Refugee Resettlement nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States of America

English kujTsis English

How does resettlement in America work? What happens when you are a refugee in the USA? Learn about arriving in the USA as a refugee and find information that will help you understand about life in America.

How does resettlement in America work? What happens when you are a refugee in the USA? Learn about arriving in the USA as a refugee and find information that will help you understand about life in America.

Resettlement nyob rau hauv America

Resettlement in America

Arriving in the United States

Arriving in the United States

Thaum koj nyuam qhuav tuaj txog nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States, koj yuav zaum tau greeted ntawm lub tshav dav hlau los ntawm tuaj pab dawb los ntawm koj resettlement chaw ua hauj lwm. They will take you to your new home. Lub koom haum uas pab koj tsuas muaj ib tug me me npaum li cas ntawm cov nyiaj mus nrhiav koj ib qho chaw nyob. So your home might be small apartment. It might only have a few things in it. American tsev neeg tej zaum pub tsev neeg cov khoom, xws li ib lub txaj thiab rooj, rau koj lub tsev.

When you first arrive in the United States, you will probably be greeted at the airport by volunteers from your resettlement agency. They will take you to your new home. The organization that is helping you only has a small amount of money to find you a place to live. So your home might be small apartment. It might only have a few things in it. American families probably donated household items, such as a bed and table, for your apartment.

You will have to learn how to use the new items in your apartment – for example, koj fridge, microwave thiab siv lub tshuab ntxuav. Your resettlement agency volunteer will show you how. You will find that food is different, but you can kawm txog cov khoom noj thiab noj mov nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA.

You will have to learn how to use the new items in your apartment – for example, your fridge, microwave and washing machine. Your resettlement agency volunteer will show you how. You will find that food is different, but you can learn about food and eating in the USA.

Your caseworker

Your caseworker

Tom qab koj txog, koj yuav raug muab tso rau ib tug neeg tuav ntaub ntawv. Tus neeg no yuav pab tau koj kho mus rau lub teb chaws USA. Koj tus caseworker tej zaum yuav heev tibneeg hu tauj coob pab lwm cov tsev neeg, heev. Koj tus caseworker yuav tsum ua raws li cov ntau cov kev cai ntawm neeg tawg rog resettlement. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom muaj ib tug kev sib raug zoo nrog koj tus neeg tuav ntaub ntawv.

After you arrive, you will be assigned to a caseworker. This person will help you adjust to the USA. Your caseworker will probably be very busy helping other families, too. Your caseworker must follow the many rules of refugee resettlement. It is important to maintain a good relationship with your caseworker.

Koj yuav tau ua kom tiav ib tug ntau ntawm cov ntaub ntawv. Qhov no cov ntaub ntawv yuav tsum tau rau koj yuav tau txais nyiaj. Nyob ntawm seb dab tsi lub xeev koj nyob rau hauv, koj yuav tau txais ib tug me me npaum li cas ntawm cov nyiaj rau koj tsev neeg. Qhov no tej zaum yuav raug hu ua neeg tawg rog Pab Nyiaj Ntsuab los sis nws tej zaum yuav hu ua Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. Koj yuav tej zaum kuj tau txais ib yam dab tsi hu ua "nyiaj muas noj" los yog SNAP. Qhov no yog them rau cov khoom noj haus. You can learn more about the benefits you might receive as well as public benefits especially for refugees.

You will have to complete a lot of paperwork. This paperwork is required for you to receive money. Depending on what state you live in, you will receive a small amount of money for your family. This might be called Refugee Cash Assistance or it might be called Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. You will probably also receive something called “food stamps” or SNAP. This is to pay for groceries. You can learn more about the benefits you might receive as well as public benefits especially for refugees.

Medical exams

Medical exams

Txhua leej txhua tus nyob rau hauv koj tsev neeg yuav tsum tau txais kev kho mob kuaj. Tej zaum koj yuav muaj ib tug kho mob kuaj mob ua ntej koj tuaj rau America. Koj thiab koj tus me nyuam tej zaum yuav muaj kom tau txhaj tshuaj rau kom koj tsis txhob tau txais cov kab mob. Koj yuav kawm tau ntau ntxiv txog healthcare in the USA. Yog hais tias koj muaj ib tus mob, you should see a doctor during the first eight months you are in the USA, vim hais tias koj muaj zoo kev kho mob tuav pov hwm.

Everyone in your family will have to get medical examinations. You probably had a medical exam before you came to America. You and your children may have to get vaccinations to prevent you from getting diseases. You can learn more about healthcare in the USA. If you have a medical problem, you should see a doctor during the first eight months you are in the USA, because you have good medical insurance.

Kev rau npe koom koj cov me nyuam nyob rau hauv tsev kawm ntawv

Enrolling your children in school

Yog hais tias koj muaj cov me nyuam, koj yuav tsum tso npe kawm rau lawv nyob rau hauv tsev kawm ntawv. Koj yuav nyeem tau cov nplooj ntawv no rau pej xeem cov tsev kawm ntawv kom paub ntxiv txog US cov tsev kawm ntawv. Feem ntau cov xeev yuav tsum tau me nyuam muaj hnub nyoog 5 rau 18 mus kawm lub tsev kawm ntawv.

If you have children, you must enroll them in school. You can read this page on public schools to learn more about US schools. Most states require children ages 5 to 18 to attend school.

Tej zaum koj yuav xav, los yog yuav tau, xa cov me nyuam yau rau Preschool. Tseem muaj free kev pab cuam hu ua HeadStart thiab thaum ntxov Headstart rau cov me nyuam uas yog hluas heev rau lub tsev kawm ntawv.

You may want, or need, to send younger children to preschool. There are also free programs called HeadStart and early Headstart for children who are too young for school.

Nrhiav ib txoj hauj lwm

Finding a job

Koj resettlement chaw ua hauj lwm thiab cov ntaub ntawv saib xyuas yuav pab tau koj tau txais ib txoj hauj lwm. Raws li ib tug neeg tawg rog, koj yuav pib ua hauj lwm sai li sai tau los ntawm uas qhia lub nkag teb chaws stamp rau koj phau ntawv hla tebchaws. Lub hom phiaj ntawm lub US tos kev pab cuam yog "self-sufficiency." Qhov no txhais tau tias tsoom fwv xav kom koj tau txais ib txoj hauj lwm sai li sai tau raws li koj ua tau. Koj yuav zaum tau yuav tsum tau koj yuav tsum xub ua hauj lwm koj muaj. Tej zaum koj yuav tsis xav kom muaj txoj hauj lwm no. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb yuav tau nco ntsoov hais tias koj muaj peev xwm kom tab tom nrhiav rau ib tug zoo dua txoj hauj lwm. koj ua tau learn more about finding a job or getting a better job.

Your resettlement agency and case manager will help you get a job. As a refugee, you can start working immediately by showing the entry stamp on your passport. The goal of the US resettlement program is “self-sufficiency.” This means the government wants you to get a job as soon as you can. You will probably be required to take the first job you are offered. You might not want to have this job. It is important to remember that you can keep looking for a better job. You can learn more about finding a job or getting a better job.

Getting a Social Security number

Getting a Social Security number

Koj kuj yuav tsum tau thov rau ib tug Social Security naj npawb. Koj tus caseworker yuav tej zaum yuav pab tau koj ua li no. This is a number that shows you can live in the USA. Thaum koj ua hauj lwm, ib co ntawm cov nyiaj koj yog rho tawm ntawm koj daim tshev ua se thiab ib co rau social security.

You also have to apply for a Social Security number. Your caseworker will probably help you do this. This is a number that shows you can live in the USA. When you work, some of your money is taken out of your paycheck as taxes and some for social security.

Kawm tau li cas rau tsav

Learn how to drive

Koj yuav tsum tau kawm yuav ua li cas coj cov tsheb npav los yog yuav ua li cas tsav. Nyob rau hauv lub US, koj yuav tsum xeem dhau ib xeem thiab khwv tau koj daim ntawv tsav tsheb nyob rau hauv thiaj li yuav tsav. Koj kuj yuav tau them rau koj lub tsheb, kev tuav pov hwm rau koj lub tsheb, thiab tus nqi ntawm txij nkawm.

You will need to learn how to take the bus or how to drive. In the US, you must pass a test and earn your driver’s license in order to drive. You also have to pay for your car, insurance for your car, and the cost of maintenance.

kawm lus Askiv

Learn English

Nws tseem ceeb heev uas koj tsom rau kev kawm lus Askiv. Qhov no yog tej zaum qhov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws uas koj yuav ua tau los pab koj tsev neeg kawm tau ntawv zoo. Koj resettlement chaw ua hauj lwm tej zaum yuav tau kos npe rau koj mus rau lus Askiv cov chav kawm. Koj yuav tau coj English chav kawm hauv internet los yog nrhiav cov chav kawm hauv lwm qhov chaw nyob rau hauv koj lub zej zog. Nws tseem ceeb heev los ua kom pab tau koj tus me nyuam kawm koj hom lus.

It is very important that you focus on learning English. This is probably the most important thing you can do to help your family succeed. Your resettlement agency will probably sign you up for English classes. You can also take English classes online or find classes at other places in your community. It is also important to try to help your kids learn your native language.

Kho kom American kab lis kev cai

Adjust to American culture

Thaum lub sij hawm tag nrho cov ntawm no lub sij hawm, koj yuav tau kawm kom hloov mus rau American kab lis kev cai. Tej zaum koj yuav fim kab lis kev cai poob siab. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas koj nco ntsoov koj kab lis kev cai yog cov tseem ceeb thiab hais tias koj coj ntau ntawm cov cuab tam nrog koj mus rau lub tebchaws United States. Koj muaj peev xwm pab qhia tau Americans txog koj kab lis kev cai.

During all of this time, you will also be learning to adapt to American culture. You may face culture shock. It is important that you remember you culture is valuable and that you bring lots of assets with you to the United States. You can help teach Americans about your culture.

Tom qab ib xyoos, get a green card

After one year, get a green card

Ib xyoo tom qab uas koj tau tuaj txog nyob rau hauv lub US, you can apply for permanent residency (ib tug npav ntsuab). Koj tus caseworker yuav tej zaum yuav pab tau koj ua ntawv thov.

One year after you have arrived in the US, you can apply for permanent residency (a green card). Your caseworker will probably help you apply.

Tom qab thawj xyoo, koj yuav tej zaum txhob pom koj cov ntaub ntawv neeg ua hauj lwm. Tab sis, muaj cov tseem ntau ntau ntawm lwm cov koom haum thiab cov neeg uas yuav pab tau koj nyob rau hauv lub US. Yog hais tias koj xav tau kev pab nrhiav cov kev pab cuam nyob rau hauv koj lub zej zog, you can search in FindHello to find resources and services near you.

After the first year, you will probably stop seeing your case worker. But, there are still lots of other organizations and people that can help you in the US. If you need help finding programs in your community, you can search in FindHello to find resources and services near you.

Tsiv mus rau ib tug tshiab lub nroog

Moving to a new city

Tej zaum, cov neeg tawg rog txiav txim siab lawv tsis nyiam lub nroog lawv tuaj thiab lawv xav tau tsiv mus nyob rau ib lub zos tshiab. Thaum muaj peev xwm ua tau cov kev pab cuam rau qhov no yog koj muaj peev xwm txav los ze zog rau tsev neeg los yog cov phooj ywg los yog qhov chaw nrog ib tug zoo txoj hauj lwm, nws kuj yuav nyuaj heev. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom paub hais tias thaum koj tsiv mus, koj yuav tsum rov thov dua rau koj cov kev pab. Yog hais tias koj xav txog kev tsiv mus rau ib tug tshiab qhov chaw, thov nyeem nplooj ntawv no rau moving to a new city ua ntej koj tsiv mus nyob.

Sometimes, refugees decide they do not like the city they were resettled and they want to move to a new city. While there can be benefits to this if you can move closer to family or friends or somewhere with a good job, it can also be very hard. It is important to know that when you move, you have to reapply for your benefits. If you are thinking about moving to a new place, please read this page on moving to a new city before you move.

Finish high school and earn a GED diploma

Finish high school and earn a GED diploma

Tom qab koj thawj xyoo, nyob rau hauv thiaj li yuav tau ib tug zoo dua txoj hauj lwm, tej zaum koj yuav xav tau kom tiav koj txoj kev kawm, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog yog hais tias koj tsis tas high school nyob rau hauv koj lub teb chaws. We have a free online class to help you earn your high school diploma. You can also learn more about kawm ntawv qib siab thiab lwm yam kev kawm lub sij hawm nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA.

After your first year, in order to get a better job, you may also need to finish your education, especially if you did not finish high school in your country. We have a free online class to help you earn your high school diploma. You can also learn more about college and other educational opportunities in the USA.

Bring your family to the USA

Bring your family to the USA

You may also want to apply to bring other family members to the USA. Nyob rau hauv kev, koj yuav tsum mus thov kom ua li no tsis pub dhau thawj ob lub xyoos uas koj tuaj rau lub teb chaws USA. Read about family reunification or talk to your caseworker about it.

You may also want to apply to bring other family members to the USA. In general, you need to apply to do this within the first two years you come to the USA. Read about family reunification or talk to your caseworker about it.

Xav paub ntau ntxiv

Learn more

lwm yam kev pab

Other resources



Cov ntaub ntawv ntawm nplooj ntawv no yog los ntawm UNHCR thiab lwm yam thoj. Nws yog npaj rau cov kev taw qhia thiab yog tshiab ntau li ntau tau. USAHello tsis muab kev cai lij choj cov tswv yim pab, tsis yog ib yam ntawm peb cov ntaub ntawv npaj uas yuav tau noj raws li kev cai lij choj cov tswv yim pab. Yog hais tias koj tab tom nrhiav rau ib tug dawb los yog raug nyiaj tsawg tus kws lij choj los yog kev cai lij choj pab, peb yuav pab tau koj nrhiav dawb thiab luv-nqi raws li txoj cai kev pab.

The information on this page comes from UNHCR and other trusted sources. It is intended for guidance and is updated as often as possible. USAHello does not give legal advice, nor are any of our materials intended to be taken as legal advice. If you are looking for a free or low-cost lawyer or legal help, we can help you find free and low-cost legal services.

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