Yuav ua li cas yog hais tias koj nres los yog puas tau raug ntes los ntawm tub ceev xwm

It is important to know your rights if you are stopped by a police or immigration officer or if you are arrested by police. If you are questioned by law enforcement, be polite and respectful. Tsis txhob dag, cam, thaum nws, or run away.

police car in USA
Photo courtesy of Dave Conner/Wikimedia Commons

Nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA, the police are generally good and want to help you. But you should know your rights. You have rights even if you are not a US citizen. You should know that law enforcement officers may briefly hold and question you if they suspect you were involved in a crime. They might do this even if there are not enough reasons to arrest you.

Your rights if you are stopped in a car or arrested by police while in a car

  • Koj muaj txoj cai los mus nyob twj ywm ntsiag to thiab tsis teb cov lus nug.
  • When receiving a citation (a ticket for speeding, piv txwv li) you must provide your driver’s license, kev tuav pov hwm, and vehicle registration if requested.
  • Cov tub ceev xwm yuav hais kom koj mus rau kauj ruam tawm ntawm lub tsheb. You should do what they ask.
  • Police are not allowed to check the car unless there is “probable cause.”
  • You do not have the right to leave if the officer tells you to stay.
  • A pat down is typically a surface search done over your clothes. It can happen if the officer has a reason to believe there is something suspicious happening, tab sis nws los yog nws tsis tau mus los ntawm koj twb. Nyob rau hauv ib tug kev tshawb fawb, they have a more thorough method where they might search under your clothes. Koj yog yam raug cai tau tso cai rau tsis kam ob leeg.

Your rights if you are arrested by police or taken to a police station

  • If you are arrested by police, you have the right to remain silent and talk to a lawyer.
  • Koj muaj cai los mus ua kom 3 hu xov tooj hauv 3 teev ntawm tau txais puas tau raug ntes.
  • Koj yuav qhia tau cov tub ceev xwm cov ntaub ntawv txog koj tus kheej tab sis tsis muaj ntau kom txog thaum koj tus kws lij choj tuaj txog.
  • Tsis txhob sib tham txog koj txoj nrog leej twg tab sis koj tus kws lij choj.

Your rights if a police officer wants to search your home or car

  • Tub ceev xwm tsis pub mus nrhiav koj lub tsev tsis muaj koj kev tso cai los yog ib tug kev tshawb fawb kev cai. A warrant is a legal document that gives them permission to search. Yog hais tias koj tsis nyob hauv tsev, cov tub ceev xwm yuav nrhiav koj lub tsev yog ib co lwm tso cai rau nws.
  • Koj yuav tsum tsis txhob cia ib tug tub ceev xwm nkag mus rau koj lub tsev tshwj tsis yog tias lawv muaj ib tug kev cai.
  • Cov kev cai yuav tsum tau kos npe rau los ntawm ib tug kws txiav txim plaub.
  • If an officer insists on entering without a warrant, do not resist. You can say that you do not allow it, ces tam sim ntawd hu rau ib tug kws lij choj.

The Supreme Court only allows a law enforcement officer to enter a house without knocking if they have “a reasonable suspicion”. This means that they think something illegal might be happening. They also think that showing they are there might be dangerous or might allow the suspect to destroy any evidence.

Yog xav paub ntxiv los pab koj to taub txog koj cov cai, koj ua tau read our “paub txog koj cov cai” information. It was prepared in partnership with Church World Services, which offers low-cost legal services to immigrants.

Questions and answers about being detained or arrested by police

Here are some answers to questions you may have about being stopped or arrested.

Kuv puas yuav tau teb cov lus nug los ntawm tub ceev xwm?

Koj muaj cai tau txais nyob twj ywm ntsiag to li ntawd, koj tsis tas yuav teb cov lus nug. Koj tsis muaj los tham rau tej tub ceev xwm los yog lwm leej lwm tus. It is a good idea to talk to a lawyer before answering any questions. Qhia cov tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm uas koj xaiv tsis teb cov lus. Tab sis yeej ib txwm hwm thiab paub cai raws li ntau li ntau tau.

How should I behave if I am stopped in my car?

Try to move slowly and make sure you always keep your hands visible to the officer. Tsis tsis tau lub cev thaum nws ib plws los yog nrhiav. Es tsis txhob hais, “I do not consent to a search.” Ask the officer if you are free to leave, thiab yog hais tias tus tub ceev xwm hais tias yog, then leave calmly. Txawm li cas los, if the officer says no, you must stay. Tsis txhob khiav deb, and keep your hands visible all the time.

Yuav ua li cas yog hais tias kuv kho phem heev los ntawm tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm?

Koj muaj txoj cai los nug tus tub ceev xwm rau nws cov lus qhia xws li nws lub npe thiab cov ntawv uas qhia xov tooj. Sim nrhiav tim khawv thiab yog hais tias koj raug mob nqa duab sai li sai tau. Hu rau ib tug kws lij choj los yog hauv koj lub zos tib neeg txoj cai kev pab tiv thaiv chaw ua hauj lwm.

Do I have to show my immigration documents if I am arrested by police?

Tsis-pej xeem uas yog 18 xyoo los yog laus dua yuav tsum nqa lawv cov ntaub ntawv nrog lawv nyob rau ntawm txhua lub sij hawm. If you are undocumented and cannot show US immigration documents, koj muaj cai xaiv tsis teb cov lus nug txog koj raws li txoj cai. These questions might include “Are you a citizen?"los yog, "Koj tauj qhov tawn tauj?” Do not lie about your status, tab sis hais es tsis txhob hais tias koj xaiv tsis teb cov lus.

Xav paub ntau ntxiv

lwm yam kev pab


Cov ntaub ntawv ntawm nplooj ntawv no yog los ntawm ACLU, Church World Services, thiab lwm yam thoj. Nws yog npaj rau cov kev taw qhia thiab yog tshiab ntau li ntau tau. USAHello tsis muab kev cai lij choj cov tswv yim pab, tsis yog ib yam ntawm peb cov ntaub ntawv npaj uas yuav tau noj raws li kev cai lij choj cov tswv yim pab. Yog hais tias koj tab tom nrhiav rau ib tug dawb los yog raug nyiaj tsawg tus kws lij choj los yog kev cai lij choj pab, peb yuav pab tau koj nrhiav dawb thiab luv-nqi raws li txoj cai kev pab.

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