פקיסטן: Understanding your students from Pakistan and their cultural backgrounds

אנגלית גם. לא אנגלית

מורים רבים מלמדים תלמידים מגוונים מדווחים כי הם אינם מקבלים מספיק מידע הרקע התרבותי על תלמידיהם. אם אתה מלמד סטודנטים הפליטים, חשוב להיות מודעים ומוניטין’ רקעים. המידע שלהלן נועד לספק שסקירה כללית של מפתח מדגיש, כך יתפתחו מבחינה תרבותית אסטרטגיות הוראה מגיבים נמצאים בהרמוניה עם התלמידים שלך’ סגנונות למידה ייחודיות.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

ילדים פקיסטנים בודדים ללמוד אנגלית כשפה השני שלהם. צילום מ. בארה. Navy by Photographer's Mate 2nd Class Eric S. פאוול.
ילדים פקיסטנים בודדים ללמוד אנגלית כשפה השני שלהם. צילום מ. בארה. חיל הים על ידי הצלם ’ s חבר אריק Class 2 S. פאוול.
Displaced Pakistani children learn English as their second language. Photo from. U.S. Navy by Photographer's Mate 2nd Class Eric S. Powell.
Displaced Pakistani children learn English as their second language. Photo from. U.S. Navy by Photographer’s Mate 2nd Class Eric S. Powell.

Pakistan Map

Pakistan Map

שפה

Language

אורדו, פנג'בית, ואנגלית

Urdu, Punjabi, and English

ההוראה בכיתה

Teaching in the Classroom

פחות מ 65% הילדים לסיים את בית הספר היסודי, רק חצי אנשים מבוגרים הם קרוא וכתוב, שיעור האוריינות להיות גבוה משמעותית לגברים מאשר לנשים. אוריינות טיפות באזורים של אלימות ותזוזה. עוד יותר, אפילו חלק ניכר מאלו שאינם קרוא וכתוב לא הייתה כל השכלה פורמלית במיוחד בנות. המשותף של נקבות בחינוך פוחתת בהדרגה מעל פני בית הספר היסודי.

Fewer than 65% of children finish primary school, and only half of all adults are literate, the literacy rate being significantly higher for males than for females. Literacy drops in areas of violence and displacement. Further, even a substantial proportion of those who are literate have not had any formal education especially girls. The share of females in education progressively diminishes above the primary school level.

השימוש של העסקת ילדים בפקיסטן נפוצה, אבל הילדים בבית ספר בפקיסטן במקום ערך גבוה על חינוך. ילדים בבית הספר בדרך כלל בחינות, עזרה עם המטלות, אז ללמוד. In Pakistani schools, memorization is heavily emphasized, not critical thinking and classroom participation, so students might need coaching in these areas as they adjust. Citing references and keeping track of sources in academic work are not emphasized in Pakistan. גם, due to the emphasis on memorization, יש כמה השלכות עבור העתקת עבודה לכיתה אחרים או ספרים.

The use of child labor in Pakistan is widespread, but children who do attend school in Pakistan place high value on education. Children in school typically attend class, help with chores, and then study. In Pakistani schools, memorization is heavily emphasized, not critical thinking and classroom participation, so students might need coaching in these areas as they adjust. Citing references and keeping track of sources in academic work are not emphasized in Pakistan. Also, due to the emphasis on memorization, there are few repercussions for copying work from other classmates or from books.

בפקיסטן, לתלמידים יש בדרך כלל כיתה ולסובב מורים דרך הכיתות. התלמידים לעיתים קרובות יש את אותו מורה על נושא אחד או יותר. תרבות פקיסטני דורש הסטודנטים יש התנהגות מאוד רשמית עם מורים. ישנם אין בדיחות, אין בהתבטלות ודיונים לימודים אין. מורים מטופלות כמו. או גברת, and students show respect by standing up when the teacher walks in or stopping walking when the teacher passes by.

In Pakistan, students usually have homerooms and teachers rotate through the classrooms. Students often have the same teacher for more than one subject area. Pakistani culture requires students to have very formal behavior with teachers. There are no jokes, no slacking off and no non-curricular discussions. Teachers are addressed as Sir or Madam, and students show respect by standing up when the teacher walks in or stopping walking when the teacher passes by.

Most students do not socialize with the opposite gender. It is culturally acceptable for boys and girls to hug, shake hands or jest just with members of the same sex. Girls may cover their hair with a hijab or scarf. Changing in a locker room may be uncomfortable, and Pakistani girls may choose to wear full-cover clothing in gym class.

Most students do not socialize with the opposite gender. It is culturally acceptable for boys and girls to hug, shake hands or jest just with members of the same sex. Girls may cover their hair with a hijab or scarf. Changing in a locker room may be uncomfortable, and Pakistani girls may choose to wear full-cover clothing in gym class.

Pakistan is a diverse country but it is also a hierarchical one. It might take some time and discussion for a student to adjust to the different social norms in the U.S. Many Pakistani children (especially girls) are accustomed to very direct guidance from their parents so when decision-making is required, it can help to offer two or three choices, at least at first, to help develop this skill. Students may need time to adjust to a very time-oriented U.S. culture where it is important to schedule events to be on time.

Pakistan is a diverse country but it is also a hierarchical one. It might take some time and discussion for a student to adjust to the different social norms in the U.S. Many Pakistani children (especially girls) are accustomed to very direct guidance from their parents so when decision-making is required, it can help to offer two or three choices, at least at first, to help develop this skill. Students may need time to adjust to a very time-oriented U.S. culture where it is important to schedule events to be on time.

Students are generally used to more indirect communication styles and are likely to rely on context and nonverbal indicators to convey a message. It is important not to offend, and this can mean telling the listener what the listener wants to hear, especially people in higher positions, so they can save face. Closed statements followed by some silence, rather than questions, may be better at getting students to open up.

Students are generally used to more indirect communication styles and are likely to rely on context and nonverbal indicators to convey a message. It is important not to offend, and this can mean telling the listener what the listener wants to hear, especially people in higher positions, so they can save face. Closed statements followed by some silence, rather than questions, may be better at getting students to open up.

It is also polite for your Pakistani student to refuse things that are offered (מזון, לדוגמה) with the expectation that it will be offered several times before they can accept. כנ, when told “no”, students may argue/ask repeatedly after being told “no,” since this is what they think will bring the expected result.

It is also polite for your Pakistani student to refuse things that are offered (food, for example) with the expectation that it will be offered several times before they can accept. Likewise, when told “no”, students may argue/ask repeatedly after being told “no,” since this is what they think will bring the expected result.

For the noon prayer, a private space can be provided for the student to pray undisturbed. Many schools allow the students to use a corner of a room designated for study hall or a counselor’s office. From the United States, Mecca is southeast.

For the noon prayer, a private space can be provided for the student to pray undisturbed. Many schools allow the students to use a corner of a room designated for study hall or a counselor’s office. From the United States, Mecca is southeast.

The Pakistani family discipline system is very strong—children pay respect to their parents and don’t argue with them. Children are encouraged to attend religious education classes held on weekends and during the summer vacation.

The Pakistani family discipline system is very strong—children pay respect to their parents and don’t argue with them. Children are encouraged to attend religious education classes held on weekends and during the summer vacation.

מעורבות המשפחה/בי ס

Family/School Engagement

Pakistani parents prefer same-gender social gatherings for their teenagers to socialize. Mixed gatherings may be avoided by parents as well. Pakistani parents will typically have a lot of input on the appropriateness of friendships. Usually friendships are of the same sex, formed over many years, and a student’s friends become part of the family.

Pakistani parents prefer same-gender social gatherings for their teenagers to socialize. Mixed gatherings may be avoided by parents as well. Pakistani parents will typically have a lot of input on the appropriateness of friendships. Usually friendships are of the same sex, formed over many years, and a student’s friends become part of the family.

Parent-teacher meetings are held in Pakistan, but parents aren’t as directly involved. Pakistani mothers generally attend to their children’s educational needs. Although Pakistani parents often visit schools to see their child participate in sports and co-curricular activities, they may not be very involved overall. חשוב לזכור כי פליטים רבים שלא יודעים כיצד כונן או חוסר גישה למכונית, אז תחבורה לאירועים בבית הספר יהיה אתגר.

Parent-teacher meetings are held in Pakistan, but parents aren’t as directly involved. Pakistani mothers generally attend to their children’s educational needs. Although Pakistani parents often visit schools to see their child participate in sports and co-curricular activities, they may not be very involved overall. It is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge.

It is expected that you will use a person’s title and their surname. First names are

It is expected that you will use a person’s title and their surname. First names are

used mostly just among close friends. It is best to ask a person how they wish to be addressed. Eye contact is one of the basic principles of communication and it is highly regarded in Pakistani culture. עם זאת, it is considered a symbol of respect by the youth to not maintain eye contact while talking to grandparents and respected elders.

used mostly just among close friends. It is best to ask a person how they wish to be addressed. Eye contact is one of the basic principles of communication and it is highly regarded in Pakistani culture. However, it is considered a symbol of respect by the youth to not maintain eye contact while talking to grandparents and respected elders.

תרבות, מגדר ומשפחה

Culture, Gender and Family

Most Pakistanis are devout Muslims. אודות 75% are Sunni and 20% are Shia. הנותרים 5% includes Christians, Ahmadis and Hindus. Modern Pakistan’s population can be divided into several ethnic groups, the single largest being the Punjabis.

Most Pakistanis are devout Muslims. About 75% are Sunni and 20% are Shia. The remaining 5% includes Christians, Ahmadis and Hindus. Modern Pakistan’s population can be divided into several ethnic groups, the single largest being the Punjabis.

Family means everything in Pakistani culture, and personal reputation as it reflects on family reputation is always considered in Pakistan. All peer relationships reflect on the entire family. In a Pakistani family, the mother is usually the caregiver and homemaker whereas the father is typically the authority and provider. באופן כללי נשים וגברים נשמרים מאוד נפרדים, נשים עלול להרגיש לא בנוח מחוץ במצבים כאלה. ייתכנו מספר דורות תחת קורת גג אחת.

Family means everything in Pakistani culture, and personal reputation as it reflects on family reputation is always considered in Pakistan. All peer relationships reflect on the entire family. In a Pakistani family, the mother is usually the caregiver and homemaker whereas the father is typically the authority and provider. In general women and men are kept very separate and women may feel uncomfortable outside of these situations. There may be several generations under one roof.

משאבים נוספים

Additional Resources

משאבים BRYCS

BRYCS RESOURCES

ספר העובדות העולמי

WORLD FACTBOOK

האמריקאים הפקיסטני

PAKISTANI AMERICANS

לשתף את הרעיונות שלך

Share Your Ideas

אם יש לכם הערות או פרטים נוספים או רעיונות לחלוק על ללמד תלמידים הפקיסטני, אנא שלח: info@usahello.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Pakistani students, please email: info@usahello.org.

לקחת קורס חינם שלנו למחנכים

Take our Free Course for Educators

אם תרצי עוד הדרכה על איך לחנך את התלמידים העולים של פליטים, אנא שקול להרשם שלנו קורס חינם, לחנך את הפליטים ותלמידים עולים: קורס מקוון עבור מורים.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our free course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

הדפס מידע זה כקובץ PDF

Print this Information as a PDF

ניתן להוריד ולהדפיס את זה Pakistani learner profile כקובץ PDF ולשמור אותו כמשאב בכיתה שלך.

You can download and print this Pakistani learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

? דף זה עזר לך? פרצוף מחייך כן פרצוף זועף לא
תודה לך על המשוב שלך!