Yadda za a cika fitar da ku kwaleji aikace-aikace
Za kwaleji ne mai ban sha'awa mataki a rayuwa, amma akwai da yawa da ya yi. Yana da muhimmanci cewa ka sa mai kyau kwaleji aikace-aikace. Karanta game da kwaleji da bukatun, daban na kwaleji, da kuma yadda za a cika fitar da wani kwaleji aikace-aikace.
Going to college is an exciting step in life, but there is a lot to do. It is important that you makes a good college application. Read about college requirements, types of college, and how to fill out a college application.
A USA, sau da yawa mutane ce “kwaleji” ko “makaranta” domin jami'a da sauran ilimi bayan makarantar sakandare. Da samun a cikin koleji ne mai tsawo da aiwatar. Za ka iya ƙara da chances da karatu tukuru da kuma kasancewa aiki a makarantar sakandare. Ko kai ne mai girma dalibi kuma sun yi kyau a ayyukan, ka har yanzu bukatar a yi mai kyau kwaleji aikace-aikace. Yana da wani dogon aiwatar. Da farko dole ne ka gane abin da irin koleji ko jami'a ka so su halarci. Ku yi haƙuri kuma samun dama bayanai shirye. Zai taimake ka samu a cikin makaranta kana so.
In the USA, people often say “college” or “school” for university and other education after high school. Getting into college is a long process. You can increase your chances by studying hard and being active in high school. Even if you are a great student and have done well at activities, you still need to make a good college application. It is a long process. First you must figure out what kind of college or university you want to attend. Be patient and get the right information ready. It will help you get into the school you want.
Fara shirya, a makarantar sakandare
Start preparing in high school
Fara shirya, alhãli kuwa kun kasance a cikin makarantar sakandare. Abu mafi muhimmanci shi ne don samun mai kyau maki a cikin makarantar sakandare. Ya kamata ka dauki bangare a cikin karin ayyuka, ma. Wannan yana nufin kulake, wasanni, da kuma karin azuzuwan. Kwalejojin za su kuma ka dũba zuwa ga wanda ya ba da kansa aikin. Suna so su san cewa kai ne “da kyau taso”. Wannan yana nufin cewa kai ne nasara a abubuwa da yawa, ba kawai makaranta.
Start preparing while you are in high school. The most important thing is to get good grades in high school. You should take part in extra activities, too. This means clubs, sports, and extra classes. Colleges will also look at your volunteer work. They want to know that you are “well rounded”. This means that you are successful in many things, not just school.
College m bukatun
College admission requirements
Don a shigar da shi a shekaru biyu kwaleji, shekaru hudu kwaleji, ko jami'a, za ka bukatar wani high school diploma. Idan ka ba su kammala karatu daga makarantar sakandare, za ka iya yi a makarantar sakandare equivalency gwajin maimakon. Wannan shi ne wani dogon gwajin game da duk daban-daban batutuwa sanar a makaranta. Idan ka wuce, shi ya nuna kana da isasshen ilimin je kwaleji.
To be admitted to a two-year college, four-year college, or university, you will need a high school diploma. If you did not graduate from high school, you can take a high school equivalency test instead. This is a long test about all the different topics taught in school. If you pass, it shows you have enough education to go to college.
Zaka iya sami your makarantar sakandare equivalency diploma (kira GED® ko HiSET ko TASC) a al'umma kolejoji. Zaka kuma iya zuwa yamma azuzuwan ga baƙi da 'yan gudun hijira, ko kai mu free GED shiri aji.
You can earn your high school equivalency diploma (called GED® or HiSET or TASC) at community colleges. You can also go to evening classes for immigrants and refugees, or take our free GED preparation class.
Wanne irin kwaleji ya kamata na tambaya ga?
Which type of college should I apply for?
Akwai da yawa kwaleji zažužžukan zabi daga. Inda ka tafi zai dogara ne a kan abin da za a yi karatu da kuma yadda da yawa kudi za ka iya ciyar. Za ka bukatar ka yi tunani game da idan kana so ka motsa, ko kuma zauna tare da iyali.
There are many college options to choose from. Where you go will depend on what you want to study and how much money you can spend. You will need to think about if you want to move or stay with your family.
Community kolejoji mayar da hankali a kan aiki da dabarun. Daliban da suka kammala karatunsu daga al'umma kolejoji sau da yawa sami takardun shaida ko aboki digiri. Associates digiri dauki kusan shekaru biyu na binciken. Community kolejoji iya taimaka dalibai samun muhimmanci basira don fara sana'ar miƙa wani rai la'ada. Wannan yana nufin wani jobs cewa biya isa kudi ga mutane. Rayuwa la'ada kuma yana nufin ba za ka bukatar biyu jobs ko taimako daga gwamnati. Wasu al'umma kolejoji da shirye-shirye don taimakawa dalibai canja wuri zuwa hudu-shekara kolejoji.
Community colleges focus on career skills. Students who graduate from community colleges often receive certificates or associate degrees. Associates degrees take around two years of study. Community colleges can help students gain important skills to begin careers offering a living wage. This means any jobs that pay enough money for people. Living wage also means you would not need two jobs or help from the government. Some community colleges have programs to help students transfer to four-year colleges.
Community kolejoji ne karami fiye da jami'o'i. Su ne a duka kananan garuruwa da manyan birane. Community kolejoji bari dalibai halarci part-time. Su ma mai rahusa fiye da jami'o'i.
Community colleges are smaller than universities. They are in both small towns and big cities. Community colleges let students attend part-time. They are also cheaper than universities.
College da jami'a
College and university
Amirkawa, da dama zuwa shekaru hudu kwaleji bayan da suka gama makarantar sakandare. A jami'a ne a kwalejin cewa yayi ba kawai dalibi (takardun} aramin) digiri amma post-digiri ma (ubangijinsa ko PhD). Tuzuru da ubangijinsa digiri zai taimake ka ka samu aiki mai kyau a lokacin da ka kammala karatu.
Many Americans go to a four-year college after they finish high school. A university is a college that offers not just undergraduate (bachelor’s) degrees but post-graduate degrees too (master’s or PhD). Bachelor’s and master’s degrees will help you get a better job when you graduate.
Shekaru hudu kolejoji da jami'o'i masu wuya a samu shiga fiye da al'umma kolejoji. Za ka yi wuce gwaje-gwaje don shiga. Mafi na kowa gwajin ka bukatar izinin ake kira zauna. Yana jarraba ku karatu, rubuce-rubuce, da kuma ilimin lissafi skills.
Four-year colleges and universities are harder to get into than community colleges. You will have to pass tests to enter. The most common test you need to pass is called the SAT. It tests your reading, writing, and math skills.
Jama'a da kuma masu zaman kansu
Public and private
Kolejoji na iya zama ko dai mai zaman kansa ko jama'a makarantu. Private kolejoji kudin mai yawa fiye da kudi fiye da jama'a kolejoji. Duk da haka, masu zaman kansu da kolejoji iya samun karin malanta kudi samuwa. Suna da karami azuzuwan haka dalibai samun magana da malamai more.
Colleges can be either private or public schools. Private colleges cost a lot more money than public colleges. However, private colleges may also have more scholarship money available. They have smaller classes so students get to talk to teachers more.
Yaya za a nemi da kuma cika fitar da kwaleji aikace-aikace
How to apply and fill out college applications
Za ka iya fara cika kwaleji aikace-aikace a watan Oktoba shekara ta kafin ka so ka fara kwaleji. College aikace-aikace bukatar da za a gama da Janairu. Yana daukan dogon lokaci zuwa cika fita aikace-aikace. Ya kamata ka fara da wuri, ya cika fita 6 to 8 aikace-aikace.
You can start filling out college applications in October the year before you want to start college. College applications need to be finished by January. It takes a long time to fill out applications. You should start early and fill out 6 to 8 applications.
College aikace-aikace kudin game da $40 kowane, haka kawai ya shafi makarantu ka gaske son. Kolejoji da cewa an san ciwon mafi kyau ilimi na iya zama sosai m. Wannan yana nufin cewa da yawa dalibai tambaya amma mafi yawansu, ba samun a. Idan kana da ake ji wa sosai m makarantu, kana iya amfani da wasu makarantu da suke da sauki don samun cikin da. Wannan shi ne a idan ba ku samu a cikin ta farko zabi.
College applications cost about $40 each, so only apply to schools you really like. Colleges that are known for having the best education can be very competitive. This means that many students apply but most don’t get in. If you are applying to very competitive schools, you may want to apply to some schools that are easy to get into as well. This is in case you do not get into your first choices.
Idan ka san wanda kwaleji ka so su halarci, za ka iya duba a kan ta website su koyi game da yadda za a nema. Wannan shi ne abin da ka bukata:
If you know which college you want to attend, you can look on its website to learn about how to apply. This is what you need:
- A cike da-fita online aikace-aikace siffan
- A sirri bayani: wannan shi ne wata muqala game da dalilin da ya sa kana so ka je wannan makaranta. Shi ne ma a samu damar magana game da basira da kuma maki.
- Biyu ko fiye da haruffa na shawarwarin: haruffa daga malamai ko mutanen da ka yi aiki domin. Wadannan haruffa zai ce me ya sa makarantar kamata bari ka a.
- Makarantar sakandare tarihi
- Test scores: domin jami'a, za ka bukatar ka yi wani zauna ko ACT gwajin. Wadannan su ne gwaje-gwaje a kan dukkan batutuwa da ka koya a makaranta. A da kyau ci zai taimake ka ka samu shiga kwaleji
- A filled-out online application form
- A personal statement: this is an essay about why you want to go to this school. It is also a chance to talk about your skills and grades.
- Two or more letters of recommendation: letters from teachers or people you have worked for. These letters will say why the school should let you in.
- High school transcripts
- Test scores: for university, you will need to take an SAT or ACT test. These are tests on all the subjects you learned in school. A good score will help you get into college
Idan ka samu a
If you get in
Za ka samu wani harafi ko email gaya muku samu a. Wannan zai faru tsakanin Maris 1st da May 1st. Idan ka samu a cikin fiye da daya makaranta, za ka yi hukunci a inda ya tafi. Tunani game da halin kaka, wuri, da kuma yadda kyau da ilimi shi ne. Ka ce wa makarantu a ko wani da zaran ka iya. Wasu dalibai samun a jiran lists, wanda ke nufin za su kawai samun wani tabo idan wani ba ya so nãsu. Replying farkon za ta taimaka da sauran dalibai (ko ka) san idan za su iya zuwa cewa makaranta.
You will get a letter or email telling you got in. This will happen between March 1st and May 1st. If you got into more than one school, you will have to decide where to go. Think about costs, location, and how good the education is. Tell the schools yes or no as soon as you can. Some students get on waiting lists, which means they will only get a spot if someone else doesn’t want theirs. Replying early will help the other students (or you) know if they can go to that school.
Idan ba ka samu a
If you don’t get in
Wasu dalibai ba su samu zuwa koleji na farko shekara da suka nema. Idan ba ka samu a, akwai zabin.
Some students do not get into college the first year they apply. If you do not get in, there are options.
Wasu kolejoji miƙa mirgina shiga. Wannan yana nufin cewa ba su yarda da duk dalibai a lokaci daya. maimakon, suka yarda da dalibai daya a lokaci har sai dukan aibobi ne tafi. Idan akwai spots bar, za ka iya amfani da wadannan makarantu a marigayi spring ko rani.
Some colleges offering rolling admissions. This means that they do not accept all the students at one time. Instead, they accept students one at a time until all the spots are gone. If there are spots left, you can apply to these schools in the late spring or summer.
Zaka iya yanke shawara su dauki wani shekara kashe da kuma aiki ajiye kudi. Za ka da lokaci zuwa binciken kolejoji da kuma yanke shawara inda ka ke so ka nema gaba shekara. Za ka iya kuma kokarin samun wani horon ko ba da yardar ransa a filin da kake sha'awar. An horon ne unpaid aiki. Wannan kwarewa zai taimake ka ka sa a gaba lokaci da suka nema.
You might decide to take a year off and work to save money. You will have time to research colleges and decide where you want to apply next year. You can also try to get an internship or do volunteering in the field you are interested in. An internship is an unpaid job. This experience will help you get in the next time they apply.
Da ake ji wa kwaleji na iya zama dogon aiwatar. Kai shi Mataki-mataki. Ko da ba ka ko da yaro ba su samu a, akwai wasu zažužžukan.
Applying for college can be a long process. Take it step by step. Even if you or your child don’t get in, there are other options.