this could clear your record, but the laws are different in each state, so it is best to consult a lawyer about these questions.

Запомни: говори с адвокат, ако сте обвинен дори малка престъпност.

Remember: talk to a lawyer if you are accused of even a minor crime.

Вашите права, ако ви интервюира федерален агент

Your rights if you are interviewed by a federal agent

Агенти от ФБР или DHS може да поиска да говори с вас. Имате право да отказват да бъдат интервюирани, но това може да се гледа с недоверие. Talk to your lawyer or representative from your resettlement agency first about the interview request.

Agents from the FBI or DHS may seek to talk with you. You have the right to decline to be interviewed, but this can be viewed with suspicion. Talk to your lawyer or representative from your resettlement agency first about the interview request.

If you agree to an interview, you have the right to have an attorney present. You can find legal services from КЛИНИКА or from AILA.

If you agree to an interview, you have the right to have an attorney present. You can find legal services from CLINIC or from AILA.

  • You can choose the time and place for the interview.
  • You can request to know what the questions will be at the interview and have an interpreter present.
  • Do not give any false information during your interview. You do not have to answer all the questions you are asked, if you are not comfortable.
  • If you are waiting for your family member to be resettled to the U.S., it may take longer, but they still have the same opportunity to apply for resettlement.
  • You can choose the time and place for the interview.
  • You can request to know what the questions will be at the interview and have an interpreter present.
  • Do not give any false information during your interview. You do not have to answer all the questions you are asked, if you are not comfortable.
  • If you are waiting for your family member to be resettled to the U.S., it may take longer, but they still have the same opportunity to apply for resettlement.

Запомни: you MUST NOT give false information during your interview. It will be considered a criminal offense and may result in negative consequences.

Remember: you MUST NOT give false information during your interview. It will be considered a criminal offense and may result in negative consequences.

Be aware of law enforcement surveillance

Be aware of law enforcement surveillance

Entrapment

Entrapment

Entrapment is a practice whereby a law enforcement officer induces a person to commit a criminal offense that the person may have otherwise been unlikely to commit. Since undercover agents sometimes may monitor Muslim or immigrant communities, it is important to always maintain situational awareness and consciousness, hold true to your values, and not be lured into activities that could be illegal.

Entrapment is a practice whereby a law enforcement officer induces a person to commit a criminal offense that the person may have otherwise been unlikely to commit. Since undercover agents sometimes may monitor Muslim or immigrant communities, it is important to always maintain situational awareness and consciousness, hold true to your values, and not be lured into activities that could be illegal.

Surveillance

Surveillance

You and your families may experience some form of surveillance. The purpose of surveillance is to gather information and the techniques can be categorized into three types: covert, overt, and electronic surveillance:

You and your families may experience some form of surveillance. The purpose of surveillance is to gather information and the techniques can be categorized into three types: covert, overt, and electronic surveillance:

  • Covert surveillance is when the individual is not able to detect someone gathering information on them. This can be done by following the individual from a distance, searching through garbage receptacles left of public property, and using microphones to listen in on conversations.
  • Overt surveillance is visible and is what is being most frequently reported by refugee communities. This type of surveillance can be accomplished by knocking on doors and asking questions, openly talking to neighbors, и т.н..
  • Electronic surveillance focuses on monitoring internet, website pages, and using listening devices. Като цяло, surveillance is a legal process used by local, държава, and federal law enforcement. The specific laws and regulations vary from state to state and it is advised to speak with a lawyer if you feel you are under surveillance.
  • Covert surveillance is when the individual is not able to detect someone gathering information on them. This can be done by following the individual from a distance, searching through garbage receptacles left of public property, and using microphones to listen in on conversations.
  • Overt surveillance is visible and is what is being most frequently reported by refugee communities. This type of surveillance can be accomplished by knocking on doors and asking questions, openly talking to neighbors, etc.
  • Electronic surveillance focuses on monitoring internet, website pages, and using listening devices. Overall, surveillance is a legal process used by local, state, and federal law enforcement. The specific laws and regulations vary from state to state and it is advised to speak with a lawyer if you feel you are under surveillance.

Monitoring of internet activities

Monitoring of internet activities

Be careful not to visit websites that might hold extremist ideologies or engage in online conversations with others who might hold radical views.

Be careful not to visit websites that might hold extremist ideologies or engage in online conversations with others who might hold radical views.

There is often a generation gap between how parents are accustomed to using the internet and how children or youth use social media. Talk to your children and teenagers about what are appropriate internet sites to visit and what you expect them to avoid. Monitor your children and teenagers’ activity online and encourage them not to visit websites or participate in online activity that could be perceived as problematic. Consider setting guidelines ahead of time or even using software that can restrict their use.

There is often a generation gap between how parents are accustomed to using the internet and how children or youth use social media. Talk to your children and teenagers about what are appropriate internet sites to visit and what you expect them to avoid. Monitor your children and teenagers’ activity online and encourage them not to visit websites or participate in online activity that could be perceived as problematic. Consider setting guidelines ahead of time or even using software that can restrict their use.

There are apps you can use to help parents track their children’s cell phone activities. You can also find out how to monitor your child’s Iinternet usage and get more advice from Teensafe.

There are apps you can use to help parents track their children’s cell phone activities. You can also find out how to monitor your child’s Iinternet usage and get more advice from Teensafe.

Запомни: Важно е да бъдат внимателни какви сайтове посещавате. Не посещават сайтове с екстремистки възгледи, защото правителството може да мисля, че сте свързани с тероризма.

Remember: it is important to be careful about what websites you visit. Do not visit sites with extremist views because the government could think you are connected to terrorism.

Допълнителна информация и ресурси

Additional information and resources

Има много организации, които предлагат полезна информация и ресурси за вашите права и начини за поддържане на себе си, вашето семейство, вашата общност безопасни и. За съжаление, има и слухове и невярна информация циркулира в социалните медии и онлайн общности, както и измами, които се стремят да се възползват от бежанци и други имигранти. Моля уверете се, че сте търсят информация от достоверни източници, особено при търсенето на информация онлайн.

There are many organizations that offer helpful information and resources about your rights and ways to keep yourself, your family, and your community safe. Unfortunately, there are also rumors and false information circulating on social media and online communities, as well as scams that seek to take advantage of refugees and other immigrants. Please make sure that you seek information from credible sources, especially when searching for information online.

Do you want to read and download this information in your own language? Please select your language below.

Do you want to read and download this information in your own language? Please select your language below.

Thank you to Church World Service for preparing these materials to help refugees KNOW YOUR RIGHTS.

Thank you to Church World Service for preparing these materials to help refugees KNOW YOUR RIGHTS.

Church World Service know your rights for refugees

Church World Service know your rights for refugees

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